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• Time, with his hammer, hath in pieces beat
Winter's sharp morsels cut her royal face.
Art. XVI. Pious Selections, from the Works of Thomas à Kempis, Dr.
Doddridge, Miss Bowdler, Sir J. Stonehouse, Bishop Sherlock,
the present. They revive the memory of departed excellence; and to those whose reading, from whatever circumstances of necessity or neglect, has been circumscribed, may supply not only matter for profitable meditation, but that deficiency in their acquisitions which has left them without the knowledge of our best moral and theological writers. With respect to the present compilation, it is enough for us to reler to the names quoted in the title, and to observe that the extracts in general seem to have been judiciously made.
Art. XVII. Phedri Fabulæ, in Usuni Scholarum expurgatæ. Cum Notis
Anglicis, Studio C. Bradley, 12mo. Longman and Co. 1812. WHERE the fables of Phædrus form part of the routine of a school, the present edition cannot but be useful
. The text appears to be correct; and, without being so encumbered as to prevent the exercise of the pupil's faculties, is sufficiently elucidated to enable him to proceed with case ; while the external appearance is more pleasing than the generality of our classical school books.
Art. XVI!I. Two Sermons preached before the Friends and Supporters of
the Protestant Dissenting Academy at Homerion, on the Completion of the necessary Repairs; and Improvements of the Premises, on Wednese day, Deceniber 11, 1811. By Robert Winter, D. D. and William
Bengo Collyer, D. D. 8vo. pp 80. Conder, Black, &c. 1812. WE
E have read these excellent ind appropriate discourses with much
Satisfaction. The first, by Dr. Winter, from Ephesians, c. iv. v. 11 & 12 on the great importance of a boly and learned ministry,' is a most judicious exposition or the principles and arguments fairly deducible from tix text; <nibracing an extensive scope of enquiry, and treating every point in qu::8:10u with souni reisoning and manly eloquence. Dr. Coll. yir's ses mon is from the same text, with the additirn of the following vcrse, ut suffers nothing, in point either of interest or ability, from thit
embarrassing coincidence. Without any ambitious display of oratorical decoration or arrangement, he describes, in a calm, serious, and impressive manner,' the Gospel ministry, in its origin, design, and consummation." A short extract from each of these disco urses will suffice to confirm our recommendation of them.
• No one can think correctly on the most important subjects in religion, unless his own mind is under the habitual and powerful influence of divine truth. He who merely speculates on those topics of inquiry which relate to the highest interests of sinful men, although to a cerlain extent bis perceptions may be just and accurate, is destitute of those views of their individual and everlasting importance, which are conformable to the re. presentations of the holy scriptures. Where this deficiency is justly attributed to a minister of the gospel, it is a most awful consideration, both on his own account, and on account of his hearers. An unconverted minister is in the most truly dangerous situation, which can be imagined under a profession of the gospel. All his statements of truth virtually
а condemn himself, for not yielding to its sanctifying and renewing power. And with regard to the probable influence of his ministry, it is scarcely to be imagined that the hearts of others should be warmed and renewed by the coldly correct statements which are placed before them, but which have never produced any corresponding effect on him who has presented them. To the views of a christian minister, decided habitual piety is of the bighest importance.' Dr. Winter's Sermon, pp. 9, 10.
• The exertion of preaching is the least of its labours. The secret an. xiety lest we should not acquit ourselves as we ought in the sight of God -the necessity of administering to others, whatever be our own circumstances, and whatever be the state of our minds those passions of our own which we have to subdue, and those of others which we have to encounter--these are among the trials of this work of the ministry. To see some listening with listless apathy (if indeed they can be said to listen at all) to truths which Jesus taught, which he died to seal, which fill heaven with astonishment and with praise3-to know that others go a way to disappoint all the hopes which we had formed, to violate all the professions which they had made, to “ crucify the Lord afresh, and to put him to open shame,” by a base conformity to the present evil world to look over a field, in which we have laboured for years expecting in vain the springing of the seed which we have scattered with anxiety, and watered with tears and to see it all waste and barren-to retire broken-hearted to the closet, and to complain,“ Who hath believed our report, and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed !"—these are among the trials of the work of the ministry. It a man have not patience to bear with the weak, and to instruct the ignorant; if he cannot consent to resign his own ease for the sake of others ; if he fear to encounter calumny aud reproach, from those who ought to strengthen his hands, and to establish his heartlet him not think of the ministry; for all these things must be endured and surmounted.' Dr. Collyer's Sermon, pp. 60, 61.
Both these gentlemen appear to have been educated at the Homerton Academy, and plead the cause of their Alma Mater with the warmth of
Art. XIX. German Extracts from the best German Authors; with the
English Words at the bottom of the Page, and a Dictionary at the End, for translating into English. By George Crabb. Second Edi
tion, 12mo. Boosey. To those who have wished to cultivate an acquaintance with the Ger
man, it has long been matter of serious inconvenience, that there is not a judicious collection of extracts from the classical writers in that language. This defect is now in some measure supplied by the little volume before us ; since it is a selection, made with some judgment, from those authors which, though of a wholesome quality, are, from their scarcity or bulk, or expensiveness, not within reach of the student, as well as from the salutary and innocent parts of those, who have debased the fruit of their genius by a large infusion of vice and irreligion. But while to this we add, that it is printed with tolerable accuracy, we must say, that the paper
and type are mean and beggarly in the extreme ; and that the mistakes in the use of the long and short s, with other similar anglicisms, give it a singularly old-fashioned and grotesque appearance.
Art. XX. The dreadful Sin of Suicide ; a Sermon preached at the Rev.
Dr. Wiunter's Meeting House, New Court, Carey Street, January 9th, 1812, before the Monthly Association of Congregational Ministers
and Churches.' By George Clayton. 8vo. pp. 70. Black and Co. IT has often been matter of the greatest astonishment to us, that men of
talent should have thought it a worthy exercise of their powers, to employ them in the attempt to diminish the horror which the sane mind must always feel in the contemplation of the crime of self-destruction, Were there no other reason to be urged against it, than that it is, at best, an action of tremendous risk and responsibility, this alone would be decisive against the experiment. Yet Hume taxed his characteristic subtlety, for arguments in its defence, and Montesquieu vindicated it, in a string of eloquent epigrams. These men were, we are persuaded, actuated merely by the contemptible ambition of distinguishing themselves as the able supporters of a dazzling but shameful paradox; and have probably sacrificed many a deluded, but immortal spirit, to their disgusting and malignant selfishness.
The subject of this sermon is at once dangerous and enticing. Nothing is more easy than to overwhelm it with declamatory common places; few things less so than to treat it with skill, delicacy, and decision. It is the merited praise of Mr. Clayton, that he has successfully atchieved a task of considerable difficulty. For his text he has chosen Acts xvi. 28; and in discoursing upon it, he considers the criminality of suicide-enumerates the causes and occasions by whicha men are ordinarily impelled to the commission of it and adduces some considerations to enforce the apostolic dissuasion. As a specimen of the style of this discourse, we insert the following animated expostulation :
I. Consider that the animated structure of the human frame is the curious and exquisite workmanship of God. « The Lord God formed man out of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his postrils the
breath of life, and man became a living soul. It is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves. Let us make man, said he, in our image, in our own likeness. He upholdeth our soul in life; for in him we live, and move, and have our being." I am “ fearfully and wonderfully made,” and am 1 at liberty impiously to demolish the admirable mechanism of God? Who would possess the temerity, if he had the power, to annihilate the universe ? Who would presume to quench the sun in the firmament-to blot the moon from her orbit--to scatter the stars of heaven—to dry up the waters of the ocean-and dissolve the fabric of the globe? And if no such extravagant enterprize can be harboured, for a moment, even in distant thought, with respect to the great world, why shouldst thou, O man, take injurious freedoms with thyself
a world of wonders—a world in miniature? Who gave thee permission 10 quench that eloquent eye in the darkness of death? By what warrant dost thou reduce those active limbs to an incapacity for motion and exertion? Who granted thee licence to dissolve the earthly house of thy tabernacle with thine own hands? Touch, at thy peril, a single pin. Loosen, if thou darest, the minutest cord. Are not the ravages of time alone sufficiently expeditious ? Reverence thyself; thou art an awful, a mysterious compound-thou art the resemblance of thy God.-Do thyself no harm.'
The metaphysical note does not quite please us. The positions are probably correct, but Mr. Clayton's unknown friend' does not seem to state them in the best and most connected way. The double anecdotc at pp. 66–69, is most interesting and impressive.
Art. XXI. The Life and Administration of the Right Hon. Spencer Perceval;
including a copious Narrative of every Event of Importance, foreign and domestic, from his Entrance into public Life to the present Times ; a Detail of his Assassication, &c. &c.; with the probable Consequences of the sudden Overthrow of the Remains of his Administration, &c. &c.; and a Developement of the Delicate Investigation. By Charles Verulam Williams, Esq. 12mo, pp. 328. Price 6s. Sherwood,
1812, ONE of those pieces of literary manufacture which regularly make their
appearance on the death of any celebrated personage. Charles Verue lam Williams, Esquire, at an astonishing expence of labour and intellect, has ransacked those recondite and unerring sources of political intelligence, the newspapers ; and none, we are persuaded, but those who have been so fortunate as to obtain a glimpse of the scarce records referred to, can congratulate himself on being in full possession of the contents of this volume.
Art. XXII. Anecdotes of Children and Young Persons. 12mo. Williams.
1812. THE piety and good intentions of the compiler of these pages, are
unquestionable ; but, unfortunately, they manifest so egregious a want of judgement and taste, that it is impossible to give them the praise which she design, if better executed, would have deserved. Vol. VIII,
Art. XXIII. An Essay on the Authenticity of the New Testament, with an
Account of the ancient Versions, and some of the principal Greek Manuscripts. By I. F. Gyles, Esq. A. M. Svo. pp. 112. Hatchard,
1812. THAT the books of the New Testament were written by the persons
to whom they are usually ascribed, is a proposition of which no one, who has been at the trouble to read what has been said in proof of it, by Lardner, Paley, Less, Michaelis, Gregory, and a host of inferior authors
, can entertain the smallest doubt. To attempt to improve or to alter their reasoning, would be worse than trifling, were there not a great multitude of persons too busy or too indolent to work through an ordinary volume. The benefit of this respectable, because numerous class of the community, Mr. Gyles has studied in the present Essay. His object' was to comprise, in the compass of an hour's reading, some important arguments for the genuineness of the New Testament, with as much general information on the subject as could be condensed into the proposed limits. The topics on which he insists, are, the ancient versions and manuscripts, the testimony of the early adversaries and abettors of christianity, and the style of the New Testament. Mr. Gyles has done just what he proposed; being quick and conclusive. Each of the circumstances which he has noticed, though cogent in itself, is more than doubly so, when combined with its fellows. If, therefore the Greek and Latin quotations were entirely omitted, and if the facts from which our author reasogs after being properly explained and cnriched with several important circumistances, which may be found, for instance, in the ninth chapter of the first part of Paley's View of the Evidences of Christianity, were made to bear on the point, with concentrated force, this Essay would, it seems to us, be somewhat improved. A word is enough to the wise.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. Art. XXIV. Kosmologsche Geschichte der Natur, &c. Cosmological
History of Nature, especially of the Mineral and Vegetable Kingdoms.' By M. de Hagen. Svo. pp. 340. Heidelberg. THERE is something so whimsical in several of these writer's, “cos,
mological speculations, that a short account of them may amuse if it does not edify. Indeed his performance furnishes one of the most remarkable instances that has fallen under our notice, of the reveries in which it is possible for a modern philosophe to indulge.
It is well known that the ancients regarded the earth and the other planets of the system, her nsighbours, as animals. Some years ago the French savans revived this doctrine; and having revived it they forthwith bestirred themselves in its support and defence, con amore.
De. sandrais insisted that the terrestrial globe was an animal sui generis ; which Patrio explained by demonstrating that it had an organic action : not, indeed, that its organization was precisely that of an animal, nor would he venture to pledge himself that it was strictly speaking that of a vegetable; but it was that of a world. Even de la' Metherie, in his Principles of Natural Philosophy adopted tbis hypothesis and included is