« AnteriorContinua »
that he found himself, in his capacity as tributes he argued with his usual ability, a Magistrate, lately obliged to license a and after many cogent and eloquent obyoung man of 17 years of age as a Preach- servations, concluded with opposing the er of the Golpel.
Addrers. Mr Whitbread wished to know whe- Mr Pitt then rose. The French Rether it was the intersion of the Chan- volution, he said, he had ever considered cellor of the Exch quer to bring for. as a phenomenon which had arisen for ward any motion this year for the im- the purpose of putting the piety and paprovement of the Poor Laws: and, be- triotism of every man to a trial. It was ing answered in the negative, he gave one which by its blighting influence, renotice thar he should take an early op- quired the utmoft efforts to replace the portunity of making a motion on that hopes and the happiness of man. After fubject.
making some severe remarks on Mr ErHis Majesty's Message.
skine's Tpeech, he took a comprehensive
view of the origin and progress of the Mr Dundas moved the Order of the War, and observed that the conduct of Day for raking into consideration nis Great Britain had been marked throughMajesty's Message, and the communica- out by moderation and precaution. tions referred to therein, respecting a When I'aly was overrun by the French Negotiation for Peace, as transmitted in 1796, we were so far from being enfrom
France. The M. ffage being read, gaged in unrelenting hoftility that we Mr Dundas commented on the several were actually treating with France, point: nearly in the same manner as We had at that time obtained three of Lord Grenville had done in the House of our great naval victories. We had deLords, and concluded by moving an Ad Atroyed the commerce of the enemy, dreis, which was (as is customary) mere- and doubled our own. We had taken ly an echo of the Message.
his colonies, without suffering any difMr Whitbread replied to Mr Dundas, memberment on our part; yet we of and, aniongst other arguments, said, that fered to surrender a part of our conquests in the style and manuer of the Note in order to obtain some restoration to transmitted to this couniry from Buona- our Allies. But this treaty was bro. parte, there was nothing offensive or de- ken off with insult! An Hon. Gentlerogatory to the righis of nations, nor man said, it was broken off on account any thing incompatible with the lan- of Belgium ; but it was, in fact, on acguage of one Crowned Head to another. count of a monstrous principle laid down (A loud laugh.). The termination of by the enemy-that no part of their chis Negotiation, he continued, would conquests should by any negotiation be thew France and the world that there separated from the Republic, One and was a decided negative to any Negocia. Indivisible. In 1797, when Auftria tion for Peace on the part of this coun- made Peace, we were told that we try. As to the restoration of the House could no longer resist, and that another of Bourbon, it was an object for which effort Mould be made. In this instance, not a fhilling of British Money ought to we did nor require any ceffion of terribe expended; for with respect to this tory from France. All we asked was, country, that Family ever the wed an am. that we might retain those conquests bitious perfidiousness ihat involved us in which we had made from Spain and repeated Wars, and finally loft us A from Holland, then subjected to the
He concluded by quoting the French Republic, whose colonies we at words of Mr Fox, " That rather than the same tiine offered to restore. It not treat for Peace with France, he
this very crisis that France, would treat with any Government.” liftening to nothing but her ambition,
Mir Canning spoke in favour of the carried her into Switzerland, Address.
where an armistice was, as usual, the Mr Erikine next spoke. He took a prelude to her treachery. That coungeneral view of the subj-cts of both try, the Ally of France, whose innocent Notes, with their respective answers, manners had conciliated the affection of and disculling each, paragraph by para. Europe, and which was regarded as the graph, commented and animadverted on sacred Alylum of Freedam, was exeach ; from which he drew this con- posed to the severeft afflictions, and clusive interrogatory, viz. Was the final added to the catalogue of her victims. answer of his Majesty's Ministers wile, This Mewed the danger of French prudent, or just?-On cach of these ata friendship, and how strong a barrier was
required against her devastating ambi- but lasted 7 or 800 years! Much had tion. The attack made upon America been urged relative to the character and was of a different kind; it was fordid, disposition of Bonaparte. He was charged mercenary, and degrading. The invasion with inordinate ambition, an inordinate of Egypt was covered by the same per- love of fame and glory; perhaps, howfidy and hypocrily; as they used the ever, he had a right conception of glory, names of their dead King, and of the and thought the trueft glory confifted in Grand Seignior, to cover their treachere giving peace to mankind. This General ous purpoles. This country was not on. was said to have asserted in his disparchly to form their road to India, but to es to the French Directory, when nego. be seized on as the territory of one which ciating the Treaty of Campo Formio, they considered as a falien Power. In that the Government of England and India their agenis were already busy. the French Republic could not exist toThey had declared war against all the gether. If such an absurd opinion had Monarchs of Europe ; bui Citizen Tipo appeared in his writings, or if he really poo, it appears, was to be admitted into entertained this monstrous doctrine, I am Their fraternity. In all these movements inclined to think that no other man will was to be seen their insatiare love of ag. be found to second that opinion-the grantisement, and the restless fpirit of Right Hon. Gentleman (Mr Pitt) alone their ambition-a spirit which had excepted. It was confined, he ventured
grown with their growth,” and did to affirm, to these two illuftrious personinot decline even with their misfortunes. ages. When talking of Generals and This fpirit belonged to all the nation, great men, he could not help lamenting but in particular to Bonaparte, who wish- the virulent abuse which that House had ed to obtain the title of a general Pacifi- frequently poured forth on the best and cator, though he had formerly made on- most worthy characters, whose praises ly a separate treaty with Auftria, and his were afterwards readily acknowledged fecond attempt was to make a separate by the very fame persons who had fo er. Peace with England. On the former roneously and wantonly calumniated occasion, when announcing the Treaty them. I am no advocate for Bonaparte ; of Campo Formio, his Messengers were but such a change of opinion may, pero ordered to state to the Directory, “that haps, in future operate in his favour. Tu the French Republic and the English illuftrate, however, this observation, I Government could not exift together !” believe I may instance the case of Gen. How did this man keep his faith with Washington, one of the greatest and bett his own country? He had sworn fidelity men of the age in which he lived. That to the Conftitution of the third year, Illustrious Personage is now no more which he himself had lately destroyed at he lives, however, in the heart of every the head of his grenadiers. After dwel- good man, and my humble panegyric ling a considerable time on these points, can add nothing to his immortal fame.Mr Pitt concluded by declaring it to be Gen. Washington, it may be well rehis decided opinion, that no Peace which membered, particularly by the Right could now be made would prove either Hon. Gentleman (Mr Dundas) was at solid or durable.
one time branded with every harsh and Mr Fox replied at great length to infamous epithet for his perseverance in Mr Pitt. He argued very much againft the cause of Liberty and his Country; this comtry expending its treasure to and yet, after success had crowned his restore the House of Bourbon, and con- efforts, he was hailed as the Saviour of cluded in nearly the following words: America, and the Pacificator ManHowever contrary to the wishes of some kind. The Right Hon. Secretary may Gentlemen, I'moft earnestly implore the imagine, that American Liberty is not House to pause before it gives a sanction a bleffing-I differ from him very wideo to the prosecution of a War upon the ly. Had a Negotiation been then pro. grounds now offered. If it were infifted pored to Washington, it would have imby the Minister that it would be wise to mediately been asked" What! Treat pursue the contest until what he called with an American Rebel !” No. But military despotism should be overturned, Fortune had completely operated a difand such he contended was tantamount ferent opinion, and his memory was to the language he had used this night, now the subject of universal praise.I beg the House to recollect the military Much emphasis had been laid on the despotism of Augustus Cælarm power conduct and zeal of the Chouans, and which originally was an usurpation, on the propriety of supporting them, I believe that in the heart of France, tinction of civilization and humanity, where these people appear, there exists But they are no', they fay, to be checked a considerable attachment to Royalty- in their desolating progress tili the Bure how the Government of France could bons are restored. We had before contrive to compromise with that fpirit, boafted of successful campaiguise we I cannot preiend to conjecture ; but I were repeatedly told of the cap?ure of beg leave to call to the memory of the Valenciennes, Quelnoy, Conde, &c. Huse the once formidable insurrection which prepared tome Gentemen for a of the Hugunots, and the policy of Hen- march to Paris, but still more fanguine sy the Fourth, by which they were con. hopes of succeis are now conceived than ciliated. I Bonaparte hould attempt at that periodi : where then was the exfome fimilar arrangement with the pectation ot Peace ? Since success leads Chovans, he can meet no great obftacle only to War, that War may now be ad to fuecels in their attachment to this infinitum. Good Gd! what a lamentcountry, for what has our Government able prospect was this for the country told them? “ We will affit you whilst --for a mere speculation, or a raih ex. you can contrive to annoy the French periment, we are to persist in spilling of Government, but we will not make a blood, in exhausting our trealure, in common cause with you." Such is the swelling the black catalogue of human Jauguage held to them, and what reliance miferies. Let Gentlemen Tuppose themcan luch professions of interested, tem- felves in the heat of battle, and contempurary, and precarious así tanee induce plate the horrid consequences of implathem to place on us ? Let me ftate what cable warfare. Had they been at the has been reprefented to me as a fact, and Battle of Blenheim, and asked the foldier the truth of which I hope Ministry will what he fought for, he would answer it inveftigate, that a fain may be removed was to reftrain the ambitious projects from our national character. It is stated, of Louis XIV.; but if at one of the deso that a party of Neapolitans who had perate contests which may ensue from joined the French, were besieged in the decision of this night, the soldiers Ciftel de Nuova by a detachment from would answer such a question that they the Royal Army of Naples, to whom were wading through blood to see if the they refused to surrender, but demanded people of France would give Bonaparte that a British Officer should be brought a better character, that we may negoforward, and to him they capitulated tiate with him. Why not tell Bonaparte initantly; with him they did make terms, at once, in a bold and manly manner, he promising them their personal fafety that you cannot make peace without inand property. But, dreadful to relate! cluding your Allies -I appeal to the this properiy was fold, the prisoners feelings of every man who hears memurdered, and the cruel and diabolical I moit earnestly implore him to aid me monsters who had captured them, eat the in checking the calamities of War. I very flesh of their miferable victims!!! hope that those who would have voted
-When were there horrors to cease for the Address had the Overtures of
-Why not Peace now ? Are the the Enemy been accepted, will aid me bowels and property of Englijmen no- in opposing that of this evening, which ihing ?--Are we, to please the Members pledges the House for profecutingihe war. of the prefent Administration, to wage The question being called for, a divi. a perpetual War? I am sorry that they fion took place, are infligated by hatred and animosity, For the Address, 265 by rancour and revenge, and, indeed, Against it, 64 by every paffion that leads to the ex. Majority in favour of Ministry, 201
FOR MARCH 1800.
Interesting Intelligence from the London Gazettes.
Downing-Street, Nov. 23. nant.Colonel the Honourable Alexander A copy, has been received by Lieute. Army lately serving in Holland, from
Lieut. Gen. Sir James Pulteney, Bert. and I was happy to find that very few and, by order of his Royal Highness the claims were brought forward beyond Commander in Chief, transmitted by him those which it was in my power to fa. to the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, one tisfy. of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of The embarkation of the troops, dif. Staic.
ficult from the multiplicity of the ar Sir, Swan Cutter, at Sea, Nov. 20. duous from the fate of the weather
rangements required, and sometimes are I have from time to time reported to was carried on with the utmost zeal and you, for the information of his Royal activity by Vice-Admiral Dickson, and Highness the Commander in Chief, the the Officers and teamen under his coinprogress which had been made in the mand. I feel particularly indebted to embarkation and departure of the British Caprain Lawford, of his Majefty's ship and Russian troops which were left un. Romney, who was left on shore, and had der my command, in the province of the immediate direction of the embarkNorth Holland; and I am now happy ation, for his exertions and his atten. to acquaint you, that the last of them tion to every branch of his Majesty's fero embarked yesterday morning; when the vice, and to Caprain Woodriffe, princiwind being fair, the whole of the tips cipal Agent of the Transport Service, for of war and transports remaining in the his great zeal in the execution of the du Tixel left that port.
tics of that fituation. Every thing belonging to the army I have the honour to br, &c. was brought off, excepting a small pro
Fames Pulteney. portion of damaged provifions, a few The Hon. Col. Hope, Adj. General, &c. waggons, and about 300 draught horses of little value, for which there was no
P.S. Three armed veficls have been tonnage; of these the latter alone were
left to cruize off the Texel, to give Caleable ; but they bore fo fmall a price, warning to any Britih fhips of our hara that I thought it better to diftribute the ing evacuated the port. whole to the Magiftrates of the different
It was agreed by the French General, villages in and near which the army had that if any should arrive previous to the been cantoned, to be delivered to any expiration of the month, they should, of the inhabitants who might have fuf. 28 a matter of course, be allowed to des fered from the inevitable consequences of part.
Supplement to the Account of the Armif. Several large Dutch Indiamen and o- tice concluded between his Royal High ther ships, which it was impossible for nefs the Duke of York, and Gen. Brune, us to remove in their present state, but
published in the Gazette of the 26th ult. which might have been fitted out as ships of war by the enemy, were completely Head quarters, Scbagen-Brug, 08. 15. disabled and rendered useless for any fur. GENERAL, ther purpofe, through the exertions of a The late hour at which your letter detachment of seamen, under the direc- reached me last night prevented my tion of Capt. Bovar. The defire of com- lending sooner to Alkmaar Major.Geneplying most strictly with the articles of ral Knox, the Officer alluded to in my the agreement entered into between his letter of yesterday's date. He is entirely Royal Highness and General Brune, pre- in my confidence, and is fully authorized venred their being blown up, which to treat and conclude with you on the could not have been done without en- subject respecting which he has received dangering the navigation of the Nieuwe my instructions.
(Signed) Frederick, Duke of York, Vice-Admiral Dickson, as well as my
Commander in Chief of the self, made it our study to comply in this,
combined English and Ruffian as in every other instance, with the artis
Army. cles of the agreement, and I must do the To Gen. Brune, Commander in Chief, &c. French General the justice to say, that he seemed actuated by the same spirit.
Headquarters, Schagen-Brug, 02. 15. Previous to quitting the Heider, I By virtue of the authority, and in o. bad, in obedience to his Royal High. bedience to the order of his Royal Highness's instructions, discharged every just nels the Duke of York, Commander'in demand of the inhabitants of the country Chief of the combined English and Ruf. which has been occupied by the army; fian army, Major General Knox will Ed. Mag. March 1800..
have the honour of communicating with Dutch people must be actuated by fimi. General Brune, Commander in Chief of lar motives, and equally defirous to prethe French and Batavian army, and of vent an vieless effufion of blood by the ftating to him,
amicable arrangement of a point which That in consequence of the difficulties is perhaps the object of both parties, arising from the very unfavourable and and from our anxiety, in case of a difunusual state of the weather at this sea- ferent result, to stand justified to the fon, we have judged it expedient to re- whole universe, from whatever destrucoccupy the polition of the Zuyp. tion may in consequence devolve upon
That in this situation, with canton- this Country, we propose and offer to ments amply adequate to the amount of General Brune, and to the Batavian our forces, having an uninterrupted and Répub ic, that the English and Russian certain means of keeping up our com- troops sail evacuard, hetore the end of munication wih England, and mafters November next, all the coasts, the ihands, as we are of the Helder, the Texel, the and ihr interior navigator of Holland, Zuyter Zee, and the Ocean, it depends without committing any act detrimental upon us either to await the period when to the great sources of its navigation, a favourable change of weather and of or laying the country'under any inuncircumftances may enable us to renew dations. For this purpose, we propose offensive operations, or to withdraw our that a Suspension of H ilities thailiake army by degrees and without risk trom place until the period above fpecified. this country, retaining poffeffion of luch That during isis interval we ihali redetached points as might be judged most main in full poffeffion of all the points, favourable for annoying the enemy, or and of the whole extent of couniry we for securing real advantages to ourselves. occupy at this moment, and that the
In the event of our recurring to this line of the respective advanced pofts Mall last-mentioned measure, it will become also be that of reparation between the our duty to neglect no means which can (wo armies: and that this line shall not, contribute to the preservation of the brave under any pretence, be passed by the troops entrusted to our care, and for this troops of either, even in the event of our purpose (however diftresfing, however chuling to retire from any part of our ruinous to the inhabitants, and to the present position, or of our quitting it country, the alteroative may be) we Mall altogether. That during the abovebe compelled to avail ourselves of those mentioned interval no interference Thall dreadful expedients which it is in our be allowed, nor any objectious be started, power to adopt. Having perfectly at our with respect to the conduct of either of disposal the fea dykes, both towards the the parties within the limits of their reOcean and the Zuyder Zee, as well as fpedlive poffe füons; and that all the, the interior dykes, we should in that rights of War (every act of hoftility case be reduced to the terrible necessity excepted) shall continue mutually in of inundating the whole country of N rth force. That we will grant to the persons Holland, and of adding to this calamity and property of the inhabitants of the cvery destructive evil which muft necef, country occupied by us, every protection sarily result from an attempt to force or confiftent with discipline, in the circuminterrupt our retreat. We mould, understances under which we are placed, and such circumstances, also be constrained to all the advantages which the conduct make use of the ample means we poil is, generally observed by British troops enof rendering the navigation of the Zuye titles them to expect on such an occasion. der Zee henceforth impracticable, by ob- If these proposals accord with the wishes, structing the Mars Diep, and destroying and are conformable to the intentions the Nieuve Diep: works upon which so of Gen. Brune, there can be no difficul. many years labour, and such immensety whatever in carrying them into exefums have been expended.
cution in three days from the date hereOur system of carrying on War have of. By order of his Royal Highness the ing on all occasions been governed by Commander in Chief. the most liberal principles, necessity and
(Signed) H. Taylor Sec. the strongest sense of duty could alone induce us to adopt a system repugnant
The French and BATAVIAN Armies. to the sentiments which have ever die Head Quarters at Alkmaar, the 15th rected the conduct of the English Na- O&t. 1799, the 8th rear of the French tion. From there considerations, and from Republic. our persuasion that Gen. Brunc and the Brune, General in Chief, to the Duke of