Imatges de pÓgina
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chusetts to Kentucky, a distance of or even the eighth of an inch, but
upwards of one thousand miles, which enforce the law with the utmost ri-
journey he performed in forty-three gour. From the size of some salmon
days, with only two yoke of large brought to London and openly sold,
oxen, that drew the weight of two it is evident the acts are grossly e-
tons, the waggon included. I men- vaded, and therefore every filhmonger
tion this circumstance, to contradict who bought a falmon under a certain
as much as possible the mistaken pre. weight should be liable to a heavy
judice which prevails in this country, fine, and the fisherman a severe pu.
that oxen cannot travel ; and if they nishment; for the cupidity and ob-
could, it is said they are tediously stinacy of the fisherinan not only ma.
llow : whereas it is a well known terially injures the country, but his
fact, that oxen will without difficulty, own permanent intereft ; for he
and with heavier loads ihan an equal might, with a little patience, get
number of horses can draw, travel ten times the weight he now does.
two miles and one half in the hour; When the present price of two shil.
a pace quite as quick as our heavy lings per pound is now paid in Lon-
stage waggons ulually go ; and be. don for salmon, and not likely to be
fides, this labour is executed with plentiful and cheap again, without
requiring little more than half the parliamentary interference, no doubt
food neceffary for horses. But if a it will shortly be attended to with
creature with a quicker ttep is want. zeal and complete effect.
ed, the breed of the buffalo might be But is it not a shame to the inter-
introduced ; this beast will go fix or nal regulation of the metropolis of
leven miles per hour, and the meat is the empire, that Paris, distant one
very good. The ox and bull have hundred and forty miles from the
also this great advantage over the sea, and no tide navigation, should
horse, that they eat their food much be, not only more plentifully supplied
fafter, and are sooner refreshed. with, than London, but

It is a well-known fact, that all commonly at half the price? As to fish of transit, such as the salmon, re. fresh-water fish, there is no compari. turn yearly to the same river they son in the supply of the two cities, were spawned in; and it is generally Paris having constantly abondance, allowed the increase of size of this and London next to none. There is fish, when it returns from the sea, is also a glaring absurdity and misma thirteen inches and upwards ; indeed nagement to be noticed at Billingsmany actual experiments have proved gate, where we observe constantly in he fact. If, therefore, at one or ime of peace a number of Dutch boats, two periods of the year the river loaded with turbot, plaice, founders, tisheries were forbid altogether, or at eels, &c. ; but what increases the inolt allowed to be fiihed two days surprise is, the Dutch fishermen buy in the week, we should have all our the lamprey fish, the best bait for Jalmon rivers in less than five years the turbot, in our own rivers. Surefull of that delicious animal. And ly this matter merits the attention of the river Severn alone, which breeds the lord mayor and aldermen, that

belt quality, and is now al. some effc @ive plan may be adopted most empty, would produce not only to supply London ourselves, without fufficient for the towns on its banks, being obliged to pay a tribute in but amply supply the London market. calh of 60,000l and upwards yearly, It would be well also to enlarge the to our more indu&rious neighbour's mesh of the nets by an act of Parlia- and rivals, and for what may be said ment, if only one quarter of an inch, to belong to us.


the very

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From a Historical and Philosophical Ske'ch of the Discoveries and Settlements of the

Europeans in Northern and Western Africa, &c. M.

De Brisson, after having made The Arabs, into whose hands he had

• leveral voyages to Africa, was fallen, had only come down to the wrecked a little to north of Cape sea coast to gather wild grain, three Blanc, and fell into the hands of the days before the shipwreck; and to Labdefleba Arabs. After escaping preserve their booty, they immethe shoals, his companions and he al diately retreated to the in'erior part cended the rocks on the thore, froin of the desert A guide preceded the the summits of which they faw the horde, to place at intervalo small pycountry expand in an immense plain, ramids of stone, to direct their course, covered with white sand, over which at a distance from every hoftile.tribe. were thinly scattered a few creeping After passing fume very high mounplants resembling branches of coral. cains, wholly covered with small The feed of thele plants was fimilar greyish pebbles, as sharp as fints. in form to that of mustard, but ex they deloended into a sandy plain tremely finall. The Arabs, who overspread with thorns and thistles. collect it to form an edible parte, When Briffon was unable to walk, term it avezoud. The cift.nt hills, on account of the bleeding of his feet, covered with wild fern, presented the he was mounted on a camel, the appearance of an exti olive, toreit briftly hair and hard trot of which Proceding towards some camels foon excoriated him so much, that which they observed, they were dif- the blood run copiously down its covered by some children tending the flanks. By thr wing beared stones goats, anu the alarm was foon spread into'a wooden vesel, filled with barley to the tents of the Arabs, who quickly meal, diluted with water procured on advanced to meet them with fright the lea More, preserved in a goatful thrieks and gesticulations. Terror skin, and mixed with pitch to preseized the companions of M. de Bris- vent putrefa&ion, the Arabs prepared fon as the Arabs advanced ; and he a kind of soup, which they kneaded polished teel of their weapons re- with their hands, and ate unchewed. flected the sun beams; they dispersed They roasted a goat in heated sand, themselves in confusion; and were ate its fat raw, and, after having dequickly overpowered, stripped, and voured the flesh, gnawed the bones, plundered. Briffon and eleven others and scraped them with their pails, surrendered themselves to the Talbe, threw them to B iffin and his comor priest, who was unarmed, and were panions, desiring them to eat quickly, conducted to a wretched hut, covered and load the camels, that the journey with moss, at the dillance of a league might not be impeded Proceeding from the shore. Here, during the eart ward, they crossed a vaft plain, absence of Sidi Mahomet, the priest, covered with {mall stones, white as who was of the tribe of Labdeslcba, snow, round and fat as a lentil, where they were attacked and maltreated not a single plant was produced. i he by a party of the Quadelims, and, earth beneath their feet resounded during the bulle which enfued, Brif. dull and hollow, and the small stones son had almost lost his life. Instead pricked them like sparks of fire, The of compafionating his forlorn litua reflection of the rays of the sun from tion, the women threw fand into his the land was scorching; the atmos. eyes, as they said to dry his eye-lids. phere was loaded with a red. vapour, Ed. Mag. Jan, 1 Soo.



and the country appeared as if filled incurred her implacable resentment, with flaming volcanos. Neither birds through his irritability, which to the nor infcets could be seen in the air. Arab women seemed exticmely to The profound filence was frightful. resemble "etulance. During his reliIf a gentle breeze ever arose it pro. dence with Sidi Mahomet, the haid. duced extreme languor, clioppirig of lips he endured were almost incredithe lips, burning heat of the skin, ble. Wien the excífive leat, the with imall smarting pimples. This milk of the fhcep, goats, and camels plain was even hunned by wild beasts. diminished, and then the dogs fared After traverting this plain, they en better than the Christians, who were tered another, where the wind had forcer to fublist on wild herbs aod thrown up in furrows the land, which raw snails. When the rains fell, and was of à reddish enlour. On the tops the least pressure made the water to of the furrows grew a few sweet- Spring up throngh the landy foil, the Scented plants, which were devoured Christians fept behind a buin. myby the camels. On quitting this sheltered, on the bare ground. Briston fandy plain, they entered a valley and his master fumetimes reasoned surrounded by mountains, where the about religion, when the latter always foil was white and slimy, and where answered the harangues of the forthey found water of a noxious (mell, mer by declaring, that he preferred covered with green moss, and foon a bowl of churned milk to such ab. after discovered a horde of the furdities. Several of his companions friendly cribe Roussye. Sidi Sellem. perished, and were left by the Arabs one of the chiefs of this horde, and to be devoured by the ravens, while brother-in-law to idi Mahomet, in ihe itru igles of death. One of proposed to Briffon to put himself them was supposed to be murdered under his protection, and offered to by bis master for milking his camels purchase him; to which Briffon, who clandeftinely. An application made expected foon to reach either Senegal by Briffon to the consul at Mogador, or Morocco. gave a firm refusal. After by a letter entrusted to a Jewish meranother journey of fixt en days, they chant, was fruitrated through the nearrived at the ceilts of the gligence of the vice-conful; and the horde, to which Sidi viabomet be. Labdeffeba Arabs th«ught the jourlonged. The tents pitched among ney too dangerous to be encourtered thick bushy trees, and the numerous for the ranfoin of their faves. "The focks feeding along the tides of the drought became so excessive, hills, presented at a distance an af. pasturage could be found for the pect of happiness and pastoral fim. flocks; upon which the tribes af plicity. On approachin! near, the Ouadelim and Labdeiicba, after bold. trees of beautiful green foliage proved ing a consultation, determined to go to be only old gummy stumps, alınost in search of new habitations. The void of branches, fo encircled with horde, to which Biilton's master bethorns, that their shade was inacef longed, was one of those that re. tible. The women approached with mained behind, while the Oudelinis loud cries and the molt fauning ler exte ded their ravages to Guadnum, vility to welcome their tyrants, to at the distance of 300 leagues from throw itonies at the Christians and their former refidence Those who (pit in their faces, while the children remained behind, fubfifted for a short imitated the example of their mothers. period, but were soon reduced to the Brisson, who endeavoured to ingra ul molt extremities, by the failure of tiate himself with his master's fa paflurage and water. They were vourite, not only failed in this, but forced to kill their camels and goats, in order to obtain the water in their moilt and furrowed, as if it had been ftomachs, which was of a greenith formerly watered by winding rivulets. colour, and extremely disagreeable. The borders of these furrows were In this dreadful fituation he was pur covered with beds of pebbles, and chased by Sidi ne lem, the brother crusted over with a nitrous kind of in-law of his maller, with whom he ice. The rocks which enclofd the immedia:ely departed for Morocco. furrows were covered with the fame, On their jonrniy, the appearance and relembled cufcades. Thick red. which the country prelented was uni dish roots and branches, covered with form and wid. Wide randy plsins, leaves, like those of the laurel, crept terminated by a bare horizon of bleak across the different crevices As he rocky hills, filled up this blank in advanced, wyramids of great ftones, nature. The plains were covered white as alabaster, appeared towering frequently will calcined flints relein. above each other, and feemed to mark bling & imith's charcoal. In one the border of a bank. Lofty date place, they observed fome whirith tries, whose trunks were warped even earih, ove which the truuks of trees to tle top, rose behind the pyramids. were beaped in confusion, with their with palin trees, the height and corouts torn off Their bark was en. lour of which exhibited proofs of tirely peeled, and their brauc'es, biit. their high autiquiry. Others of the e ile ao glais, 'were twittet like cords. were thrown down, and lay-Atripped Their wood was yellowish, like the of the bark; they crumbled to pieces wo d of liquorice, and the heart of upon being touched; and the filathe trees was filled with a powder ments under the bark were covered very hard to the touch Neither the with a faltith powder, clear as cryi. wood, nor the enclosed duit, nor the tal. The roots which hung down calcined Mones, had either taste or the rocks were glutinous, and the smell. At'fome distance, the moun bark broke off at the lighrett touch. tains, which were extremely high, Advancing nearer Morocco, they feemed to be piled abiv

ve each other found lofty mountains covered with in immense ranges, from whence en. ftones of rose, violet,citron, and green ormous blocks appeared to have tal

and observed forests at a dila len, and to have been thaltered to On their approach they were pieces before reaching the ground. aitonithed to see the trunks of trees Thele detached inaffes, over which descending from the centres of rocks, other rocks hung fuipended, formed and apparently hanging down like immense caverus, and covered the fruits, while the roebucks coursed, vallies From another quarter two

Que after another, over th: banging fountains issued, one of which drew rocks, and the trees that 'hung lus-, along in its course a black slimy mat. pended in the air. Brillon remarks, ter of a fulphureous smell. The o. That no trees in these forests are in. Ther, separated from the first by a jured by lightening except one, the small ithinus of land, of the breadın leaf of which releinbles that of the of 12 or 15 pacis, was clearer than gum-tree or common parsley. Be. chryital. lu a valley, which appear. fore reaching Guadnum, they arrived at first light extremely circum ed at the habitations of the tribe fcribed by the surrounding moun

Telkoennes, who refide among moun. tains, and the detached rocks which tains of land, as if they endeavoured were heaped up in promiscuous con- to hide themselves from the light of fusion, Briffon discovered an attonith the fun. It is almoit impossible to ing variety of scenery. At the en- penetrare their retreats, uniets a per.. trance of the valley, the ground was ion be acquainted with the países of




the sand hills. The plains in their liocates seems to be fufficiently corneighbourhood swarm with enormous re&, but the minute figures are pro• serpents.. di last they reached Gu. bably in the ftyle of caricature. adnum, the asylum of the mott da Like a certain painter of the Flemring rebels of all the Arabian tribes, ish school, he cannot be charged with the mart of ihe inhabitants of the wilful exaggeration ; but the rancour desart, who come there to barter of bis ulcerated miad darkened the their camels, peliry, gum, &c for faces of his devils, and gave their feawoolen tàuffs, half white and haf cures a peculiar expresfion of malice, crimsou; for what, barley, datrs, As he traversed some of the districts horses, tobacco, gunpowder, combs, of the defart at a great distance from and mirrors. This trade is en irely the shore, his remarks on the manners carried on by the Jews. The inhaof the Arabs who inhabit the interi. bitants live in a state of mutual difor, are extremely interesting. trust; their houses are guaded by large dogs, and also their perfons,

Of the Ouadelim and Labd feba. when th y walk through the city. Of the inhabitants of the interior Leaving Guacnum, they anived at regions of Sahara, the Ouadelim and Mogadore, and were delivered up to Labdeffeba are the mori formidable, the Governor, who sent them with who often extend their ravages to the an escort to the Emperor, at Moroc. very gates of Morocco. Their hordes co, by whom he wis soon after for at are frequentlyintermingled with those liberty. The character of the in. of the Rouslye, Rathidium, Chelus, habitants of Morocco differs little Tucanois and Onadeli tribes, as they from that of the Arabs of the defart: bave no distinct bounderies, and they are not of so stout a make, but change their habitations, as the deof a faiser complexion ; more accuf. fart affords pasturage and water, tomed to the fight of Europeans, but hey are tall, handsome, ftont and equally addicted to insulting them. vigorous men. Their hair is bristled, I he cárthen ruinous walls of the pa.. and their nails, which they often use lace resembled the inclosure of a in battle, as long as claws ; large church.yard; the outside of the le. hanging ears and a long beard, give raglio was not unlike a barn, and the them a turn forocious air.

The Ouhouses of the city of a very bad con adelim, in particular, are fierce, arroftruction,

gani and warlike, but foon difpirited The narrative of Brisson represents by obftinate re listance, especially when the Moors and the a rabs of the De. they have not a decided tuperiority, fart in the mo'l unfavourable point in numbers. In their hordes they of view. Inflamed with resentment lodge by families, in tenis which are at the insults to which he was expof. covered with a thick cloth of camels ed from the religious bigotry of the hair, which the women spin and Mahometans, and foured with the weave upon a loom fo small, that hardships he endured in the defart, they work fitting on the ground. to which the Arubs were equally ob. The furniture of their tents confift noxious, but which they were more of two large facks of leather, in which able to encounter, he gives every cir. they keep old clothes and pieces of cumstance the most malicious con old iron, three or four goat-fisins for Itruction. To a Frenchman of fine holding milk and water, two large feelings, that appearance of infenfibi- ftones for grinding their barley, a lity which misery produces, affumed smaller one for driving the piris of the form of deliberate cruelty The their tents, an ozier matting, which general outline of the picture he de- ferves for a bed, a thick carpet for a




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