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PROCEEDINGS OF THE FOURTH SESSION OF THE EIGHTEENTH PARLIAMENT OF

GREAT BRITAIN.

HOUSE OF LORDS.-Jan. 28, 1800. so to do, and actually brought over the LORD Mon: ford took the oaths and Message wherein that unfortunate Mon.

bis feat, upon his acceffion to the arch was made to express his thanks to title.

our Sovereign, whom he then possibly The Order of the Day for taking into began to look upon as a protector, for confideration his Majesty's Mesage hay. his declining to iake any part in such a ing been read,

Convention; and yet this fame Talleyrand Lord Grenville faid, that although the attempts to defend now what he then present question was as important as any knew to be false. In this second Note a which ever came before the House, it Suspension of Arms is proposed, but that would be unnecessary for him to dwell he thought more objectionable than even upon many particular points, as they had the entering into a Treaty ; to France info often been discussed, recognized, and deed such a measure would be of the approved. The Correspondence, how- greatest advantage-it would immediateever, alluded to in the Message, rendered ly open all her ports, and thereby affift it requisite for him to enter somewhat at her Commerce : it would enable her to large into a review of the conduct of our receive a supply of Naval stores, to re enemy, to new how far any reliance move her fleets to such places as she could be placed upon professions, or whe. Mould consider the most advantageous ther we were likely to obtain any ad. for the renewal of hoftilities, and even to vantages or security by a Peace. In the provide fuccours for her armies. But of first place, while the same principles were what benefit could it be to England? persevered in which had actuated every Her fleets were not blocked up in poris ; set of men who had been in power from we were in no dread of attack; we had the commencement of the Revolution, no invasion to apprehend; our Commerce which principles went to overturn every fisurished, and our merchants' ships were regular form of Government, it was im. no longer captured : France might there. poffible we could be benefited by a Peace; fore with to fufpend our hoftility, while and as the first Note professed to originate from her we had no

lifchief to apprefrom men of different sentiments from the hend. In examining their fincerity, his former Directors, he thought the official Lordship observed, they had always proNote sent in answer gave them an opening fessed a great regard for Peace; and yet to prove they professed different principles it was a fact, that since the Revolution also, and thereby to make one fair ftep they had been at War with every Power towards a Negociation ; but instead of but i wo, Sweden and Denmark, in Eu. this, their second Nore was a compleie rope ; and even towards those they had attempt to justify every action, even of acted with such repeated aggressions, that the most abandoned of their Revolution their Ministers had at this time been orary Governments, and to throw the odium dered to quit Paris. Id was by her of the War upon this country, when even Treaties and Suspensions of Arms that the man who now was their Minister, they had been enabled to spread their and wrote this justification, knew the devastation, both of which they broke contrary to be the fact ; and he would through the moment they saw it would prove this beyond bare affertion. --The be to their advantage. This led him to much talked of Treaty of Pavia was a trace through the different Treaties which glaring forgery, and he positively knew the Directories had entered into, from a not of any Convention at Pilnitz; at lift of them which had been published Jealt none was ever fizned. or countenan- lately in France. Having strongly aniced by the British Cabinet : indeed direc- madverted on these, his Lordlip again tions to prevent any such Treaty had adverted to the papers on the table, in been sent over to our Minister there. Of. the second of which, he said, what was this Mons. Talleyrand was perfectly a. there translated, “ Affailed on all sides, ware; for it was a curious fact, that he the Republic could not but xtend uniat that time acted in conjunction with versally' the efforts of her defence," gave Mons. Chauvelin; nay, he was named by no means a full idea of the French in the commission sent over by the un. phrase, which he considered as conveying fortunate Lou's as the Bishop of Autum in the French idiom, a more diabolical Ed. Mag. March, 18000

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principle than any suggested by the vileft By whom was the Invasion of Switzer. and rankeft Jacobin; for the meaning and prepared and executed; but by the went to this effect, that if they were als General selected by Bonaparte. Even failed by one man, they were authorized the violation of the Treaty of Peace made to wreak their vengeance on the most in' with the Cisalpine Republic was pro. nocent ; so that, in fact, if they were at moted un ier the fame auspices. If we Peace with England, should they meet pass from Italy and the Continent of with aoy aggression in Turkey, they Europe, and follow this Observer of would feel themselves warranted to re- Treaties to Malta, there he is seen fiedtort upon this country; a principle the fast to his plan of making unprovoked most vile that ever could enter into the seizures: from thence invading and tak. mind of man. From this, his Lordship ing poffeflion of Egypt. What his contook notice that the principal leading duct has bren in that quarter is well feature held out as security for the Peace, known. Paffing over the injustice of the was," the many proofs the First Conful original attack, it is sufficient to conhad given of his eagerness to put an end template the horrible cruelty of the mal-, to the calamities of War, and his rigid facre at Alexandria. At the very mo. observance of all Treaties concluded."'. ment when he was seizing upon Egypt, This remark rendered it highly necessary he declared to the Oiloman Porte thac to investigate a little the character of the he had no de fire of invading that country, man upon whom so much reliance was whilft to his own Generals he deciared to be placed. First, as to the personal quite the reverse. Need to all this be conduct of Bonaparte-As to his difpofi- noticed his vile apostacy, blasphemy, his tion for Peace, and his peculiar love for profession of the Musluman faith in his maintaining Treaties, it was not fuffi- Manitefto, where he fared, cient to take this merely on the affertion French nen are true Muffulmen," and of the party himself, which requires the which is followed by the moft horrid evidence of facts, and the result of ex. blafphemy against the Founder of the perience. Look back to his hiflory! Coristian Faith. We have seen him, in Here is a man who has borne a diftinguish. the Intercepted Correlpoudence, advising ed part in all the transactions of the last his Generai (Kleber,) to amuse the Ottothree years, and let us see whether he is man Porte with proposals for Peace, in a man who defires the restoration of order to gain time, without any intenPeace, and a difpofition to preferve Trea- tion of fulfilling the conditions which ties. It was at the mouth of the can- might be entered into. In the instruc, non that he enforced the Constitution of tions given to this General, we find him the third year; that very Conftitution saying, “ you may sign the Treaty, but which he has now at the point of the do not execute iti of such importance is bayonet abolished. The moment he was it to retain the poffeffion of Egypt."placed at the head of the Army, the most This Treaty shall either be executed or attrocious attacks of the French Repub- not at a time according to circumftances. lic were made upon Piedmont by this And now we find Negotiations attempt very man. If the King of Sardinia is ted with England, forft to amuse Engo attacked, it is by Bonaparte ; if Tuscany land, and then, if listened to, calculated be invaded ; if Leghorn be seized and to give offence to the Allies of this count laid under contribution; the armistice try. Such is the line of conduct which broken ; Parma ravaged ; if Venice be Bonaparte has unitormly adopted. Dur. firft dragged into the War, and after. ing the recent transactions, Bonaparte has wards compelled to receive terms of done nothing to redeem his character. Peace, and then bound hand and foot, He trusted that he was not too flow of and delivered over to Auftria (though, to heart to believe, if he hesitated to give protect her from that Power, was an of. full credit to the affertions of such a man, tensible reason for entering her domi. especially, when he found how his prinnions ;) who, he would afk, was the ciples were indentified with those of the principal promoter of these events, but former Rulers of France, and that he the present Firft Consul of France? If took to large a share in the former politithat respectable old man the Pope was cal transactions of that country : and he hurried from his country and connec- could not suppose that he had wholly ations, we know by whofe authority and bandoned his former principles, But it influence they acted who were the chief might admit of another enquiry, whether agents in this event. ' By whom also was security in negotiating a Peace could be the Conftitution of Genoa overthrown? · found in any regard he might have for

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his own intereft? Personal inerest and ever entered the mind of man; it went ambition were, he acknowledged, power. io nothing for of an eternal War; for ful ties ; but had this country eveu luch did their Lordihips consider that their fecurity in the prefens initalice? It sad, were now near 2,000,000 of persons in indeed, been said that this confi vera ion that country that neid their p IT llions for alone ought to balance ali the distrust a tenuti of a dare nor antecedent to the which other circumstances may crete, Rivolucion; of courie, if the return of and might obrain complete security. But the ancien Royal Family was to be athe found but little fecurity from ooiin. tonied wiring the return of the an ient ing a Negotiation, unlets it led io Pace. Nobell, whai an interested and strong He had ihtwn that Bonaparte had an opposition must continue to be made to intered in the conclusion of a Suspension it. Was it not posible, if Royalty of Arins. It might be a contrivance to should be their choict, that another fasave the effufion of Republican blood, mily might have the preference !--The but not to prevent that of Eng ishmeri. whole of the realons adduced by the SeBy opening a Negotiation, the spirit of cretary of State against entering into a this country would nok; it would infuse Treaty of Peace at present, his Grace distrust and jealouly into those Powers contended, applied ai the time his Ma. who looked up to this country, and it jesty's Servanis lent a Minister to Lifle, would diminish our means of future ex- and another to Paris ; and therefore, if ertion. His Lordship concluded a speech they were serious then, they could not of three hours, by observing that he had have any rational reason for declining at heard it afferted out of doors that it was the preient moment. Having noticed advisable to enter into a Negociation, the leading observations of Lord Gren. for something might be gained, and if it ville, his Grace said, that during the broke off, you were but where you be little time he had taken a part in the disgan; but such doctrine, he crusted, would cussions in that House, he had found that not be maintained in that House, because all his efforts had been exerted in vain, it was by no means the facts as he had and he could not even flatter himself that already sewn, by the advantages France he mould be more successful on the premight at this moment obtain by a suf- fent occasion: there was every appearance pengion of hoftilities. Taking it, there. that their Lordships would be against fore, in every point of view, he trufted him as they had been before, and he muit their Lordships would consider the an. fuppole the People were so also, because Swer as perfectly agreeable to the cir- although, as he had ever contended, they cumances, and unite with him in an had been deprived of many of their pri humble Address to his Majesty ; (which vileges, yet they possessed the power to Address was, as usual, an echo of the address his Majesly and Parliament; and Meflage.)

as no such addrefi-s had appeared, it was The Duke of Bedford began by ob- his duty to believe they were facisfied; serving, that if he had not felt the pre- but if that was really the case, he must fent queition of the utmost importance believe they were so from an implicit to the country, he should not have confidence; and therefore he muft entroubled the Hvale; but feeling as he did, treat their Lordships to pause, before he could not do less than give the Alt- they came to a resolution ; for equal to dress which had been moved his most the confidence of the People must be the decided negative. His Grace then went responsibility of that House:- it was into a general reply to the arguments of poffible that another mite might be drawn ed by Lord Grenville ; observing, how. from their hard earnings; but it should cyer, that he did not mean to defend the be recollected that they were now beat conduct of the Rulers of France fince the down with the heavy burthens of taxa. commencement of the Revolution :-23 tion, and it was incumbent on that House foon would he undertake to defend the to preserve them from falling, for it might conduct of the Partitioners of Poland, or be beyond their power to raise them that of his Majesty's Ministers. The again; and, in his opinion, they would reflections upon Bonaparte he thought then either link into llavery, or Revoill-timed, and he was rather surprised at lution would be the consequence ; and their having been made, becaule they France was too recent an initance of the could not possibly answer any good purdreadful effects of a People assuming to pose. He treated the idea of re-eitab- themselves the power of governing : for lining the ancient line of Monarchy in his part, should he find he had been, as France, as the moft chimerical idea that usual, unsuccessful in obtaining any

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weight The Lord Chancellor said, he thould

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We.ght with their Lordships, be should The Lord Chancellor admitted that
retire from troubling them any more, and what had been read was no part of the
endeavour to bestow those comforts in speech of the Noble Duke.
the small circle of his connections, which Lord Boringdon then rose. A great
it would have been his ambition to have part of what had fallen from the Noble
procured for the country at large. Be. Duke, he contended, was either irrelevant
fors, however, they decided against what or had been anticipated by the observa-
he fhould propose, he wished them to look tions which had fallen from the Noble
at their means for carrying on the War: Secretary of State. The question was,
the old mode of railing money had for in his opinion simplv, Whether we should
two years been abandoned ; a new syftem continue the War until we were perfect-
har! been then adopted; the firft plan was ly assured of our safety? The late ex.
rejected, and he understood the second traordinary Revolution had certainly
w sto be more strongly enforced. Those vefted the supreme power of France in
of their Lordships who went into the the hands of a moft extraordinary man:
country, muft be sensible what would be but as his power was recent, it was un-
the effects of soch a measure : at present certain how long it might be retained.
you could not go into a wood without We should not therefore risk, by any
tracing the depredations of necessity; and hafte or impatience, the placing of our-
if you passed through a village, you were felves, perhaps, at the inercy of fome
bele by the cries of children, the dis- new Ulurper, or some new faction. Our
treffes of their parents not being able to firs answer to the Letter of Bonaparte
teach them to bear want in filence: be- contained an intimation “that we thould
fides his, those who acted as Magif- not treat but in concert with our Allies;"
trares must have frequently met with a but to this he had not deigned to return
very common case of an appeal from a any answer. Let it be supposed, then,
lufty countryman against the parish of that we had actually concluded a Peace
ficers, for not granting him reliehey with the existing Power in France ; we
Say he is strong and healthy, and ought may afterwards find that we had left the
to work for his family-what is his re- flames of War alive on the Continent-
ply ?-It is true I am ftrong and healthy, that we had infused distrust and despond:
and it is equally so that no man works ency into the minds of our Allies and
harder than I do; but instead of getting that we had hazarded all our present ad.
comfort after my day's work, I am dil vantages only for the purpose of expos-
tressed by the cries of my children, mying ourselves to some new jacobin insult,
earnings not procuring sufficient to satisfy The personal character of the new Con-
their wants. Such, he said, were his ful, he must also observe, formed no
principal inducements to give his de. small part of the present queftion. That
cider negative to the Address moved by character was perfectly understood in this
the Noble Secretary of State, and to pro- country. Was it to be supposed that the
pose that which should have Peace for its attainment of supreme power could of
immediate .object. His Grace then of itself change the nature of Bonaparte ?
fered an Amendment, which, from his Could it be thought that it could make
exhausted condition (having spoken near- him more regardful of the expenditure of
ly an hour and a half,) was read by Lord iman blood, suppress the treachery of
Holland. The Amendment stated the his disposition, or cure him of his ambi.
various declarations of his Majesty's rea- tious projects ? He had been but a
diness to treat with the enemy at several month inttalled in his new powers; was
periods since the War, and concluded by it not right to wait until we saw to what
expressing it as the opinion of the House, use they were converted, and to attend
that there was, in the present instance, no until we were better assured of their
objection sufficient to prevent our

enter- ftability ?
ing into a Negotiation with the French Lord Romney declared that he should
Republic,

not vote on the present question. The Earl of Carlisle spoke to order. The Earl of Carlisle tpoke in favour He thought it unprecedented that one of the Address. Noble Lord should read in part the speech Lord Holland was for the Amendment. of another Peer.

The Earls of Carnarvon and LiverThe Duke of Bedford denied that it pool, and Lord Auckland, fupported the was part of his speech which had been Address; when the question being called read. It was merely the Amendment for, which he offered to the Addrefs.

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take the sense of the House upon the No- the present Seffion, to move for the adopa ble Duke's Amendment. The question tion of the method practised in the reigns being put, the House divided,

of King William and Queen Anne, of Contents

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making money bear interest after it had Non-Contents

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lain in the hands of the Officers of Rea The question upon the Address, as venue beyond the legal time. Preparamoved by Lord Grenville, was then put, tory to this, he moved that there be laid and carried without a division,

before the House a List of all the AcAdjourned to Monday next.

countants who had, on the 5th of JanuaHOUSE OF COMMONS.- Jan. 27.

ry, 1840, given in their Accounts to the

Commiffioners for auditing Public AcMr Nepean brought up a variety of counts, fpecifying their names, services, accounts from the Lords Commissioners places of abode, the sums paid in, and of the Admiralty, which were ordered to the balance due: the amount of the arlie on the table.

rears due by the Commiflioners of the The several financial papers moved for Customs and Excife, the Distributors of by Mr Tierney were brought up by Mr Stamps, the Receivers-general of the Long.-Ordered to lie upon the table, Land Tax, the General Poli Office, the and to be printed.

Penny Poft Office, the Deputy PoflmarOn the motion of Mr Long, the con- ters in England, Scotland, Ireland, and sideration of his Majesty's Message was the West Indies, and the balance due to put off till Wednesday next, on account Government by the Receivers of the Reof the indisposition of Mr Pitt.

venues of the Crown Lands. All those 28. A Messenger from the Commis- papers were ordered to be laid before the fioners of the Customs prelented accounts House. of prohibited East India Goods, Naval Lord Sheffield moved for an Account Stores, &c. &c.Ordered to lie on the of the quantity of Wheat, Barley, Oats, table.

and Rye, imported into Great Britain Mr Steele presented an account, few from the ist of January 1794, to the preing how the 2,500,cool. voted last year sent date, as far as can be made up. for the Extraordinaries of the Army, Ordered. had been disposed of.

29. Petitions were presented from the A Petition from the Prisoners confined Debtors confined in the county goals of for Debt in the county goal of Derby Kent and York, praying for relief.-Orwas presented by Mr Charles York. – dered to lie on the table. Ordered to lie an the table.

The Master of the Rolls presented a Mr Bragge moved for leave to bring petition from the parih of St. John in a Bill to indemnify the Holders of Hampstead, praying for leave to bring Public Offices who had neglected to qua- in a Bill for empowering the Overseers, lify themselves according to Act of Par. &c. of that parith to build a new work. liament.

house Referred to a Committee. Mr Abbot complained that several ac- Mr Long moved, that the confideracounts, which, from a motion of his last tion of the King's Message thould be fure Seslion, had been laid before the House, ther poftponed till Monday next, as Mr were extremely unsatisfactory. He then Pitt's in disposition fill continued. He moved for the production of an account was aware that Mr Sheridan's motion of the total Amount of the Monies which for an Enquiry relpeeting the Expediwould have been applicable to the Ex- tion to Holland food for that day ; but pences of the Civil Lift, from the 5th of that Gentleman had agreed to defer his January, 1977, to the sth of January, motion to Monday se’nnighe. 18co, had the hereditary revenues of the After some remarks from Mr TierCrown enjoyed by the late King been ney, Lord Belgrave, Mr Hobhouse, and enjoyed by his present Majesty--the A- Mr Percival, Mr Long's Motion was amount of the Annuities granted by Par- greed to. liament in lieu of the fame-The Sums Feb. 3. Mr M. A. Taylor, after reprovoted at different periods to pay the Ar. bating the indecent conduct of field rears of the Civil Lift--and the Differ- preachers and certain licenfed religious ence made by tris arrangement to the orators, gave notice that he would avail Public-Ordered.

himself of a future opportunity to bring He then prefaced a motion for the forward a motion relpecting Protestant production of various other documents, Diflenters. He said that what suggefied by saying that it was his intention, in the necefüty of this measure to him was,

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