Imatges de pÓgina
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Universal History,


Earliest Account of Time.

the VOL. VI.

former of Scythians, Celto Scy

thes, SarCH A P. XII.

matians, The History of the Scythians and Gomerians, their Marage Migrations into Europe, under the several names the latter Murgin *

of Gomerians,




tes, Gala.

An Inquiry into the Origin, Antiquity, Migrations, and tians,

Settlements of the Scythians and Gomerians, considered Gauls, as two distinct Nations, by Way of Introduction to Titans,

Sacks, and their History.




HESE two nations make fo considerable a figure in Celtes and ancient history, in so many different parts of the world, Scythians

and under such variety of names, that it would be next descended to impoffible to assign their different territories, or give their from Jahistory with any tolerable clearness, without previously tracing phet. them to their distinct originals, making a cursory retrospect of their migrations and settlements, and considering each of them under those various names, by which they are mentioned by ancient historians. We have already seen at the beginning of this history, that they were both descended from Gomer to

+ See before, Vol. I. p. 375. & feq.

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These pre

the eldest son of Japhet. This last we have also proved to be
the eldest fon of Noab*, and to have received this peculiar
blessing from his father, that God would enlarge his borders a,
upon which account Mofes observes immediately after, that
the isles of the Gentiles, by which is understood Europe, were
divided by, or amongst his posterity b. This perhaps is what
induced Berosus and those who have followed him, to make
such desperate hafte to settle Gomer's children in Italy, Asturia,
Biscay, and other parts of Europe, even so early as 142 years
after the flood. Hence others, no less sanguine, have ventured
to bring Gomer into Gaul, Tubal into Spain, Askenaz into
Germany, and Magog into Sweden, or Denmark
mature and precipitate migrations stand sufficiently confuted
by their palpable impossibility (A), were there nothing else
to disprove them. But nothing appears more certain, than
that those patriarchs never came out of Asia. On the con-
trary, we find their descendants making a considerable figure
in that cradle of the world, and settling themselves as near as
they conveniently could to one another, till fcantiness of room,
want of pasturage, some accidental discords, or some other
reasons, obliged them to branch out further on all sides to-
wards Europe, and northern Afia, whilst the descendants of
Shem and Ham enlarged their territories in their several allot-
ments, in the southern parts of Asia and Africa, as we have
already seen in their several histories.

To make the same appear the more clearly with respect to the sons of Gomer, let us now take a short retrospect of their first settlements in Asia, their migrations thence into Europe, their fucceflive ftations before they came into those parts in which they settled themselves into regular kingdoms and governments; and from which some of them returned again into Afia in * See Vol. I. p. 265.

a Genes. ix. 27. See before, Vol. I. p. 258. & seq. Pezron. Antiq. Celt. chap 3:

d Vid. int. al. Rawl. hift. p. i. c. 8. sect. 3. BoCHART. Phaleg. lib. iii. c. 8. & feq. Pezron. ubi sup.

(A) Nothing indeed were all the incumbrance of their famore absurd, than to suppose milies, cattle, and other lugthat they separated themselves gage ; for so far Sir Walter from the rest, before the general Rawleigh has proved it to be by dispersion at Babel ; and if im- , land, in the place above quoted; mediately after, how little time and it were still more monitrous soever be allowed for the build. to suppose that they could come ing of that ftupendous fabrick, into Europe by sea, with such the remainder will be vastly too a numerous retinue, so long beshort for a migration of some fore any thing of navigation, thousands of miles, thro’ woods, even by coafting, was known. forests, and defarts; and with 1


b Ibid. x. 5.

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process of time, when they gave names to countries, cities, mountains and rivers, which have caused such a confufion in ancient historians, for want of rightly distinguishing between those two distant epochs and migrations. This circumstance makes it very neceffary, to examine, in the first place, whether the Scythians and the Gomerians, properly so called, were originally the same, or two distinct nations. Without such a previous inquiry, we shall find their names, countries, and exploits so confused, that it would be next to impoflible to settle their geography, or understand their history with any satisfactory clearness.

We have formerly hinted at the different opinions of the learned concerning this point *, which seems chicfy to be owing to these two causes. 1. That none of the sacred historians mention these two nations by any cther names than that of their progenitoro; and, 2. That prophane authors have been so confounded by their variety of namies, migrations and exploits in several parts of Asia, as well as Europe, and particularly by the affinity of those names which they gave in both places, to towns, rivers, mountains, and the like, in their driving one another out of their territories, which they often did by turns; that it is not easy to know whether they spoke of the fame nation, under different names, or of two distinct ones. Sure it is, that if they meant the latter, they have most egregiously confounded them, by ascribing names, places, and exploits to the one, which belonged to the other, which makes it extremely difficult to discover when they speak of the Scythians, and when of the Celtes or Gomerians. At least it is evident that Herodotus, Ptolomy, and Justin', to name no more, have called the Scythians, who remigrated into Afia, by some names, and attributed some actions, and places to them, which, upon closer examination, are found to have belonged to the Celtes or Gomerians, whom they had driven thither out of their European territories. An accurate ancient geographer tells us 6, that the old Greek historians gave the name of Scythians and Celto Scythians, to all the inhabitants of the northern regions, though it is plain that a considerablepart of them were properly Celtes or Gomerians h. And in the famę book he adds, that those people who inhabited beyond the Caspian sea, which should be the Scythians, were. by the fame Greek historians, called fome Sacks, and others Mal

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* Vol. I. 7.375. & 377,

e Vid. int. al. EZEK. xxxviii. 2, 3, 6. í See PTOLOM. Geogr. lib. vi. c. 11. & 13: HERODOT. lib.i, c. 73. 103. & 4. C. 49–52. JUSTIN. lib. i. c. 8. & feq. & STRAB.Geogr. lib. xi. p. 349. & 352,

h Vid. GenEBR. sub Lewis's Introduct. in Hift. Britain. cap. iii. PezRon. ubi fup. Genef. x. 2.

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A. M. 1949.

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