Imatges de pÓgina



that it fhould be obtained only by wise two other apartments adjoining passing through a deep and miry to the chapel. The Hermitage is pond in the town moor, upon St. elegantly described by the ingenious Mark's day, which the candidate must Dr Percy, in his beautiful poem of perform in white clothing. King the Hermit of Warkworth, from Jobn made this foolish institution on which I have been tempted to infert his being thrown from his horse in the following accurate description. to a pond in the town moor.

And now attended by their hoft, The monarch while hunting one day,

The hermitage they view'd, Plump'd into a pool to the chin ;

Deep hewn within a craggy cliff, His followers, ftruck with dismay,

And overhuog with wood.

And near a flight of shapely steps, To succour their master plurg'd in.

All cut with nicell skill, " At length having dragg'd the king out,

And piercing through a ftony arch, His majefty hivering tood;

Ran winding up the hill. And shook his wet garments about, There, deck'd with many a flower and Like a spaniel emerg'd from a flood.


His little garden stands; " The king was a comical man,

With fruitful trees in shady rows, And deem'd this a lack of refpe&;

All planted by his hands. And traightway concerted a plan,

Then, scoop'd within the folid rock, To punish the town for neglca.

Three sacred vaults he thews; " And therefore a royal decree,

The chief a chapel, neatly arch'd, His comical ooddle produc'd ;

On branching columns rose. That no man a burgess should be,

Each proper ornanient was there, But who like himself had been sluic'd. That should a chapel grace ; Vint's Mead of Momus. The lactice for confeffion fram'd

With holy-water Vase. We had a pleasant ride through a O'er either door a Sacred test finely cultivated country to Wark- Invites to godly fear; worth, situated on the northern in. And in a little 'scutchcon hung, clination of a hill, forming a pleasing

The cross, the crown, and spear. though steep approach to the castle : Up to the altar's ample breadth we passed about half a mile up the Two cafy Iteps ascend; river Coquet to the Hermitage ; the And near a glimmering folemn light

Two well-wrought windows lend. approach is kept in excellent order; Beside the altar role a tomb, we were conducted by a narrow walk All in the living itone ; to the door of the Hermitage, lofty On which a young and beauteous maid and perpendicular rocks confining In goodly sculpture fonc. the walk to the width of four feet : A kneeling ang

fairly carv'd, from the summit of the cliffs a grove Lean'd hovering o'er her break; of oaks is suspended, giving a solemn A weeping warrior at her feet, Thade; and at their foot issues a spring The cliff, the vault, but chief the tomb,

And near to these her creft. of the purest water which formerly

Attract the wondering pair : supplied the recluse.

Eager they ask, What hapless dame The chapel is still entire, and is Lies sculptur'd here fo fair ! extremely small, being only 18 feet The hermit figh’d; the hermit wept, long, and 7 broad and high, in For sorrow scarce could speak; which there is a small tomb or mo- At length he wip'd the trickling tears nument on the south side of the al. That all bedew'd his cheek ; tar, and on the top lyes a figure deli. Alas! my children, human life

Is but a vale of woe ; cately designed in a praying attitude; And very mournful is the tale, about the tomb are several other fie

Which ye fo fain would know. gures cut in the rock, there are like.

G. T.


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THIS "HIS delightful poet, and truly infected with the manners and the modes original genius, whose work's It knew not once, the country wins me ftill; the attention of pofteri. That flatter'd me with hopes of carthly

I never fram'd a wish, or form'd a plan, ty equally as they have done the pre- bliss, fent times, was born at Berkhamp. But there! laid the scene. There early stead in Hertford thire in November Itray'd 1731, as the diurnal writers inform My fancy, cre yet liberty of chuice

Had found me, or the hope of being free. His father, John Cowper, Rec- My very dreams were rural; rural, too, tor of Berkhampstead and Chaplain The firit-born efforts of my youthful Muse, in ordinary to his Majesty, was fe. Sportive and jingling her poetic bells cond son of Spencer Cowper, Esq. No bard could please me but whose lyre was

Ere yet her ear was mistress of their pow'rs, one of the Judges of the Common tun'd Pleas, brother of Lord Chancellor To Nature's praises. Heroes and their feats Cowper. Our author is said to have Fatigued me, never weary of the pipe received his education at Westmin. The rustic throng beneath his fav'rite beech.

Of Tityrus, assembling, as he sang, fter; from whence, we believe, he

Then Milton had indeed a poet's charms: was transferred to Cambridge, which New to my taste, his Paradise surpass’d he left without taking any degree: The struggling efforts of my boyih tongue his plan at that time was to study the To speak its excellence. I danc'd for joy. law; he therefore quitted the Uni. I marvell?d much, that at fo ripe an age

As twice seven years, his beauties had then versity, and entered himself of the first Inner Temple. At this period of Engag'd my wonder; and admiring till, his life he was celebrated for the vic And Itill admiring, with regret suppos'd vacity and sprightliness of his con. There, too, cnamour'd of the life I lov'd,

The joy half loft, because not sooner found. versation, and the brilliancy of his pathetic in its praise, in its pursuit wit. He affociated with those who Determin'd, and poffeffing it at last were most eminent in the literary With transports such as favour'd lovers

feel, world; and though we do not know

I studied, priz'd, and wilh'd that I had that he employed the press on any known, work, be was well known to possess Ingenious Cowley! and, though aow rethe powers of composition, and was

claim'd not the least diftinguished of the By modern lights from an erroneous taste,

I cannot but lament thy Sprightly wit group which then dictated the laws Entangled in the cobwebs of the schools. of taste. An office of considerable I still revere thee, courtly though recir'd; value, which had been secured for a Though stretch'd at case in Chertsey's silent

bow'rs, term to his family, it is supposed he Not unemploy'd ; and finding rich amends was intended to fill; and in the mean For the loft world in folitude and verse. time he engaged in the study of the 'Tis born with all: the love of Nature's law with some application, but with

works little success. His temper and dif- Infus'd at the creation of the kind.

Is an ingredient in the compound man, position were not in unison with the And though th' Almighty Maker has bustle of business ; his health became throughout precarious, and some events alluded Discriminated each from each by strokes to in his poems, but not fufficiently. Diverfified, that ewo were never found

And touches of his hand, with so much art explained, compelled him to seek Twins at all points--yet this obtains in all, that country retireinent, the charms That all discern a beauty in his works, of which he has so beautifully de. And all can talte them : minds that have

been forni'd scanted on in the following lines :

And tutor'd with a relish more exact, But fighted as it is, and by the Great Buc none without some relith, none unAbandoned, and, which ftill l more regret, mou'd

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It is a flame that dies nof, even there, Great talents : and God gives to er'sy man Where nothing feeds it : neither business, The virtue, temper, understanding, raste, crowds,

That lifts him into life ; and lets him fall Nor habits of luxurious city life;

Just in the niche he was ordain'd to fill. Whatever else they (nother of true worth To the deliverer of an injur'd land In human hosoms; quench it, or abate. He gives a congue t'enlarge upon, an heart The villas with which London stands be. To feel, and courage to icdress her wrongs; girt,

To monarchs dignity ; to judges sense ; Like a swarth Indian with his belt of beads, To artists ingenuity and skill; Prove it. A breath of unadulterate air, To me an unambitious inind, content The glimpse of a green paiture, how they Jn the low vale of life, that early felt cheer

A wish for case and leisure, and ere long The citizen, and brace his languid frame ! Found here that leisure and that case I Ev'n in the stilling hosom of the town,

wish'd. A garden in which nothing thrives, has

Task, Book iv. charms That soothe the rich possessor ; much con.

The retirement he chose was at fol'd,

Olney in Buckingham, where he re. That here and there some sprigs of mourn. fided with the widow of, a deceased

ful mint, Of nightshade, or valerian, grace the wall

friend, the Rev. Mr Unwin, and here He cultivates. These serve him with a cultivated his poetical talents. The hint

first performances he is known to That Nature lives; that fight-refreshing have produced were some hymns,

green Is still the livery she delights to wear,

published in a collection called the Though fickly' samples of the exuberant Olney Hymns, and distinguished by whole.

the letter C. In 1782 the first voWhat are the casements lin’d with creeping lume of his Poems appeared, which

herbs, The prouder fashes fronted with a range

foon obtained, as they deserved, a of Orange, myrtle, or the fragrant weed, fingular share of attention. After the The Frenchman's darling * ? Are they not first edition, a preface was added to all proofs,

the volume by the Rev. John NewThat man immur'd in cities, still retains His inborn inextinguishable thirst

ton, who in these terms speaks of the Of rural scenes, compensating his loss

author : By supplemental shifts, the beit he may ? “ It is very probable these Poems The most unfurnishid with the means of may come into the hands of some per

life, And they that never pass their brick wall fons in whom the fight of the au. bounds

thor's name will awaken a recollecTo range the fields, and treat their lungs tion of incidents and scenes, which with air,

through length of time they had alYet feel the burning instinct ; over head Suspend their crazy boxes, planted thick.

most forgotten. They will be reAnd water'd duly. There the pitcher minded of one who was once the ftands

companion of their chosen hours ; A fragment, and the fpoutless tea-pot there; and who set out with them in early Sad witnesses how close-pent man regrets The country with what ardour he contrives life, in the paths which lead to li. A peep at Nature, when he can no more.

terary honours, to influence and af. Hail, therefore, patronefs of health, and fluence, with equal prospects of succase,

cess. But he was suddenly and powAnd contemplation, heart-confoling joys And harmless pleasures, in the throng'd a.

erfully wi:hidrawn from those purbode

fuits, and he left them without reOf mutuudes unknown! hail, Rural Life! gret; yet not till he had sufficient Addreis himself who will to the pursuit Of honours, or emoluments, or farne;

opportunity of counting the coll, and I fhall not add myielf to such a chace,

of knowing the value of what he Tiwart his attempts, or envy his success. gave up. If happiness, could have Syane inrudt be great. Gicat ofices will have been found in classical attainments,



in an elegant tafte, in the exertions The recovery of the author enaof wit, fancy, and genius, and in the bled him further to attend to his lia esteem and converse of such persons terary pursuits. In 1785 he


the as in these respects were most con- public the work by which he will genial with himself, he would have be the best known to posterity, we been happy. But he was not-He mean “ The Task,” a Poem, in fix wondered (as thousands in a similar Books, occafioned by a Lady, fond fituation fill do that he should con- of blank verse, demanding a poem of tinue dissatisfied, with all the means that kind from the author, and give apparently conducive to satisfaction ing him at the same time the SOPHA within his reach-But in due time, for a fubject. The injunction he othe cause of his disappointment was beyed, and connecting another subdiscovered to him he had lived ject with it, pursued the train of without God in the world. In a me- thought to which his fituation and morable hour, the wisdom that is turn of mind led him.: This brought from above visited his heart. Then forth at length, instead of the trifle he felt himself a wanderer, and then which he at first intended, a serious he found a guide. Upon this change affair, a volume. A volume, how. of views, a change of plan and con- ever, which will continue to be adduct followed of course. When he mired so long as the English language saw the busy and gay world in its shall exist. Added to it, are an Etrue light, he left it with as little re- piftle to Joseph Hill, Esq.; Tirociluctance as a prisoner when called to nium, or a Review of Schools, conliberty leaves his dungeon. Not that 'taining severe ftrictures on the genehe became a Cynic or an Ascetic—a ral mode of public education in these heart filled with love to God, will kingdoms; and the History of Joha assuredly breathe benevolence to men. Gilpin, which had been rendered poBut the turn of his temper inclining pular by the inimitable recitation of him to rural lifc, he indulging it, Mr Henderson at Freemason's Hall and the providence of God evidently the preceding year. preparing his way and marking out Mr Cowper’s next work was "The his retreat, he retired into the coun- Iliad and Odyssey of Homer, transtry. By these steps the good hand lated into English blank verfe,” which of God, unknown to me, was pro. were published in 2 volumes 4to. in viding for me one of the principal 1791. The chief design of this unbleflings of my life ; a friend and a dertaking was to give the English counsellor, in whose company, for reader a version of Homer free from almost loven years, though we were the factitious embellishments of Pope's seldom seven successive waking hours established translation, more faithful separated, I always found new plea- to the original, and without the adfure : a friend, who was not only a ditions which that translator licencomfort to myself, but a blessing to tiously introduced. How far this de. the affectionate poor people among fign has been executed, we believe whom I then lived."

the learned have not yet entirely deA long indifpofition, Mr Newton cided. proceeds, followed, which fecluded The remaining literary work of the author ftill more ; but at length Mr Cowper, though fupposed to be the presage of the returning day ar: 6nilhed, has not yet feen the light,

finished rived, and forae of the first fruits of we mean his complete translation of the poet's recovery were then pre- Milton's Larin and Italian Poetry, sented to the public. This preface which Mr Hayley describes as an eleis dated the 18th of February 1782. gant and fpirited vorfo... To this


may be added some parts of Andrei- tify its exertion. Those who are ni's Adamo, which the fame Gentle beft acquainted with the writings and man mentions in the following terms: virtues of my incftimable friend, " He (Andreini) happened to en. must be moft fervent in their hopes, gage my attention when the bealth that in the course and close of his of my revered friend Mr Cowper al. poetical career he may resemble his lowed him to be my guest; and, af- great and favourite predeceffors, Ho. ter our more serious morning ftudies, mer and Milton; their spirits were it afforded us a pleasant relaxation cheared and illuminated, in the deand amusement to throw some parts cline of life, by a fresh portion of of the Adamo into English in a rapid poetical power; and if, in their lat. yet metrical translation. In this joint ter productions, they rose not to the work, or rather pastime, it would be full force and splendour of their me. needless, if it were possible, to dif- ridian glory, they yet enchanted man. tinguish the lines of the united trans- kind with the sweetness and serenity Jators, as the version has no higher of their descending light *." aim than to gratify the curiofity of The hopes and expectations of Mr ibe English reader, without aspiring Hayley, expressed in the preceding to praise. A very different charac. paragraph, we fear were not gratifiter is due to that version of Milton's ed, as, according to the information Latin poetry, which my excellent of a friend, we have reason to apprefriend has finished with such care hend that Mr Cowper's state of and felicity, that even from the fe- health continued wavering and unparate specimens of it, with which certain during the remainder of his this life is embellished, you, my dear life; subject to frequent relapses, and Warton, and every delicate judge of exhibiting at times a spectacle of capoetry, will, I am confident, esteem lamity most difressing to a feeling it an absolute model of poetical trans- mind. By the exertions and folicilation. For the honour of Milton, tations of the fame amiable friend, and for that of his most worthy in- to whom he owed the above pane. terpreter, I hope that the whole of gyric, he was indebted for a pension this admirable performance may be obtained from the Crown, than which foon imparted to the public, as I trust no exercise of royal benevolence was that returning health will happily re- ever calculated more to satisfy the fore its incomparable author to his wishes of the good, or the expectasuspended fudies; an event that may tions of the generous. It was in affect the moral interest and the mo- truth a tribute to virtue and genius, ral delight of the world--for rarely, which did honour to all the parties very rarely indeed, has Heaven be- concerned in the transaction. ftowed on any individual such an am- To this account we shall only add, ple, such a variegated portion of true that Mr Cowper was released from poetical genius; and never did it add the cares and troubles of life the greater purity of heart to that divine 25th April 1800, at East Dereham yet perilous talent, to guide and fanc- in Norfolk.


ONEday, when Santeul was prei replied, “We always say Homer,

sent at a declamation delivered Virgil, Horace; we never asfix Mr at the Sorbonne, a young student in to the names of great men." Santeul his hearing faid, “There is Santeu).” rose up from his seat in a moment, “ Young man,” said Santeul, “ you ran toward the young student, and might have added Mr." The fcholar eagerly embraced him.



* Dedication of the Life of Milton to Dr Joseph Warton, p. 21, 4to. 1796.

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