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author has too often condescended to take clared to be, the doing away the prejudices from others, which is the more to be la. which may otherwise be imbibed against mented, because he has given unequivocal the cause of the performers, from the clanproofs of his capacity to contrive and ex deftine representations made by the proecute for himself.

prietors, or their agents. The pamphlet Speed the Flough is played admirably is full of curicus facts, relative to the prethroughout. Mr. Kniglie's farmer, and sent situation of the performers of Covent Mr. H. Johnston's Henry, are already per. Garden Theatre, compared with the fituaftet performances. The finplicity of the tion of performers in the times of Barry former is unalloyed with coarfeneis; and and his contemporaries, and to a variety the animation of the later, with rant. of other topics. The claims of the perMr. H. Johnion and Miss Murray are in. formers are stated and asserted in a plain teretting in their relpective characters; and and manly style. The correspondence is the Mr. Munden inakes his part more lively chief vehicle of the information given to the than the feebleness of the drawing seems to public; and upon the face of that, the promise. The prologue to this play is conduct of the eight gentlemen, named duil; the epilogue tolerable sprightly. above, appears to have been not only juft

A new mulical after-piece, written by in its principle, but dignified in its man. Mr. Dibdin, jun. entitled True Friends, ner. As this publicarion professes to have was performed on the 20th at Covent Gar. had no other object than to lay a fimple den. When a production is deftitute of statement of the case before the public, every one of the charms of writing, re the persons whose names are subscribed to marks on any of its members are foreign it, declare their resolution, to pursue every to the uses of criticism: this piece is of legal and bonourable means to effeet such that description; and deserves to be dif- a restoration of justice as will give them missed with that general censure.

the rights which ancient usage prescribes The music, however is to be distinguish. to them as actors. ed from the writing. It has confiderable The concluding paragraph deserves to merit in parts. It is the composition of be given for the propriety of its feeling Mr. Artwood.

and expression. “ Having thus pofTefTed A pamphlet, highly interesting to every the public with the whole proceedings, lover of the drama, has been recently pub- and by that means secured our cause and lished, containing a statement of the diffe- conduct from misrepresentation, we hope we rinces fiuniting between the proprietors and shall be accompanied with the wishes of all perzgriners of Covent Garden Theatre, with good men, for the ultimate success of our the correspondence occafimed by the dispute. endeavours to rescue the members of that It is the avowed publication of the follow. profession, which contributes so essentially ing principal actors of that theatre-Mer. to the rational entertainment of this great 7. Folmione, Holman, Pope, Incledon, kingdom, from a state of oppression, which Munden, Fawcett, Knight, and H. John- no other subjects in it can posibly expe. fton. The object of the statement is de- rience."

THE NEW PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.

MR. WILLIAM LANDER FOR RAISING

WATER BY PUMPS.

A

admit of it) partakes of the rotatory

motion of the moving power ; and as it PATENT'was granted, November, gives the perpendicular motion to the

1799, o Mr. WILLIAM LANDER, racks and the piston connected with them, of Mele, in the County of Wilts, Braíso it allows of a greater extent of power or Founder, for a method of raising water by a longer stroke in the play of the pillon puins or other engines, by means of an than is effected by the cranks usually emapparatus for moving the piston rod. ployed.

The principle of this invention is to Thus, if the semicircle have a radius of adapt to the moving power a femicircular four inches, its circumference will be wheel, with teeth moving in a rack or twelve inches, and the length of the stroke racks connecled with the piston rod. The of the piston connected with the rack will femicircular wheel (or with a larger leg. allo be twelve inches, ment of a circle where the machinery will

WILLIAM

CHAFF.

WILLIAM REYNOLDS- FOR PREPARING digri'ies of the order of the garter; the ace IRON.

of clubs bears the insignia of the order of the Mr. WILLIAM REYNOLDS, of Ketley, thistle; the ace of hearts those of St. Patrick; in the county of Salop, for a method of and the ace of diamonds those of the Bath. preparing iron for its conversion into steel. The court cards of each fuit have, beside the

This method simply consists in mixing ornaments of Itars, garters, ba dges, &c. the black oxyd of manganese along with agreeably to the respective orders. the materials from which the cast iron is obtained, or with the cast iron in the

MR. LESTER FOR AN ENGINE TO CUT process of its conversion into steel.

It is not ealy exactly to explain the ope WILLIAM Lester of Colton End, ration of the manganese here, perhaps it near Northampton, for a new-invented may be by fully oxygenating and thereby pendulum engine for cutting hay or straw separating the crude iron from the remaining into chaff. quantity of sulphur and of phosphuret of This engine is so constructed that, by iron, with which it is alloyed after the first the simple operation of throwing the penfasen, to procure the regulus.

dulum backwards and forwards, the straw

is cut into any length required. The MR. LUDLOW AND ANN WILCOX FOR pendulum at one vibration teeds twice,' PLAYING-CARDS..

presses twice, and carries the knife twice EDWAR' LUDLOW of Walworth, through the cut. Six:y of these vibrations Sany, and ANN WIllcox, of London, may be made in one minute through a for new-invented playing-cards.

truls of straw eighteen inches wide, and To card, layers whose light is not very from two to three inches thick. The diftinét, it may be an advantage to know knife is semicircular, with an alternate rothat the diamonds and clubs of these new tatory motion on its own centre, with its cards are made white on the inside, and edge moving between two bars of iteel, that the hearts and spades are distinguished which prevents the straw from yielding to bę a white line added to the usual figure. the knife. A great deal of ornamental work is like If worked by two people, it will but wife added to the different court cards, dif- between forty and fifty quarters a day; tinguished by the different orders. Thus and it is not easily put out of order. the ace of ipades remains with his usual

FRANCE.

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS,

In February, 1800.

numerous and warlike bands of armed peaTO rooner had Bonaparte seized on the fantry, who threatened France on one hand

reins of government, than he began with a civil war, while they continued, on to display his accustomed promptitude both the other, to render some of her moft ferin council and the field. While, on one tile provinces a burden, rather than an adband, he exhibited great readiness to treat vantage. with the external enemies of the republic, In fine, several of the chiefs, such as be displayed no less energy againft her in. Görges and Frotté, have been obliged to ternal oes; and he has already achieved surrender; the inhabitants of both fides of in a few days what the late Directory were the Loire have laid down their arms; and enable to accomplish during the plenitude as their priests are now restored to them, of their power, and the duration of their and their leaders have lost their confidence, authority.

there is no great likelihood that they will Taking advantage of a rigorous season, become speedily formidable. which had produced a cessation of hoftili In the mean time, Malena has taken ties on the frontiers, he marched large bo- the command of the army of Italy, and dies of troops under Brune and Hedouville, obtained fome slight advantages : but there {wo able and experienced leaders, against confist merely of the temporary possession the incurgent departments of the Welt

, of open towns, or an accidental superiority and has Naughtered, fubdued, dispersed, or in respect to foraging parties; for the main reduced to unconditional submillion, the bodies are at present endeavouring to recruit MONTALY MAG. No. 56,

A a

their

their exhausted Arength, while the different. prince has generously, but unsuccessfully, courts are " sounding the dreadful note of infifted on the restoration of the Italian preparation.”

States, and the reintegration of the French In respect to the present state of Egypt, monarchy. considerable doubt and uncertainty till It must be allowed, that these are the prevails. If we were to give credit to let. principles on which Paul Petrowitz seems ters, said to be intercepted, published in this io have engaged in the conteit; for howcountry, the French there are reduced by ver advantageous in a pecuniary point of disease, dilater, and death, to a molt de view his lublidies from this country may plorable condition! but, it we are to be appear, yet it cannot be doubted, that they Jieve more recent and authentic accounts, afford no adequate compentation for the circulated in Paris, the whole of Kleber's transportation of his bett troops to a dirarmy is new clothed, while the greater tant icene of warfare, and the loss of vepart of the forces in Upper Egypt has been teran legions, in a conieft in which he is mounted on dromedaries-in mort, we are less interested, perhaps, than any other afsured, that they are in a most excellent potentate in Europe. condition,-fit for fresh toils, capable of

GREAT BRITAIN. Dew victories!

It is now evident, that a continuation On the other hand, if we turn our eyes of the war has been refolved upon by our to the

cabinet, although it be dificult to conCOURT OF VIENNA,

ceive on what principles a ri iniftry that We shall behold Austria truly formida- attempted to triat with the latt governble, in consequence of the undeviating po- ment of France, can refuse to negociate licy of her councils, and the recent success with the present. Such a determination of her arms. Subsidized to fight her own has accordingly staggered some of the battles, she has, uniformly taken advantage warmest supporters of the war; and al. of circumstances, and at length acquired though but little difference has ensued, in the dominion of nearly all Italy. Tied respect to the votes of parliament, this down by no rules of action, except those must be allowed to have considerably inconnected with her own immediate inte fuenced its debates; it also appears, in Fifts, me has displayed but little zeal for some measure, to have restored the vigour, the restoration of ihe Kings of Naples and and filled the ranks of a truant OppoSardinia. Wholly dilengaged frem the fition. folly of the crusade for the restoration of The effects produced on the public the race of Bourbon, her political princi- mind have been till more conspicuous ples can never fetter her private views; and the livery of London, on the 19th of and the may treat now, as she did before at February, not only agreed to petition the Campo Formio and Leoben, for a lepa. House of Commons on this lubject, but rate peace, without contidering herself as actually instructed their representatives to faithlets to her allies, with whom the never vote in favour of peace. appears to have made a common cause. In When his Majesty's message was taken fine, such has been the peculiar good fortune into consideration in the House of Peers, of the Emperor Francis, and to extraordi- Lord Grenville, in a fpeech of three hours, nary the conduci both of his friends and his took an ample review of public affairs : enemies, that, were lie to ceale hoftilities he infifted, that thole who had hitherto before the face of another campaign be acted with him ought ftill to continue of the tried, there is but little doubt that he fame opinion, as nothing had occurred to inwould not only be amply indemnified for duce a change of sentiments ; on the other the lois of the Netherlands, but also for hand, he could not hope to conciliate the the expences of the war.

approbation of such as had always opposed It appears, however, that

the prosecution of the present war.

He then adverted to the conduct of the Is difgufted with his imperial ally, and French government. The rulers of thať has actually ified orders for the return of nation persevered, he said, in the fame his troops. This circumitance, which is principles which had produced the revolulikely to give a new complexion to the tion: thele were fufficient to overturn every war, has been differently accounted for: System of regular government, and ought to it having been maintainert, on one hand, have been changed previously to the comthat the Czar had haughtily demanded the mencement of a negociation; but the fedismiilion of all the Austrian generals late- cond note of the French government enly employed in Switzerland; while it has deavoured to justity its former conduct, been affitted, on the other, that this and to throw the odium of the war upon

THE EMPEROR OE RUSSIA

this country, when even the man who wrote French government' ; a language which, in the justification knew the contrary to be the my opinion, can only tend to widen the fact. He added, that the treaty of Pavia breach between the two countries, to exwas a glaring forgery; and that the con asperate the enemy, and prolong the cavention of Pilnisz had been officially oppor- lainities of war.

HOLLAND. ed by our minifters.

When the same subject was canvalled in Lord Grenville then denied that the late the House of Commons (February the 3d), professions in behalf of peace were ferious: Mr. Dundas, in language similar to that and affirmed that France had been at war made ute of by Lord Grenville, declaimed with every power in Europe except Swellen against the French government. and Denmark. Spain be considered as in He asserted that Bonaparte's offers of perfe& fubordination to the Gallic yoke; pacification were not to be attended to ; and the tyrannical subjection of Holland and, as a proof of this, he adverted to his was, according to him, notorious. conduct in respect to Venice, which he

His Lord hip concluded, by observing, had facrificed to Austria ; his aggression that whenever the rulers of France should in regard to Egypt; his duplicity to the abandon their present principles, and be- Ottoman Porte, &c. &c. He also infifted come able to preserve the relations of that he had violated the public faith with peace and amity, they might safely be several nations. treated with ; but, in the mean time, he Mr. Whitbread, in reply, was astonishboped, that the house would fully unite in ed that the right honourable gentleman an humble address to his Majelty on the thould accufe France of having been at present occasion.

war with every country in Europe except · The Duke of Bedford, in an able and two, when it was recollected, that his etergetic speech, attempted to point out a Majesty's Ministers had invoked the force, variety of misrepre'entations on the part and called down the vengeance, of all the of his Majesty's Minister for the foreign neighbouring nations. department : he then oblerved, that he had He chen befought the attention of the always been defirous of making an accom- house to the conduct of the British Go. modation for the benefit of his nativa vernment, with respect to Hamburg; he country, whenever an opportunity, like delired to know, if Ministers forgot the vithat which lately occurred, had presented olation of the rights of nations by Lord i:felf; but as he found, that all attempts Harvey at Florence ? Did they recollect of this kind were now unavailing, he had the threat of bombarding the City of Geformed the resolution of retiring torally noa ? from public affairs, and resting fatisfied He fully insisted on the propriety of treatwith the practice of benevolence within ing with Bonaparte, and arcacked the conhis own confined district. He then moved duct of Administration in reviling the person a long amendment to the address, which of the French Consul, and countenancing was opposed by the Earl of Carlisle, while an intercepted correspondence from Egypt. Lord Romney declared, that as he did not Mr. Pitt, in a long and brilliant speech, approve of the measures of Ministers, he remarked that it was impossible to separare would not vote on the subject.

the present queftiun either from the anteLord Borringdon and Lord Holland sup. cedent crimes and excesses of the French ported the amendment, and the latter of revolution, or the horrors of the war. He these noblemen afterwards entered the fol. then entered into a history of the succeflowing proteft on the journals.

five negociations with France, both at PaDie Martis 281b Jan. 1800. ris and at Lille. The rupture of these was The original motion being put, that an followed by aggrefsions in Italy, in confe. bamble address be presented to his Majes- quence of whichi, Sardinia, Modena, Ge

noa, Venice, Rome, and Naples, had been The same was carried in the affirmative. over run, plundered, and deceived; amuDISSENTIENT,

sed with treaties, or distracted by perfidy. Because the address adopted by the In short, the victories, the armistices, the house directly approves of the rejec. marches, the treaties of Bonaparte were tion of an overture for peace, when nothing but a series of acts of oppreffion, that invaluable blefling might very pro- of plunder, ot perfidy, of tyranny, of inbably be attained with honour and fe- juftice, of ev.s y vice and every wickedness curity, by opening a negociation with which could corrupt a people and fubvert the French Republic, and indirectly ap- a government. He concluded, by declarproves of the language in which the re- ing his opinion of the danger and impolicy jection of the offer was conveyed to the of creating with France at the prefent mo

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ment, more especially as he considered the quivocal voice of the people: but he could Consul's impatience as a contesfion of his not believe him sincere in the firft negociweakneis. He added, that his usurpation ation, when he was apprehensive of danger, might yet be completely overthrown by and was dictated to by a voice to which the united and continued efforts of Great he was so unaccuftcned to lifter! Britain and her Allies, if it did not fall The premier hau laid, that he did not willa a victim to those internal attacks which to prels the Bourbon family on the people of the power of a stranger and a delpot had France; but he has only pointed out that to ditad.

path to peace, without mentioning any Mr. Fox, whose expected appearance, af. Other : he has not even asked for their conter so long an absence, had crowded the gal- tre projet, nor does it appear that he will leries and all the avenues leading to the listen toit, if offer=d. Was the contest co houle of Commons, began by observing, be continued through every change of cir. that although we were now at a new zera of cumstances, until either a Bourbon was the war, yet we were led back to the very placed upon the throne, or a Bonaparte commencement of it, for its motive. Ata was enabled to tread on our necks? He ter leven long years of calamitous hostilities, then begged leave to make a folemn appeal there was nothing before the house but a re. to the house, and to ask, whether, it the petition of the same fanciful calculirtions Minifter had acted on the declaration of respecting financial resources, and the 1797, and entered into a negociation, they Springs of human action, by which they have would not have been ready to vote an ad. been to otren deceived. He was free to avow dress of thanks? He concluded by hoping that in his judgment we were the aggreffors, that the Administration would at length in respect to the present conteft; the same take some pity on the condition of man, was allo clear in wegard to Austria and, and not continue the war for a mere theoPrussia. The late French king had no ry. The house then divided. Ayes 265. doubt perished cruelly; there was howe. Noes 64-Majority for the address 201. ver a moral certainty that he had acted Since our last, a debate has taken place in concert with Auftria : and in respect to in boch houses of parliament, relative to the declaration of Pilnitz, if any two pow. the late unfortunate expedition to Hollard, ers on the Continent had signed such a Mr. Sheridan, on the soth, of February, paper with a view to our internal govern- made a motion in the House of Commons, ment, we should most certainly have con for a committee of inquiry on this subject, fidered it as a violent aggression. France, but it was negatived by a majority of 171. as Mr. Fox was willing to allow, had dis - A freth fufpenfionof the Habeas Corpus gutted all Europe; but many of the in. Act, has recently taken place, notwinItances quoted, were incorrect. Sardinia, standing so strong a measure does not deem when attacked, was actually one of the to be in the least justified by the present belligerent powers, and subsidised by this quiet state of the nation ; but, wonderful country. What had been said of her, in as it may seem, this was actually urged as respect to Switzerland, might be applied a motive. The present high price of corr, to the allied powers in regard to Poland. added to the apprehension of a scarcity, But it might be asked, who first endanger. are subjects which have aroused and oced the liberty of Switzerland, by endea- cupied the attention of Parliament. In vouring to force her from her neutrality? consequence of this, a bill for the regu. Who, but Great Britain ? His noble lation of bakers has just obtained the royal relation, Lord R. Fitzgerald, was the assent; it must be allowed however, that person charged to say, that her neutra a real want of bread-corn can never he allity was regarded as criminal.

leviated to a great degree by any other duct was precitely similar, both in respect mode than that of an increaled importato Tuscany and Genoa ; and this war tion.-Earl Stanhope, who lately resumed had in fact been remarkably productive his seat in the house of peers, has earneftly of the infolence of the greater towards the invoked its attention to the increasing smaller states.

accumulation of our public debt. He He then proceeded to notice our former was at the same time pleased to attribute negociations with France, and allerted, the present scarcity to the war, and to authat every objection to treating at present, gur a numerous train of evils in case of went equally againit the negociations of its continuation. On this occasion, he 1796, and 1797. The minister now, for alluded to the system of education lately the firit time, had given an honest account introduced into his dominions, by this of these transactions; for he had stated that King of Prussia ; and, after de carting on he was apprehensive of danger from the the abuse of the term Jacobinijim, afferted, success of a treaty, and that he was led to that he thould always be proud to be rank. negociate, coly in consequence of the une ed with such men as Jacobin Chatham,

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