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Southwark.

A Petition of the

House.

Anno 9 Geo. II. F.b. 17. The House resolvid, Nem. Con. That George 1735-36.

Heathcote, Esq; was duely elected a Burgess for Southwark: M: Heathcote voted Mr Sheppard the Petitioner having some Days before given

up the Dispute.

Feb. 20. A Petition of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace Justices of Peace for the County of Middlesex, in their general Quarter Sefgainst the excesiive fions assembled, was presented to the House and read, set. Liquors, which is ting forth, That the drinking of Geneva and other distilled referred to a Com Spirituous Liquors, had for some Years past greatly increased, mittee of the

especially among the People of inferior Rank; and that the
constant and excessive Use thereof had already destroyed
Thousands of his Majesty's Subjects, and rendered great
Numbers of others unfit for useful Labour and Service, de-
bauching at the fame Time their Morals, and driving them
into all manner of Vice and Wickedness; and that that per-
nicious Liquor was then fold, not only by the Distillers and
Geneva Shops but many other Persons of inferior Trades ;
by which Means, Journeymen, Apprentices, and Servants,
were drawn in to talte, and by Degrees to like, approve, and
immoderately to drink thereof; and that the Petitioners ap-
prehended the publick Welfare and Safety, as well as the
Trade of the Nation, would be greatly affected by it, as
that Practice was dangerous and mischievous to the Health,
Strength, Peace, and Morals, and tended greatly to dimi-
nish the Labour and Industry of his Majesty's Subjects; and
therefore praying that the House would take the Premises
into their serious Confideration, and apply such Remedy as
the House should judge most proper. This Petition was
ordered to be referred to a Committee of the whole House ;
and it was resolved that the House would resolve itself into
a Committee of the whole House, on the 23d, to consider

of the said Petition. Four Resolutions of Feb. 23. The House having resolved itself into the said thereupon. Committee, Sir Joseph Jekyll mov'd for the following Re.

solutions, viz. I. That the low Price of Spirituous Liquors was the principal Inducement to the excessive and pernicious Use thereof. II. That in order to prevent the excessive and pernicious Use of Spirituous Liquors, a Discouragement should be given thereto by a Duty to be laid on all fuch Liquors by Retail. III. 'That the vending, bartering, or uttering the said Liquors should be restrained to Persona keeping publick Brandy-Shops, Vicualling Houses, CoffeeHoufes, Ale-Houses and Innholders, and to such Apothecaries and Surgeons, as should make use of the same by way of Medicine only. IV. That no Person keeping a publick Brandy-Shop, a publick Viêtualling House, Coffee House or Ale House, or being an Innholder, fhould be permitted to

of an undue Electie

vend, barter, or utter the said Liquors, but by Licence, Anno 9. Geo. II.

1735-36. with a Duty payable thereupon.

These Resolutions were all agreed to without Debate in which are agreed the Committee, and being next Day reported to the House, to by the House. were there likewise agreed to. Then it was ordered, That he said Report be referred to the Committee of the whole House, to whom it was referred to consider farther of Ways nd Means for raising the Supply. Feb.

24. The House proceeded, according to Order, to proceedings on the he Hearing of the several Pecitions, complaining of an Winr, complaining ndue Election and Return for the County of York, and

on for the County he Deputy-Clerk of the Peace for the Eait-Riding of the of York. id County, having produced several Books, as the original oll taken at the said Election ; and being examined as to e Time, Place, and Manner of the Delivery thereof to m by the High-Sheriff of the faid County ; the Counsel r the fitting Member, Sir Miles Stapylton, Bart. against hom only the Petitions were aimed, objected that the faid oks ought not to be admitted as Evidence, the same not ving been delivered over upon Oath, nor within the Time rited by Law, nor any Proof given, that no Alterations d been made therein after the said Election, and before

said Delivery. Upon this Objection the Counsel of both les being heard, and the Preamble and the fifth Section of

Act made in the oth Year of Queen Anne, ined, An Ad for the more effectual preventing fraudulent. rveyances, in order to multiply Votes for elečting Knights Shires to serve in Parliament, was read, whereby it was Eted, · That in taking the Poll, the Sheriff, &c. shall nter the Place of the Elector's Freehold, and of his bode, and shall mark Jurat. against his Name, and the Ceturning Officer shall, within twenty Days after the Elecon, deliver over to the Clerk of the Peace all the Pollooks, on Oath made before the two next Justices of the eace, Quorum unus, &c. without Imbezzlement or Alteraon; and in such Counties where there are more than one lerk of the Peace, then he shall deliver the original Pollboks to one, and the attested Copies to the rest, to be eserved amongst the Records of the Sessions of the Peace.' n the Journal of the House of the 12th of March, 1727, lation to the Report from the Committee of Privileges Elections, touching the Election for the County of Bucks

read ; after which the said Clerk was again called in examined as to the keeping of the said Books, since the e of the said Delivery thereof, and as to the taking ies of and collating the faid Books, and as to the Declans of the said High-Sheriff, and other Circumstances re and at the Time of such Delivery : After which the

following

T 2

Anno 9. Geo. II. following Question was proposed, " That Books, called the 1735-36.

Original Poll- Books of the last Election of Members to serve in Parliament for the County of York, produced by Robert Appleton, Deputy-Clerk of the Peace for the East-Riding of the said County, and which were delivered over to him by the High-Sheriff of the said County in open Court, at the Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the said Riding, about two Months after the faid Election, as the original Poll taken at the said Election, and which have been kept by him the said Deputy-Clerk of the Peace ever since among the Records of the Sessions of the Peace for the said Riding, the faid Books not being delivered over by the said Sheriff within the Time, nor upon Oath, as required by the Ad of the 10th Year of the Reign of Queen Anne, For the more offettual preventing fraudulent Conveyances, in order to multiply Vores for electing Knights of Shires to serve in Parliament, be admitted as Evidence ?

After Debate, the Question being put, it was carried in the Affirmative, by 201 to 164: Hereupon the said PollBooks, and Copies of them, were delivered in ; and then it was ordered that the farther Hearing of the said Petitions

be adjourned to the 26th. A Bill ordered in, Feb. 25. Mr Sandys moved for Leave to bring in a Bill,

For the better securing the Freedom of Parliaments, by limircerca the House ing the Number of Officers in the House of Commons; and

Leave was accordingly given, and Mr Sandys, Mr Greenville, Mr Gore, and Mr Howe, were ordered to prepare and bring in the same.

Feb. 26. The House proceeded to the farther Hearing of Secont Debate on the Petitions complaining of an undue Return for the Counlectio... ty of York, and the Counsel for the Petitioner Sir Rowland

Winn, Bart, and the other Petitioners, having proposed, in order to disqualify John Maken, who voted for Sir Miles Stapylton at the said Election, and then swore that he was a Freeholder, to prove by Parol-Evidence, that he had no Prcehold at the Time of the said Election, in the Place where he then swore that his Freehold did lie: The admitting of such Evidence was objected to by the Counsel for the fitting Member, who alledged, that no Man's Parol-Evidence could be admitted, or received as any Proof, against the AFfidavit of another Man ; and the Counsel on both Sides being heard upon this Objection, and several Journals relating to it read, the following Question was proposed, viz. • That the Counsel for the Petitioners be admitted to give ParolEvidence, as to a Person being no Freeholder at the time of the Election, who swore himself then to be a FreeHolder!

for limiting the Numbi of on

This Motion likewise occafioned a long Debate, but at Anno 9. Gea. II.

1735-36. last the Question being put, it was carried in the Affirmative by 206 against 152 ; after which the farther Hearing of the Matters of the said Petitions was adjourned to the ad of March.

Feb. 27. The House having resolved itself into a Committee, to consider farther of Ways and Means for raising the Supply granted to his Majesty, and the Surplusses started at LadyDay and Michaelmas having been referred to the said Com. mittee, a Motion was made, That towards raising the Supply granted to his Majesty, his Majesty be enabled to borrow any Sum or Sums of Money not exceeding 600,000 l. Diebate oma Mo at an Interest not exceeding 3 1. per Cent. per Ann. by Loans the King to bor: to be charged upon the Surpluffés, Excesses, or overplus Mo- row.cool

, at nies commonly called the Sinking Fund, redeemable by Par. chargeable on the

Sinking Fund. liament.

Upon this Motion there was a Debate, in which the Cour. tiers urged, The Necessity of raising, some way or other, the Supplies voted for the current Service of the Year ; the Impossibility that there was of raising them any other way, but by throwing the Burden upon the landed Interest, which would be the more unreasonable, because that Interest had been for many Years overloaded, and obliged to contribute much more than their proportional Share towards the annual publick Expence; the absolute uncontroulable Right the Parliament had to dispose of the Sinking Fund yearly to such Purposes, as they should think most for the Benefit of the Nation in general ; the Inconvenience of paying off too much of the publick Debt at once ; the Unwillingness of the publick Creditors to receive their Money ; and the small Interest the Nation would be obliged to pay for what Money was necessary to be borrowed upon the Credit of the Sinking Fund.

To this it was answered, “That the Supplies, necessary for the current Service of the Year, might have been greatly reduced, if some Gentlemen had thought fit ; in which Cafe they would not have been obliged either to throw an additional Burden on the landed Interest, or to incroach upon that Fund, which had always, till of late Years, been deemed sacred to the Payment of our publick Debts : That if Words in an Act of Parliament could appropriate any Sum to a particular Use, the Sinking Fund was originally appropriated, in the most express Terms, to the Payment of the publick Debts contracted before the Year 1715; and the only Power that was left to future Parliaments, by its original Conftitution, was to dispose of it to the Payment of such of those Debts, as fhould at the Time be thought most necessary to be paid off: That it would be happy for

the

Anno 9. Geo. 11. the Nation, if they could pay off all their publick Debts at 1735 36.

once : That the Unwillingness of the publick Creditors to receive their Money was a certain Sign of their having an advantageous Bargain ; and was therefore a Demonstration, that it was the Interest of the Publick to pay them off as fast as possible : And that, tho' they might perhaps be able to borrow the Sum then proposed at 3 l. per Cent, yet even at that Rate, it was adding to the future yearly Expence of the Nation a Sum of 18,000 l. per Ann. for ever ; which, tho' perhaps a small Sum in the Eyes of Gentlemen who dealt in Millions, was however a Sum, that might thereaf. ter be greatly wanted for the current Service of some fucceeding Year: That considering the great Expence we had been at in the then current Year, and the great Expence we were like to be put to in the next, for the Defence of a foreign Nation, they were surprized to find that no Subsidy had been received, nor any Sum like to be brought, at leait to the publick Account, for answering the Expence we had been, or were like to be at on that Occasion : That we found by Experience, no Nation would so much as promise us any Assistance, without our granting them a large annual Subsidy, to commence as soon as the Promise was made, and to be paid, tho' no such Afültance should ever be wanted : That even when some of our Allies had, for very valuable Confiderations, engaged to aslift us at their own Expence, yet when that Aflittance was required, they had always

found Pretences for not complying, 'till we engaged to defray any Expence they should be put to upon that Account : That it was certainly our Interest to protect our Allies, and to prevent any one of our Neighbours growing too powerful by conquering another ; but if we always shewed ourselves ready to protect the weakest Side at our own Expence, every one would find Pretences for throwing all the Burden upon our Shoulders, by which Management we must necessarily at lait become the weakest of all our Neighbours; and having thus spent our whole Force, and thrown away all our Money in the protecting of others, we should at laft have nothing left wherewithal to protect or support ourselves.'

To this it was replied again, “That we had given no Afiftance, nor had lately put ourselves to any Expence in the Defence of any Nation, but what we were obliged to, not only by the most solemn Treaties, but even for the sake of our own Preservation : That with regard to the Nation Supposed to be meant [Portugal] it was very weļl known, that we were as much interefted in the Defence and Preservation of that Nation as of any other ; and it was likewise known, that we were far from being at all the Expence, for that Nation itself had been at a very great Expence in providing for its

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