Imatges de pàgina


Farther Debate on

April 20. The Bill relating to Spirituous Liquors was read Ano 9. Geo. II.

1736. a third Time, and pass®d without a Division ; and Sir Charles Turner was ordered to carry it up to the Lords.

The Bill relating April 21. The House resolved itself into a Committee up-quos pals'd, and on the Quakers Bill, when great Alterations were made to fent up to the every Clause ; and it was proposed to leave to every person intitled to Tythes, an Option to sue for the Recovery of the Quaker's Bill. them, either before the Justices of the Peace, as directed by that Bill, or before any of his Majesty's Courts in Westminster-Hall : But as this seemed to be inconsistent with the Preamble of the Bill, and with the Intention of the whole, it was ftrenuously opposed ; and upon the Question's being put, it was upon a Division carried in the Negative by 202 to 96.

April 22. The House proceeded on the Hearing of the Pe. Farther Proceedtition complaining of an undue Election for the County of intereselehe YorkYork, on which Affair they had fat every Tuesday and Thursday since the presenting of the said Petition, p. 147.) and the Counsel for the Petitioner Sir Rowland Winn, fum. med up their Evidence ; by which they alledged they had disqualified several Persons as not being assessed to the Publick Taxes, Church Rates, and Parish Duties ; Others, as having no Freehold in the place where they swore that their Freehold did lie ; and of them several as having no Estate at all, being Curates, Schoolmasters, Parish-Clerks, HospitalMen, Leaseholders and Copyholders ; Others, as not having Freeholds of the Value of 40 s. per Annum ; Others, as being Minors ; Others, as having purchased their Freeholds within one Year before the Elečtion ; Others, as having been influenced to vote by Threats ; Others, as having voted twice; One, as being an Alien ; and Others, whose Votes appeared upon the Poll, though there were no such Persons either in the place where they swore their Freeholds did lie, or in the Places where they swore that their Abode was: Hereupon the farther Hearing of the Affair was adjourned to the 29th ; when it was farther adjourned to the 4th of May.

April 29. A Motion being made for an Address of Con- Motion for an Adgratulation to the King, on Account of the Nuptials of the on the Marriage of Prince of Wales with the Princess of Saxe-Gotha, to whom Wales. his Royal Highness was married on the 27th, Mr Lyttleton

Mr Lyttleton's ftood up, and spoke as follows :

Speech on that

Occafion. Mr Speaker, . Though I have nothing to add to what has been said fo well by other Gentlemen, on this happy and agreeable Occafion; yet, as I think, that nobody should be filent on a Point to which nobody can be indifferent, I beg to be indulg'd in a few Words, to declare with how much Pleasure I concur in the Motion that has been made you ; And indeed he must


Anno:9. Geo. II. be void of all Affection to the Safety, Peace, and Liberty of 1736.

his Country, who does not rejoice in the Increale of the Royal Family, on the Support and Continuance of which among us all those Bleslings immediately depend. But, Sir, there is yet another Reason for our Joy on this Occafion, a Reason, which every Gentleman that hears me will allow to be a strong one ; I mean, a particular Regard to the Happiness of the Prince, which can no more be separated from our Duty to his Majesty, than the Interests, or Inclinations of so good a Father from those of so duciful a Son.

• There may be something in the Dignity of Persons rais'd very high above the Rank of other Men, which might set them at, perhaps, too great a Distance from the Love of their Inferiors ; and make us often participate no farther in their Pleasures, or their Pains, than Duty or Intereft sequires : But he, who in a Station thus exalted above the Wants and Miseries of Mankind, can feel them with the Tenderness of an Equal, while he relieves them with the Beneficence of a Superior ; whose Heart is as open to the Sentiments.of Humanity and Benevolence, as his Mind to the Impressions of Truth and Justice ; such a Prince, in all the Incidents of Life, will find every body sympathise with himself; his Grief will be a national Amiction, his Joy the Joy of a whole People.

Sir, It is right and decent, and agreeable to our Inclinotions, to ascribe every Thing that is done for the publick Good to the paternal Cares and Goodness of the King: Bet in this Infance it is peculiarly our Duty; for this is a Merit which must belong to him alone : In this, none of his Servants can have a Share : The most assuming Minister could lay no claim to it; it is his own A&; to him we are obliged for it, and to him our Acknowledgments are due. He has heard the Wishes of his People, who foresaw the Dangers they were exposed to, if his Royal Highness, by marrying too late in Life, should, according to the ordinary Course of Nature, leave an Heir to the Crown in a Minority; a Minority, which is always a State of Weakness, Distraction, and Oppreilion ; a Minority, the molt pernicious of all Governments, because it is the Government of Ministers. It was therefore the general Desire of every good Englishman, that a Marriage so necessary to the Publick Thould no longer be delay'd, and his Majesty has graciously been pleased to comply with that Defire: He has remov d those uneasy Apprehensions; and by strengthening, and increasing the Royal Family, has added a new Security to our Happiness

, and, we may hope, entail'd it on our Posterity. As our Thanks are due to him for the Marriage, they are no less so for his Choice of a Daughter-in-Law; a Prin


efs in whom Piety and Virtue are hereditary Qualities : Anno 9 Geo. Il. Che eminent Merit of whose great Ancestor in the Defence f the Protestant Religion, which was then in Germany, as : now is in Great Britain, united to the Cause of publick Liberty, has been fo amply set forth by other Gentlemen, articularly the honourable Person (Mr Pulteney] who made his Motion, whose great Abilities are most equal to this, or ny Subje&t, that nothing is left for me to add, but an ardent Vith that the fame Virtues may revive again with equal ustre, and happier Fortune, in her Posterity.

For all these Reasons, for many more, more than the Veal of my Heart can now suggest to me, more than the loquence of others can express, we ought most joyfully

congratulate his Majesty on an Event, which must give him he greatest Pleasure, because it does fo to his People, for he Satisfaction of neither can be perfect but when it is reiprocal. Let us therefore join our Thanks to our Felicitaions, and let our Unanimity in doing it, refute the Calumies of those, who dare to insinuate out of Doors, that Genemen who sometimes differ here from the Measures of the Court, differ at all from those whom they oppose, I mean ne very Best of them, in fincere Attachment to the Governhent, and affectionate Regard for the Royal Family.' Mr Lyttleton was seconded by Mr Williain Pitt, as follows: Ms Will. Pitt.

Mr Speaker, 'I am unable to offer any thing that has not been aid by the honourable Persons, who made you the Motion, z a Manner much more suitable to the Dignity and Imporince of this great Occasion : But, Sir, as I am really afected with the Prospect of the Blessings, to be derived to my Country from this to desireable and so long desired Meaire, the Marriage of his Royal Highness the Prince of Vales ; I cannot forbear troubling you with a few Words express my Joy, and to mingle my humble Offering, in

ofiderable as it is, with this great Oblation of Thanks nd Congratulation to his Majesty.

• How great soever the Joy of the Publick may be, and ery great it certainly is, in receiving this Benefit from his lajesty, it muft be inferior to that high Satisfaction which e himself enjoys in bestowing it: And if I may be allowed

suppose, that to a Royal Mind any thing can transcend me Pleasure of gratifying the impatient Wishes of a Loyal eople, it can only be the paternal Delight of tenderly inalging the most dutiful Application, and most humble Renelt of a submissive obedient Son. I mention, Sir, his oyal Highness's having ask'd a Marriage, because someing is in Justice due to him, for having asked what we are strongly bound, by all the Ties of Duty and of Gratitude,

Anno 9. Geo. II. to return his Majesty our most humble Acknowledgments 1736.

for having granted.

• The Marriage of a Prince of Wales, Sir, has at all Times, been a Matter of the higheit Importance to the Publick Welfare, to present and to future Generations ; but at no Time has it been a more important, a more dear Consideration, than at this Day ; if a Character at once amiable and respectable, can embellish and even dignify the elevated Rank of a Prince of Wales. Were it not a Sort of Presumption to follow so great a Person through his Hours of Retirement, to view him in the milder Light of domestick Life, we should find him busy'd in the noble Exercise of Humanity, Benevolence, and of every social Virtue : But, Sir, how pleasing, how captivating soever such a Scene may be, yet, as it is a private one, I fear I should offend the Delicacy of that Virtue I fo ardently desire to do Justice to, should I offer it to the Consideration of this House : But, Sir, filial Duty to his Royal Parents, a generous Love for Liberty, and a juft Reverence for the British Conftitution ; these are publick Virtues, and cannot escape the Applause and Benedictions of the Publick : They are Virtues, Sir, which render his Royal Highness not only a noble Ornament, but a firm Support, if any could posibly be necesfary, of that Throne so greatly filled by his Royal Father.

I have been led to say thus much of his Royal Highness's Character, because it is the Consideration of that Character which, above all Things, enforces the Justice and Goodness of his Majesty in the Measure now before you ; a Measure which the Nation thought could never come too foon, because it brings with it the Promise of an additional Strength to the Proteftant Succession in his Majefty's Illustrious and Royal House: The Spirit of Liberty dictated that Succesion, the fame Spirit now rejoices in the Prospect of its being perpetuated to latest Pofterity : It rejoices in the wise and happy Choice, which his Majelty has been piealed to make of a Princess so amiably distinguished in herielf, so illustrious in the Merit of her Family ; the Glory of whole great Ancestor it is, 'to have sacrificed himself to the nobleft Cause for which a Prince can draw his Sword, the Cause of Liberty and the Protestant Religion. Such, Sir, is the Marriage, for which our molt humble Acknowledgments are due to his Majesty ; and may it afford the Comfort of seeing the Royal Family (numerous, as I thank God it is) will growing and rilling up in a third Generation ; a Family, Sir, which I most tincerely with may be as immortal as those Liberties, and that Confticution which it came to maintain ; and therefore I am heartily for the Motion.'


Mr Talbot.

After which the Motion was unanimously agreed to, and Anno 9. Geo. 11.

1736. a Committee was appointed to draw up an Address accordingly.

April 30. A Motion being made for engrossing the Qua- The Quakers Bill kers Bill, the same was strenuously opposed ; but the Que- Ordered to be enItion being pat, it was carried in the Affirmative by 160 to 60.

May 3. A Petition of the Clergy of Surrey was presented Farther Debate on to the House, setting forth, That since they had been heard the Quakers Bild. by their Counsel, in relation to the Quakers Bill, they had been informed of several new Clauses that had been inserted in the said Bill, which they conceived to be prejudicial to the Rights of themselves and the other Parochial Clergy ; and therefore praying to be heard by their Counsel, in relation to the said new Clauses, before they received the final Assent of that House.

This Petition was ordered to lie upon the Table, and then the Bill was read the third Time, when several new Amendments were made to it; and a Motion being made, That the Bill do pass, the same was opposed by Mr Talbot [of Wilts] Mr Mailter [of Cirencester] Sir William Carew, Mr Maister. and others, who urg'd, • That besides the many material Sir Will. Carew. Reasons which had been given against passing the Bill, there was one relating to Form, which was unanswerable ; for the Bill, which was first brought in, had been so thoroughly and so entirely alter'd in the Committee, that it could not now be looked on as the same Bill ; even the very Title of it had been entirely altered in the Committee, and that Bill which was before called, A Bill to enlarge, amend, and render more effettual the Laws then in being, &c. was upon the third Reading to be called, A Bill for the more easy Recovery of Tythes, Church Rates, and other Ecclefiaftical Dues from the People called Quakers ; which they could not but take to be a very improper Title, for in their Opinion it ought to be called, Å Bill for preventing the Recovery of Tythes, or any Ecclefiaftical Dues, from the People called Quakers. That by the Bill as it was at first brought in, the Jurisdiction of the Justices of Peace was to have been confined to Tythes of a certain Value, which was certainly designed to be Tythes of a small Value; the Justices were to order and direct the Payment, fo as the Sum ordered did not exceed * * *; but the Committee, by the Bill they had drawn up, which was then read to them, had given the Justices an unlimited Jurisdiction where the Title was not in Question. That this was a Power which they thought no Committee upon a Bill could take ; they might perhaps have filled up the Blank with any Sum they pleased ; they might have filled it up with such a large Sum as would have in Effect been the same with granting the Vol. IV. * Ff


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