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Art. XVI. Napoléon, a Poem, in which that Arch Apostate from the
Cause of Liberty, is held up to the just Indignation of an injured People, concluding with an Address to France, dedicated to the British Army in Spain. By the Rev. C. Colton, M. A. Fellow of King's Col
lege, Cambridge. 8vo. pp. 32. Hatchard and Co. 1812. We hope Mr. Colton has now relieved himself, and that he will be able
to resume his professional duties in tolerable tranquility. His specific object, it appears, is to lower Buonaparte in the eyes of the French people; and for the more effectual accoinplishment of it, his poem either is, or is to be, translated into the French tongue. If Napoleon can stánd against it, he is abuse-proof. The delineation of his character here given, is both general and particular. The former is expressed in the following concise yet comprehensive terms.
• Past, present, future crimes, have met in one
Hail great assemblage! hail Napoleon ! On the latter it would be premature to pronouce a final decision, before we have received a copy of the French Emperor's defence. In the mean time, to console Mr. Colton for the delay which must of necessity result from this our impartial proceeding, we will try to find room for some of the best lines in his deepmouthed diatribe.
Say, Tragi-comic Harlequin of Fate !
Art XVII. The Country Pastor, or Rural Philanthropist ; a Poem. By
.H. Holloway. 12mo. pp. 130. Price 5s. Gale and Curtis. 1812. THIS volume will refect no discredit on Mr. Holloway's previous ef
forts. The poetry though not remarkably spirited is generally in pretty good taste, while the sentiments are, for the most part, correct and liberal. The following may be regarded as no unfavourable specimens.
O! by what ties the faithful Priest is bound
For them he labours in the work of grace :
Where, 'midst her ancient forests, dark and damp,
Where the proud column in the desert stands,
Art. XVIII. A Discourse occasioned by the Death of Maxwell Garth.
shore, M. D. Physician to the British Lying-In Hospital, F. R. S. F. S. A. To which are added Notes Biographical, Devotional, and
Miscellaneous. By George Greig. 8vo. pp. 52. Conder. 1812. WE are glad to receive this affectionate tribute to the memory of a
man so truly amiable and respectable as the late Dr. Garthshore. The points on which Mr. Greig, chiefly insists, in delineating his character, are, his fervent and habitual pietyo-his temperance and self-denial his diligent improvement of time--and his conscientious charity and benevolence. Among many interesting particulars in this part of the sermon we observe the following.
• It was his regular custom, to the close of his life, to rise every morning, at or soon after four o'clock, and repair to his study ; where these early moments of each day were spent with God, and in reading religious books of a devotional or practical tendency.... Piety such as his--so unaffected, simple, uniform, and consistent-nrust have a pure
and powerful internal spring. It would only be inquenced by the faith of the Gospel and ardent love for the Saviour. Thus in him, as a professional man, piety and science were found happily to unite He did not like some would-be literati, of the present day, find any thing in Christianity repugnant to his taste and feelings as a man of science Nor did he consider it beneath the dignity of his profession to avow himself a disciple of the despised Nazarene, and to take his station under the banner of the cross,
• For nothing, perhaps, was our deceased friend more remarkable than for the benevolence of his disposition. I know, for I had the means of knowing, that his beneficence was eminently diffusive.... His heart glowed with generous warmth to suffering humanity, while his hand was open to every fair claim on his bounty. A cursory observer, a stranger to his real character, might have judged him parsimonious to
But if he was parsimonious, it was only to himself. He was afraid, conscientiously, of an abuse of trust in needlessly throwing away a single shilling on himself, whilst he would cheerfully contribute to any amount where the cause of God and Christian charity required it. It is with the fullest confidence I can state, that in acts of charity he expended not less, and frequently more than £1000 per annum.'
The diary of this excellent man, which he kept the whole period of his residence in London from 1763–1806 is said to illustrate in every page (and it amounted to many thousands, closely written the devotional habit of his mind; abounding in daily ejaculations of praise and thanksgiving, with fervent prayers to be kept steady in that cause of well-doing, essential to happiness in the present life and in that which is to come. The tone and temper, it is added, elevation' and energy, acquired by this sublime heavenly intercourse, appeared indispensible to this good man, not only as the consolation of sorrow, and the disposer to patience and resignation under the ills of life, but as the spring and principle of unwearied perseverance in active virtye; the diligent, liberal, charitable exercise of the profession to which he was devoted.' The extracts which Mr. Greig has produced are highly interesting.
Mr. G's text is Psalm cxvi. 15. It is needless to add any express commendation of the discourse. Art. XIX. Rules for English Composition, and particularly for Themes.
Designed for the Use of Schools, and in aid of Self Instruction. By
Mr. Rippingham has executed his undertaking : but we have considerable doubts whether he has not over-rated the value of it. Rules for composition will never make a fine writer, though they may a correct one: and we have no occasion to go to the schools for examples to prove that the art of composition is a very distinct thing from the art of think. ing. It is far from being a paradox to say that the taste may be formed too early.
Perhaps Mr. Rippingham might have omitted some of his own discussions, and curtailed his introduction to advantage. As a writer we must
aay he appears to us, little better than a young gentleman of a higher formAí all events there was no occasion to go out of his way to be.praise the religious discipline of Westminster school!
Art. XX. The friendly Call of Truth and Reason to a new species of
Dissenters, or Nominal Churchmen, but Practical Schismatics, to which
Psice 5s. 4th Edit. Rivingtons. 1812.
The friend ly professions of the title page are still at open war with the contents of the book; and by extending the range of his discussions, he has (as might have been expected) only furnished “more 'matter for a May morning."
Art. XXI. Practical Arithme!ic, &c. By J. Richards. 2nd. Edit.
Price 3s. Baldwin. IT there were any dearth of books on arithmetic, the present little vo
lume would be a valuable acquisition, but though we do not see any reason why it should supersede some of its predecessors, we have no doubt that it may be used with equal advantage, where it has been introduced. It contains some good practical hints on mental calculations, an arithmetical exercise too frequently neglected in public schools.
Art. XXII. Physiological Reflections on the Destructive Operation of
Spirituous and Fermented Liquors on the Animal System. By Thomas
hope, that, within the limits of their Pharmacopeias there existed or might exist, elixirs of power, to assuage every disorder and even to prolong existence to an indefinite length. In this more eplightened age we laugh at the notion of immortality in a pill box or a phial : But the fashion has only altered ; and instead of attempting to cure the gout, tooth-ache, phthysis, and palsy, by the same remedy, it is now become customary to attribute gout, toothache, phthysis, and palsy, with all the other ills to which our frail badies are liable, to the same cause. The modern discovery, however, has a decided advantage over the antient, it affords an equally diversified topic for the display of wisdom and learning, and it is quite unanswerable. For let any circumstance common to the major part of mankind be chosen as the obnoxious source of evil; it is evident that this major part of mankind is afflicted with most or all the diseases incident to humanity, ergo, dicit doctor, ali the diseases incident to humanity are occasianed by that circumstance which so many have in common. You may alledge, that your next neighbour who broke his leg, had never tasted meat in his life, and that you conse.
güently are humbly disposed to attribute the fracture to the fall which he had from his horse, rather than to animal diet. But you are gros ly missaken to think you will get off thus: for the gentleman's ancestors impru. dently indulged in the preter-natural inclination for roast beef, and this was the sole cause of the separation of the ends of the bone. possibly express some surprize, how a glass of wine can occasion a polypus of the nose, without producing any sensible derangement or inconyenience in other parts of the system,--but will soon be silenced by a certain something called sympathy; and should you be so slow of apprehension as not to understand the meaning of the word from the sound, you will perhaps be referred to Mr. F.'s pamphlet, where the fol lowing explanation occurs :
• A man standing opposite to a looking glass throws the rays of light on its plane surface, and the glass throws them directly back on him: thus he sees himself : but if there be any irregularity in the mirror, it may throw certain of the rays off at angles, and so cause another person standing afar off to see this man's shadow. Thus this second percon may be said to sympathize with the first.'
Now as there are many who demand an out-of-the-way hypothesis as the indication of out-of-the-way abilities, and as to many, the credit of possessing uncommon abilities, answers every purpose of said abilities themselves, we have no objection that medical men should ring changes on this theme, provided they do not take passion or intempeTance to assist them. Our author deserves particular praise for having adapted the tune of his song to the praise of sobriety. So far from apprehending that he will do mischief by this attack upon our breweries, we fear shat more powerful arguments, and more persuasive rhetoric than he has employed, will be required to bring many of his readers to moderáYion setting abstinence quite out of the question. It is, however, with regret we perceive, that intoxication may be produced not only by fermented liquors, from which Mr. F. must be supposed to abstain altogether, but by intemperate meditation on a darling hypothesis ; witness the following paragraph :
• The drinking spirituous and fermented liquors, together with a diet of irritating food, are practices which have been reprobated by the common sense of all ages, as injurious to the welfare of mankind, and which the strictest physiological inquiry has shown to be the principal cause of that combination of bodily and mental disorder, which exhibits itself under every conceivable form of human misery; which appears to be every where increasing, and which, in its twofold operation of destroying che power of procreation, and subsequently the individual, must be condemned as an evil which strikes at the root of existence; and which, if it should ever become universal, seems capable of cutting off man from the face of the earth.'
we attribute to any thing but a similar sbber inebriety his unit. ing with Dr. Lambe, in condemning that food as unnatural which has been deemed the reverse by five hundred millions of the human race and their forefathers for three thousand years past.