Imatges de pÓgina

confined to means. Yet even in religion, cause and effect have been in the order of events without any great deviation. I conceived it therefore in dispensable to prepare the mind by the most simple ideas, and by a process which would associate civilization with religious instruction, and thus gradually prepare the rising race for the more sublime truths of religion, as they should be able to view them. I was fully persuaded the plans pursued in South America, in effecting what was called the civilization of that country, would not do with this strong minded and high spirited people; that boasted civiliza tion was not the result of determination, but of mere artificial impression; while these bid fair, if rightly managed, eventually to become American citizens, and a valuable part of the Union.

This subject impressed my mind more and more, and became frequent ly the object of request at the throne of grace, until the year 1799. In that year I introduced the subject to the Presbytery of Union, of which I was a member, but found so many embar. rassing difficulties thrown in the way, I was forced to yield any further attempts in that way. In the year following I laid a plan for a missionary society in that country, with a special reference to this object; yet though many were highly pleased with the design, the scarcity of money and the poverty of the people in that newly settled country, became such insurmountable objects that I was again compelled to give up the attempt.


In the year 1803, I came a delegate from our Presbytery to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian church, hoping I might find some method to bring this subject before that body. For this purpose I had drawn up the outlines of a plan for the education of the Indian children as the most likely mean of accomplishing a revolution in the habits of the nation. A petition was laid before the Assembly, requesting supplies for our frontiers, in which was noticed the state of the Cherokee nation, as exhibiting a field for missionary service. This was referred to the committee of missions, in answer to whose inquiries I presented the proposed plan, and was requested to undertake its execution the committee agreeing to give 200 dollars for its support, and to engage my services as a missionary for two months. As this sum was quite insufficient, the committee of missions gave me a recommendation to the public to gain pecuniary aid, and on my return to Tennessee, I collected four hundred and thirty dollars, and some books to be applied by the direction of the committee, to the use of the institution. Foreseeing that many difficulties might obstruct my intercourse with the nation, I waited on the President of the United States, and by the Secretary of war received letters of recommendation to the Indians, and directions to Col. Meigs, the agent for Indian affairs, to facilitate my design.

I am, &c. GIDEON BLACKBURN, (To be continued.)

Literary Intelligence.


BISSET, the author of the Life of Burke, in his Life of George IIId. a work of much merit, has been misled into an important error, concerning the opinions of WASHINGTON at the commencement of the revolution, by giving implicit credit to certain letters which were published as the priate letters of WASHINGTON, in one of which that great character is made to say, that in declaring Independence Congress had overshot the mark. It is well known in this country, that

WASHINGTON publicly disavowed those letters, (supposed to have been fabricated by a British officer) in a public letter to the Secretary of State, on his retiring from the presidency, and that at his request, his letter was deposited in the archives of State. It is to be lamented that such a learned and candid author as BISSET should have founded a train of false reasoning on the supposed premature declaration of independence, on the authority of WASHINGTON, with no

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THE pioture of New York; or the traveller's guide, through the commercial metropolis of the United States. New York. 1807. J. Riley, and Co.

The Young Christian, an instructive narrative, by James Muir, D. D. Alexandria. S. Snowden.

Universal Salvation, a very ancient doctrine; with some account of the life and character of its author; a sermon delivered at Rutland, west parish, 1805, by Lemuel Haynes, A. M. Sixth edition. Boston. 1807. D. Carlisle.

A sermon on the death of Hon. William Patterson, Esq. L. L. D. one of the associate justices of the su preme court of the United States, by Joseph Clark, A M. New Brunswick. 1806. A. Blauvelt.

A sermon, preached in the Independent, or Congregational church, Charleston, South Carolina, Sept. 14, 1806, by Isaac Stocton Keith, D. D. Charleston. W P. Young.

A sermon, delivered at Lebanon, in the south society, at the dedication of the new brick meeting house, Jan. Vol. III. No. 1.


21, 1807, by William Lyman, A. M. Hartford. 1807. Hudson & Goodwin.

A sermon delivered in North Yar mouth (Maine) at the Installation of the Rev. John Dutton, over the church in the second territorial parish in that place, Oct. 1, 1806. By Asa Lyman, A. M. Portland. 1807.

A sermon preached in Halifax (Vt.) Sept. 17, 1806, at the Installation of Rev. Thomas H. Wood, over the Congregational church and society in that town, by Joseph Lyman, D. D. Northampton. 1807. Wm.


A Sermon before the Governor, the honourable Council, and both branches of the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, on the day of General Election, May 27, 1807. By William Bentley, A. M. Minister of the second church Salem. Boston. Adams & Rhoades,

A discourse delivered at Hopkin ton, before the Honourable Legisla ture of the State of New Hampshire, at their annual election, June 4th, 1807, by Nathan Bradstreet, A. M. Amherst. 1807. Joseph Cushing.

Eight discourses on Baptism, viz. John's Baptism, Christian Baptism, Believer's Baptism, Infant Baptism, Believing parents and their children in covenant with God, being buried with Christ in baptism, illustrated. To which is annexed Mrs. Jackson's confession. Boston. D. Carlisle. 1806. Letters concerning the constitution and order of the Christian ministry, as deduced from Scripture and primitive usage addressed to the members of the United Presbyterian churches in the city of New York, by Samuel Miller, D. D. one of the pas tors of said churches. Hopkins & Seymour.

A sermon, preached before the Massachusetts Missionary Society, at their annual meeting in Boston, May 26, 1807, by Elijah Parish, A. M. pastor of the church in Byefield. Newburyport. E. W. Allen. 1807.

A view of the economy of the Church of God, as it existed primitively, under the Abrahamic dispensation and the Sinai law; and as it is perpetuated under the more luminous dispensation of the gospel; particu By larly in regard to the covenants. Samuel Austin, A. M. minister of the gospel in Worcester, Mass. Worcester. Thomas & Sturtevant.

The Boston Directory; containing the names of the inhabitants, their occupations, places of business, and dwelling-houses. With lists of the streets, lanes, and wharves; the townofficers, public offices, and banks; of the stages, which run from Boston, with the times of their arrival and departure; and a general description of the town, illustrated by a plan, drawn from actual survey. Boston. Edward Cotton. 1807.

A discourse deliverd before the Ancient and Honourable Artillery company in Boston, June 1, 1807, being the anniversary of their election of officers, by Thomas Baldwin, D. D. pastor of the second Baptist church in Boston. Boston. Munroe and Francis. 1807.

A sermon, preached before the Congregational ministers in Boston, May 27, 1807, by John Reed, D. D. pastor of the first church and Congregational society in Bridgwater.

Boston. Munroe & Francis. 1807. IN THE PRESS.

A new and elegant edition of Cow

per's poems, in three volumes, being a more complete edition of his works than has been yet published. Manning & Loring, E. Lincoln, and Joseph Cushing.


Elements of Zoology: or outlines of the natural history of animals. By Benjamin Smith Barton, M. D. Professor of Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany in the University of Pennsylvania. Conditions, c. I. It is proposed to publish this work on a plan, in most respects, different from that of any other writer on the same subjects. It will embrace, 1. An outline of what is commonly called the Philosophy of Zoology; that is, the anatomy and physiology of animals, their manners and instincts, their uses, &c.; together with 2. Systematic arrangements of animals, descriptions of the principal genera, and many of the species: also, 3. An explanation of the greater num ber of the terms that are employed by writers on all the branches of Zoology. II. As the work will be the production of a native American, so it shall be the studious aim of the author to adapt it, in an especial manner, to the lovers and cultivators of Natural History in the United States. Accordingly, independent of the philosophical or physiological departments, these Elements will contain the descriptions of a great number of Amer.. iean Quadrupeds, Birds, Serpents, Fishes, Insects, Vermes, &c. not a few of which have never yet been (publicly) described by any naturalist. III. The work being intended as a companion for the author's Elements of Botany, published in 1803, it will, like that work, be printed in an octavo form, of the Royal size; on a good paper, and a new type. IV. For the convenience of the purchasers, the work will be printed in two volumes, each of which is to contain, at least, 256 pages, exclusive of an Index. V. It will be illustrated by a few (not less than ten) necessary plates, engraven by eminent artists, both in America and in Europe. VI. The price of the work (in boards) will be five dollars to subscribers.

Adams's Roman Antiquities. One large volume, 8vo. 640 pages. $3 To be published in the fall, by Matthew Carey. Philadelphia.

American Ornithology, or, the Natural History of the Birds of the United States; comprehending those resident within our territory, and those that migrate hither from other regions; among which will be found a great number of land and water birds hith erto undescribed. Specifying the class, order, and genus to which each particular species belongs. Follow ing with a few exceptions, the arrangement of Latham. Describing their size, plumage, places of resort, general habits, peculiarities, food, mode of constructing their nests, term of incubation, migration, &c. &c. By Alexander Wilson. Conditions: The work will be printed in large imperial quarto, on a rich vellum paper, and issued in Numbers, price Two Dollars each, payable on delivery. Three plates, 13 inches by 10, will accompa by each number, containing at least ten Birds, engraved and coloured from original drawings, taken from nature. The numbers to be continued reguJarly once every two months, until the

whole be completed. Samuel F. Bradford. Philadelphia.


A Volume of Sermons on important subjects; by the late Reverend and pious Samuel Davies, A. M. time President of the College in New Jersey. This is an additional volume, collected from the author's manuscripts, never published in America. Conditions. The volume will comprise about 450 pages octavo. It will be printed on a new type and fine paper, and will be handsomely bound. The price to subscribers, who pay for their books on delivery, will be one dollar and seventy-five cents. To those who become responsible for ten copies, a discount of ten per cent. will be made from this price. To non-subscribers the price will be two dollars. Should a sufficient number of subscribers be obtained in season, to defray the expense of publication, the work will be ready for delivery by the first of Octo ber next. S. & E. Butler. Northampton. 1807.

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On the Lord's day next preceding his death, a number of young people, returning from public worship, made him a visit. He received them with attention, and addressed them in the following manner:

"You see, my friends, the situation which I am in. A few days ago, I was in health like you. By a sudden accident I am confined to my bed, and probably shall soon be laid in my grave. None of you know, how soon you may be in a condition like mine. You see in me the necessity of being early prepared for death. I advise you to think seriously of the uncertainty of life, and to prepare for death immediately. Delay not such a work any longer; no; not one single hour. You may as well attend to it now, as hereafter. There can be no advantage in delay. If ever you begin religion, you must bring the matter to a point. You must make it a present business.

important to you, as it is to me, for you are as mortal as I am, though perhaps you are not to die quite so soon as I shall. Whenever you die, you will need its comforts, as much as I do now. I beg you to secure these comforts in season. And this is the season.

"I am faint and weak. I cannot say much to you. I entreat you to remember the little I can say. O my friends; I see you now in tears. You think, you will follow my advice. I hope you will. But I fear, you will soon forget it. You will not always feel as you do now, while you are looking on my dying body, and hear. ing my feeble voice. But that you may bring my advice to your mind, go` sometimes to the place, where my body will soon be laid. Perhaps a sight of the clods which cover it will remind you of my advice, and awaken your resolution to follow it. Soon your bodies may be laid by mine. May our souls meet in that world, where is no pain nor death."

This is the substance of the young man's advice to his fellow youths, as it was related, the next morning, by his father to the minister of the parish, who visited the family.

The father is a respectable man, and has ever appeared a friend to religion; but, on professed scruples, had delayed to attend on the Lord's supper. The minister thought he might profit by the present occasion in renewing former advice. He there. fore spake to him in the following


"I particularly advise you to reverence the Sabbath and the house of God. There are some young people who are too vain in their talk on the Sabbath, and too light and inattentive in their appearance in the time of worship. Avoid these evils. They will cause you to mourn at the last, when your flesh and your body are consumed, and to say, How have we hated instruction, and our hearts despised reproof. Never use profane language. This is a sin, which young people too often practise. I have sometimes heard it with grief. Remember that for every profane, yea, for every idle word you must give an account. "I am grieved in your affliction, Obey and honour your parents, and and am refreshed in your consolation. treat all elderly people with respect; I admire your son's counsel to the ask counsel and instruction from them, young. The concluding part of it that you may grow in wisdom, and in strikes me with peculiar force. He favour with God and men. Read the advised them to visit his grave, that Scriptures, that you may learn the way they might better remember and of salvation and may turn your feet into more deeply feel his dying exhortathat way. Get an acquaintance with tion. This is so similar to the dying yourselves, that you may see your command of Christ, that I cannot need of a Saviour; and get an ac- forbear to remark to you the similiquaintance with your Saviour, that tude. The Saviour, when he was on you may trust in him. You must go earth, spent the greatest part of his to him, that you may have life. You ministry in giving good instructions are dependent on the grace of God; to as many as would hear him. When but you must seek, if you hope to ob- the time of his death drew near, his tain it. Seek unto God betimes. instructions were more frequent and Seek him, while he may be found. affectionate; and he enforced them by You think religion is important to me, the solemn and impressive circumbecause I am soon to die. It is as stance of his approaching death. He

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