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sion, as the ground of our hope The following is a transcript, of pardon, acceptance, and eter
with some slight alterations, of nal life ; yet strongly urges the & short anonymous sketch writ. necessity of moral duties and ten many years ago by the late obedience, but by motives taken Rev. Sir J. Stonehouse, entitled from the gospel and peculiar to " The Faithful and Unfaithful it. He aims to detect the hype Minister contrasted."
ocrite, and expose the formalist;
to convince and awaken the self. THE FAITHFUL MINISTER. deceiving sinner. Knowing the
terrors of the Lord, he displays He has good ends in view when them in all their force to per. he solicits admission into holy suade men. He urges every orders. He has a genuine prin- motive that may induce his ciple of love to God and Christ, hearers to search and try themand deep concern for the salva- selves, and he reproves, rebukes, tion of himself and his hearers. and exhorts, faithfully declaring He takes no sinful, indirect, or the whole counsel of God. suspicious methods to get a liv- He represents religion as an ing, but submits himself to Prov- inward, experimental business. idence, and is not eager to enrich He recommends self-examinahimself or his family. He la- tion, secret prayer, constant bours with activity in the vine- watchfulness, and an habitual gard, whatever be his station in sense of God, in order to obtain the church. Godliness is his the help of the Holy Spirit, to gain, and serving Christ the purify the heart, regulate the fruit of his labours, and the end passions, and promote universal of his life.
holiness. He may also be known by his His grand aim is to save souls. doctrine.
He therefore appears deeply seHe insists much on the de- rious, as becomes one who is pravity of human nature, and much in earnest to promote the lays before his hearers their pol- most important object that can Jution, guilt, and weakness, in engage the attention of a human order to produce those convic- being ; and in addressing his tions of their misery and danger, hearers from the pulpit, he is which form the foundation of no further solicitous to please genuine conversion.
them, than as he may best edify He insists much on the ne- them. cessity of divine grace, and the The faithful minister may also influence of the Holy Spirit, to be known by the following enlighten the understanding and marks. purify the heart ; and directs He is in labour abundant ; them to pray earnestly for those preaches and catechises diligentblessings which the Lord Jesus ly and earnestly ; performs the is exalted to bestow.
public offices with such gravity, He preaches Christ, his per- seriousness, and fervour of devoson, his offices, his atoning tion, as plainly shew that his Hlood, his merits and interces- heart is in his work ; and spends the remaining parts of the or from ambition and covetousLord's day in prayer, reading, ness. meditation, and the religious care He flatters the great and the of his family.
rich, be they ever so irreligious, He is diligent in his private in order to get preferment; and pastoral work.
Sensible of the courts their patronage by soothworth of souls, he visits his par- ing them in their vices, by esish from house to house where pousing their political measures, he has any hopes of doing good or by mean compliances that are by such visits ; inquiring into utterly inconsistent with the digtheir state, whether they sanctify nity of his office. To shew him. the sabbath, teach their children, self approved unto God, a workand maintain family prayer. He man, is no part of his study. instructs the ignorant ; gives or Gain is his godliness. He serves lends them good books ; endeav- not the Lord Christ, but his own ours, especially in sickness, to belly ; and makes it his main care make and cherish good impres- to get as much of this world's sions on their hearts; and watch- goods, and live as much at ease, as es for their souls, as one who
he can. must give an account.
He may also be known by his His general temper and be- doctrine. haviour are not only blameless He dwells much on the digniand inoffensive, but have an evi- ty and perfection of human nadent tincture of piety and zeal. ture, nor will he allow that all He is grave in his apparel and men stand in need of conversion ; language, self-denying, meek, and addresses himself to all his contented, and charitable to the hearers, excepting those who are poor. Religion appears in all notoriously wicked, as if they his converse ;
he shuns vain were real Christians and heirs of company, and all the places of heaven. fashionable amusement ; and He dwells much on the power makes it his governing aim to and will of man, denying, or seladorn tlie doctrine which he dom mentioning the aids of the preaches, and to shine as a light Holy Spirit. He extols the in the world.
merit of our own works, and He treats his clerical brethren thus leads men to expect salvawith respect and kindness. He tion as the reward of their own is peaceable and moderate, loves imperfect obedience. those of every denomination He seldom mentions Christ, who are peaceable and pious, and or only as a teacher of morality. wishes success to their labours. He recommends virtue from He rejoices that Christ Jesus the such motives as are found in the Lord is preached and souls are writings of Heathen philososaved, though by men of differ- phers, nor do his sermons abound ent sentiments and persuasions in scripture quotations. The from himself.
faith which he preaches is an as
sent to the truth of Christianity, THE UNFAITHFUL MINISTER. without relying on the merits of
He enters into holy orders, its blessed Author, and deriving cither from necessity or sloth, strength from his Holy Spirit.
He dwells on mere external He is careless about private forms and duties, such as coming inspection and instruction. to church, receiving the sacra- When he visits the sick, he hure ment, being decent, honest, and ries through the form without occasionally charitable. But he any serious warm addresses to is very superficial in his views their conscience. His converof the evil and danger of sin ; he sation with his parish savours of prophesies smooth things, and the world, and earthly things, avoids what would alarm and and he seeks not them but theirs. terrify.
He loves sports and amuseHe reduces the standard of ments, and is oftener seen in the religion to the inadequate con- assemblies of the vain than in ceptions of nominal Christians. the church. His dress too often He says little of inward religion, bespeaks the vanity and levity and those secret affections and of his mind. He loves the comexercises of which the divine pany of the sensual and gay ; or, persons of the glorious Godhead if his behaviour is regular and are the immediate objects. Sell- decent, there appears little of a denial, the crucifixion of the devotional, zealous spirit in bim, flesh, humility, and non-confor. and he spends that time in litmity to the world, are seldom erary amusement or idleness, urged by him, or at least in such which should be employed for vague and indefinite terms, as the service of his flock. He neither to give offence nor create often censures in public, and uneasiness in the breasts of his sneers in private, at those of his hearers.
brethren who have more piety His chief solicitude, if he have and zeal than himself; calls any solicitude at all, is to dis- them enthusiasts, however raplay his learning, or his elo- tional they may be, or Methodquence,
or to amuse his ists, however unconnected they hearers with something curious may be with persons of that and entertaining; but on the description, and does what he most important topics he is eith- can to injure their characters, er silent, or cold and lifeless; and lessen their esteem and usein other words, he does not appear fulness.
[Ch. Obs. to be in earnest.
The unfaithful minister may also be known by the following marks.
MISCELLANY. He does as little as he can without laying himself open to
For the Panoplist. censure and punishment. He is short, slight, and superficial, in his public work, careless how it is done, soon weary of it, and The vices of mankind have, glad when it is finished, and in all ages, been the principal spends the rest of the Sunday causes of legislation. The charin vain company and conver- acters of different governments sation.
and people appear strongly mark.
ACCOUNT OF THE BRITISH SET
TLEMENT IN NEW SOUTH
ed, and their varying features with a supply of provisions were are easily distinguished in their furnished; also a number of penal laws. Ignorance, bigotry neat cattle, horses, sheep, and and superstition are rendered swine. visible in lines of blood. Knowl- In May, 1787, the fleet sailed, edge, religion and real refine- having on board, exclusive of ment are exhibited in traits of sailors, 212 marines, with 28 mildness, united with a dignified wives and 17 children. Conregard to social order and hap- victs 828, viz. males 558, fepiness. Amelioration is evident- males 270. Jy the great object of legislators, They arrived in Botany Bay under this influence, in prescrib- in January, 1788. Governor ing correctives or penalties. Philip, not satisfied with the Cases, the most atrocious, will harbour, nor the adjacent lands, not divest them of the robe of sought a better situation. He humanity ; and their keenest soon discovered Port Jackson, a sensibilities will be exerted in capacious and commodious har. giving sanction to a law, which bour, and the shore affording a may put a period to human life. more pleasing appearance. He
Various have been the meth- disembarked at Sidney-cove, east ods devised to correct or prevent long. 159, 19, 30, and south lat. the evils committed by the un- 32, 52, 30. principled and profligate. In The most vigorous exertions Great Britain it has been the were made to erect buildings to practice for many years to sen- cover the people and secure the tence convicts to transportation. stores. The governor's comHer colonies, especially in mission, the act of parliament America, severely felt the bane- establishing courts of judicature, ful effects of such a systein. and patents authorising persons The revolution put a stop 10 named, to execute different this imposition. It became ex- offices, were read in the hearing pedient to seek a different sitli- of all. So great a number of ation, to which persons of this persons, whose vitiated princidescription might be sent. The ples and habits had rendered eastern part of New Holland, them outcasts from their native called New South Wales, in the country, required an efficient Southern Ocean, was fixed on : governinent in all its branches, A country thinly peopled by sav- to prevent the worst evils inci. ages, possessing, however, many dent to their new situation. natural advantages, and capable They had been sentenced to serof great improvements by indus- vice for different periods, protry. Arrangements were portioned to
their respective cordingly made for executing crimes. They were assured, not the design. Wisdom, prudence only of freedom, but of the and caution marked the plan. possession of lands and other Civil and military establishments gratuities, in case their conduct, were prominent parts. Medical while under the operation of leand clerical characters were not gal penalties, should justify such omitter. Implements of hus- indulgence, at the termination of bandry and for other purposes those periods. Notwithstanding
these motives and prospects, eign supplies continually dimintheir propensities appeared in ished. • divers instances unconquerable. It is deeply to be regretted, The government
that they have not been induced compelled to inflict new punish- to pay equal attention to their ments, and in some cases to moral and religious interests. make them capital.
Habituated, in general, to vicious This situation, at an immense courses, they appear uninfluencdistance from countries capable ed by the efforts of successive of affording regular supplies clergy men. There is too much of provisions, rendered the emi- reason to fear, that those who grants liable to peculiar wants might aid clerical endeavours, and distresses. To provide treat them with indifference, if against such evils, and for other not with contempt. From the purposes, detachment was patronage of government, the exsent to Norfolk Island, more ertions of missionaries, and inthan three hundred leagues N. E. creased number of settlers, who from Port Jackson, destitute of voluntarily leave their native inhabitants, having a convenient country with principles and habharbour. Its soil, however, was its friendly to order and virtue, a found very fertile, and its more favourable aspect is to be produce was afterwards found to hoped. be of great importance.
The following statement, colHaving for year's struggled lected from an account of the with a variety of difficulties, and English colony in New South suffered many distresses, the Wales, by Lieut. Col. Collins, colonists gradually experienced several years judge advocate of a pleasing change in their cir- the colony, and afterwards Lieut.. cumstances. By cultivating Governor of Port Philip, will their lands and increasing their give a succinct view of the progcattle, their dependence on for- ress of the colony.
About 120 ships had arrived at Port Jackson, the former part of 1800.
There were at Sidney and its vicinity,
acres of land mares & Cows, oxen
in cultivation. horses. & bulls. Sept. 1800,
6677 203 1044 June, 1801, 9188 243 1293 May, 1803, about 16000 344 2296
sheep. goats. hogs. 6124 2182 4017 6757 1259 47 66 10157 1375 6278
In June, 1801, the number of European inhabitants in New South Wales was
5547 la Norfolk Island
In May, 1803, the former amounted to 7097 ; of whom 4193 supported themselves without receiving provisions from the government.