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JOHNSON'S LIFE OF SWIFT.

LIFE OF SWIFT

WITH INTRODUCTION AND NOTES

BY

F. RYLAND, M.A.

AUTHOR OF

'A STUDENT'S HANDBOOK OF PSYCHOLOGY AND ETHICS,"
CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES OF ENGLISH

LITERATURE,” ETC.

LONDON

GEORGE BELL & SONS, YORK ST., COVENT GARDEN

AND NEW YORK

1894

CHISWICK PRESS :--C. WHITTINGHAM AND CO., TOOKS COURT,

CHANCERY LANE,

INTRODUCTION.

I. LIFE OF JOHNSON.

AMUEL JOHNSON was born at Lichfield on Septem

ber 18th, 1709. His father, Michael Johnson, was a bookseller, who, at one time a well-to-do magistrate of the city, fell before his death into distressed circumstances. He was a high churchman and a Tory, with Jacobite leanings.

The child's physical organization was undermined by scrofula, the king's evil as it was then called, which afterwards scarred and distorted his features and left him a prey to extreme mental depression and other symptoms of nervous disease. As he grew older he was afflicted with convulsive movements, and he lost the sight of one eye. About his fifth year-he could not have been six-he was brought to London to be touched for the evil by Queen Anne. He was sent to Lichfield Grammar School, then under a very severe master, Mr. Hunter, one of the Cathedral clergy. He afterwards went to Stourbridge Grammar School (in Worcestershire), where he remained a year; but his school days were over at the age of sixteen. A couple of years at home were spent in desultory reading, "not voyages and travels"

(he told Boswell), “but all literature, Sir, all ancient writers, all manly; though but little Greek . . so that when I came to Oxford, Dr. Adams, now Master of

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