Imatges de pÓgina

oblige me to attempt, or assist, or encourage in any degree, in any time to come, the like usage

of you, or of any man living.” Here it is plain beyond contradiction, that by the trust reposed in me, his lordship did not mean a trust common to him and me as members of the Convocation, but some private and particular trust and that too a very dishonest one, else he would not have said that he would never on any account in the world suffer such a trust to be reposed in himself. This is a reflexion which touches to the quick, which dives into the very heart, and fixes the imputation of dishonesty there; it is all invention, and I call on his lordship to show any reason that could move him to suggest to the world that I am so base, so profligate

I have not perhaps in this controversy treated his lordship with all that deference and submission which he and his friends expect from me; but if all I have said put together amounts to any thing like this reflexion, which at once takes away the reputation of honesty and common morality, I will humble myself to him in the eyes of the world, and publicly ask his pardon.

As to the numerous misrepresentations ;" heap of self contradictions ;" “ the various and contradictory windings;” “the partial and unjust representations,” which his lordship in the abundance of his liberality has bestowed on me in his last little piece; all that I have to say is this, that since his lordship knew me to be so weak, so ignorant a writer, so apt to contradict and misrepresent even myself, methinks, when he thought himself misrepresented by me, common humanity should have led him to charge me rather with ignorance than with calumny.

As to his lordship’s complaint that I did not answer every thing written against me before I pretended to step out like a “ new writer," I am surprised to hear it from his lordship, who has discretion enough to let some things go unanswered, and particularly Mr. Law's two letters; a writer so considerable, that I know but one good reason why his lordship does pot answer him. But the bishop is at liberty to write as he thinks fit, and so

If his lordship expects that I should answer what Mr. Sykes and others are at leisure to write, or even all that his

" the new

am I.

lordship has inserted in his large Answer at second hand from Mr. Sykes, without taking the least notice of what I had published in my own vindication, he is a very hard taskmaster, and I must complain of him in the words of the slave in Terence, who had been sent on a long fruitless errand only to keep him out of the way

Edepol næ meam herus esse operam deputat parvi precî.



The bishop is charged with being now engaged in a cause of self-defence, and of reckoning nothing unlawful in such a

The dean does not follow him step by step, but goes directly to the points on which his lordship labors to justify his proposition. In the first place the bishop denies his own explication of the word slaves, and proposes a new one. Being sensible that if his explication were suffered to stand, his assertion about the example of Christ must appear shocking to Christians, he labors to get rid of it. Twelve passages produced from the bishop's work to this effect. Ten other passages produced from his lordship's answer to Dr. Atterbury, in which he adjusts the sense of the terms subject and slave. These shown to agree with his explication of the word slaves, and not with the new sense now given to it, and by which he would merely signify the lowest and most helpless part of mankind in their constant condition. This sense shown not to have been, though his lordship affirms it was, in his mind when he made the assertion about the example of Christ, nor when he wrote his answer to Dr. Atterbury, but has been since invented, and first appeared in his Charge of Calumny. This new idea shown not to be a very happy one for his lordship's purpose : for 1. it contradicts St. Peter's notion in the text, which gave

occasion to the dispute : 2. it was never true in fact, that slaves were in virtue of their constant condition the lowest and most helpless sort of mankind. Their condition in ancient times is not to be determined by that of slaves in the West Indies. It having been shown how the bishop has mollified one of the terms of his proposition, it is next shown how he endeavors to clear his whole assertion from having in it any thing offensive to a Christian. His lordship's strength in this case shown to lie in misrepresenting the dean, and the author of a letter before mentioned in this controversy. On the passage of St. Peter there might be the three following points debated : 1. that in fact he applies the example of Christ to slaves : 2. that it is by him properly so employed : 3. that it is more properly so applied than if he had applied it to subjects. The two first take in all that the letter-writer meant and the dean consented to as inoffensive; but the third is the bishop's own sense, which he has put on the dean. Farther arguments against his lordship's doctrine, that the example of Christ belongs to slaves, not merely considered as Christians suffering for righteousness, but as slaves, considered in their slavish capacity in this world. It is shown that neither St. Peter nor any other Apostle proposes

the example of Christ thus to slaves. Case of St. Paul in Acts xvi. 37. xxii. 25. considered. The bishop stated to maintain that the way to ascertain the peculiar and proper application of Christ's example is, not by considering what he really, truly, and properly was, but what is said of him by way of figure, allusion, or metaphor. The impropriety of this reasoning shown, particularly with regard to the expression, form of a servant, in Phil. ii. An answer to the bishop's argument taken from his own words. Statement of his lordship, that the dean's reproof would fall on the Bishop of Rochester, considered. The learning of this controversy still remains to be considered. Signification attributed by the dean to the words οικέτης, δούλος, δεσπότης, κύριος, &c. vindicated. Attack on Mr. Sykes. Return to the bishop. His lordship thanked for one explication which he has given; requested to make one



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Did controversies of this sort deserve the reader's attention, so far as to examine carefully the Bishop of Bangor's representations by comparing them with his own former writings and with mine, I should have no occasion to trouble the world any farther.

His lordship is now in a very extraordinary method ; he reckons himself engaged in a cause of self-defence, and writes as if he reckoned nothing unlawful in such a cause.

I shall not follow his lordship step by step, but will go directly to the points on which he labors to justify his proposition.

In order to this, he

1. Denies his own explication of the word slaves, which he had given in the book from whence I produced his proposition; and he proposes a new one, as that which he constantly made choice of in treating of the example of Christ in that Book, which yet is not there so much as once mentioned. In order to give the true import of his proposition, I laid down his own explications of the terms of it, and said, “by slaves he means such as are bought in the market, or taken captive; by subjects such as have civil rights and properties, and are not bound by the mere will and pleasure of their kings."*

* Vindication of the Condition, &c.

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