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hasty manner for the perishable their virtues and their sufferings. columns of a newspaper.
The discourse now under review There are four articles under was delivered upon one of these the head of ADAMS, in Geogra- occasions, at the request of a phy, added, viz. a town in Massa- committee of the town, and was chusetts, a county in the state of published by their desire. Ohio, another in the Missisippi The anniversary has frequentTerritory, and another in Penn- ly been denominated “ Forefathsylvania.
ers' day;" and we think it not imIn the article Apes or Hades, probable that this, or some simiDr. Rees has, with great proprie
iar circumstance, may have sugty, introduced the explanation gested “ Whose are the Fathers" which Dr. Campbell has given (Rom. ix. 5) to the mind of the of this word. It ought to be preacher, as a text suited to the known to the mass of those, who occasion. read the Bible, that the word hell, After an appropriate introducin several instances in the New tion, he inquires, “ Who these Testament, means the invisible fathers were ; what were their state, and einbraces all the dead, characters; what were their reas distinguished from the living. ligious principles ; and what The word, which conveys the privileges there are in a descent idea of the place of future punish- from them ?” ment, though translated into Under the first head of inquiry, English by the word hell, is ge- it occurs to the mind of the henna, and not hades. The He- preacher, that the story of their brew word, which answers to forefathers was already familiar hades, viz. sheõl, ought, in the Old to them, and that the reiterated Testament, to have been trans- recital of it had left but little unlated to mean in some instances rehearsed; but he justly rethe grave, in others the invisible marks, that “ unless it be repeatstate, or the world of departed ed, when, in process of time, your spirits.
children shall say, what mean ye To be continued.
by this service ? the answer will be vague and unsatisfactory." In guarding against such an incon
venience, Dr. H. has judiciously A Discourse delivered at Ply- detailed the causes, which occa
mouth, 22d Dec. 1806, at the sioned the removal of the fathAnniversary Commemoration of ers; has adverted to the difficulshe first landing of the. Fath
ties which attended it ; to their ers, A.D. 1620.
By Abiel pious conduct upon this imporHolmes, D. D. Cambridge. tant occasion ; to the dangers 1806. pp. 32.
they afterwards encountered, and DESCENDED from some of the the hardships they endured ; and best of men, the inhabitants of to the merciful interpositions of Plymouth, (the first European set- divine providence in their favour. tlement in New-England) justiy An enumeration of all these parglory in their ancestors, and cele- ticulars does not appear to brate the anniversary of their land- been necessary in answering the ing, in grateful commemoration of question, who were the fathers !
Yet there is so much connexion of which no one of their descendbetween the latter and the former, ants will be ashamed, if he be not that no violence is done to the ashamed of the gospel of Christ." feelings of the reader upon this The privileges attending a occasion ; and the story is calcu. descent from such ancestors, form lated to excite a particular inter- the next subject for considera. est in favour of the pilgrims. tion. After hinting at those
Under the second head the possessed by the Jews, to which fathers are characterized, as “dis- the apostle alludes in the text, the tinguished by integrity, piety, preacher remarks, “ Not unlike Christian zeal, and primitive sim- these, men and brethren, are our plicity of manners :" and the privileges in deriving an origin names of a number are mention from the fathers of New England. ed, who were eminent amongst To us, through their means, are them. “ These illustrious names, committed the same oracles of (the preacher remarks) and the God, which were transmitted by merits attached to them, are en- the Hebrew patriarchs to their tirely familiar to you ; nor would descendants, with the additional faithful tradition, or your own discovery of those things, which more faithful records ever suffer many prophets and kings desired them to pass into oblivion. To in vain to see. To us, too, through a tablet, however, less perishable the medium of our Christian faththan either of these, are those ers, are made the same promises, names committed ; and it ought which were made to the Hebrew to heighten the pleasures of this fathers ; for the promises were day to reflect, that a biographer, unto them, and to their children, worthy of them, has at length and to all afar off, even as many been found. While faithful nar- as the Lord should call. rative, discriminating remark, has been transmitted from the and purity of style, continue to fathers, the reformed protestant be universally pleasing, the fath- religion, as free probably from ers of New England will live in human mixtures, as it can be the pages of BELKNAP.” found in any church in christen
Under the next head of inqui- dom. In our fathers, too, we ry the religious principles of the have the benefit of examples of forefathers are detailed at consid- exalted virtue and piety, which erable length; this was the more would have adorned the church necessary,
as they have been in the patriarchal, or the aposmuch misrepresented both by ig- tolic age.” norant and designing men.
The He then recommends the recapitulation, whilst it shews “ study of the history of the how anxious our fathers were to fathers, as the history of men, found their faith upon the word who were but little known to the of God, and to contend earnestly world, and for that reason often for it, as being thus founded, must misapprehended and injuriously reprove many of their descend- aspersed; who though pronouncants for their lukewarmness re- ed by some to be bigots, and by specting it, and their departure others enthusiasts, were truly from its principles; “ principles lighis shining in a dark pilace:
who were intent upon holding assembled for religious instrucfaith and a good conscience, re- tion in country villages. In gardless of human censure, and three vols. By George Burunambitious of human applause : der. Third American edition. - and who, from motives purely Boston. E. Lincoln. 1807. religious, achieved an enterprize, It is a curious fact, and to the unparralleled in ancient or in benevolent mind, highly interestmodern times."
ing and delightful, that the zeal After urging his hearers to
for foreign missions, far from respect the characters of the damping, has greatly increased fathers, to cherish their principles and institutions, and to imi- knowledge at home.
the ardour for diffusing Christian
The singutate their examples; the preach- lar exertions which have been er concludes his discourse with made in Great Britain and the the following animated address,
United States, within the last “ Sons of the Pilgrims ! look at twelve years, to send the gospel Fonder rock, on which your fathers first stepped ; look at that brook of
to the heathen, have been attendwhich they first drank ; look at the
ed with a correspondent concern cold ground on which they first lay ; for the ignorant and vicious alook at the hill where they first met mong themselves. At no precedthe aboriginal prince; look at this ing period, has such a variety of eminence which they first fortified ; look at the lots which they first en
methods been adopted to enlightclosed ; look on the earth which coy- en and reclaim them. ers their remains ; and while ye ex. One of the forms of this pious claim, 'THESE ARE THE
charity, as practised in England, RIALS OF OUR FATHERS,' imbibe
is brought to view in a passage of their spirit, and follow tbeir examples, and ye shall hereafter enter into
Mr. Burder's preface ; which their rest, and sit down with them likewise communicates an idea and with all the holy fathers in the of the peculiar design and chạrkingdom of heaven.
acter of these volumes. Some valuable notes, illustra
“ The following sermons are intive of facts referred to, are added tended, primarily, for the use of to the sermon. With these ad- those pious and zealous persons, who, ditions it forms an whole, which pitying the deplorable ignorance of will convey much information to their poor neighbours, are accustomed ! such readers as are unacquainted
to go into country villages to instruct !
them: a practice, which, though but with the early history of New lately adopted, bids fair to produce : England ; and to the sons of the the most substantial and extensive ad. pilgrims it must be peculiarly vantages. A scarcity of discourses, pleasing, as a memorial justly exacily fitted for this benevolent pur.
pose, has been justly complained of; bonourable to the eminent vir
for though there are hundreds of adtues of their fathers.
mirable sermous extant, yet as most of them were originally calculated to
edify intelligent and well-informed Village Sermons ; or plain and congregations, and were published on
short Discourses on the princi- account of some superior excellence pal doctrines of the gospel ; in
in style or composition, they are ill tended for the use of families, and intaught people. This has in.
suited to the instruction of a rustic Sunday schools, or companies duced the author to attempt a few !! Vol. III, No. 4.
village sermons--very plain and short, ly evangelical.' Those doctrines, yet on the inost interesting subjeets,
which exalt God and the Reand with fiequent appeals to the con
deemer, which humble human science." What Mr. B. attempted, he pride and selfsufficiency, which
impart balm to the bleeding has accomplished. In the course
heart, and consolation to the sancof sixty-five short sermons, he has discussed the principal doc- tified soul, are the doctrines il
lustrated and enforced in these. trines of the gospel in a very serious, solemn and convincing author is emphatical, and abun
sermons. At the same time, the manner.
Truth is powerfully dant in reprobating a mere specpressed upon the conscience
ulative religion, and in pointing and heart of the reader; while his attention is kept awake by out the infallible connexion be
tween genuine faith, and a life of apt quotations, and not unfre
holiness and virtue. In a serquently, by some striking anec
mon on Titus ii. 11, 12, we find dote. But the prominent and
such sentiments as these : characteristic excellence of these sermons is, that they are plain
The gospel first directs the sin
ner to repair by faith to Christ, and to adapted to the comprehension of
obtain the pardon of his sins through all, not excepting the most igno- bis precious blood. This is his first rant. The pious author, though' business: and if the sinner be enabled a man of a cultivated mind, seems to believe in Jesus, his faith will work designedly to have avoided every by love, will purify his heart, and over
come his lusts. We are not, by our species of ornament, and to have
own power, first to reform our lives, applied hie self to unfold and en- : and then, as gracious and good peoforce the truths of revelation with ple, to trust in Christ for salvation ; the greatest simplicity of thought but, as soon as ever we discover our and language.
need of a Saviour, to fly to him with
out delay, just as we are. And he A collection of sermons, cal
casts out none that come to him. Beculated to bring down these lieving in him will give a new turn to things to the level of the lowest our affections. We shall mourn for capacities, is as valuable as it is pardoned sin. We shall hate the mur. rare. Perhaps neither ministers fied to the world by the cross of Jesus ;
derers of our Lord. We shall be cruci. nor others are sufficiently in the
and the ways of godliness will no longhabit of reflecting, how ignorant, er be a burden and a task, but our often, are the great mass of man- pleasant and easy service. The love kind, respecting some of the
of Christ will constrain us, and we plainest principles of religion ;
shall judge, that if one died for all,
then were all dead; and that he died nor how great familiarity of illus- for all, that henceforth they who live tration is necessary in order to should not live to themselves, but untheir being understood. The to him who died for them. Besides, usefulness of these sermons,
whoever believes in Jesus is really
united to him in the same manner as however, is not limited to the less the vine and its branches are united. informed class of people ; they All our fruitfulness in good works demay be read with advantage by pends on this union. • Abide in me,” all ranks.
said our Lord; “ thus shall ye bring Respecting the author's senti- can do nothing."' This is the true se
forth much fruit; for without me ye ments, we hesitate not to pro- cret of godliness, the gospel mystery nounce them decidedly and pure pf sanctification, and the only way of
becoming holy. In this way nothing sinners, to convert notorious rebels, is too hard to be accomplished; and and to produce in numberless persons on this ground every believer may say, “ the fruits of good living." This is with St. Paul, “ I can do all things, its proper tendency; these its genia through Christ which strengtheneth ine fruits. And we adore the grace me.”
that renders the word powerful for • The following is one of the in- these blessed purposes. ferences from the same subject :
“If any false professors of religiou
abuse the doctrines of grace for licen“ It appears from what has been
tious practices, they have no countesaid, that there is no ground for the
nance in so doing from the gospel, or reproach often cast on the gospel of the preachers of it. Dar text will at grace, that it leads to licentiousness, or that the doctrine of faith and grace hypocrites.
once confront and confound such basc
It teaches them the nais hurtful to morality and good works.
ture, necessity and method of attainIt is a foul and groundless slander. ing a holy life. Believers were “chosNothing is more false. Our text con
en in Christ, that they might be holy, futes it at onee. We have shown that and without blame before him in the gospel is properly called the grace love." All the commancis of God both of God; it is the gospel that bringeth in the Old and New Testament, resalvation by grace; and this free-grace quire it. It was an eminent branch gospel teachethus to live a holy of the design of Christ in dying for life. What can be plainer? And let his people. It is necessary to the it be noted, that nothing but the gospel present peace and happiness of our of grace can truly teach or produce a
souls, in this world of sin and ranity. holy life. This was, at first, the pow. This is the way in which God cxpects er of God to the salvation of bigoted us to glorify Irim among men. And Jews, and beastly heathens. In eve- in this consists our “ meetness for the ry succeeding age it has had the same inheritance of the saints in light.” blessed effects. And it is the same to this day. While moral preachers la- On the whole, we cordially rebour in vain, and many of them ad. commend these volumes to the dress their heathen lectures to sleepy hearers and empty pews, we know and wealthy, for perusal themselves, are sure, that the plain truths of the
and for distribution among the gospel are effectual to quicken dead poor.
With pleasure we insert the following interesting article, copied from the subscription paper, circulated in Connecticut, for the purpose of forming a Religious Tract Society.
TO THE FRIENDS OF RELIGION Among the various measures, so ted States; all of which seem to have successfully employed, within a few been followed by happy consequences. years past, for promoting the amend. Most of the poor find little leisure for ment and salvation of mankind, few, reading. It is evident, therefore, in proportion to the expense and diffi. that small tracts are better suited to culty attending them, have probably their circumstances, than any other. been more useful, than those which A man, who can command two or have been directed to the dispersion three hours in a week, will very easi. of cheap religious Tracts among the ly be persuaded to peruse a work, poor. Efforts of this nature have which may be finished within that been extensively made in Great Bri- time, who yet by the size of a consid. tain, and in some degree in the Uni. erable volume would be deterred from