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motion. The methods of teaching are FOREIGN
also much simplified; for example,
the children learn to read and write VARIATION OF
the alphabet at the same time, by MR. Robertson, in a late communis forming the letters in sand with their eation made to the Royal Society, fingers, as each letter is successively has related a remarkable circum.
called by the Monitor ; they after.
wards learn to read and write monostance in the history of the variation of
syllables in the same manner; and the the compass. Since 1660, the compass has not varied at Jamaica. It is precision and rapidity with which the
smallest children perform their opnow what it was in the times of Halley, 6 1-2 degrees east. Of the
erations is very surprising, and highly
interesting grants, a map was given upon a magnetic meridian, and the direction of Aided by this plan, the children of the magnetic meridian remains the the poor may, without exception, be
initiated in the first rudiments of Since the original grants, new maps, upon new scales, have been knowledge ; and we congratulate the constructed, and all of them are found
country on the prospect of its speedy to agree with the first maps in the di- adoption by the legislature, on the rection of the magnetic meridian. if introduction of Mr. Whitbread. the boundary line passed through a
[Eng. M. Mag. forest of marked trees, such trees as are found are coincident with the present meridian. The districts were formerly by the cardinal points, and
NORWAY. examined by compass, the lines are
PHILANTHROPIC ESTABLISHMENTS. found the same. Such well attested facts discover to us how little is truly IN 1803, Mr. Tank, a merchant of known of the science of magnetism. Bergen, bequeathed to that city 60,000 And as very much depends upon a crowns for the foundation and supfull knowledge of the variation, the port of a primary school. In 1805, variation is recommended to every a glover of Odensee, named Kahn, friend of useful discovery.
bequeathed his own dwelling house
and 50,000 crowns for the establish. Lancaster's new Method of instructing other destitute children. "Mr. Glar.
ment of an asylum for orphans, and the Children of the Poor.
up of Copenhagen, in the same year, MR. Lancaster announces for pub- left legacies for the relief of the poor, lication, by subscription, at twelve
and for the support of the school mas. copies for a pound, an abbreviated ters of the little island of Gioel. account of his newly invented method of instructing the children of the poor. Perhaps one of the most interesting spectacles to be seen at present in or EXPORTATION OF BOOKS PROHIB. near London, is the Free School of this benevolent man, situated about two hundred yards from the Obelisk,
The Indian Directors, some time in St. George's Fields.
since, sent orders to their supercar. In this school, nearly one thousand goes to procure, if possible, some ele. poor children are rapidly taught read. mentary books of the Chinese lan. ing, writing, and arithmetic, by the guage, for the use of their College at master, on the plan of Mr. Lancaster,
Hertford. Mr. L'Amiah has been for a total expense not exceeding
particularly zealous in bis endeavours three hundred pounds per annum.
to obtain some books of this descrip. The leading principle of this well re.
tion from Pekin, but without effect ; gulated and orderly establishment is, for the government, whose suspicions that the senior classes teach the jun
are excited on the slightest occasion, ior, and that emulation through every
has prohibited their exportation unclass is excited by rewards and pro
der the severest penalties. Vol. III. No. 9.
ITED BY THE CHINESE.
BLACK HOLE," AT CALCUT- supplied them with water, that they
might have the satisfaction of seeing
them fight for it, as they phrased it ; The “black hole,” at Calcutta, is and held up lights to the bars, that proverbial among Englishmen for a they might lose no part of the inbu. place of insufferable torment, on ac. man diversion. count of the following tragical event. Before eleven o'clock, most of the When Surajah Dowlah, in 1756, re- gentlemen were dead, and one third duced Calcutta, the English prison of the whole. Thirst grew intolera. ers to the number of 146, of whom ble : but Mr. Holwell kept his mouth Mr. Holwell was one, were confined moist by sucking the perspiration out in the black hole prison. It was of his shirt sleeves, and catching the about 8 o'clock when these 146 unhap- drops as they fell like heavy rain, py persons, exbausted by continual ac. from his head and face. By balf an tion and fatigue, were thus crammed hour past eleven, most of the living together into a dungeon about eigh- in an outrageous delirium. teen feet square, in a close, sultry They found that water heightened night in Bengal; shut up to the east their uneasiness; and “air, air," and south, the only quarters from was the general cry. Every insult whence air could reach them, by that could be devised against the dead walls, and by a wall and door to guard, all the opprobrious names that the north ; open only to the west by the viceroy and his officers could be two windows, strongly barred with loaded with, were repeated, to proiron, from which they could receive voke the guard to fire upon them. scarce any circulation of fresh air. Every man had eager hopes of meet.
They had been but a few minutes ing the first shot. Then a general confined before every one fell into a prayer to Heaven, to hasten the ap. perspiration so profuse, that no idea proach of the flames to the right and can be formed of it. This brought left of them, and put a period to their on a raging thirst, which increased in misery. Some expired on others : proportion as the body was drained while a steam arose, as well from the of its moisture. Various expedients living as the dead, which was very were thought of to give more rooin ofiensive. and air. Every man was stripped, About two in the morning, they and every hat put in motion : they crowded so much to the windows, several times sat down on their hams; that many died standing, unable to but at each time several of the poor fall by the throng and equal pressure creatures fell, and were instantly suf- around. When the day broke, the focated or trodden to death.
stench arising from the dead bodies Before nine o'clock, every man's was insufferable. At that juncture, thirst grew intolerable, and respira- the Soubah, who had received an ac. tion difficult. Efforts were again count of the bavoc death had made made to force the door ; but still in among them, sent one of bis officers vain. Many insults were i, ed to the to inquire if the chief survived. Mr. guards, to provoke them to fire in up- Holwell was shown to him ; and near on the prisoners, who grew outrage- six an order came for their release. ous and many of them delirious. Thus they had remained in this in. “ Water, water," became the gener. fernal prison from eight at night until
Some water was trought: six in the morning, when the poor but these supplies, like sprinkling remains of 146 souls, being only 23, water on fire, only served to raise and came out alive ; but most of them in feed the flames. The confusion be. a high putrid fever. The dead bod. came general, and horrid, from the ies were dragged out of the hole by cries and invings for water; and the soldiers, and thrown promiscusome were trampled to death. This ously into the ditch of an unfinished scene of misery proved entertainment ravelin, which was afterwards filled to the brutal wretches without, wlio with earth.
List of New Publications.
The Columbiad, a poem, in ten which is now prefixed, for the first books. By Joel Barlow. 1 vol. royal time in an American edition, Me. 4to. Illustrated with a portrait of the moirs of the author. 12mo. 75 cents. author, painted by Fulton and en- Boston. Munroe, Francis, & Parker. graved by Arthur Smith, and eleven A Serious Call to a devout and hoengravings on the following subjects, ly life, adapted to the state and conpainted by Smirke, and engraved by dition of all orders of christians. English artists. 1. Hesper appear. By William Law, A.M. To which ing to Columbus in prison. 2. Capac is added, some account of the author, and Oella instructing the savages in
&c. not before published in any of agriculture and the domestic arts. his works. 12mo. $1,25. Bostou. 3. Camor killed by Capac. 4. In- E. & J. Larkin. quisition. 5. Cesar passing the Ru- A Discourse on the Nature, the bicon. 6. Cruelty presiding over the proper Subjects, and the Benefits of prison ship. 7. Murder of Lucinda. Baptism. With a brief Appendix on 8. Cornwallis resigning his sword to the Mode of administering the OrdiWashington. 9. Rape of the Golden nance. By the Rev. Samuel S. Smith, Fleece. 10. Initiation to the Myste.' D. D. President of the College of ries of Iris. 11. Final Resignation of New Jersey. Philadelphia. B. B. Prejudiccs. Philadelphia, c. and Hopkins, 1808. A. Conrad and Co.
Trust in God. Explained and reSelect Sermons on doctrinal and 'commended in a sermon preached practical subjects. By the late Sam- with some special reference to the uc Stillman, D. D. Comprising sev- state of the public mind, in the prose al sermons never before published. pect of war; in the Congregational To which is prefixed a biographical church, Charleston, South Carolina, sketch of the author.
July 12, 1807. By Isaac Stockton 498. Price $2 bound. Boston, Man
Keith, D. one of the pastors of ning & Loring. 1808.
said church. Charleston. W. P. The Boston collection of sacred Young and devotional Hymns, intended to The Excellency of the Gospel Minaccommodate christians on special istry illustrated. A sermon deliverand stated occasions. Boston. Man- cd in Braintree at the Installation of ning & Loring. Price 62 cents bound.' the Rev. Sylvester Sage, November
On the worth and loss of the soul : 4, 1807. By Hezekiah May, minister a sermon, delivered at Ipswich, on a of the second congregational Church day of prayer, August 4, 1807. By in Marblehead. Boston. Lincoln & Joseph Dana, D. D. one of the min. Edmands. isters of that town. Newburyport,
A Discourse delivered at the Fune. E. W. Allen. 8vo. 1808.
ral of Mrs. Mary Woodward, ConThe 3d and last volume of Bos. sort of the late Hon. Professor Wood. well's Life of Johnson. 1st Ameri- ward, March 29, 1807. By Roswell can, from the 5th London edition. Shurtleff A. m. Professor of Divinity 8vo. Boston, Andrews and Cum. in Dartmouth College. Hanover. mings and L. Blake.
M. Davis. No X. and Vol. V.of Shakespeare's A Sermon occasioned by the death Plays, containing the three parts of of the Rev. Samuel Foxcroft a. King Henry VI. and King Richarl First Pastor of the Congregational III. 12mo. Boston. Munroe, Francis,
Church in New-Gloucester, who died Parker.
March 2, 1807. By Elisha Moseley, Self-knowledge : a treatise, shew- A. M. his successor. Portland. J. ing the nature and benefit of that M'Kown. important science, and the means to A Sermon occasioned by the death attain it: intermixed with various re- of two only children of Philip Hay. fections and observations on human ward, Esq. delivered at Woodstock, nature. By John Mason, M.A. TO Jan. 25, 1807. By Alyan Under:
wood, A. M. pastor of the second
By Jotham Waterman, church in Woodstock. Hartford. A. B. V. D. M. pastor of the east Lincoln and Gleason.
church in Barnstable. Boston. Lin. The great question answered ; or, coln & Edmands. 1808. the pure doctrines of the cross exhibited and explained. In two parts.
WORKS IN THE PRESS. To which is added the sentiments Mr. Charles Pierce of Portsmouth, of Fenelon on the inward teachings New Hampshire, has put to press and of the Holy Spirit. J. Howe. For sale will speedily publish, Religious Cases by S. Etheridge, Charlestown, and of Conscience answered in an evan. Lincoln and Edmands, Boston. gelical manner at the Casuistical
The Religious Repository. Pub- Lccture, in Little St. Helen's, Bish. lished once in two months. By the op-gate-street. By S. Pike & S. New Hampshire Missionary Society. Hayward. To which is added, the Price 50 cents per annum, 10 cents Spiritual Companion, or professing single. Concord. George Hough. Christian tried at the bar of God's
An account of the several religious word. By S. Pike. societies in Portsinouth, N. H. from Isaiah Thomas, jun. of Worcester their first establishment, and of the has in the press the following works : ministers of each, to the first of Jan. The complete works of the late 1805. By Timothy Alden, jun, mem- Rev. Jonathan Edwards, President ber of the Massachusetts Historical of the College of N. Jersey. This Society, and of the society in the work will be comprised in eight octaState of New York, for the promotion vo volumes.; it is publishing on an of agriculture, arts, and manufac. entire new type, and fine wore paper. tures. Boston. Munroe, Francis Whiston's genuine works of Flavius and Parker. 1808.
Josephus, the learned and authentic The Conquest of the last enemy; Jewish historian, and celebrated waror, a complete victory over death. rior. This work will be published in A discourse, delivered March 9, three octavo volumes, from the last 1807, at the funeral of the Rev. Sam. Edinburgh edition, printed in 1804. uel Foxcroft, A. M. late pastor of Schrevelii's Greek Lexicon. This the Congregational church in New work will be completed in the course Gloucester. By Jonathan Scott, pas- of the winter. tor of the first church in Minot. Brown's Genuine Dictionary of the Charlestown. S. Etheridge. 1808. Holy Bible; containing an historical
An alarm to unconverted sinners, account of the persons; a geographiwith divers practical cases of con
cal and historical account of the science judiciously resolved. By Jo. places; a literal, critical and system. seph Allein, late minister of the
atical description of other objects, gospel at Taunton, Somersetshire. whether natural, artificial, civil, reCharlestown. S. Etheridge. 1807. ligious or military; and the explana
The twelfth edition of Rollin's An- tion of the appellative terms cient History is now in the press, tioned in the writings of the Old and two volumes of which are before the New Testament ; the whole com. public. Boston. Etheridge & Bliss, prising whatever is known concem. and S. Etheridge, Charlestown. ing the antiquity of the Hebrew na.
Self-Employment in secret, left tion and church of God-Forming a under the hand writing of the Rev. sacred commentary ; a body of ScripMr. Corbet, late of Chichester, has ture history, chronology, and divinity ; lately been republished by S. Ether. and serving in a great measure as a idge. Charlestown.
Concordance to the Bible--in two rolDirine Goodness in Afflictions. umes. This valuable work has just Considcred in a discourse delivered becn printed in Edinburgh under the August 9, 1807, communion day, to immediate direction of Mr. Brown's the West Church in its widowed song, and has many valuable additions State, and also to Mrs. Crocker, a and corrections made by the Author Member thereof, and her Children ; previous to his death. A sketch of it being Lord's day after the Inter- Mr. Brown's life is prefixed to this ment of her Husband and their Fath- Edition. cr, Capt. John Crocker, who died of
Character of Deacon John Larkin, of Charlestown.
Who died December 14th, 1807, in the 73d year of his age. The religious character of this and this talent he conscientiously good man was formed on the model of aimed so to improve, in his life the Holy Scriptures. With this sac- and by his last will and testament, red volume he was familiarly conver- as that he might give to God a good sant; and large portions of it, judi. account of his stewardship. He has ciously selected, were treasured up left that good name behind him, for constant use in his memory. He which is better than precious oint. religiously made the glory of Christ
In his death his family and the end, his grace the principle, and numerous relatives have been deprivhis word, the rule of life. His faith ed of one, who was deservedly very was sound, and according to godli- dear to them ; this church of a re
It was firmly built on the apos- spected and venerable officer and pil. tles and prophets, Jesus Christ him. lar; the writer of this tribute of reself being the chief corner stone. spect, of a very dear and faithful For this faith he was a sincere and friend and parishioner ; the poor of uniform advocate. By this faith he this church and of the town, of walked through life, and it cheer- a liberal benefactor ; the religious ed and comforted him on the world, of a member deeply concerned bed of death. The love of Christ for its welfare, and his country of a was his most delightful theme ; often warm-hearted and very sincere patwould he dwell upon it with tears of riot. affectionate delight. The ordinances But we have to be thankful, that of God's house were refreshing to his he lived to bear fruit in old age, and soul. Sacramental seasons were pe- that he went peacefully to his grave, culiarly precious to him, and were like a shock of corn ripe for the har. improved as fit seasons to minister
Warned of bis approaching liberally to the poor of Christ's flock. departure, he deliberately set his Few characters could with more sin. Bovuse in order, and prepared to meet cerity adopt the language of the death with composure. Few Chris. Psalmist : “ How amiable are thy tians have ever been more highly fatabernacles, O Lord of hosts. My roured in the closing scene of life, than soul longeth, yea, even faindteth for the this pious servant of God. His last courts of the Lord." He was a con. sickness was not painful, and he was stant and very devout worshipper in the surrounded with every thing his heart sanctuary of Jehovah, till prevented could desire, or enjoy. Death ad. by that sickness which terminated his vanced toward him by slow and regpious and useful life. He was a man
He clearly espied him of prayer. The morning and evening at a distance, but he beheld in him sacrifices in the family and in the nothing terrible. He knew that his closet were punctually and devoutly Saviour had disarmed him of his offered. In these duties he was ar- sting, and that through Christ dent and tender. He poured out his strengthening him, he should conquer soul before God. The interests of when he fell. Conscious that he the Redeemer's kingdom lay near could say, “ For me to live is Christ,” his heart, and its prosperity ever gave he could without warering add, “and him delight.
to die is gain." He was favoured with God was pleased to crown his hon- a constant serenity of soul. In one est industry with success, and to of his last seasons of private devotion, bless him with the means of being he had some peculiar and ravishing useful to those relatives, who were in tokens of the divine love and favour a degree dependent on his charitable toward him. His dying observations care, to the church and to the poor; were striking and useful, and will be