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pils understand before he requir- trait given of the latter by artists ed their belief. His primary and biographers. In domestic lessons repected the habit of at- affairs he was wholly unconcerntention, love of the truth, zeal- ed, till compelled to attention by ous disposition or research ; and imperious necessity. This deinstead of expecting from them ficiency was discreetly supplied to imbibe at once all he should by his assiduous, intelligent conteach, he was satisfied if they sort, and will be forgiven io stu. would only examine carefully dious men, by those who con. what he had said. His pupils sider the incompatability of a denot only acquired historical and tail solicitude in household matcritical information, but princi- ters, with a strong thirst for ples of interpretation and reason- knowledge. No man can serve ing, and no man was better able two masters. The reports cirto convert the selfsufficient dog- culated of Dr. West's eccentrimatist into an elementary divine, cities are most of them quesand establish his faith on the ba- tionable, and all of them might sis of axioms, which he would pass without a smile in such as never relinquish but from the knew his substantial merits. impulses of folly and vice.
The subject of this biographiHis opinions it would be im- cal notice had his blemishes, and proper to detail, without adduc- they are mentioned not to de. ing express authorities from his preciate the dead, but to give an writings. It may however be instructive hint to the living. observed, that he thought a wil. A new book of merit, or the lingness to be damned was not a conversation of a sentimnesical Christian exercise ; that the ev. friend, was devoured with an idence brought to prove a total avidity, which absorbed his whole depravity in mankind was defec. attention, and made him neglect tive and insufficient; that men
the common rules of decorum. possess a self-determining pow. He could not readily 'forgive er, without which there could be those, who doubted the truth of neither freedom, virtue or vice, certain favourite opinions, or repraise or blame; and of conse- minded him of any instances of quence he was opposed to the credulity, in which he was deHopkinsian, or rather Edwardi- ceived by his benevolence; and
System of ideas, with the sup- being wholly absorbed by the porters of which he was fre. utility of the end, he became quently in controversy.
blind in discerning the means of His manners and domestic char. attaining it. A stranger also acter were peculiar. The for. might suppose, from the manmer were indeed unpolished, but ner of his devotion, that he was such were the charms of his con- less devout than his intimate acversation that he was an accepta- quaintance knew him to be ; ble companion not only to litera- for, to his friends, it was certain, ry men, but to all discerning that neither tone or gesture were people of fashion. His exterior any infallible criteria of faith or figure, deportment and temper, piely. He believed more than resembled those of Dr. Johnson, most men, and felt as much as if we may decide from the por- any man, at those times, and upon those occasions, when it ness of mind, as never to be was proper to loosen the reins of much transported with joy, or thought, and yield to the full much depressed with sorrow. control of sentimental emo- During his last illness, he distions.
covered a remarkably thankful But truth and justice oblige frame of mind for the smallest us to compensate the mention favour; and so satisfied was he of such failings, by saying that with the dispensations of Provino man could accuse Father dence, that for three or four West of the wilful violation of months before his death, he was any principle of moral rectitude not heard to utter a discontented and sincerity. By education, or uneasy word. The following habit and grace, he sustained the are some of his expressions durcharacter of strict veracity, stea- ing his last illness. dy patriotism and philanthropy, “If Christ be magnified in unshaken evangelical faith, and my life, that is the great matdeserves to be enrolled as a Rab- ter I wish for. Often we read bi in the Christian Israel. history as atheists or deists,
Without vanity, he was al- rather than as Christians. To: ways gratified by attentions. read of events, without obKnowledge made him humble; serving the hand of God in and without any expressions of them, is to read as atheists; and assurance, he always signified a to read and not observe how all modest hope that he had closed events conduce to carry on the with the terms of salvation pro- work of redemption, is to read as posed in the gospel, and trusted deists. The doctrine of grace, he should enter into his Mas- reigning through righteousness, ter's joy, believing that mortali- is good to live with, and good to ty would be swallowed up of life, die with. What a happy life a and that saints will rise in the Christian might have, were he likeness of their glorious Re- alway persuaded of the love of deemer.
God, which is in Christ Jesus Jan, 20, 1808. our Lord ! Were there any such
thing as exchange of learning, I would willingly quit all my
knowledge of languages and othEXTRACTS
er things, were it a thousand REV. J.
times more extensive, exroriTON, SCOTLAND,
mentally to know what that In learning, Mr. Brown's at meaneth, “ I am crucified with tainments were eminent, corres- Christ, nevertheless I live ; yet ponding with the insatiable ardor not I, but Christ liveth in me, of his mind after general knowl. and the life I now live in the edge. He was also eminent in flesh, I live by the faith of the piety. Prayer was his delight. Son of God, who loved me, and In conversation, it was evidently gave himself for me." I have his constant aim to reform and met with trials, yet the Lord hath to edify. Through stedfast faith been so kind to me, that I think, in the divine promises, he seem- if he were to give me as many d to have attained such an even years as I have lived in the world,
I would not desire a single cir- had I ten thousand bodies, they cumstance in my lot to be chang should all be employed in laboured, but only that I had less sin. ing for his honour. We should I have often wondered at the fa- reckon him a madman, who vour which men have showed should throw away a father's me; but much more at the fa- 'estate ; but he is infinitely more vour of God to such a great trans- foolish, who should cast off a gressor. Men may talk against father's God." the sovereignty of redeeming Hearing of the spread of the love as they will ; but had it not gospel, “ Well, (said he) may been sovereign, infinitely sov- it spread. It is the only source ereign, I should certainly have of my comfort, and every sin. been damned. O how these ner is as welcome as I. How words, “ He loved me and gave pleasant, that neither great sins, himself for me,” have penetrated nor great troubles, can alter these my heart. “ Bless the Lord, o consolations. O that I had all my soul, and all within me, bless the world around me, that I his holy name.”
might tell them of Christ. Had Addressing himself to his two i ten thousand tongues, and sons in the ministry, he said with ten thousand hearts, and were peculiar earnestness, “ O labour, employing all in commendation labour for Christ while you have of Christ, I could not do for his strength. I now repent I have honour what he hath deserved. · been so slothful in his service. I think the early death of my Justly may he say of me,“ sixty father and mother, the death of years long have I been grieved a beloved wife and children, with this rebel." And justly wrought for my good. I could may I add, “ where my sin hath not but notice, when God took abounded, God's grace hath away these, he always supplied much more abounded.” Never their room with himself. May grudge either purse or person he deal thus with you, when I for him. I can say I was never die. Were it left to me, whetha loser by any time spent, or by er to choose life or death, I any money given, for him. O would refer it wholly to God. the pains God has been at to save What I know of religion is this, me; and the pains I have been I have found great weakness and at to destroy myself! If doubt- wickedness in myself; and grace, ing, disputing, and trampling on mercy, and loveliness in Christ. his kindness, could have made ( what must Christ be in himhim change his love, it would self, when he sweetens heaven, never have been continued to sweetens scripture, sweetens or me. Such wickedness would dinances, sweetens earth, and have provoked any but a God of even sweetens trials. The fin. infinite love, to cast me into hell. ished righteousness of Christ is I have served several masters, the only foundation of my hope. but none so kind as Christ. I Ever since God hath dealt sav. have dealt with many honest ingly with my heart, I have men ; but no creditor like Christ. never had any comfort in the Had I ten thousand hearts, they thought, that my sins were small, should all be given to him, and but in the belief that the blood of Christ cleanseth from all He said to a brother in the minsin."
istry, “ O Mr. the Lord Toward the close of life is my strength, and my song, he became exceedingly weak, and he is become my salvation.” and spake but little ; but the joy The last words he was heard of God's salvation, and the peace to utter were, my Christ. He which passeth understanding, fell asleep in Jesus, June 19, continued with him to the end. 1787.
In the history of the Old Tes- In the first place it should altament, there are some things ways be remembered, that "the recorded, relative to God's deal- earth is the Lord's and the fulings with the Jews, which men ness thereof,” and that he has a unfriendly to the scriptures have right to dispose of it among the alleged as objections against children of men according to his their credibility; and which se- own sovereign pleasure. rious minds, have thought diffi- Nations, as well as persons, cult to be reconciled to the be- have their respective rights in nevolence of the divine govern- distinction from one another ; ment. Of these, one of the prin- but neither nations nor persons cipal is the conquest and exter- have rights paramount to that mination of the seven nations of of the supreme Proprietor. He Canaan.
may raise up one nation or one It is asked, “ What right had man, and put down another, as the Jews to expel a people from his wisdom shall see best ; and their own country, of which, for none has authority to arraign his hundreds of years, they had been justice. He has a right to disin quiet possession ? And if, on pose of men's lives, as well as any pretence, they conquered of their properties. And in them, was it not cruel to destroy respect of his justice, it makes them without distinction, after no difference, whether a nation submission ? If the transaction doomed to ruin be destroyed by itself was unjust and cruel, how diseases, by storms, by earthcan we suppose that it was com- quakes, or by war; and whether manded of God, a Being of jus- they be consumed in fifty years tice and mercy ?”
or in five ; for if God may take As this transaction has been away men's lives, (and we see, by many misunderstood, and by he does take them away) lie may some misrepresented, I shall en- employ his own instruments, deavour to state and explain it, and choose his own time. If the and to shew its consistency with Jews had a warrant from God to the divine equity and with na- execute his purpose against those tional justice.
nations, and knew the warrant was from him, they were bound a depraved state, that they could to obey. That God can speak no longer subsist in their nationto men, and make them know al capacity. God waited upon who speaks, and what he says, them, till “ their iniquities were none, who believe his perfect full, and their land spewed them wisdom and power, will deny. out." If it be ever just for God That God spake to Moscs, and to destroy a people for their by him to the Jews, requiring wickedness, it must have been them to dispossess those nations just in this case. They had reand occupy their land, was made nounced the true God, and intromanifest by a series of conspicu- duced the most abominable and ous and indubitable miracles. barbarous idolatries. They sa
It should be observed, seconde crificed their children to the ly, that there is a great differ- idols, which they had made ; ence between a warrant for a par- they practised every species of ticular transaction, and a law for magic and witchcraft, that imaga general rule of conduct. The ination could devise, or evil spirchief magistrate of a state may its suggest ; they abandoned give a warrant to an officer to themselves to the grossest impuexecute a criminal ; but the su- rities, and refrained from no kind preme authority never makes a of wickedness, which their delàw, empowering that officer to praved hearts could contrive. execute every man whom he They were in a state of almost wishes to remove. God com- perpetual warfare among themmanded Abraham to sacrifice his selves, and had lately expelled son ; and had not the command one of their own nations. It been recalled, the patriarch had a was a mercy to the world and to warrant to proceed; for he knew posterity, that such a people that God had a right to take the should be subdued, many of the life of this son in such time, and adults destroyed, and the remainby such means, as he pleased. der brought under a better gore, But God bas never made a law ernment, authorising parents to destroy Let it be considered, fourthly, their children at their own plea- that for 40 years, they were adsure. So 'God gave a special monished to repent and reform. warrant to the Jews to conquer God had demonstrated his unity, and possess a particular country; supremacy, and glory by a great but he gave them no standing variety of stupendous works belaw to conquer every country, fore the people of Israel. These which they might wish to pos- works were known to the nations sess. And for nations, from this of Canaan ; for the Jews, during particular warrant, to infer a their abode in the wilderness, right to exterminate other na- were near, and sometimes on the tions, would be as absurd, as if a borders of Canaan. Rahab says sheriff, from his warrant to ese- to the Jewish spies, “ Your tercute a certain criminal, should ror is fallen upon us, and all the conclude, he had a right to hang inhabitants of the land faint beall whom he called criminals. cause of you; for we have heard
It should be considered, thirdly, how the Lord dried up the red that those nations were in such sea, when ye came out of Egypt,