Imatges de pÓgina




what way he likes best ; a liberty that indeed, but that were offered me when I renders the whole company perfectly easy began this business, and knew much less and satisfied with each other, which people of the matter than I do at present, of different ranks in lite can never be The inclosed letter to me will, I prewithout it. In a morning every man orders fume, give you full satisfaction as to the what he pleases for his own breakfast, and man with two heads. My very intimate waits for nobody. At dinner we fit pro- and most valuable friend our president of miscuously and lay afide all form, and our the Royal Society, on my hinting how evenings are usually spent together in much í should be obliged to be able to making experiments till ten o'clock, when give it you under his own hand, was so

called to supper. But this good as to send it me the next day. Christmas we had a choice band of musia We had lately at the Royal Society one cians from London, who entertained us Margaret Cutting of Wickham market, most evenings with lele&t an: grand pieces in Suffolk, a woman of about jo years of of music from the belt Opera, and Ora- age, whose congue at four years old was torios,accompanied by trumpets and kettle entirely eradicated by a cancer, notwithdrums. For my own part, as his Grace standing which the continued to speak has a fine library, I spend much of my plainly, according to an account given by time there, and endeavour not to be idle me to the faid society, and printed in the though I am from busineis. But I have Transactions lome years ago. We could made a tedious digression, when I only depend on the authorities we had before intended to produce a reason for not of this extraordinary case, but found it answering your's before, and halten now more strange than we imagined upon hav. to asure you of my hearty concern for ing her hetore us; for on the stricteft exyour health, which I pray God to reitore and amination of skiltul anatumists, fhe has not confirm to you. I am plealed to think the least remains of a tongue, and yet any communication of mine can prove speaks fo plain you would not imagine agreeable to your ingenious fociety, whote she wanted any part of it, and fings very prosperity I sincerely wish. The rules you prettily. were plealed to ferd me 214, I make no I have often with pleasure and amazedoubt, well adapted to meetings in a ment examined the antennz of butterflies country town, of which we here are very and other intečts: and have in some taken improper judges : and, therefore, instead notice of the structure you mention, which of pretending to advise in a matter they is not much unlike that of the beard of all understand much better than I can do, the wild oat, which is thereby capable of I intreat the favour of them to accept my making an excellent hygrometer, as Dr. best compliments, and believe me their Hook has well oblerved. humble servant.

My son delires your acceptance of his I am much obliged for your kind advice moit hunble refpe&ts, together with his not to let my method of teaching (curing belt thanks for your most friendly concern defects of speech] be loft with me; and for him, which he hopes to become more can assure you I have taken good care to deserving of: he likewise begs you will preserve it by means of my papers, if so make his thanks and acknowledgments be any one can be found stocked with at- agreeable to the gentlemen of your society, tention and patience fufficient for it. My for the great honour they do him by taking son seems not to want a common share of notice of any thing he can be capable of both, but this business requires an ability doing. I am very glad you are acquainted of keeping the mind at full ftretch for an with my ingenious and worthy friend Dr. hour together, and a sagacity to discover Miles, whose almost weekly correlpond. the ideas as they arise in the mind of the ence I have been happy in for fome years, learner, and to give them words : to do though in winter I lee him but seldom. all which nobody, I believe, at his years

This letter has been writ at 3 or 4 fitis capable.

tings, and has nothing to recommend it I am sorry any friend of your's needs but a hearty good will, accompanied with assistance in my way, and have often wished the most sincere esteem and retpect tor you, it were poflible in the nature of things to which therefore 1 allure myisit you will make the terms of such affittance more accept without any ceremony, from caly, and at the same time provide for

Dear Sir, Your most aficctionate, my family as well by this employment as

And obedient humble Sertant, I could do by some other : but as each

H. BAKER. scholar must be taught alone, l-am able London, Jan. 16, 1747-8. to undertake fo few, that I am obliged to P. S. My service to Ms. Shipley. viep to the original terms, not that I made


Extracts from the Port-folio of a Man of Letters.,



(though triling when compared with thore HE character of this restless and , of more modern times) may have given troduced by Mr. Godwin in his fingular information on this subject, I refer the Romance of « The Travels of St. Leon.” reader to the learned commentators on the It is, certainly, one of the happiest efforts satyrical exclamation of Cæsar's soldiers, in that work; and the reader inust now be during his triumphal entry into Rome : interested in the real character, with which Urbani, servate uxorem, machum calvum bittory presents us.

' adducimus!' Henry III. King of France, Bethlem-Gabor was a Transylvanian, lost his hair through the then yet newof an ancient but impoverished family, fashioned venereal disease (although, inwho gained the favour of Gabriel-Battori, deed, his grandfather had already been Prince of Transylvania. Having as á infected with it); he had therefore one of restless adventurer quitted this court for the caps, then usually worn, covered with that of Constantinople, he acquired such falfe hair : but yet he ventured not to take credit among the Turks, as to induce off his hat the presence of his queen, them to declare war against his first and or of the foreign ambassadors, for fear kindest benefactor. Battori, loft by in- they should observe his loss. In 1918, trigue and abandoned by his subjects and John Duke of Saxony, ordered his head. the Emperor, was vanquished in 1613. bailiff at Cobourg, to procure for him Betblem-Gabor took several places in from Nurnberg a handsome false head of Hungary; and, compelling a Pacha to in- hair ; but fecretly (wrote he), that it veit him with Transylvania, he declared may not be known that it is for us; and himself King of Hungary. In 1620, the let it be curled, and so contrived that it Emperor marched some troops againit him; may be put on the head without being but bis General Bucquoi was killed. observed.' —But in the reign of Louis XIV. Bethlem Gabor, though now a conqueror, when polite manners and gallantry had bedreaded the imperial power, and solicited come more general, men more sensibly peace, which he obtained on condition of affected with cold, &c. and the number of renouncing the title of King of Hungary, bald-heads greater ; they were no longer and that he should only take that of a Prince alhamed of the caps covered with false of the Empire. The Emperor, who was not hair; many people even, who had not loft on his fide a little troubled by so restless their hair, wore them from an affectation and intrepid a subject, was willing to ac- of fashionable gallantry, from the effects knowledge this rebel as sovereign of of which they were really exempt. This Transylvania, and to cede to him seven gave rise to the idea of weaving hair into counties, of about 50 leagues in circum- a linen cloth, and likewise into fringes, ference. But nothing could appeafe the which were used for sometime under the fire raging in the wild bosom of this Gabor. name Milan Points. These fringes or laces -Hefoon after revived his claims on were sown in rows to the plain caps, which Hungary. Walftein vanquished him; and were now made of a thinner sheep-skin ; the war was at length concluded by a and this bead-dress was called, by the maty which made over Tranfylvania and French peruque, by the Germans parucke, the adjacent territories to the house of by the Englim periwig, contracted into Auftria, after the death of Gabor, which wig -At last they invented a kind of bappened in 1629

three-thread tresses, which were sewed to ribbons or other stuffs ; these they then stretched out, and joined together on blocks

cut into the Mape of the head. This is The Greeks and Romans used false the origin of our present wigs, the making, hair; and had likewise a kind of hair repairing, and dressing of which furnishes powder. – Hannibal wore fa se hair.- employment to so vast a number of people. Lampridius gives a description of the The first who wore a peruque, was an Emperor Commodus's wig, which was abbé named La Riviere. At one time powdered with gold-duft, and anointed this ornament of the head was so thick, with ointments of an agreeable odour, fo loaded with hair, and so long, that it that the dust inight adhere to it. It ap- hung down as low as the waist. A person pears not improbable, that, even then, who happened to have a lean visage, was not merely a vain affectation of pomp, quite hid in this cloud of hair. The forebut the effcts of too active a gallantry part of the wig was likewise worn very






high: in France, this was called devant' occalion of too abundant a vintage, male à la Fontagne, from the marquis of that and sold brandy in considerable quantities. name, who had brought it into vogue in The German miners had first acquired the the time of Louis XIV.--A certain Er. habit of drinking it; and the great convais at last found out the art of frizzing the fumption of and demand for this liquor wigs; by which means, with a small quan- foon induced the Venetians to participate tity of hair they appear fuller than they with the Madenese in the new lucrative could be with even a much greater. The art and branch of commerce. However, it bag wigs first came into fashion during appears, that brandy did not come into the regency of the Duke of Orleans, and general use till fowards the end of the thence obtained the name of perruques à fifteenth century; and then it was still la regence. The Emperor Charles VI. called burnt wine. The first printed books would allow no one to be admitted into which make mention of brandy, recomhis presence without a wig with two tails. mended it as a preservative againit most of a more modern date than wigs is our dileafes, and as a means to prolong youth present hair. powder. lu the reign of and beauty. Similar encomiums have Louis XIV. it was not yet in general been bestowed on tea and coffee ; and peo. ule; and that king at fiift diliked the ple became so much habituated to these fashion of wearing it. The players are liquors, that they at last daily drank them laid to have first po vdered their bair: but merely on account of their being pleasant for a long time after the introduction of to their palate. In the Reformation of the that practice, always combed the powder Archbithopric of Cologne, in the first out again, as soon as they returned from quarter of the sixteenth century, no menthe theatre.

tion is made of brandy; although it must certainly have been named there, if it had then already been uled in Westphalia.

William II. Landgrave of Heffe, about The law which established this practice the commencement of the sixteenth century, is generally believed to have been enacted ordered that no seller of brandy should suficely with the view to promote the staple fer it to be drunken in his houte-and that manufacture of this county. Another no one mould be allowed to offer it ior fale beneficial consequence, however, flows before the church doors on holidays. from it, whicin is of great importance, 1524 Poilip. Landgrave of Hesse totally especially at the present time, when the prohibited the vending of burnt wine. price of paper and of bocks is become so But in the middle of the fixteenth century, enormously high. For it appears that, when Baccius wrote his Hijlory of Wine, by the prohibition to clothe the bodies of brandy was everywhere in Italy fold under the dead in linen, at least 200,000 pounds the name of aqua vitis or vitæ. Under of rags are annually saved from untimely King Erick it was introduced into Swe. corruption in the grave, and in due time den. For a long time this liquor was dia páss into the hands of the manufacturer of filied only from fpoilt wine ; afterwards Paper,


from the dregs, &c. of beer and wine ; and when initrad of these the distillers ein

ployed rye, wheat, and barley, it was conThe time of tlie invention of brandy, or fidered as a wicked and unpardonable misardent spirit, which has had to wonderlul' use of corn; it was feared that brandy an influence on many arts, on commerce, made from wine would be adulterated wiih on the habits, health and happiness of the malt fpirits; and an idea prevailed, that human race, is not exactly known. That the grains were noxious to cattle, but efthe first was made by the Arabians from pecially to swine ; whence originated wine, and thence called vinum iyium ; that amorig men that loathsome and contagious Arabian physicians first employed it in the discale the leprosy. Expressly for these coni position of medicines ; and that so late realons, burnt wine was, in January 1595 as the year 1333 the manner of preparing forbidden to be made in the Electorate of it was very difficult and tedious, and till Saxony, except only from wine lees and considered' by chemists as a secret art; it the dregs of beer. In 1582 brandy was appears from the writings of Arnold de prohibited at Frankfurt on the Mayne, be. Ville Neuve [Arnoldus de Villa Nova] cause the barber-Surgeons had represented, Rayinond Lully, and Theophrastus Pa- that it was noxious in the then prevalent racelsus; and it is without fuficient reason fatal dhíorders. From the same cause, the that some ascribe the invention to Arnold. prohibition was renewed in 1605. With Alexander Tafsoni relates, that the Mo- altonishing rapidity has the love of brandy denele were the first who, in Europe, on and ardent spirit in general spread over all



parts of the world ; and nations the most A Portrait 'of Robespiere at the Moment uncultivated and the inot ignorant, who of his Arrival at the Manfion-house of can neither reckon nor write, have not ihe Mayor on the 9th Thermidor. only comprehended the method of distilling it; but even had ingenuity enough and eight o'clock in the evening,a hackney.

On the oth Thermidor, between seven to apply to the preparation of it the pro- coach was seen to stop at the entrance of the dues furnished by their own country. Malt fpirits and French brandy, which, court-yard before the hotel of the mayor. A when both are pure, are however alike in gens-d'armes alighted from it, and, after retheir component parts, may with the great pairing to the Committee of Administration et certainty be diftinguished by the taste of the Police, returned immediately with of what is left after burning them. of three of those officers wearing their tri-cothe latter, this watery remainder is sharp, coach door; and immediately a man arole,

loured scarfs. One of them opened the nauseous, and almost four ; but what is left after burning the malt spirits, excites apparently distracted with fear, holding a a taste of burnt, or at lealt roasted, meal.

white handkerchief clofe over his mouth,

and elbowing the persons about him, as if WAX CANDLES.

to make them let go their hold, and allow The reformation of religion greatly di- bim to get out the first. It was Robert minthed the consumption of wax candles, pierre. When he had overcome their reand Ikwise the practice of keeping bees. fittance, he did not alight in the usual manlo cattle of Wittenberg, and the church ner ; but leaped without touching the steps there, in which nine hundred masses were

into the court-yard ; and then hastily faced anaually performed, 35,750 pounds of about towards the carriage. His counte. wax-lights were burned every year. In

was wan, and expressive of the the time of the Dominican Flamma, at

greatest dejection. the commencement of the fourteenth cen

The Administrators welcomed him with tury, wax-lights were unknown, and tal- the strongest demonftrations of friendfiip. kcw.candles were considered an extrava

One put his right arm round his wailt, and gant luxury. So late as the close of the hugged him affectionately; another took him fourteenth century wax was so dear in under the arm; and in this way they conFrance, that it was held to be very a liberal ducted him towards the Commitite, pafling and princely vow, when Philip Bold,

clofe along side of the apartments of the Duke of Burgundy, who began to govern mayor. An inferior officer of police, by that dachy in the year 1361, offered to whom these particulars are related, and who $1. Antony of Vieine for the restoration

was at a window on the first floor, could of the health of his lick fon, as much wax only distinguish the following words, utas the latter weighed. In the time of Fre- tered by one of the Administrators: “D. derick William, King of Prussia, the not be alarmed ! are you not among your consumption of wax-lights at his court

friends ?" was so great, that a quantity to the value

An hour after a great trampling of horses of fix thousand dollars annually was pil was heard in the court-yard. It was Hen. fered by fervants, &c, without the depre. riot, who came with two of his aid-dedations being observed. In January 1779, camps, and other adherents, to look for Rofourteen thousand candles are said to have bespierre, and to protect his passage froin been lighted at once at the celebration of the Mairie to the Hotel-de-ville. a feast in the electoral palace at Dresden, and in one night fix hundred weight of wax was confumed.


ORIGINAL POETRY. THE HERMIT OF MONT-BLANC." Unblessing and unbless’d. In early youth, By MRS. ROBINSON.

Cross'd in the fond affections of his foul MID the drea: altitudes of dazzling snow (For in his foul the purest pasions liv'd)

O'er-topping the huge imag’ry of nature, By false ambition, from his parent home Where one eternal winter seem'd to reign, He, solitary, wander’d: while the maid, : AS HERNIT's threshold, carpetted with moss, whose peerless beauty won his yielding heart, Diversified the scene. Above the flakes Condemn'd by lordly needy perfecution, Of Glv'ry frow, full many a modeft flow'r Pin'd in monastic horrors ! Peep'd thro' ies icy veil, and blu hing op d

Near his fill Its variegated hues-the orcbis sweet, A little cross he rear'd; where prostrate low, The bloomy ciftus, and the fragrant branch At day's pale glimpse, and when the setting Of gloffy myrtle. lo the ruthy cell

fun The lonely ANCHORIT consum'd his days, Tiflued the western sky with streamy gold,

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His orisons he pour'd, for her, whose hours

Of cow'ring CENIS,-scatt'ring, high and Were wasted in ollivion. Winters past,

wide, And summers faded low, unchearly all

A mist of fleecy snow. Then would he hear, To the lone Hermit's forrows. For, fill, While mem’ry brought to view his happier

days, A mild and unpolluted altar reard

The trembling torrent, hursting wildly forth On the white walte of wonders! From the From its thaw'd cavern, sweep the shaggy cliff, peak

ful eye,

Vast and ftupendous! strength’ning as it fell, Which mark'd his neighb'ring hut, his tear And delving, ʼmid the snow, a chain rude.

Onc dreary night, when WINTER's icy breath Oft wander'd v'er the rich expaníc below ; Half petrified the world; when not a star Oft trac'd the glow of vegetating spring, Glean'd thro' the blank infinity of space; The full blown fummer fplendours, and the Sudden the Hermit started from his couch, hue

Fear-truck and trembling! ev'ry limb was Of tawny scenes autumnal. Still was he

íbook By ail forgotten ; save by her whose breast

With painfui agitation. On his cheek Sigbd in responsive sadness to the gale

The blanch'd interpreter of horror wilt That fwept her prison turrets. Five long Sat terribly impresive! In his breast years

The purple fount of life convulsive throbbid, Had the lone HERMIT turn'd the sandy glass And his broad cyes, fixed motion!cís as deatlı, In filent resignation! Five long years Gazed vacantiy aghaft! his feeble lamp Had seen his graces wither, cre his youth

Was waiting rapidly! the biting gale Of life was wasted. From the social scenes Pierc'd the thin texture of his narrow cell; Of human energy an alien driv'n,

And filence seem'd to mark the dreary hour He almost had forgot the face of man. With tentold horiors! As he liftning (at, No voice had met his ear, save, when per- The cold drops pacing down his hollow check, chance

A groan, a second groan, atlail'd his ear, The pilgrim wanderer, or the goat-herd swain, And routed him into action. To the fill Pewilder'a in the starless midnight hour, Of his low entrance he ruh'd forth, and fuon Inplor'd the HERMIT's aid, the HERMIT's The wicker bolt unfasten'd. The keen blatt pray'rs;

His quiv’ring lamp extinguith'd, and again And nothing loth by pity or by pray's His foul was thrill'd with terror. From below Was he to focthe the wretched. On the top A stream of light shot forth, diffusing round Of his low ruthy dome, a tinkling bell A partial view of trackless folitudes; Oft told the weary trav’ller to approach And mingling voices seem'd, with busy hum, Fearlets of danger. The small filver sound To break the spell of filence! Down the stee? In quick vibrations echo'd down the dell The HERMIT hasten'd, when a fhriek of To the dim valley's quiet, while the breeze

death Slept on the glatry LEMAN. Thus he pals'd Re-echo'd to the valley! As he fiew, His melancholy days, an alien MAN

Half hoping, halt despairing, to the scene From all the joys of social intercourse, Of wonder-waking ang with, suddenly Alone, unpitied, by the world forgot! The torches were extinct,--and glooms opake His Scrip cach morning bore the day's repast, Involv'd the face of nature. All below Gather'd on fummits mingling with the Was wrapp'd in darknels;, while the hollow

clouds; From whose bleak altitude the eye looks Of cavernd winds with melancholy found down,

Deepend the midnight horrors. Four long While fast the giddy brain is rock'd by fear.

hours Oft wou'd he ftart from visionary rest, The Hermit watch'd and pray'd. And now When roaming wolves their midnight chorus

the dawn howlid;

Broke on the eastern fummits; the blue light Or blafts tremendous shattered the white cliffs, Shed its cold lustre on the colder brows While the huge fragments rifted by the storm Of alpine mountains; while the dewy wing Plung'd to the dell below! Oft wou'd he lit, Of weeping twilight swept the naked plains, In Silent fadness, on the jutting block Of the Lombardian landscape. On the snow, Oi snow-encruited ice, and shudd'ring mark, Dappled with ruhy drops, a track was made Mid the vast wonders of the frozen world, By Heps precipitate; a rugged path Diffolving pyramids, and threat’ning peaks, Down the steep frozen chatrı mark'd the fate Hang o'er his novel, terribly sublime! Of fome night iraveiler, whole bleeding forme And oft, when SU MAI E R breath'd its fragrant Had toppled from the funmit. Lower ftill gales,

The ANCHOR:ET descended-till arriv'd Light sweeping o'er the wates of printless dew, At the forit ridge of snowy battlements, Or twilight gotlamer, his penfive gize

Where, lifeleis-ghaftly, Faler than the bed Trac'd the swift storm advancing, whose broad On which her cheek repored-mhis darling

maid wing Blacken’d the rushy dome of his low hut;

Slept in the arms of death. Frantic and wild While the pale lightning Imote the pathless

Ho chips her well-knowa form, and buthez widli tcars

'The top.


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