« AnteriorContinua »
tight; and adding two tabes opening with besides an actual gain of power for me. in the cylinder, one at the top, and the chanical purposes, pump up the waste other at the bottom; and each tube connec. water from the other, and return it to a ted with a longer one placed perpendicu. proper height to perform again its office larly or nearly so, and rising to as great a as an hydrostatical power. height as a fall of water can be procured. The upright tube being then filled from the DIXIE'S AND MAPLESTONE'S FOR top by a treain of water, it is cut off, by a cock or valve, from that going to the up A PATENT was granted to Messrs. per part of the piston, whence the water Dixie and MAPLESTONE, of Wood. enters below the piston by the inferior street, Cheapside, for a method of raising orifice, and forces it up » the lower cock water from wells and other deep places. is then shut, the upper one opened, and This machine consists of an endless the pressure of the column of water ad- tubical chain, descending to the bottom of mitted above the piston, which forces it the well and revolving round a vertical down again, and thus an alternate motion wheel, placed over the aperture at top. is procured. The water contained in the Every link of the chain is a bucket, made cylinder, when it has performed its office, of pewter, copper, or iron, which alpafles off through orifices above and be. cends full, and, in turning over the low, being forced out by each succeeding wheel, empties its contents into a trough, motion of the piston. If the height of which conveys away the water from the water in the perpendicular tube be ten feet, mouth of the well. the pressure on the piston of a three feet Several machines of a construction some. diameter cylinder will be equal to a power what fimilar to the present, have been used of 5368 lh, if 20 feet high, the power for various purposes. In Spain and Porwill be 107371b. and so in direct propor- tugal one on this principle, but of much tion to the height.
ruder workmanship, is in common use The more complex application of this for drawing water. The machine used power described by the inventor, consists in some of the ports in this kingdom for (with regard to its general principle) in cleansing rivers of their mud is founded applying the hydroitatic pressure to the on the fame principle, being compofed of bottom only of the piston of another cy; a series of wooden troughs revolving linder, by means of a pipe with a funnel round an axis which afcend full, and in or reservoir attached to its highest parts, descending empty themfelves into the whilft a great weight laid on the top of hold of a lighter Itationed close by. One the piston, serves as a counter-balancing of the most simple and ingenious machines pressure, but not quite equal to that of on this construction is one used by the the column of water. When this last is Chinese, a plate of which is given in Sir admitted to the bottom of the cylinder, G. Staunton's Account of Lord Macartit raises the piston with its superincum- ney's Embassy, for raising water to a bent weight; but when this motion is considerable height, where there is already performed, the cup-reservoir on the top or a slighe fall, which is constructed entirely the tube now emptied, together with the of bamboo vessels in the form of a piftol upper part of the tube wirich is full, are barrel fixed to the circumference of a large depressed by a wheel that is moved by a wheel of the same material and revolving power from the first nientioned cylinder; along with it. and the actual height of the incuinbent The invention of the patentee applies warer in the tube being lefsened, the this principle in an ingenious manner and, weight on the pillon becomes now the by means of the tubical chain xvolving heaviest, and again unites ic to the bot- round a small axis, unites the advantages tom. Thus an alternate motion is pro- of very fimple apparatus with the power duced ;
and by means of ewo cylinders in of application to any depth. alliance with each other, the one may,
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS,
In March, 1800.
thing of that splendour so congenial to the THE government of Bonaparte af- habits and difpofitions of the French. He
sumes every day not only the vigour has his regular levees, his magnificent of a well compacted monarchy, but Ionie- proceflions, and his triumphant entr.sces
to the Palace of Republicanism. The regiments of flying artillery, having at name of Bonaparte in the mouth of the tached to each of them a train of 32 fieldParisian populace is as favourite and proud pieces and 16 howitzers. an expression as that of Louis the Great Letters from the right bank of the a century ago; and the First Consul pof- Rhine state, that the whole Austrian army selles all the power without the responsibi- is quitting its cantonments, to proceed to lity of a king. It cannot, however, be the banks of the Rhine and Necker. The denied that he has exercised his discretion- militia and troops of the Empire are to ary (way (for such it in a great measure is, join the army. 'A German paper pubDotwithitanding the Tribunates, Legislative lishes the following list of the forces, which Bedies, and Councils of State) with a cle- are to second the Imperial army, viz. mercy and moderation, which would have 12,000 Bavarians, 4500 Wirtemberghers, ' reflected honour on any cause.
4000 Mentz troops,2000 Bamberghers; beThe preparations for opening the cam. fides the militia of the Voralberg, and of Anpaign, are very formidable on both sides. terior Austria, of Suabia, and Franconia, In Italy, unless some extraordinary vicissi. which will form a total of 20,000 or 24,000 tude takes place, the fortresses and Arong men; but it must be observed, that these places in the possession of the Austrians, militia troops are little used to military must prove an insurmountable barrier operations. against the renewed aggressions of the The plan of a law recently introduced French ; Switzerland is so completely ex. into the French legillative body, for investhaufted, that it will probably be suffered ing the executive power, with the right to enjoy the benefits of neutrality, that it of enrolling and einbodying for the mili. may recover from the horrid excesses, and tary service all the young men who on cruel ravages, committed by its allies and the 23d of last September had completed enemies; and we may therefore naturally their twenty-first year, is almost the only look to the Lower Rbine, as the great scene act which bears any affinity to the proceedof action between the belligerent powers. ings of the late government.
The conThe general esteem in which national scription, which would produce a disposebanks have been held for above a century, able force of about 300,000 men, must be has induced the government of France to considered as a measure intended to inspire the recent establishment of a bank at Paris, the allies with terror rather than to pro. under the direction of leveral of the lead. duce a powerful and immediate effect, for ing merchants and bankers of that city. a very important part of the campaign It is called the Bank of France, and in must elapse before the troops rewly levied, the act of its incorporation, which is just could be in a state of readiness to take the published, its capital is stated at thirty field. millions of livres; this capital is divided
PRUSSIA. into 30,500 shares, and the bank is to dis. An offensive and defensive alliance be. count bills of exchange, notes payable to tween this court and that of France is erder, and to issue notes payable to bearer. spoken of, against certain designs which
The order of the day for the 12th of other powers are supposed to entertain. Febuary, for the Confular guard, and all It is said, that the ministers were seriously the troops of the Republic, was as fol- engaged with the object in the late conferlows: "Washington is no more That ences which they have had with the French great man fought against tyranny-He ambassador. Although this important in. firmly established the liberty of his coun- telligence be yet but a report, it is nevertry-His
memory will ever be dear to the theless given ro circumstantially, that it French People, as it must be to every is difficult not to give credit to it, partifriend of freedom in the two worlds, and cularly when we fee Russia affembling lo especially to the French soldiers, who like many troops on the frontiers of Prussia. him and the Americans bravely fought
AMERICA. for Liberty and Equality.” The First The funeral oration on the death of Ge. Consul in consequence orders, that for ten neral Walhington was delivered by Madays black crape shall be suspended to all jor-general Lee, Member of Congress the standards and flags of the French Re- from Virginia. It reverts to the period public."
of youth, when he was aid-de camp to The ftrength of General Moreau's army the gallant and ill-fated Braddocki It on the Rhine, is estimated in the Paris traces him from the commencement to the papers at 130,000 men, without including conclusion of the American war; from 2 corps of reserve. The cavalry consists the acknowledgment of American indeof nearly 20,000 men, and there are eight pendence, to the establishment of the
American conftitution; it accompanies warmth, rebutting the charge againft him, him through the eventful period of his and attributing to the corruption of the magistracy; it follows him to his final re- partisans of government all the calamities tirement and death. “His fame," says with which the country had been afflicted. the orator, “survives, bounded only by Mr. Corry repeated his ftatement, to which the limits of the earth, and by the extent Mr. Grattan replied, in terms of peculiar of the humaş mind. He survives in our severity: Mr. Corry retired, and sent by hearts-in the growing knowledge of our General Craddock ́a message to Mr. children in the affe&tion of the good Grattan, who instantly left the house, üt. throughout the world : and when our mo
tended by: Mr. Metge. Tlie parties numents shall be done away, when nations fought, and the fifth Diot Mr. Grattan's now existing shall be no more, ftill fall ball lodged in Mr. Corry's arm; but it the glory of Washington Mine unfaded, bring extracted, he returned to the house; and die not until the love of virtue cease where on a divifion, the numbers were, on earth, or earth it self sink into chaos." for the motion 161, against it 115. MaAs a literaty production, this oration can. jority in favour of a Legislative Union 46. not be commended.
Lord Caftlereagh, in a committee of the According to letters from Paris, dated whole house, (Feb. 21/t) moved the firtt the 8th of March, it appears that the article of the Union, which was to the fol. American ministers, David, Elsworth, and lowing purport. Murray, are to be immediately engaged in Article ift. Resolved, that for the purnegociation, and a commission has been pose of establihing a union, upon the basis named to that effe&t by the First Consul, stated in the resolutions of the two houses composed of Joseph Bonaparte, Fleurieu, of parliainent of Great Britain, commu. and 'Roederer ; Niourgeres, secretary. nicated by his majesty's command, in the EAST INDIES.
message sent to this house, by his Excel. The Marquis Wellesley has been pleas. to propose, that the kingdoms of Great
lency the Lord-lieutenant, it would be fit ed to grant pensions for life, to the follow. Britain and Ireland shall upon the ist day ing principal surviving Sirdars of the late of January in the year 1801 be united Tippo Sultaun, to the amount specified into one kingdom, by the name of the after the name of each, viz.
United Kingdoms of Great Britain and Star Pagodas per annum. Ireland. Upon this resolution a debate Meer Gholum Ali Meer, Suddoor 3000
took place, but the motion was in the Gliolum Ali Khan, Vakeel
end carried without a division). Ali Reza Khan, ditto
Article 2nd. Went to propose, that it Badruz Zemaun Khan
3000 would be fit that the succession to the Im. Syed Mahomed Khan And to perfons who held inferior officers perial crown of the faid united kingdom under the late government of Mysore, fi mall continue limited and settled in the pends or allowances equal to half the same manner as the succession to the Imamount of their salaries granted by the perial Crown of the faid kingdoms of Sultaun, such stipends to be continued to limited and settled, according to the exift
Great Britain and Ireland now ftands them during good behaviour, or so long as they thall remain unemployed, either by between England and Scotland.
ing laws, and to the terms of the Union the Company or its allies. The sale of the captured property at
Article 3d. Resolved, that for the same Seringapatam, commenced on the 15th of purpose it would be fit to propose, that Auguit
, for the purpose of making a di- the said United Kingdom be represented vidend to the army; the articles confifted Ailed the Parliament of the United King
in one and the faine parliament, to be of cloths of different kinds, precious dom of Great Britain and Ireland. stones, &c.
Some further debate took place on each IRELAND.
of chefe resolutions, but they were also In the Irish Parliament, on the 17th of carried without a division; after which February, Mr. Corry, Chancellor of the the house adjourned. Exchequer, entered into an historical ac. Lord Caftlereagh, on the 24th of Feb. count of Ireland, attributing the late re. called the attention of the gentlemen to the hellion to the writings and speeches of Mr. seventh article, relating to finance and Gratian, and to fimilar causes, and con. contribution, and moved its adoption, eluded by moving a resolution in favour of The motion was opposed by the Speaker, an union. Mr. Grattan replied with much Sir John Parnell, Messrs. J. C. Beresford,
Ogle, and Lee ; and Supported by the Which, deducted from the total
of the fupplies wanted, left a Colonel Maxwell moved, that the chair- residue of less than 4,500,000l. man do leave the chair. The house then but the difference he would let divided upon that motion,
stand for unforeseen charges, Ayes 108-Noes 152-Majority 44.
and would therefore take the The bouse on the 28th of February, re
sum to be provided for, at 4,500,000 folved itself into a committee on the Union, He proceeded to state .those fources when the commercial article was taken from which he proposed to raise the fums into consideration.
wanted to defray the interest of the loan. The Right Hon. John Beresford moved the refolution. The speaker opposed it;
The House of Commons, on the zift aked what advantage this arrangement
of February, in a committee of lupply, gave, which was not offered the country voted for the extra of the army i by the proposition of 1785. Mr. Berei
£..2,500,000 ford replied, that by this arrangement the Deficiences of Grants last year 447,000
150,000 prohibitory duties of England on her raw Foreign and Secret Services i materials of manufacture would be remov.
Addresses of that House ed. In the course of the debate, the Set. French Emigrants, and American tlement of 1782 was alluded to.
242,000 Lord Caftlereagh treated the Settlement Deficiencies last year on this acof 1782, as a chimera with refpect to ul
7,574 timate arrangement, and hoped he should Civil Etablifhment of Upper
Canada hear no more of the filly doctrine of final
Ditto Nova Scotia adjustment.
5* 540 Mr. Grattan replied in very strong terins Ditto Ile St. John
Ditto New Brunswick
4,650 to his lordship, whom he considered as a
1,900 Ditto Cape Breton
1,840 young man that laughed at an argument which he was unable to answer. Mr.
Ditto Bahama Inands Commiffioner Beresford, Lord Caftlereagh,
Ditto Bermudas and Sir John Blaquiere, argued in favour
580 Ditto Dominica
600 of the commercial article, which was com
6,300 bated by the Speaker, Mr. Goold, Colo Ditto New South Wales
Bills from ditto Rel Barry, and several others; when the
24,074 committee proceeded to the examination Expence of the Alien Ad
: 32,353 of some principal merchants and traders,
Employment of Convicts with respect to the probable effect of the
On the 24th of February, the Lord commercial arrangements proposed.
Mayor presented a petition from the Li. The firft witness, Mr. Pim, said he very of the City of London, in common was of opinion, that if the protecting du- hall afsembled, praying that house to interties on the importation of Englith cotton pose with his Majesty, that he would be were taken off, it would ruin the Irish graciouly pleased to use his beft endeamanufacture.
vours to accomplish peace “on safe and
honourable terms." The attendance of The next witness, Mr. Orr, concurred the Livery on this occafion at the common in the fame opinion : his examination last- hall was uncommonly numerous ; and it ed till near two o'clock on Saturday morn. ing, when the committee adjourned, and that no persons but liverymen were ad
has been moft clearly ascertained since, agreed to proceed in the evening to the examination of other witnesses.
mitted. The petition expressed the The same day, after some ordinary bu- voice of the city of London most unequifiness, the House of Commons resolved
vocally. itself into a committee of
Mr. Pitt, on the same day, in adverting ways and
to the duty which his situation called him means.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer, stated to observed on this occafion, he felt a graThe total of the supply wanted
tification in being able to announce, that for the year, at
such was the flattering and fourishing state
£0.7,159,201 of the country, that he was enabled to say, To satisfy this, there remained
its resources completely met its necessities in the treasury a surplus of
and its war neceflities too; that he should
500,000 have but little occasion now to call on the The revenues he estimated at 2,300,000 people for farther aid in support of the con
telt, and therefore he should be brief in Making together 2,800,000 what he had to submit to the committee first.
New Taxes, Navy
13,619,079 13 11 5 per cent duty on the higher Army
11,350,079 II 10 Teas, which on an average Ordnance 1,695,956 17 II would produce
130,000 Miscellaneous Services
On home-made Spirits, a duty of Interest due to the Bank - 816,650
id. per gallon of wath, which Deficiency of Ways and
was atgd. per gallon fpirit, and Means of 1799 447,039
100,000 Ditto of Land and Malt 350,000 On Foreign Spirits imported, an To pay off Exchequer
additional duty in proportion, Bills, raised by 39th
the product whereof would be 120,000 of George III. 2,500,250 Ditto on Aids and Con
1,079,730 From which deducting the inteDitto of Supply 1800 1,914,000 reit
313,500 Reduction of National Debe
There will be an annual Surplus of 36,500 Subsidies
On which he could not avoid congratulat
ing the country.
37,728,785 3 Mr. Tierney made a few observations on Remained for unforeseen
the gross evation of the mercantile world in Services
1,771,215 discharging their inoiety of the Income Tax;
to which Mr. Pitt replied, stating, at the Total amount of Sup.
fame time, his intention of remedying such ply
39,500,000 3 8 abuses in future; and Mr. Burdon offerTo meet this expenditure, he was fortu- ing some observations, the report was or. nate in being able to exhibit a statement dered, and the house adjourned. that would more than answer the object; On the 26th of February, Mr. Tierney Sugar, Tobacco, and Malt, £:2,750,000 made a motion to ascertain the precise ob Exports, and Imports 1,250,000 ject of the war with France. In his own Lottery
200,000 mind he was convinced that the object was
the restoration of monarchy in France, Ten per. cent. 7,000,000
When the Chancellor of the Exchequer on Income Deduct Interest
had been prefied a few nights ago to say
5,300,000 what that object was, he replied, Security. on 8,000,000 11,000,000 1,700,000
That, Mr. Tierney faid, was an anfwer
by no means satisfactory to his mind; it 13,500,000
was loose and diffufelor that, without Bank Charter
3,000,000 explaining the precise object of the war, Loan
18,500,000 Ministers fheltered themselves under á Vote of Credit
3,000,000 vague and indefinable pretext. He did Surplus Consolidated Fund
5,500,000 not rise now for the purpose of making
his political profession of faith ; but thus Total of Ways and Means 39,500,000 much he must observe, that no man was,
Messrs. Robarts and Co. Sir Francis more attached to the Constitution under Baring, and Mr. Giles, bade the same price which he lived; no one more attached to by agreement; and being the lowest bid- the family on the throne. He was eduders, the loan is divided between them. cated in these principles, and they were At the price of the market, when the bar. such as nothing could eradicate from his gain was concluded, the following is the mind. The tendency of the present mocalculation of the terms :
tion was to induce Ministers to avow pre1101, Consols, a 62
cisely the object of the war ; for as Lord 47 Reduced, a 63
Grenville's Note had pronounced it to be Discount about
16 the re-establishment of the houle of Bour
don on the throne of France, he said some
official documents ought to appear from Then entering into the terms of the loan, Ministers to thew that such was not the he itated, that the interest thereon would object for which they were prosecuting be only 41. 145. 24d. per cent. and that the war. It was true, the Minister had the total permanent charge thereon would faid security was the object, but his speech be no more than 313,500l. to which he could not have the fame effect on France diould propole the following
as if it were an official document. He