Imatges de pÓgina
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and the French language affords no comparison of this hemp with that terms by which it can be expressed. of Europe, it may be remarked, that The Arabs give the name of keif to its Atalk is not near so high ; that it this voluptuous vacuity of mind, this acquires in thickness what it wants fort of fascinating ftupor.

in height ; that the port or habit of

: The preparation molt in use from the plant is rather that of a thrub, this hemp is made by pounding the the stem of which is frequently more fruits with their membranous cap. than two inches in circumference, fules; the paile refulting therefrom with numerous and alternate branches is baked, with honey, pepper, and adorning it down to the very root. nutmeg, and this sweetmeat is then Its leaves are also not so narrow, and swallowed in pieces of the size of a less dentated or trothed. The whole nut. The poor, who sooth their mi- plant exhales a stronger fmell, and sery by the stupefaction produced by its fructification is smaller, and at the hemp, content themselves with bruis- same time more numerous than in the ing the capsules of the feeds in water, European species. and eating the paste. The Egyptians also eat the capsules without a

Miraculous Statue. ny preparation, and they likewise In the mosque (at Tomieh) there mix them with tobacco for smoking. is shown a camel in stone, which is At other times they reduce only the feen to turn towards Mecca at the capsules and pistils to a fine powder, time when the caravan of pilgrims and throw away the feeds. This sets out from Cairo, and to turn back powder they mix with an equal quan. towards Cairo when it leaves Mecca. iity of tobacco, and smoke the mix. Such is the fable related by the inture in a sort of pipe, a very fimple, habitants of Tomieh; and this gives but coarse imitation of the Persian fomè celebrity to their town. I had pipe. It is nothing more than the not an opportunity of examining this Theil of a cocoa-nut hollowed and fil. miraculous ftatue. led with water, through which a pungent and intoxicating smoke is inhal. ed. This manner of smoking is one Fertility of the Soil in Upper Egypt of the most ordinary paftimes of the

Its Agriculture. women in the southern part of E- There is certainly no country in gypt.

the world where the soil is more proAll these preparations, as well as ductive than in Egypt. However, the parts of the plant that serve to when, as some ancient and modern make them, are known under the authors have affirmes, its produce in Arabic name of hafchisch, which pro- wheat is carried to one hundred, two perly signifies herb, as if this plant hundred, and even as far as 'three were the herb, or plant of plants. hundred, for one, it is extended far The hafchifch, the consumption of beyond the common average. On which is very considerable, is to be the other hand, those who have afmet with in all the markets. When serted that a measure of

corn,

sown it is meant to defignate the plant it. in the ground, produced only tenfelf, unconnected with its virtues and fold, have stopped far fort of the its use, it is called basié.

truth. On this subject. I collected Although the hemp of Egypt has and compared the most accurate in. much resemblance to ours, it, never- formation ; the result was, that, one theless, differs from it in some cha- year with another, a crop of corn racters which appear to constitute a yields from five and twenty to thirty particular species. On an attentive for onc. And it is important to ob.

serve,

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serve, that it is not here meant to the fun by which it is warmed, frota count tbe number of grains contain- the masses of rocks by which it is ed in an ear; produced from a parti surrounded, and which reflect and cular single feed, but that I am speak, concentrate the heat, and from its iog of the entire harvest, of the mass elevated situation, more difficult to of corn that it furnishes in a given irrigate, to be delitute of verdure district; fo that each measure fown, and incapable of yielding rich crops : yields a crop of from five and twen- it is, nevertheless, infinitely more ter. ty to thirty measures. In extraor. tile than the moist soil of the Della, dinary years, favoured by circum- Its produce of every kind is more sur. ftances, the land laid down in corn prising. It is shaded by a greater gives a produce of fifty for one. At number of fruit trees, forming, in Néguadé I was even assured that, fix some measure, forefts not very closely or seven years previous to my arrival, planted, which maintain a constant a cultivator. had reaped a hundred coolness, and under the shade of which and fifty times the feed fown ; but the traveller

may

cither take repose, this observation, supposing it to be or proceed on his way, . correct, applying only to a solitary Befides the vegetative strength of and particular fact, cannot be includ- a privileged soil, the manner in which ed in the general estimate. For some the Egyptians fow corn is also one years the inhabitants had been com- of the causes of its great multiplicaplaining of the scantiness of their tion. It is obvious that the method crops; nevertheless, doring these ve- of fowing thick, perhaps neceffary in ry years, which they considered as cold and compact ground, would be times of dearth, the land had produced prejudicial in a warm foil exuberant twenty for one.

with vegetation. Accordingly, the Such a fertility, which had no need seed is very sparingly scattered in the of exaggeration to appear aftonish. fields of Egypt. The fower walks ing, is still susceptible of increase. behind the plough, and strews in the Ignorant and lazy, the Egyptian cul small furrow it makes, a portion of tivators knew not how to derive the grain barely necessary, which the greatest advantage from the most plough covers in tracing another fur. Fruitful soil ; and the process of wa. tering, which vegetation requires in In this manner there is no feed so warm a climate, was neglected, or loft; there is none that, as in our in a great measure forgotten. country, seems to be thrown purpose

However, if it be considered that ly to feed the birds. The stalks, arvegetation has no where more strength ranged in drills, and at a proper dir- . and activity than in the soil of Up- tance froin each o:her, as well as the per Egypt; if it be remarked that roots that support them; casily reno species of culture long occupies ceive the impressions of the air and the ground, and that several are seen the sun ; and the ears, being neither to succeed each other, and thrive in confined nor smothered, are healthy the same year, the inexhaustible mine, and strong ; the grains with which of abundance which this ancient land they are filled foon become plump contains in its bosom, cannot fail to and luxuriant, and none of them ever be a subject of astonishment. prove abortive or diseased. Neither

And ihis incomparable fertility is are the fields overrun by a great numstill more brilliant in the south than ber of plants which, under the gein the north of Egypt. The The- neric name of weeds, are, in the bais, which borders upon the torrid greater part of our fields, a real zone, would seems from the beat of fcourge to the harvefte. The corn is

row.

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fown pure as it is reaped; it is not at the fame period, cao yield nothing mixed, in the same field, with differ: but a mixture, ab unproducive to the ent species of grain, which, though cultivator, as it is unprofitable to the of the same genus, yet not ripening consumer.

A LETTER FROM DR GUTHRIE OF ST PETERSBURGH TO THE RIGHT HON. THE

EARL OF BUCHAN, ON THE ORIGIN OF THE NAME OF THE SCOTS.

MY LORD,

Perceive that the first Volume of been originally pronounced, (a very I sian Society of Scotland begins with took it down in writing, or in the an Inquiry into the name of the in- copyifts fince, would make the trifhabitants; and beg permission to re- ling difference,) you have immediate: mark, that although the Greeks cal. ly Scototes, which when pronounced led the nomade people, now known to short mutt be Scots. us by the name of Tartars, by the I am your Lordship’s very appellation of Exubels, which the

humble Servant, learned author of the

paper
alluded

MATTHEW GUTHRIE. to above, supposes might have been St Peterfourgh, Sept. 5th. 1794. the Grecian pronounciation of the Celiic word Scuits, or wanderers; yet P. S It is remarkable likewise that this was by no means the name they some of the Scythian hords practised gave themselves, as Heroditus, in his the same custom of painting their fourth Book Melpomene, expressly bodies, which we are affured by J. tells us, that the Scythians called Cæsar, Pomp. Mela, Pliny, Tacitus, themselves Scelotes. Now fuppofing A. Marcellinus, and a number of othey were a people from the Celtic ther classic authors, once obtained afuck like ourselves, which I have mongit the Celts in both South and liitle doubt of, their real name fur. North Britain. There bords were nishes a very simple derivation of the Daca and Sarmatians whom Sios, for by merely changing the Pliny lays both painted their bodies l into t, as it may have very possibly like our forefathers.

NOTICE OF THE

CHARACTER AND WRITINGS OF PHILIP STANHCPE, EARL OF

CHESTERFIELD.

a

From the first volume of the works of Horace Walpole Earl of Orford. FEW men have been born with a heir, but drew up for his use a code

brighter show of parts : few men of institution, in which no secret of have bellowed more cultivation on his doctrine was withheld, he was their natural endowments; and the not only so unfortunate as to behold world has seldom been more just in a total miscarriage of his lectures, its admiration both of genuine and but the system it lelf appeared fo fitimproved talents. A model yet more persicial, so trisling, and so illaudararely beheld, was that of a prince of ble, that mankind began to wonder wits who employed more application at wliat they had admired in the preon forming a fucceffor, than 10 per- ceptor, and to question whether the petuate his own renown--yet, though diétator of such tinsel injunctions had the peer in question not only labour. really possessed those brilliant qualified by daily precepts to educate his cations which had so long maintained him unrivalled on the throne of wit Even Lord Chefterfield's poetical and fashion. Still will the impartial trifles, of which a few specimens reexaminer do juftice, and distinguish main in some fongs and epigrams, between the legislator of that little were marked by his idolized graces, fantastic aristocracy which calls itself and with his acknowledged wit. His the great world, and the intrinsic ge- speeches courted the former, and the nius of a nobleman who was an orna. latter never forsook him to his latest ment to his order, an elegant ora'tor, hours. His entrance into the world an useful statesman, a perfect but no was announced by his bop-mots, and servile courtier, and an author whose his closing lips dropped repartees that writings, when separated from his sparkled with his juvenile fire. impertinent institutes of education, Such native parts deserved higher delerve, for the delicacy of their wit application. Lord Chefterfield rook and Horatian irony, to be ranged no less pains to be the phænix of fine with the purest claffics of the courts gentlemen, than Tully did to qualify of Augustus and Louis quatorze. himself for shining as the first orator, His papers in Common Sense and magiftrate, and philosopher of Rome. The World might have given jealousy Both succeeded : Tully immortalized to the senfitive Addison ; and though his name; Lord Chesterfield's reign they do not rival that original wri. lafted a little longer than that of a ter's fund of natural humour, they fashionable beauty. His son, like must be allowed to touch with con. Cromwell's, was content to return to fummate knowledge the affected man. the plough, without authority, and ners of high life. They are short without fame. {cenes of genteel comedy, which, Besides his works collected and when perfect, is the most rare of all published by Doctor Maty, his Lord. productions.

fhip had begun “ Memoirs of his own His papers in recommendation of Time.”—How far he proceeded on Johnson's dictionary were models of such a work I cannot say; nor whethat polished elegance which the pe. ther farther than a few characters of dagogue was pretending to a certain, fome eminent persons, which have and which his own style was always fince been printed, and which are no heaving to overload with tautology shining proof that Lord Chesterfield and the most barbarous confusion of was an excellent

historic painter. tongues. The friendly patronage From his private familiar letters one was returned with ungrateful rude. should expect much entertainment, if ness by the proud pedant; and men most of those published by Maty did smiled, without being furprised, at not damp such hopes. Some few at seeing a bear worry his dancingmas- the end of his correspondence with ter.

his son juftly deserve admiration.

.

NOTICE OF ROBERT LORD CLIVE,

From the fame.

THIS Lord, who was ftyled by po; Cæfar, either to write or conquer.

licy a heaven-born hero, and Still one, who neither reverences Rowhom policy alone would canonize, man usurpations in Gaul, nor Spanish would never have been an author, massacres in Mexico, will never al. he could have filenced opposition as low his pen to applaud the invasions completely as he removed opponents and depredations of his countrymen in India. Yet was he qualified, like in India. Suffered to traffic as mer

shants,

chants, we have butchered, starved, vastations. But as Cæfar's conquests plundered and enslaved, the subjects lifted the yoke on the neck of Rome, and provinces of lawful princes; and Indian gold has undermined the Eng. all the imported diamonds of the east lith conftitution ; for, when heaven

out. blaze the crimson that inflicts heroes on mankind, it geneought to ftain our cheeks, or the in- rally accompanies them with their dignation that ought to have fired consequences, the loss of liberty-to them, when more recent Machiavels the vanquished, certainly; to the vichave called for applause on their de. torious, often!

cannot

GENEALOGY OF THE ABERCORN FAMILY.

From Walpoliana, Vol. II. I HAVE fallen into some mistakes and Duke of Chatelheraut, whose

for want of a proper genealogy of eldest son James became insane, John, the Abercorn family.

the second son, was created Marquis [The following little memoir, re- of Hamilton in 1599. mitted to the editor by an ingenious

6. The third son, Claud, was, in correspondent in Ireland, will serve 1585, created Lord Paisley, and his to rectify those mistakes, and will at eldest son, James, was made Earl of the same time prove interesting to the Abercora in 1606. By Mariana, admirers of the Memoires de Gram. daughter of Lord Boyd, he had five mont, perhaps the most witty and fons and three daughters

. amufing of literary productions. Mr • The three eldest sons failing of Walpole's chief errors occur p. 75 issue, the title of Abercorn afterwards and 273, in which he supposes George fell to the descendants of Sir George, to be the eldest son, and thus per the fourth son. (Alexander, the fifth plexes several of the anecdotes.] fon, became a count of the empire,

“ James, second Lord Hamilton, and settled in Germany, where his married Mary, daughter of James III. pofterity still remain.) and by her had James, third Lord “Sir George Hamilton, fourth Hamilton, first Earl of Arran. His son of James, first Earl of Abercorn, son James was second Earl of Arran married Mary *, third fifter to James,

first *" Her nieces, daughters of James; Duke of Ormond, Lady Mary, wife of the Earl of Devonshire, and Lady Elizabeth, second wife of the Earl of Chesterfield, were the reigning beauties of the age. There are pictures of both in the present Earl of Ormond's cafle at Kilkenny. Lady Chestergeld was of a delicate form and low ftature ; her daugliter married John, Earl of Strathmore.

"The scandalous chronicles of those times charge her husband, the Earl of Chefterfield, with having caused her to take the facrament upon her innocence, respect. ing any intimacy with the Duke of York, and having then bribed his chaplain to put poison into the facramental cup, of which the died. His son, Lord Stanhope, by his third wile (father of Lord Chesterfield the author), married Gertrude Saville, daughter of the Marquis of Halifax. The Marquis and Ear! quarrelled, and the latter made his son bring his wife to Litchfield, breaking off all intercourse between the families. Lady Stanhope had always on her toilette her father's “ Advice to a Daughter :” her father-in-law' took it up one day, and wrote in she title-page, " Labour in vain.” On her side, the lady made her fervant out of livery carry in his pocket a bortie cf wine, another of water, and a cup; and whenever she dined or fupped in company with her father-in-law, either at his own house or abroad, the never would drink but of those liquors, from her servant's hand, as a hint to the Earl, and society present, of what his lordship was suspected of having effected by a

facred beverage.".

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