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At Bumbank, near Hamilton, Mrs. Janet Rothwell, efq. of Rockfield, county of
Lisle, relia of Alexinder Muirhead, esq. Meath.
A: Sputtershall, aged 84, Michael Herris, At the Mayoralty House, the Right

Hon. John Sutton, Lord Mayor of Duolin. A: Montrose, Thomas Webster, efq, late Mr. Phillip Lemah, of the Theatre Royal. provort of that borough.

At Carrickmines, county of Dublin, aged À: Damfries, Mr. Robert Mc Lahlan, 76, Mrs. Sarah Greville. bookseller.

At Armagh, Richard Allen, erg. late Ac Faezah, Mr. William Scott, of Hud- colle∨ brother to Lord Visc. Allen. dersseld, son of Mr. James Scott, of Skelf- At Legygowen, near Saintfield, James Lill

Quart, aged 110 years. At Well-house, near Glasgow, Mrs. Mar- At Carrickmacross, Londonderry, Mr. J. gret Miller, widow, aged 82.

Wilson, aged 117 years. At Airfield, Mr. Thomas Rennie, aged On the with initint, in the 71st year of 76. John Smith, Era. provost of Brechin. his age, the Right Hon. and Rev. Dr.

At Belvitie, in the parish of Eccles, Jane William Newcombe, archibitiop of Armagh, Frazer, aged 103 ; the retained her fight per- and Lord Primate or Ireland.--His Grace felly well to the last, and a few years ago had was private tutor to Mr. Fox, when at a set of new teeth.

college ; and wis preiented, at the time At Appin-house, in Argyleshire, Alexan- of his administration, with the bishopric of der Dalmahoy, bart.

Waterford, from which he was trantiated At Ormíthwaite, William Brownrigg, to the Primary in 1795, by Lord FitzM.D. F.R.S. of London and Edinburgh, william.

aged 88.

DEATHS ABROAD.

At Glasgow. Mr. Richard Allan, jun. merchant, eldest son of R. Allan, esq. of North Bardiwick. Miss Ann Govan, daughter of At Grompas, in Hungary, in the 125th year the late Mr. Alexander Govan, merchant. of his age, a Shepherd. His manner of living

In St. Andrew's-square, Mrs. Margaret was extreamly fimple: he never ate any meat, Aikman, reliat of Hugh Forbes, efq. one of but fubiiited entirely on milk, butter, and the principal clerks of sessions.

cheese, and had never been ill in his life. A: Fochabers, the Rev. Alexander Gor- Lately at the Cape of Good Hope, Samuel dea, chaplaid of Fort-George, and only fon of Cook eíq. lieutenant-colonel of the 8th dra. te Rev. James Gordon, of Bellie,

goons, and son of the late Samuel Cook, esq. At Camp-end, near Dalkieth, Nathaniel of Nerton-on-the-bioor. Dosaldson, esq. late of the Inand of Tobago. In the East Indies, lieutenant Maynard,

Ac Dumferline, Mr. Robert Stenhouse, only son of Josiah Maynard, efq. of Maiton edet fon of John Stenhouse, esq. of South lodge, Yorkihire. Fod.

The arts have just experienced a heavy At the Manse of Garvald, the Rev. Mr. lofs by the death of Citizen Nicolas Henry Andrew Nelbit, minister of that parish. JARDIN, architect, member of the cidevant

At Pitroddie, Perthshire, the Rev. Mr. academy of architecture, and of many other Joha Keills, minister of the Burgher Sece- academies. Dear to artists, by his talents, dars there.

and to his friends by his virtues, having carried the great prize of architecture, at the

age of 22 years; he set out for Rome, the Letters from Dublin mention, that in con

7th of June, 1744. The serious application fequence of the expected Union with Great with which he prosecuted his studies, gained Britain, in most leales made out of houfes, him the most distinguished conlideration. At in the city ; fince the agitation of the tube his return from Italy in 1754, he was invited jed, proviĝon has been made to reduce the by the king of Denmark, Frederic V. to conyearly rent in general one-fourth, in many

struct a church, all in marble of the greatest Cabes one-third of the fum at present tipu- magnificence. His reputation had travelled lated for, in the event of an Union taking much faster than himself, although he lott no place.

time in repairing to that court. On his arrito Miss Shawe, daughter of Colonel Shawe, him. It will suffice to cart an eye upon his Married.) The Hon. Matthew Plankett,' val, the title of · Intendant-general of his

Danish Majesty's buildings, was conferred upon At Yonghall

, Lieut. Gillon, of the Royal work, (the greateit part of which is engravLancashire Volunteers, to Mile Harriet Field- ed by his own hands) to judge of the quan

tity, of the variety, and the merit of his proAt Cabragh, county of Dublin, Thomas ductions, during the eighteen years that he reSegrave, to Miss Ann Grahan.

fided at Copenhagen. The rare qualitics Died.) At Dublin, the Lady of Thomas which he potreffed, gave an additional lustre MONTILY MAG. No. 56.

D.

IRELAND.

late of the with regiment.

house.

to his talents, and obtained for him, new of his predeceffors, the latter part of his life
proofs of esteem. Christian VII. the present was spent in great nilery ; and he has left a
king, would have fived him in his capital; widow and 3 children behind liim, totally un-
but not withitand ng the moft preiling folici prvoided for. Tlie administrators of the theatre,
tatiors, and all the distinctions that were of- de Frydeon, have brought forward two of his
te, ed him, the love of his country made him works, for the benefit of his family; and
It turn into the borom of his family. He the government has admitted one of his sons
was born at St. Gerniain des Noyers in Brie, into the conservarciri, where he will be educat-
ncar to Lagry, the 22d of March, 1520, of ed at the expence of the republic.
parents who are still remembered witli vene GRESNICK, the musician, known by his
ration, throughout that couniry. He died various compofitions for the theatres of Law
the 14th Fructidor, the year 7.

z'cis and Morsurfir, died at Paris, on the 24th
The republic of letters, has just loft Citi- Biumaire, (Dec. 3d, 1799) at the aye of
zen TURPIN, at the age of 90 years. He 47. He was equally celebrated for the facesity
is the author of a vast number of historical of his method, and the tweetness of his me-
works, but has not been placed however, in lody. He has left behind him, an Opera for
the rank of distinguished historians. His ,the Theatre of Arts, the words of which are
principal labours are, “s The History of the 'fruen the pen of Madame Viot Bourdie ; it is
Koran, &c.”- History of the life of Ma- called la furet de Brass.
homet, the Arabian logillator."-"Civil and On the gth of July last died, at Madras,
Natural History of the Kingdom of Siam.'s aged 77, George Baker, esq. of Aller, in
"History of the Governments of the An the county of Devon. Early in life he
cient Republic."-The French Plutarch." failed for India, and was long and variously
For some time he carried on “ The Lives of employed by the company, always to the be-
the Ilustrious Men of France.” He was near netit of the public, and to his own honour.
8o when he published the continuation of A considerable part of his income he annually
“ The Revolutions of England.”

devoted to the now left of purposes ; that of B.vius Voorra, jurifconful and professor relieving the wants of the indigent and the of laws, in the university of Leyden, a man affictea; nor have the effects of his benevoequally diftinguished for his learning, and his Terce ccared with his lite, for his bequeks virtuous characier, died the 2117 of lait Mef- have been more liberal to various charitable fidor, aged 70 years.

instituciors in India and in England; and the C.l’ANTER E, author of several Dramatic socr and dilietied of many parishes of his raworks, died latriy at Paris. He wiote the tive county, will have reaton to bless the Mies zu Parnat, Agnes de Chatill:17, les deux meniory of their benefactor. Humises, e la faili indigente: Like many

We conclude the account of Provincial Occurrences for this month, by observing that the affluent itill continue unremittingly to exert themselves in mitigation of the wanis of the · poor, and in administering to tfeir comforts.—The establishment of Scup Shops ex:ends even to the remolett villages, and many thousands are daily supplied with bread, coals, and other necefiary articles, with a liberal and unfparing hand.

We are lorry, however, to find that a disponuon to riot has been manifested in some places, which but ill accords with the duty or interest of the malcontents, and we trust that the bounty 1o cheerfully extended to them, will induce them to await with patience the expected retura of belter i mes-O. PEACE abroad and PLENTY at home!

NOTICES OF ERRATA, SIR, 1 Sta li cemit as a particular favor, if you will allow me to correct an erroneous paragraph, which aspeared in your obituary for last month. Daniel Malthus, efq. is there mentioned as the trantiatcr of lime pieces, from the French and Gernian; I can lay from certain krowledge, that he did not translate them. ile turn of lvis mind, very little disputed him to imitation, or to the corying in any way the works of cthers. Whatever he wrote, was drawn from the origi al ritirpinue source of his own tine understanding and genius; but from his fingularly unoftentious ard retired character, and his constant define to thun every thing that right attract notice, will facbably never be known as bis.

I am, Sir,

Your's, &c.
Fib. 19:1, 1:00.

* T. ROBERT. MALTHUS

$

1

Nifiche corrected.-The elentents of the new comet, calculated by Dr. BURCK. HARDT, inferred in page 895 of cur Magazine, have fince been found erroneous ; aving to an error of 8 nrinuies in the diridt afcenfion, in the obfervation by Meer, which had been used in the calculation, and tu a cantçofition in the seduc

tion of the observation. The corrected first observation by Mechain is now as fol. lows : on the 6th of August, direct afcenfion 1070 55' 41"; declination north 420 $?* 5": Immediately on the discovery of the error, Dr. Burckhardt calculated from the observations of the 10th and 21st of August, and of the 2d of September, elements of the orbit, and found the following : time of the passage through the periblium, 1799, on the 7th of September, at 6h 46' 49" medium time at Paris : longitu le of the node 9° 15'21"; inclination of the orbit 51° 10' 7"; longitude of the perihelium 3° 40' 35"; elongation of the perihelium 0,841,456 motion retrogade. Alechain calculated this orbit according to La Place's method, and found the follow, ing elements : time of the passage through the periheliuin, 1799, on the 7th of September, at *** 34' 20" mean time; longitude of the node 38 90 33' 38"; inclination 50° 52' 27"; longitude of the perihelium oz 3° 36'4"; elongation thereof 0,83868.

MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT.

265 lb. 730 lb.

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Black Pepper,

2,053 16. 3,985 1b.

THE cargoes of the EAST INDIA Fleet, lately arrived from Bengal, Madras, and Bombay conlist of the following articles, viz. Pieces.

Pieces. Coast Piece Goods, Muslins, 11,840 Bengal Piece Goods, Mullins,

34,144 Calicoes, 144,144

Calicoes,

30,081 Prohibited, 130,734

Prohibited, 10,763 Surat Piece Goods, Calicnes,

2,100 Ajengo and Mahe Piece Goods, 22,558 Prohibited, 91,644 Sagar, 1611 bags,

2,717 cwt.

Distilled Oil of Nutmegs, 55 quart bottles, Cochineal, 4 chefts,

829 1b.

Cardemoms, 5 bags, Pepper, 1149 bags,

100,000 lb.

Cinnamon, 2,441,117 lb.

Raw Silk, 184 bales, 2 bundles, 25,057 lb. Nutmegs, in hulk,

50,940 lb.
Salopetre, 9764 bags,

18,558 cwt. Ditto, Amboyna, ditto,

I 82 lb.

Lack Lake, 8 boxes, Coves,

34,638 16.

Opium, 25 boxes, Mace, 18,126 lb. Carmenia wool, 4 bales,

804 lb. Belides Privilege Goods, consisting chiefly of Cotton-Wool, Sugar, Coffee, Pepper, Cochi. szal, Indigo, and other Drugs.

Raw Sagars continue to advance, as there has been of late a greater demand for exportation; the destruction of a considerable quantity by fire, may likewise have had some little influence on the price in London. St. Kitt's are from bos. to 825. per cwt. St. Vincent's, Nevis, Jamaica, und Tortola, from 38s. to 79. Granada, from 575 to 8os. Ditto, clayed 675. to 988. Domitica, Antigua, Barbadoes, Vartinico, and St. Domingo, 585. 10785.' Refined Sugars are of course advanced. Lump Sugars are from 915. to 1045. Single Loaves, from 98s. to llos, and Powder Loaves, from i bos. to 1205.

Coffee is likewise higher within the last three or four weeks. Good Coffee is at present from
1323. to 1445. per cut. Fine Coffee, from 1455. to 158s.
The East India Company have declared for sale on the 25th of April next, 8500 bags of Black
Pepper, prompt the ift of August following; and that they will sell no more Pepper until Sep-
tember fale, except such as may be damaged, uncleared, in privilege or private trade, or under
the neutral property act.
Spanish-Wool has lately risen a little ; Leonesa is at present from 45. 6d. to 4s.gd. per lb.
Segovia, from 45. to 48. 5d. Soria, from 3s. 6d. to 45. 3d. and Seville, from 35. io 35. iod.

Carton-Wool has advanced about id. per pound.
Grass Seeds have advanced considerably

notwithstanding the late importations of this article from France and Holland. Foreign Red Clover is from 21. to 61. 58. per cwt. White Ditto, from 21. 155. to 61.

The PÚBLIC FUNDS continued pretty steady for several weeks, notwithstanding the expetation of a large loan, 3 per cent Consols being from 60 to 61 from the beginning of the month to the 2ift

, the day on which the loan was negotiated, when they got to 63, but fell a Little the next diy. The amount of the loan was fixed at 20,500,0ʻol. making 32,185,000 1. btw stock, and though it was taken on terms less advantageous to the fubfcribers than any of the loans during the present war, it immediately bore a premium from 2 to 3 per cent, which kowever has since been somewhat less.

During last season the following number of ships were cleared out at Elfineur, viz. English 2599,

Danith 1571,-American 152,-Papenburghers 97, - Oldenburghers 3,-Lubeckers 54,Portuguese 2, - Swedish 1074,-Prullians 1420,– Rostockers 137,—Hamburghers 5,-Bremeners 61,-Russians 13.- Total 1848.

The Communications of our friends, who reside in Manufacturing Diflriets or Sea Ports, in this Article, wil be acceptable.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. HOWEVER unfavourable the severity of the frost and fuddenness of the thaws in the last

month might be to the growth of the young wheats, and to the carrying on of the various necessary operations of husbandry, the general mildness of the greatest part of the present, has tended very materially to redress the injuries that were fustained. The wheat crops for the moit part, but more especially such as had the advantage of being put into the ground early, are conliderably improved in their appearance, particularly so far as respects their vigour and colour. In a great many instances in different districts they cover the ground weil, and are free from patchiness, which often takes place after sudden alterations of frost and thaw, Such, indeed, as were fown at late periods, seem to have suffered lefs than was commonly supposed, and are coming forward in a more promising manner than could have been expected from the changeable ftate of the weather about ihe close of the last, and beginning of the present year. During the chief part of the month the very essential business of manuring has been carried on with the greatest alertness and expedition,' Most of the hay diftri&ts, particularly those of the fater kinds, hare had their fields well coated and properly wrought in.

Some has likewife been carried out upon those fallows which are intended for barley in the more fouthern counties, such fallows being now in a confiter ble state of preparation in these places ; but in the northern parts of the kingdom, in Wales and Scotland, but little has yet been done io rendering the lands suitable for the reception of the barley crops, as the fowing of this grain commences at a later period. Nor has the plough been idle for the several lait wecks in scarcely any part of the island. In the midland and other districts more to the south, besides the bariey fallows, much other field work has been begun; while in the northern counties the old leys and other grounds have been broken up for the oat crops. The iwo lait weeks of the month have also been extremely tavourable for che cutting, plashing and planting of hedges, and for the clearing up of ditches, as well as for many other of the smaller operations of the iarmer. While such uncommon scarcity of wheat is experienced, every step should be taken, every encouragement given, to provide for the entuing year ; with this view, and in order to save as much as posible the present scanty stock of this sort of grain, the dibbling of Spring wbrat ought to be practiled, as far as it can be, in all toils that will admit of it, for though the quantity per acre, in this way, caunot be to great, on the whole there may be a considerable produce

Crain. From the general deficiency in its produce and the badness of its quality in many cases, still keeps a little on the advance. The average of England and Wales, by the lait returns, was for Wbra! 1039. Id. for Rye 70s. 5d. for Barley 495.3d and for 0115 33$. 7d. per quarter. In Bucks, the average was u16s, and in Northumberland 793. god. being the highest and the lowest of the county prices.

Polazers, though they must now be disposed of from their tendency to sprout, still keep up their prices. In the London warehouses they fell from 4s. to 128. the hundred weight, according to fort and quality.

Cattle. The dearness and scarcity of hay and many other articles necessary to the feeding and fatenning of animals, added to the extensive file of them for fome time part in a half fed itale, must render good fat ftock extremely foarce and high in price. And lean stock will foon, na doubt, considerably advance, as the demand is daily inciealing. Beef fetches, in Smithfieid, linking the offal, from 38. 40. to 55. 21. per tone of eighi pounds.

Sherp. Good fac Mutton, from the failures in the crops of turnips, their not being so good in quality as usual, and the injury which they have fustained from the froits and other causes, in becoming every day more dishcult to be obrained, consequently is on the advance in price. One circumstance however is, that the rot, notwithitanding the uncommon wetness of the autumn and winter months, has yet 'made its appearance very litile among these animals. Lambs are in general fine, and have la ely done well in fa'tening ; though, from the dearness of the different articles which are necessary for the purpose, they nuit fell high. Muiton sells, in Smtihfield, from 45. to 55. per tone.

Hags are becoming more scarce, from various caufes.
Hw is adv.incing in price:
Straw is allo dear, though somewhat lower than it has been.

We have preferred the valuabie Life of GENERAL WASHINGTON, which one riches our prejent Number, to a curious Life of SPALLANZANI, which kas juji ap: Beared in the French Journals, but which will be inserted in our next.

No. 57

.

APRIL I, 1800. [No. 3. of Vol. 9.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Such a wish, so formed, could not long SIR,

quit the mind; and, during my tours to N In in

if I made public what I consider as presented themselves without examination likely to be a useful discovery with respect as to their capability of producing sweets, to the manufacturing of sweets, and which but nothing appeared so likely to contrimay probably lay the grounds for making bute to the wished for end, as the Turkey sugar in Europe, I would first send it to corn of Lombardy, immense quantities of your useful Magazine ; I now hasten, as which are cultivated in Piedmont, the the season for planting is fully arrived, to Pope's States, &c. communicate what has occurred to me re We saw great fappy Items, containing lative to that subject.

a sweet juice, which hogs would greedily Having some years past become ac-, devour, growing close as sugar-canes, quainted with Mr. Henry SMEATHMAN, making the same appearance, raised nearly to whom the honour of first raising a blush in the same manner, and whose uses were on the cheeks of Europeans for having been inconceivably varied. concerned in that barbarous traffic the Of the grain we ate polenta, equal to Slave Trade, exclusively belongs ; I na. wheat in nutriment; of the bloom we had turally caught a spark of that honest fire delicate brooms, fitted up with light but which warmed his manly mind, and gladly strong handles made of the stalk; while contributed my poor endeavours in the the dried leaves afforded clean and elastic common caule of human nature, exerted Ruffing for mattresses; even the green to rouse the public to a proper sense of the small unmatured ears were not thrown cruel wrongs done to our almost neigh- away, for of them we had excellent frita bours, whose unoffending fimplicity, and tura, by dividing them into quarters, and the impossibility of their ever giving the frying them in batter like young artismallest disturbance to our national com chokes: the juice of these plants alone remerce, ought, if any thing could insure mained unused, and on that my attention mankind from unprovoked annoyance, to was fixed ; yet years passed on, after my have afforded them security.

return home, without making any expeThat' but small success has hitherto at- riment; chiefly owing to an erroneous idea tended the efforts of those engaged in their that the plant could not be cultivated in cause excites no surprise ; for, how indeed England. fhould men who care so little for the na At length somebody told me, that Mr. tural rights of their own children, as to Dibdin, of Hampstead, constantly raised fell their votes at elections, and, with very fine ones in his garden; and having them, the conftitution they inherited from procured some feed of the American their forefathers, be alive to the immuta: mottled wheat, in cones, I steeped them, ble privileges of a foreign country? We and planted them about four inches deep, therefore both agreed (long before he died in common mould; they role to eight, a martyr to 'this object) that until fome nine, and even ten feet high, without method could be found out of manufac. hoeing; but being much occupied, the turing sugar in Africa, or cultivating it first year passed away without making trial in Europe, no great success was to be ex. of their juice. pected from any plans to abolish the Nave. Next year I again planted them, exactly trade.

in the same spots, about four or five in the Many circumstances have prevented me space of a foot square; and, to my great from becoming a useful associate in this fufprise, they again grew, without any generous plan; yet I beheld with much manure, to as great a height as the prefatisfaction, in common with all dilin- ceding year. terefted men, the agitation of so noble a This favourable circumstance greatly queftion; and the united efforts of others contributed to my making the experiment; to procure the article fugar from maple, therefore, ateer gathering the fruit in beets, and faccharine vegetables. October, which was very larje and perMONTHLY MAG, NO. 57.

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