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Remarks respecting the Christians found been severely persecuted by the
in Malabar, mentioned in the forego. Catholics at Goa.” But it is presu. ing letter.
med, that our informant, who visited The information given in this let
the other churches in Malabar, and ter is very interesting. We cannot
who must have known the very obvibut hope that Providence has separat
ous peculiarities of the Nestorians, ed these Christians from the rest of could not have been deceived on this the Christian world, for the purpose point. If no traces of the Nestorian of making them unsuspected 'deposi. controversy should be found in these taries of important truth; that from churches, this will be an argument of the mountains of Malabar new light their great antiquity, since the may arise for the confirmation of Nestorians after the 5th century, Christian faith ; that manuscripts filled the countries nearest to India, will be discovered, wbich will afford and penetrated India itself. additional proof of the uncorrupted
It is hoped that the missionaries in preservation of the Scriptures, and as
India will feel interested in obtaining sist in seitling disputed passages of all possible information respecting the sacred text. Among a people so
these Christians. They will natural. Long secluded in mountains, sufficient ly direct their first attention to the traces we hope may be found of an- manuscripts of the Syriac Bible in cient usages and modes of thinking their possession. It is well known to remove the obscurity in which some
that the Old Syriac holds the highest parts of the New Testament are yet rank among the versions of Scripture. involved. Perhaps not only the sacred
Biblical criticism will receive great writings, but other valuable works of assistance by a discovery of the state antiquity may be found on this retired
of this version in the 4th century. spot. We are also anxious to know Perhaps further inquiry will disapwhat views these Christians entertain point the hopes we have here ex, of the leading doctrines of the gospel. pressed. But let it be observed, that But the letter is not particular we have expressed not our belief, but enough to gratify the curiosity which only our hopes; and where the heart it excites.
is interested, how natural is it to in We are not informed of the evi- dulge in hope ! dence on which it is supposed, that these churches were planted in Mala- GENERAL ASSOCIATIOX. bar in the 4th century. It is probable that they have some traditions re. Had we not already expressed our sen. specting their origin; and their reli- timents at large on the subject of gious customs may help to fix the time the following paper, we should have when they were separated from the had much to say on this occasion. great body of Eastern Christians. It It is with peculiar pleasure we obe is well known that in the beginning of serve, that the reasons in favour of the 4th century, Christians were a GENERAL ASSOCIATIOx in this cruelly persecuted in the Eastern Commonwealth have received so part of the Roman empire, under much attention, and are more and Diocletian and Galerius. This event more satisfactory to those who canimay have driven these churches into didly examine them. Late events the interior of India.
strengthen the hope, that the assoWe learn from ecclesiastical histo- ciation will become general, and rians, that the Nestorians, a numerous that the important ends, contemsect of Christians, which arose in the plated by the friends of Zion, will 5th century, and which in two cen. be accomplished. Several Associ. turies overspread the countries of the ations, not represented at the late East, introduced Christianity very meeting at Windsor, are well known early into India ; and to this day, many to be friendly to the plan, and will Nestorians, or, as they are commonly doubtless act in its favour before called, Christians of St. Thomas, are the next meeting; which, being apfound in Malabar. It may be suppos. pointed in such a central place, will, ed by some, that the churches mention. we trust, comprise a much larger ed in the letter are of this sect, number of associations, than any especially as the Nestorians " bave previous meeting. The chcis of
THE GENERAL ASSOCIATION
the General Association are so mo- similar institutions, in the most eligimentous, that we indulge the rea- ble manner for building up the cause sonable expectation, that the min. of truth and holiness." isters of Christ will actively and Upon these principles, and embracseason:bly promote it, and that all ing these objects, the Association was the enlightened friends of evangel. formed, and has proceeded. Annual ical truth will give it their counte- meetings have been holden. At this nance and their pryers.
We time delegates from seven Associagratefully receive, and glailly pub. tions are convened.* Harmony prelish the following communication, vails, and pleasing prospects of the inwbich presents the nature and de- creasing utility of the Association are sign of the proposed union in the presented. Information is received most fair and unexceptionable light, , from the members, that a consideraand must do much towards solving ble number of the churches in the the doubts and removing the dillj. connexion are in a prosperous state, culties of every impartial inquirer. and to several, within two or three
EDITORS. years past, there have been large ad
ditions; the Lord having been pleased to accompany the means of instruction with abundant influences of his
Holy Spirit. In Hadley, NorthampThe disconnected state of the As. ton, Southampton, Westhampton, sociations within the limits of this im- Easthampton, Williamshurgh, Wil. purtant section of New England ; the liamstown, Stockbridge, Sandisfield, little acquaintance which its ministers Lec and Bradford several hundreds have with each other; and the hope, have made public profession of religthat by drawing closer the bonds of ion. It is noticed with peculiar pleasunion, the cause of truth might be ure, that the very serious attention, better promied, suggested the expe- which has prevailed in Williamstown, diency of forming a General Associa- has been extended into the college, tion. A convention of ministers was and affords the churches a pleasing proposed to ascertain the general opin- prospect from the institution. It is ion on the subject. Delegates were also communicated that there are chosen accordingly by several Asso- hopeful appearances at the present ciations, who met in Northampton, time in Charlemont, Hawley, and July, 1812. They united in the opin several other places. ion, that it was expedient that a Gen- It is further stated, and the Associa. eral Association be formed. They tion deem it their duty to present the agreed “to admit as articles of faith unpleasant fact to the public eye, that the doctrines of Christianity, as they there is a tract of country of nearly are generally expressed in the Assem. twenty miles square in the northern ble's Shorter Catechism, for the basis part of the county of Berkshire, conof union and fellowship.” On this taining seven towns, with a numerous ground they recommended to the sev. population, in which there is not one eral Associations, from wirich they settled Congregational minister ; and carne, to choose two delegates to rep- that all those towns, Williamstown er. resent them, who should meet anel cepted, are in a condition which yields organize the General Association; no rational hopes, that by their own the door being left open for other As. efforts any of them will be soon suppli. sociations to unite, if they should be ed with sound evangelical teachers. disposed.
They are therefore earnestly recom. The objects to be kept in view they mended to the attention of those agreed should be, “to promote broth- missionary Societies and Associa. erly intercourse and 'harinony, and' tions of ministers, which can most their mutual assistance, animation and conveniently afford them that aid, usefulness, as ministers of Christ; which they so much need; and the to obtain religious information relative rather because this region is nearer to the state of their churches, and of the Christian church in this country According to the
present plan, itup and through the world; and to cooper. delegates are chosen by each associaate with one another and with other tion.
EDITORS Vol. III. No. 2.
home, than any other which has been The result of their consultations was the scene of missionary labour. And a persuasion, that the civil, moral, and for encouragement, it is further stat. everlasting interests of their fellowed, that when ministers have oc- men might be essentially promoted by casionally visited this almost forsaken united and systematic exertions for people, they have been gratefully diffusing evangelical truth." Aereceived.
cordingly, on the first of September of The General Association is found the year before mentioned, they assoed upon the pure principles of ciated by the name of “The MassachusCongregationalism. One design of it setts Society for promoting Christian is to cherish, strengthen, and trans- Knowledge,” and adopted a constitumit these principles. It wholly dis- tion for their government. They claims ecclesiastical power or authori. have since been incorporated by an act ty over the churches, or the opinions of the Commonwealth. of individuals.
In the year 1804, this Society distriThe objects of this Association be- buted books in Massachusetts Proper, ing in no respect incompatible with in Rhode Island, Virginia, South-Carthose of the Convention of ministers olina and Georgia, to the number of annuzily holden in Boston, no interfer- 6253, and in the year 1806, in a com. ence between them is designed, or pass a little more extended, to the can reasonably be apprehended, number of 9174. Among the books
Having these views, the General distributed are several of the works of Association continue to invite their Doddridge, Henry, Burder, Wilson, brethren to unite with them in an Lathrop, Vincent, Leslie, &c. institution, so evidently promotive of In future Nos. of the Panoplist, we the all important interests of Chris. shall present our readers with inter. tianity. And for their accommodation esting extracts from some of the nuit is hereby notified, that the next merous letters to the Directors of the meeting of the General Association is Society, from their agents to whom to be holden at the house of the Rev. books have been sent for distribution, Samuel Austin in Worcester, on the containing strong approbation of the last Wednesday in June next, at 9 design of their institution, and eno'clock, A.M.
couraging accounts of its usefulness. STEPHEN WEST, Moderator. It is with much satisfaction we learn, Attest, SAMUEL AUSTIN, Scribe.
that an institution of the same kind Windsor, June 25, 1807.
with the above has been lately formed
at Providence, in the State of Rhode For the Panoplist.
Island, by the name of “ The Provi. Transcribed by Enoch Hale, Secretary.
dence Association for promoting Christian Knowledge.” In their address, they say, “ We have in view the promotion of no interest separate from
that, which involves the higbest hapKNOWL• piness of our fellow creatures. What.
ever be the religious sentiments, which
we individually embrace and adroEARLY in the year 1803, a number of gentlemen, among whom were his cate, we are resolved to adopt no Honor Samuel Phillips, Esq. late
measures in our associated capacity,
which will favour one denomination of Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, and the late Professor Tappan,
Christians, in preference to another. stimulated by “the success of india in determining on books for distribu. viduals and of societies, in dissemi- tion, we shall, agreeably to our consti. nating Christian knowledge by means
tution, carefully avoid all such, as are of religious Tracts and otherwise,
on points of controversy, and select were induced to confer together re
those only, that contain sentiments in
which all real Christians are cordially peatedly on the best means of pro.
united.” noting the same important object. • These eminent men both died before
$ This Constitution we shall publish the Society was formed.
at large in a future No. of the Panoplist.
MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY POR PRO.
Extract of a Letter from a respectable
An address has recently been 1807
“We had a delightful day yester. circulated, signed by about twenty reday. Seven were added
spectable merchants and others in
to church; all of them, I trust, or.
London, containing proposals for a dained to eternal life. The complex:
new institution, to be called “ THE jon of all our late converts has been very the object of which shall be to afford
LONDON FEMALE PENITENTIARY, uniform and satisfactory. Two were propounded yesterday. About ten
an asılum to unfortunate females, who
shall have deviated from the paths of are in a hopeful way, besides which, four children, of about 12 years of virtue, and are anxious to be restored, age, have all together appeared on the by means of Christian instruction, side of religion, with the features of a
moral discipline, and the formation of new creation on their souls. This
industrious habits, to a respectable event has given a new animation to
station in society.” All who are acthe friends of religion. On the whole, lence, and the fatal effects of the evil
quainted with the extensive preva. I am inclined to think, that our awak
which it is intended to remedy, must ening is on the increase.”
feel a lively interest in the formation and progress of such an institution. The Magdalen charity, however ex. cellent, both in its design and in its
effects, is obviously inadequate to London Missionary Society.
meet more than a very small propor
tion of the enormous mischief in One of the missions of this society question ; and it must therefore be in South AFRICA (viz. that station. adınitted, that one or more additional ed at Klaar Water) appears by the institutions of the same kind are last account from that quarter to be loudly called for. We only hope in a flourishing state. The number
that they will be formed with a due composing the settlement is stated to regard to the extreme delicacy of the be 784, of whom 80 can read. There
case, and with the same prudence is among them, it is said, “a great and circumspection, which have disdesire to hear the word of life; and tinguished the management of their numbers are brought to a saving prototype.
Ch. Ob. knowledge of divine things.” The mission at Zak river, under tbe Rev. Mr. Kicherer, does not seem to enjoy
IRELAND. the same degree of prosperity. A long drought had occasioned a dis
We formerly mentioned that a so. persion of the settlers, and the dep. ciety had been formed under the title redations of the neighbouring Bos
of " The Hibernian Society,” for the chemen placed both the lives and the
purpose of diffusing religious knowl. property of those who remained in edge in Ireland. The committee apimminent danger. The school howpointed to conduct its concerns, have ever still contained 31 children and lately published a report, which, if 11 adults, and the whole number in correct, is highly important, and the settlement was 103.
ought to call forth the warmest exer. A missionary, Mr. Creighton, has
tions of the friends of religion and been sent to the newly captured colo- hamanity, in order to rescue our felny of BUENOS Ayres, containing a
low-subjects in Ireland from their population of 70,000 souls.
present state of barbarism and moral A free school is about to be o;a ned degradation. In the south, the pro. by this society for the instruction of portion of Papists and Protestants is children of Jewish descent, both male
said to be 20 to one ; scarcely any of and female. Grown up females of the former, and few even of the latthe same race, who wish for instruc- ter, possess a copy of the holy scription, may have it at the same place
tures, Schoolmasters are much from ladies, who attend daily to su.
wanted in every part of Ireland ; and perintend the girls' school. Ch. Ob. such is the solicitude manifested by
July, the Roman Catholic poor for the in. or catechism is to be introduced, but struction of their children, that it is the scriptures only.
This is a great believed they would be willing to send and good work; but we trust it will them even to Protestant schools, and be superseded by the prorident care to permit them to read the Bible as a of the government, which, we under. school book. The committee state stand, is now directing its attention, that they have been forming a plan too long withheld, to this momentous for instituting schools in every parish object.
Ch. 0'. in Ireland, in which no religious tract
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.
GREEK AND LATIN.
editions of the New Testament and Rev. Mr. Sutcliffe, of Halifax, Eng- Common Prayer books, a Welch land, has translated a seventh rolune
New Testament, and a beautiful nonof Saurin's Sermons. This volume
pareil Bible have already proceeded consists of twelve discourses on the from the Cambridge press; which following subjects, viz. The Delay
will soon be followed by other edi. of Conversion; Perseverance ;
the tions, both at Cambridge and at OxExample of the Saints ; St. Paul's
ford. The London press of Mr. An. Discourse before Felix and Drusilla ;
drew Wilson has produced an cdi. the Covenant of God with the Israel.
tion of Entick's Dictionary, which, ites ; the Seal of the Covenants ; the
for beauty, accuracy, and cheapuess, Family of Jesus Christ ; St. Peter's surpasses, it is said, all other editions devjal of his Master; and the Nature
of that work. Various smaller works of the unpardonable Sin. The Edi- are now publishing from the same tors of the Eclectic Review, speak
press; and Mr. Wilson has announcing of the Translator of this volume,
ed that correct, well-printed stereosay, .“ We are free to acknowledge, type editions of the following works, that in placing himself by the side of
at reduced prices, will be in the Robinson and Hunter, he has assuum
course of publication during the year
Dawson's Lexicon to the New Testa.
Nov. Testamentum. Int. TH. BEZA.
Gradus ad Parnassum.
Eton Grammar, Latin.
El Nuevo Testamento.
Les Adventures de Telemaque,
FRENCH AND SPANISH