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man; had he not consented to ever the literary fame of some all this in order to redeem trans- who deny the sacred Trinity ; gressors, he never would have be not captivated by the fame of appeared in any lower charac- their learning. That very liteter, than that which is ascribed rary greainess, which tempts to him by John ; In the begin- you to implicit confidence in ning was the Word, and the Word their opinions, carries them fur. was with God, and the WORD thest from the simplicity of the WAS GOD; and by Paul ; All gospel, and renders even a just thinga were made by him and for respect for their talents dangerhim. From the low abasement, ous. Beloved brethren, think to which the Son of God merci- often of that day, when the honfully condescended, will you take ourable distinctions of genius occasion to deny the exalted dig. and erudition will be no longer aity and the uncreated glory, recognised ; when the last great which belongs to his original assembly will see, that they, who character, and which are not ale reject the Son, reject the Father tered, though in a measure con- also ; when that presumption of cealed, by the humble form of a pride, which disbelieves what is servant. We allow that he was mysterious, and revolts from a man, a servant, a sufferer. But what is humiliating, will be covwe allow it to the eternal praise ered with infamy; and when un. of his love and condescension, fading crowns of glory will adorn not to the rejection of his Gode all those, who, distrusting their head. Let not the evidence of own understanding, are taught Christ's human nature and his by grace to confide in the wisabasement turn to his reproach ; dom and obey the commands of but always lead you to contem- the INCOMPREHENSIBLE God. plate, with holy admiration, his
Pastor. eternal Majesty, and the infinite descent of that Majesty in compassion to sinners. The low- THOUGHTS ON MATT. XXIII. 35, liness of his human character
That upon you may come all the sets off the glory of his divini- righteous blood shed upon the . ty ; while the infinite height of earth, from the blood of righteous his divine character sets off the Abel, unto the blood of Zacharias, glory of his humility. Such, 8on of Barachias, whom ye slew brethren, are the dictates of rea- between the temple and the altar. son sanctified by the gospel. But what shall we say of that The passage presents two difreason, which deduces from the ficulties ; the first of which is to condescension and voluntary ascertain the person here menabasement of the merciful Sa- tioned under the name of Zaviour, an argument against that charias. divine excellence and sublimity Of the various opinions, which of character, without which his expositors convey on this subcondescension would have doject, the following seems most merit? Such reason, however probable ; viz. that the person admired by man, is foolishness here mentioned is that Zacha-with God. How celebrated so- rias, whom the Jews slow by con
mand of King Joash, in the court embrace the gospel. That same of the Lord's house, 2 Chron. nation, which had fallen, when xxiv. 21. It is true, indeed, that the apostle wrote, shall rise by his father is called not Barachias, faith, after the lapse of many but Jehoida. It is true, likewise, hundred years. So the Jewish that many of the Jews had two church is described, in prophecy, names : perhaps these two be- as the same body, or assembly, longed to him. This, Chrysos- to which, in the Christian age, tom asserts, as we are informed Gentiles shall be added. by Doddridge. Possibly too. This manner of speaking, and there is an ersor in copying of viewing the subject, generally Jerome, saith the last mentioned prevails in regard to civil corauthor, found it different in the porations. A contract made by gospel of the Nazarenes.
& corporate body must be fulfillAnother difficulty is this. How ed, though all the persons encould one generation be answer- tering into that contract have able for the sins of their prede- deceased. A nation, perhaps, cessors? How could it comport will put up with one injury from with divine justice, to require of another nation ; but if that injuthe Jews, of Christ's time, all ry have been preceded by a series the blood, which had been shed of injuries for sixty years, the by others ?
case will be different; neither God often treats a nation, as if will it be inquired how far those that nation were a single person. concerned in the recent injury, Though the individuals, who were concerned in those, whicla joined in the death of Zacharias preceded. were all dead at the time of But the main question is, how Christ, the nation, as a political it can be just, that the individbody, existed. To constitute na- uals, now composing a nation, tional identity, identity of per- should suffer for the sins of their sons is not required. We often predecessors : how the rightspeak of ourselves in a national eous blood of Abel and Zacharias capacity, and say, that in our in- could justly be required at the fancy, we were feeble ; but we hands of those, who did not exist have now become strong, and in till several ages after this blood a century from this time, our was shed. strength will be greatly increase It is replied, that the generaed ; though not one person now tion of the Jews, on whom such on the stage existed, when the direful ruin descended, suffered country was settled, and not one, no more than their personal iniperhaps, of its present inhabi- quities deserved. It would have tants will exist a century hence. been just in God to have pun
This mode of speaking is ished them with these judgcominon in scripture ; it runs ments, had their predecessors through the eleventh chapter of been guiltless. Still it may be the epistle to the Romans. true, that had their predecessors There the nation is mentioned been guiltless, the judgments as the same political body, when mentioned would not in fact it rejected the gospel, as in those have fallen on these individuals. subsequent ages, when it should The Jewish nation were, for
many ages, treasuring սի to Suppose a man extremely themselves wrath against the day profligate lives in a virtuous naof wrath. At length, the storm, tion ; another person of similar which had been collecting and character lives in a nation, the thickening, for many ages, burst; individuals of which resemble but not, let it be noticed, on the himself. The first nation, we heads of the innocent. If less will suppose, feels no national righteous blood had been shed in judgments ; of course, the sinthe nation, destruction would ei- ner, who dwells in it, has no part ther have been delayed, or else, in any general calamity. The have been accompanied with less other sinner partakes in the wars, severity ; still the ruin was, by earthquakes, or pestilence, with no means, disproportionate to which an offended God scourges the guilt of that generation, on the people with whom he is which it fell. Justice requires united. While this latter sin. that no creature be punished ner feels no calamities, which he more than he deserves ; but it might not justly feel, were he indoes not require, that all be pun- sulated, is he treated unjustly, ished to the extent of their de. because another sinner, of the serts. It has been taken for same moral character, lives at granted, that the generation, his ease ? Divine justice will prewhich experienced the effects of vent every one from suffering divine wrath, agreeably to our more than his sins deserve : but Lord's declaration, had deserved whether each individual shall suf. the judgments, which they felt. fer as much as he deserves, may Surely then they did not cease depend on his connexions, or to deserve them, because their a thousand circumstances foreign predecessors had been treated to his moral character. with a degree of lenity, which
LEIGHTON. they did not deserve.
ORIGIN OF THE NAME JEW.
ter the defection of the ten tribes,
according to the LXX. Ixdalo, All the posterity of Jacob Jews, signify subjects of the were anciently called Israel, or kingdom of Judah, (as 2 Kings Children of Israel, from the sur. xiv. 6. xxv, 25. Jer. xxxii. 12. name of that patriarch, till the xxxiv. 9. xxxviii. 19. xl. 11.) time of king Rehoboam, when But after the Babylonish captivten tribes revolted from this ity, the name, Ixdaio, or Jews, prince, and, adhering to Jerobo- was extended to all the descendo am, were thenceforth denomi- ants of Israel, who retained the nated the House of Israel, while Jewish religion, whether they be the two tribes of Judah and Ben- longed to the Iwo, or to the ten jamin, who remained faithful to tribes, whether they returned to the family of David, were styled Judea, (as no doubt some of the the House of Judah; Hence, af. ten as well as of the two tribes Vol. III. No. I.
did) or not. For as the learned hovah. In like manner Christ bishop Newton has well observe himself speaks of the apostate ed, it appears from the book of anbelieving Jews of Asia Minor ; Esther, that there were great which say they are Jews, Isd4106, numbers of Jews, (Isdato) in all i. e. the true confessors or worthe hundred twenty and sev- shippers of God, but ere not, en provinces of the kingdom of Rev. ii. 9, jjj. I. And St. Luke Ahasuerus, or Artaxerxes Lon- makes a similar allusion to the gimanus, king of Persia, and import of the traitor's name, they could not all be of the two Luke xxii. 47. He that was calltribes of Judah and Benjamin, ed Judas, iedves, a confessor of Jewho had refused to return to hovah ; but was far from deseryJerusalem with their brethren; ing that glorious appellation. they must many of them have been
Parkhurst. the descendants of the ten tribes, whom the kings of Assyria bad carried away captive ; but yet
FOR A FAMthey are all spoken of as one and the same people, and all without distinction are denominated Jews. ALMIGHTY and ever living (1806.06.) See Esther iii. 6. xiii. 4. God! we acknowledge ourselves ii. 8. v. 9. xi. 17. ix. 2, and fol- bound, by innumerable obligalowing verses.
tions, to praise and adore, to love In this extensive sense the and serve thee. From thee we word is applied in the New Tes- have received our being. Thon tament. See Acts ü. 5, 8-1l. art our constant preserver and Comp. Acts xxvi. 7. James i. 1. bountiful benefactor : the source
Further, the name of the pa- of every present enjoyment, and triarch Judalı, from which the the spring of all our future hopes. Jews were called, 1sdaton, means Thou hast also, in thine infinite a confessor of Jehovah : Hence condescension, been pleased to the apostle distinguishes, Rom. look down with píty on our falii. 29, 30, between him who is len race, and freely to offer sala Jew outwardly, and him who vation to
us through Jesus is a Jew inwardly. By the for- Christ. We adore thee for the mer, he means a person de- knowledge of thy will, for the scended from Abraham, Isaac, promises of thy mercy and grace, and Jacob, according to the flesh, and for the joyful prospect of and observing the outward ordi- eternal life so clearly revealed in nances of the Mosaic law, but thy holy word. Possess our destitute of the faith of Abraham, minds, (Lord, with such a deep and not believing in his seed sense and firm persuasion of the
Christ; by him who is a Jew important truths which are there inwardly he intends one, who, made known to us, as shall pow
whether Jew or Gentile by natu- erfully influence and regulate all ral descent, is a child of Abra- our thoughts, words, and actions. ham by a lively faith in Christ, But while we celebrate thy the promised Seed, (see Rom. goodness towards us, we have iv. 16, Gal. iii. 7, 29) and conse- cause to be ashamed of our own quently is a true.confessor of Jee .conduct. We have great reason,
O Lord, to be humbled before serious and diligent in our prepthee on account of the coldness aration for death and judgment. and insensibility of our hearts ; We desire this morning to the disorder and irregularity of offer thee the sacrifice of thanksour lives; and the prevalence of giving for the watchful care of Forldly and carnal affections thy Providence exercised overwithin us. Too often have we us during the past night. We indulged the passions and appe- laid us down to sleep, and, blesslites which we ought to have op- ed be thy name, we have arisen posed and subdued, and have in safety. May the lives which left our duty unperformed : and thou hast mercifully prolonged we find a daily occasion to la- be devoted entirely to thy serment our proreness to corrupt vice. Graciously continue thy, inclinations and sinful lusts, and protection and favour to us this our reluctance to the practice of day. Save us from sin, we beseech what is agreeable toʻthy will. thee, and from all other evils, O Lord, be merciful to us mise- if it be thy blessed will. Enable rable singers, and forgive us for us faithfully to perform every relihy Son Jesus Christ's sake. ative duty under an abiding sense Produce in us deep and unfeign- of thy presence, and of our aced repentance for our inanifold countableness to thee. May we, transgressions; and a lively faith a family, dwell together in in that Saviour, who hath died peace and unity. May we for our sins, and riseo again for put away from us 'every angry our justification. And may thy and discordant passion ; and lovpardoning mercy be accompa- ing thee with a supreme affecnied with the sanctifying influ. tion, may we love each other ence of thy Holy Spirit, that we with pure hearts fervently. Prer may no more sin against thee; serve us, O Lord, from the inbut may live from henceforth as fuence of those temptations to becomes the redeemed of the which we are daily exposed; Lord and the candidates for a hap- Make us duly sensible of our py immortality. Put thy fear own weakness, that our hearts into our hearts that we may nev- inay be raised to thee in humble er more depart from thee. May and fervent supplications for the thy blessed will set bounds to needful supplies of grace and our desires, and regulate all our strength. When we are in com, passions. May our affections be pany, may it be our care to do fixed, not on present objects, but and to receive as much good as on those which are unseen and possible. When we are alone, eternal. Convince us more ef- may we remember that our heave . sectually of the vanity of this enly Father is with us; and world and its utter insufficiency may this thought excite in us an to make us happy ; of the vile- earnest desire to act as in thy Dess of sin and its tendency to sight. make us forever miserable ; of Bless, we pray thee, the Presi. the value of our souls, and the dent of these United States, and awfulness of that everlasting state all other officers of the Federal on the borders of which we Government, and all rulers and are standing: and may we be magistrates in the several States