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N. B. This Title is design'd for such Persons as think fit to bind the four Registers already printed, in one Volume. And for the same Rea. fon a Table is also added, at the End of the fourth Register, of the Principal Matters contain'd in that and the three other.
HIS Register, being the First for the Year 1727, Thall begin with a short Recapitulation of the most material Events that happen'd during the Course of the Year 1726.
A Recapitulation of the chief Events of 1726. F ever Alliances 'were made in this World prepara.
tory to à Rupture, such may those be call'd that have been made within a short Time paft. The Parties therein concern'd, declar’d, They had no other View but to inaintain the Peace ; and yet, look where we would, we scarce faw any Thing but Preparations for War. The Year 1725 left us in total Suspense what all those Preparations would come to ; but the Year that is now expired, has almost let us into the Secret, and would infallibly have made us Master of it, if a King, who from his own Cabinet, views what is doing in the Cabinets of other Kings, had not taken proper Measures in Time to prevent the Effect. Therefore the General Tranquillity was in Danger,' while repeated Ashurances were given, there was no other Design on foot but to preserve it. The Language was the same every where, and all Alliances seem'd to have one and the fame View, Mean'time, while there was so great a clashing of Interests, it could not be otherwise, but while some were fincere, others must be deceitful. This could only be judged of by the Event, and this, the Year 1726, has discover'd to us,
I. The Treaties of Vienna and Hanover, concluded as it were out of an Emulation the Year before, gave Motion to all the others, and form’d two Parties continu. ally watching one another : Each Side thought itself under an Obligation to fortify itself by particular Al. liances, and vy'd which should make the most advan. tageous, or the moft fpecious Offers to draw in more Powers to its Party. For this end, the Emperor, as the Primum Mobile, sends Ministers into Rufia, Sweden, and Denmark. He prevents the two firft Powers, by acceding of his own Accord to the Treaty of Peace concluded between them in 1722, and to their particular Alliance made at Stockholm in 1724. All Europe is watchful of the Consequences of a Stepfo Jittle exo pected. Sweden wonders what could be the Motives of This fudden Accefion of the Court of Vienna, after the had so long desired it in vain. She ponders with herself, whether she is oblig'd for it to the Sense which that Court has of its own State, or to the Invitation made to Sweden by the contracting Powers engag'd in the Treaty of Hanover ; and to this Uncertainty 'tis owing that we ftill wait for the Swedes Resolution, Denmark has not made a formal Accession, but makes no Scruple to act in Concert with the Allies of Hanover. Ruffia, after having remain'd a long Time undetermin'd, or designing rather to leave the World in doubt of its League with the Court of Vienna, did not declare itself
till the Month of August, by a Treaty fign'd on the 6th of that Month ; the View of which, as is therein expreffod, is, That the Peace happily eftablish'd in Europe may be preserv'd and maintain d. Tis therein declar'da that the King of Spain will accede to this Treaty, and 'tis agreed to invite the King and Republick of Poland into it. A reciprocal Guaranty is therein promised of all the Dominions and Provinces poffeffed by the contracting Parties. The mutual Succours to be fur. nished in due Time and Place are therein ftipulated, and there's an Engagement to act in Concert against those who shall moleft the Parties in their Poffesfions. So far the Case is much the same, and the Treaty of Hanover is drawn up almost in the same Terms.
II. But upon what Footing do the Courts of Vienna and Russia engage to maintain the Peace happily established in Europe? Let us judge of it by the Sequel of the
said Treaty : ('Tis by obliging themselves to do what
the Duke of Sleswick Holstein defires, and by executing a particular Convention made thereupon between the contracting Powers, which shall be deemed as in
serted in the present Treaty. This Passage is explained by the Secret Article of the Treaty of Stockholm, which concerns the Reftitution of Sleswick to the Duke of Holstein. Now, if we follow the Plan formed a long Time fince in Russia in favour of this Prince, whom the late Emperor had united to his Blood, we shall see that the Einpress acts upon the same Princia: ples. This is what the declared even before her Accellion to the Treaty of Vienna, by her Answers to the Letter from the King of Great Britain, and to the King of Denmark's Memorial on the Subject of her Armament, vim. That according to the Example of the late Em
peror her Husband, the was refolved to put herself in 'a Capacity to give her Allies the neceffary Suc
cours, and to perform the Engagements into which • The was entered with them.' From hence that Armament of a formidable Fleet which seemed to threaten all the neighbouring Countries in the Baltick. So much for what relates to Rusia.
III. On what Footing does the Emperor propose to maiatain the Peace fo happily esablished in Europe? Why, on the foot of preferving 4 Trading Company, while Establishment itself is a Violation of the most folemn Treaties of Peace ; on the footing of certain Stipulations which proclaim the most extentive Views to draw this Commerce into the Austrian Netherlands ; on the foot of aslifting other Powers to revive obsolete Pretenfions, to renew Rights which have passed into other Hands, and to divest other Rights, the Possession of which is guaranty'd to them by pofterior Treaties; on the footing, to speak more clearly, of procuring to the Duke of Holstein the Recovery of a Dutchy poffeffed by the King of Denmark, and to the King of Spain, Gibraltar and Port Mahon, poffeffed by the King of Great Britain. For this purpose, as many Princes and States as possible are drawn into his Party. All the Electors of the Empire are follicited to come into it : And not content with engaging the powers of the fame Communion in it, Attempts are made to draw in those of a different Communion. No Offers are wanting to dazzle the Eyes of Sweden, nor is any Complaifince spared to