Imatges de pàgina

of this Kingdom," bv Dr. Sturges, Pre- ville, whose patients, it seems, had many bendary of Winchester, &c. who afferts in of them pustules scattered over the body:plain terms, and with abundant evidence in some of these moreover, the pustules that the history of Mr. Milner is in fact were confuent, and in one inftance the made so much the vehicle of an apology patient died. On examining Dr. Woodfor Popery, and a fatire on the Reformed ville's experiments, however, it appears Religion in general, especially that of the that a conliderable number of his patients Church of England, that this seems to were inoculated with small-pox matter have been the object predominant in the the third or fifth day after inserting the author's mind; and the ostensible subject, ichor of the vaccine ! The patients there. the History of Winchester properly so fore having been infected with the smallcalled, fecondary only and subject to it. pox, it is not wonderful that those who Dr. Sturges's Reflections may not only be were inoculated from the should receive considered as a refutation of the objec- the same disease. Dr. Woodville's pracuional parts of Mr. Milner's History, but tice, and that of the other gentlemen who as a comprehensive and able defence of have adopted this new inoculation conProtestant principles in general.

tinue we learn with unvaried and unequiThe falle and illiberal aspersions on the vocal success. memory and writings of Dr. Hoadley, Dr. PEARSON'S “ Observations on the have called forth “ Ä Letter to the Reri Bilious Fevers of 1797, 1798, and 1799* John Milner,” from the pen of Dr. Ro. do credit to his medical sagacity and mode BERT HOADLEY Ashe, who has de- of treatment, and will be read with mucha fended his celebrated relation with much advantage by gentlemen of the profellion. firmness, ardor, and luccess.

The fame may be said of a “ Medical GINEALOGY.

Practitioner's short Account of an infecOn a former occasion we noticed a ge- tious malignant Fever as it appeared at Reral history of the Stuarts from the Uxbridge, &c.” In this little tra&t the earliest period of their authentic history to good effects of yeast and vital air in the difthe prelent times, by a lineal descendant ferent stages of the disorder are inhisted on. from the ancient kings of Scotland, An- Dr. ANDREE, has published “ Some drew Stuart, Esq. A refutation of few Cafes and Obfervations on the Treatthis genealogy has been attempted by ment of Fistula in Ano, Mortifications, an anonymous writer in a Letter to Mr. the Venereal Disease, and Strictures of Stuart, who in his turn has published a the Urethra.” Although this work con“ Supplement to his former work, in tains but little that is new, it may be read reply to the anonymous Refutor. The with advantage by Hudents in Surgery. few who feel interested in this subject We are happy to learn, from the Docwill themselves refer to the publication : tor's practice, that an operation for the although it is not for us to enter into the fiftula in ano, is by no means lo generally merits of the question we cannot avoid neceilary as we imagined: various menoticing in terms of leverest reprehension, thods of cure are detailed, which the Docthe petulance, the vulgarity and misrepre- tor successfully pursued without having sentation which disgrace the pages of this recourse to the knife. anonymous Genealogift.

Dr. SUTTON, in his “ Considerations MEDICINE, &c.

respecting Pulmonary Consumptions," is Numerous as are the works perpetually of opinion that the source of this discale issuing from the press on this subject, we is really in the intestines, and that the have lately discovered but very few which lungs suffer secondarily : he fupports his require to be noticed at any length. It opinion with some degree of plaulibility. gives us the greatest pleasure to reinark Mr. Bury's “ Anatomy of the Grathat every new experiment on the cow. vid Uterus” is fufficiently accurate : ic pox is corroborative of its mildness, and of cannot be expected that a work on this its efficacy in refilling the varioluus con- subject should contain any novelty. Mr. tagion. Dr. JENNER, to whole ardent SANDFORD and Mr. TWEniE have spirit of investigation the public is under both of them given us lectures : the such deep obligacions, has given us a former gentlemari in “ A few Practical “ Continuation of Facts and Oberrations Remarks on the Medicinal Effects of relative to the Variolæ Vaccinæ.” The Wine and Spirits,” the latter in his Doctor instituted a freth series of experi- « Hints on Temperance and Exercise :" ments on this subject in consequence of these pamphlets though very useful and the unfavorable reports concerning it praiseworthy have very little novelty to which had been made by Dr. Wood, recommend them..

Mr. Bell has published the ibirit part but does not seem efficacious as a cure ; of his " System of Dilieciions:" this on the contrary, although in a number of number contains dilections of the peri- cafes the fymproms were either abated or nem and the pelvis. The author de- perhaps entirely removed; the Doctor acfcribes with much accuracy the muscles knowledges that the discafe broke out and vellels of the perinæum and the parts again, and sometimes in a more violent contained in the pelvis, with the method and alarming manner. and order of disticting thein: the plates Dr. GIBBON's “ Medical Cases and like those of the former numbers are Remarks,” are not particularly striking; finished with much accuracy and neatnels. the volume corfifts, of two parts :- 1. On

Dr. Rowley has published what he the good effect of Salivation in Jaundice, calls “The most cogent Realons why arising from Calculi:-11. On the free attringent Injections, caustic Bougies, and Use of Nitre in Hæmorrhagy. violent Salivations thould be banihed for A second volume has been published ever froin Practice, &c.” This is a re. of the “ Trantatiions of a Society for the fpectable publication, and certainly not Improvement of Medical and Chirurgical the less so, that the practice which it in- Knowledge :" this volume contains a great culcates differs not materially from that number of very curious cases reported by of the generality of professors.

Physicians and Surgeons of the firft emiMr. JAM 8 PARKINSON, whose Me- nence; and has a lefs proportion of insig dical Admonitions we mentioned before, nificant communication, than almost any has published a very ufclud little work, fimilar publication. The Society pub. entitled “The Villager's Friend and Phy- lished their former volume in the year fician, &c. This familiar address on the 1793: if the fame system of cautious dePrefervation of Health and the removal of lay were generally adopted, the papers Disease on its first appearance, is supposed which are published by different Societies, to be delivered by a country apothecary, wculi indeed be fewer, but certainly more who in the first place lays down rules for select and valuable. attaining and promoting a healthy consti The Medical and Physical Journal, tution, and afterwards describes in a clear conducted by the Doctors BRADLEY, and dininct manner the fymptoms by BATTY, and NOEHDEN, is, we conclude, which the more ordinary diseales may at in the hands of every intelligent pradi. firit be detected, and the remedies by tioner. which they may must lucceisiully be

The last work which we have to men. oppofed.

tion is Mr. Evy's “ Plain and ufeful In. Dr. HAYGARTH of Bath, in a pam- ftructions for the relief and cure of Rupphlet on the fuvject, proves that the apr: tures, &c. &c.”. Mr. Edy it seems is a plication of worden tiaćiors, answers every vender of elastic truffes and other inpurpose of the patent metallic ones. In itruments for the relief of deformed per. ihort, whatever ettect has been produced fons. in the courfe of their operation, is by VOYAGES TRAVELS AND TOURS. him attributed solely to the influence of Under this head, the work which first imagination!

arrests our attention is the account of Dr. FOTHERGILL'S “ Efray on the A Millionary Voyage to the Southern Preservation of shipwrecked Mariners, Pacific Ocean, performed in the years in Ansiver to the prize Question of the 1796, 1797, and 1798, in the ship Duff

, Humane Society,” if it affords but few commanded by Captain JAMES Wilson.". original fuggestions is yet useful, as col- Whatever may be the religious tenets of leciing in a fmall compass ihose which those who read this volume, it will be imwere before scattered in various publi- poflible for them to withhold their admi

ration of the fancerity and zeal which the Dr. FERRIAR in his “ Effay" on the Millionaries evinced, in performing a long Digitalis purpurea, seems to be almost as and laborious voyage, for the exclusive fanguine of its fuccefstul operation in a va purpote of imparting to unenlightened riety of cafes as Di. Beddocs: "e cannot favages the blellings of Christianity, and say that the perutal of the present ingenio to the honor of those who enbarked, it ous publication, has removed our doubts of inould be known that their conduct during its efhcacy, or our fea's of the dangerous the voyage was exemplarily pious, and confcquelices which might inlue from a whenever they landed, was marked by general ure of this dicterious drug. In mildness and moderation. That the Mil real pulmovary consumption it is an ac Gonariis fucceedid not completely in the knowledy a palijative of the symptoms, obje&t of their voyage is not surprizing:


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the Otaheitans, however benevolent and Embaffy to the kingdom of Ava, sent by kind and docile, are still like the other the Governor General of India, in the islanders attached to the customs and su- year 1795.” The authority of the kingperftitions of their forefathers; nor can it dom of Ava extends to the fropriers of be concealed that the Calvinistic doctrines the Engiish dominions in Bengal : it has which were inculcated, are of too gloomy now by right of conquest added to itself and uninviting nature to seduce their re- the former fovereigories of Pegue and luctant affections. The present voyage is Siam, and the collective empire is called compiled from the journals of the officers Birman. Some delinquents of the Birand millionaries : the narrative of it is in- man empire having taken refuge near troduced by a preliminary discourse, con- Chittagong, the boundary of the British taining a geographical and historical ac- territories; the haughty monarch, without count of Otaheite, of the Society Inands, foliciting their cetlion from the company, of the Friendly Iflands, of Navigator's abruptly marched an army into its districts Iland, of the Marquesas, &c. &c. &c. for the purpose of taking the fugitives inA letter of excellent instruction follows to captivity. A dispute naturally ensued, from the Directors of the Society, to which was amicably adjusted by the Captain Wilson; and the body of the united spirit and discretion of General work is succeeded by an Appendix, di- Erskine. To prevent, however, for the vided into fourteen Sections, comprising future, any such upceremonious incuran account of the inhabitants, religion, fions, and to impress the mighty Emperor manners, natural history, &c. of Otaheite; of Ava with just ideas of the power and and concluding with twenty-one articles amity of the British nation, as well as to of faith drawn up and subscribed by the settle some commercial transactions, the Missionaries. The volume is moreover Governor General, Lord Teignmouth, illustrated with maps, charts, and views, thought it expedient to send a formal emdrawn by Mr. W. Wilson, and engraven baily to the Birman court. Major Symcs .by some of the most eminent artists. was the gentleman very wisely selected for

Mr. Coote, Chaplain to his Lordship, this purpose, and the pages before us rehas published the narrative of “ A Voy- latc, in an elegant and striking manner, the age performed by the late Earl of Sand- progress and reception of the embassy. Our wich round the Mediterranean, in the knowledge of the vast empire of Ava has hiyears 1738, and 1739, written by himself.” therto been very imperfect ; Major Symes, His Lordship when he commenced this hy that curiosity, and eagerness for inforvoyage was only nineteen years of age; mation, which, in to junction with other much folidity of remark therefore, or mi- qualities, rendered bir peculiarly proper puteness of research were not to be to conduct the deputation, has now corexpected : the prefent volume moreover, rected our geographical errors in regard lofes much of its interest from the long to that kingdom, has increased our acinterval which elapsed between the voyage quaintance with its natural history, and and the publication. His journal at the given us much information as to the relitime must have been extreinely valuable, gion of the Birmans, their various eftabbut the path which he trod has since been blishments, civil, military and ecclefiafso repeatedly pursued by traveliers of va- tical, their manners and customs, as also rious tastes and qualifications, that the new the power and extent of the empire. information imparted by the present pages In our last Retrofpect, we mentioned is very inconfiderable. His Lordship is a that Dr. HUNT: R had translated, with a lively and elegant writer, and seems even rapidity that precluded correctness, So. at the early age when this voyage was nini's Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt: performed, to have taken a wide excur

labored and live range in the garden of Classical Li- version has since made its appearance in

The present volume is illuf- one fplendid quarto, by an anonymous trated with a portrait of his Lordship and writer, who, offended at the celerity of his with several engravings of ancient build- rival's pen, indulges himself in language ings and infcriptions, and with a chart of highly unbecoming and indecorous. On his course. Mi, Coote has moreover pre- a comparison of the two translations, the fixed Memoirs of the noble Author's present is decidedly superior : the writer Life : concerning the private portion of is far more intimately acquainted with which, his biographer has very prudently the French language, than the Doctor, said little.

whose misconsiructions were very freMajor Symes has published a very cu- quent and sometimes even ludicrous: and sious and interesting“ Account of an as a Natural Historian, the superiority of







the present translator is still more striking.

AGRICULTURE. The volume is illustrated with many Ar the present period of an alarming beautiful engravings, and with a map of and long continued scarcity, Agriculture the country:

is the lui ect of all others which most Familiar as we have become with the imperiously demands attention: we are Highlands of Scotland, by the represen happy therefore to find that the Bath tation of various travellers; yet cach fuo- Society which for many years have with cetlive tourist who rambles among these laudable and conspicuous zeal contributed northern hills, presents us with some new towards its improvement by the publicapictures, or imparts to us some new in tio of their Men is, continue their formation. Dr. GARNETT, the Profel- exertions with unabated activity. They for of Philosophy in the Royal Institution, have published a ninth volume of " Let. has highly gratificd the public by his ters and Papers, &c” which though fome. • Observations on a Tour through the what less buiky than those which have Highlands, &c.” It is impoflible to read preceded theni, contains we think a far this work without perceiving that the ati greater proportion of valuable and useful thor is a man of great taste and science: his communications. There is an evil of great descriprions are remarkably elegant and magnitude and importance, which feems discriminative, triking, and simple; and to have escaped the confideration of moft as a mineralogist, a botanist, and an anti- persons who have written on agricultural quary, he is equally entitled to great subjects, to which we would willingly call respect. The voluines are illustrated by a the attention of the society. Our farmers map and 52 platcs, engraven in the mún have of late years paid particular regard ner of Aquitinta, from drawings taken on to the breed of their stock, and numerous the spot with great judgment, by Mr. are the treatises which have been written Watts, a landscape painter, who accom on the best proportioned limbs of fwine, panied the author in his tour.

of oxen and of thecp: it is to be lament. Mr. WIGSTEAD's “ Remarks on a ed that after the exercise of so much Tour to North and South Wales, in the judgment in the selection of stock, we year 1797," though not very striking in employ so little in the management of ibrir chemselves, are uleful as explanatory of discales. If a farmer has a cow or a bul. Some beautiful plates from Rowlandion, lock' taken ili, he fends for the neareft Pugh, Hewitt, &c.

leech in his neighbourhood ; a fellow who * The Cambrian Directory, or cursory knows as much of the diseases of animals Sketches of the Welsh Territories; with as the beast to which he is sent for: ina Chart comprehending in one View, the deed a set of beings cannot be more advisable Route, beft Inns, Diftances, &c." deally ignorant than these consequential is an useful companion to the tourist. gentlemen, who generally prescribe a drink

Mr, Park's Travels in the interior of to the poor creatures, whatever be their Africa, &c. and Mr. Bryan Edward's symptoms, or whatever their complaints.

History of the British Colonies in the The veterinary art has been thought of fufWest Indies," have both been abridged ficient importance to be cultivated in this with much judgment from the original kingdom, and we cannot help withing that works: they are moreover printed in a fome of our numerous agricultural Societies very neat and correct manner.

would form an institution for the regular A Translation has appeared from the instruction of persons in the nosology of French of M. de Laltenaye's “ Ram- cattle. It would perhaps be considered bles through Ireland.” M. de L. is an as a little infra dig: by the profeffion, or emigrant, who became a traveller and an we should recominend to those many vilauthor for the purpose of support. It is lage surgeons, who save and toil from creditable to' the hospitality of our Irish morning till night, and ride half over the brethren, that this unfortunate wanderer country for a few shillings, to offer their -moneyless and on foot-during a ramble medical and phyñological skill to ihe farof six months, was only under the necef mers in their neighbourhood; many of sity of lodging at an inn five times! Let them would make much better of their us never again hear repeated the fase time than they do at present. We merely derous epigram of Shenfone. The ram give the bint : sai verbum. bies of M. de L. are written in a very Mr. MARSHALL, whose numerous and lively style, and evince, though not much useful publications on agricultural affairs folidity of judgment, considerable acute have justly entitled any suggestion which rrels of reinark.

may come from him to attention, has published « Proposals for a Rural Institute, ar


College of Agriculture, and the other “ Communications to the Board of AgriBranches of Rural Economy.” We have culture;”, in which is comprehended no doubt, if such a college were hand- much valuable information on various somely endowed, and conducted on a libe- branches of husbandry. and scientifical plan, that our system

Law. of agriculture would be greatly bene- Dr. NASMITH, in a charge delivered fitted. There is not much probability, to the grand jury at the general quarter however, that Government would afford fellions of the peace for the Ine of Ely, much aslistance to such an institution ; has considered at large.' The Duties of and we have our apprehensions that the Overseers of the Poor, and the Sufficiency, subscription of individuals would be in- of the present System of Poor.Laws. adequate to its establishment. Mr. Mar. Dr. N. is of opinion, that whatever abuses ihall has given the public a new edition of exist in the management of the poor, they his “ Minutes, Experiments, Observa. are attributable, not to the insufficiency of tions, and General Remarks un Agricul. the present laws, but to the neglect of ture in the Southern Counties;" to which them; consequently, that any new ftaare prefixed, a Sketch of what he deno. tutes would be unnecessary. Annexed to minates the Vale of London, and an Out- this Charge are some Remarks on Mr. line of its Rural Economy,now first pub- Saunders's “ Observations on the Present lished.

State and Influence of the Poor Laws i' Lord SOMERVILLE, in his " Address a work which we noticed in terms of high to the Board of Agriculture, on the Sub- respect in a former Retrospect. Mr. ject of Sheep and Wool,” declared his in- Saunders differed so diametrically from tention of wcaring cloth made of British the present writer as to the efficacy of wool only, and spoke with some severity these laws, that he considered most of the against monopolies and other methods evils, which are so loudly complained of which he supposed had raised in an inor- in the management of the poor, to origidinate measure the price of Spanish wool ; nate in the nature of the overseer's office. observing, at the same time, that English Dr. Nasmith, in his Remarks, endeavours wool, with proper management, might be to invalidate the objection of Mr. Saunrendered of cqual value with the Spanish. ders. However we may differ in opinion These remarks provoked an anonymous from the Doctor, it is but justice to say, “ Answer to Lord Somerville's Address,” that bis pamphlet evinces a great deal of .by a gentleman who appears to be a clo- judgment, much knowledge of his subthier of Gloucestershire; who contends, jećt, and is written, in respect to Mr. that the high price of Spanish wool is oc- Saunders, as becomes one gentleman when casioned, not by monopoly or other artifi- he differs in opinion from another. We cial methods, but by the war with Spain : are also indebted to Dr. Nasmith for an he contends, moreover, that no cloths can “ Examination of the Statutcs now in be inade but from English and Spanish wool force relating to the Assize of Bread;" mixed ; and that to manufacture good with Remarks on the Bill intended to be cloth from English wool alone is impossi- brought into Parliament by the Country ble. This Answer has produced " A Re. Bakers.” . This like the former pamply,” which is likewise anonymous. The phlet proclaims the writer to be a man of author of this laft tract, who seems well good sense and acute observation. acquainted with the subject, Thows that An anonymous author has published both in Yorkshire and Soinersetfhire Eng- fome very fenfible and judicious « Obserlish wool only is employed in making ex- vations on the Office of Constable, with cellent broad-cloths : he is an advocate, a view to its Improvement." He

prohowever, for the importation of Spanith poses an augmentation of the nuinber of wool, which he conceives would be pro- constables, and an alteration in the mode perly employed in the manufacture of the of their election : that in the execution of lighter cloths intended for the Turkey their duty, certain rules and orders of trade, which we are now about to recover. discipline should be observed; that they This controversy, though not conducted should be furnished with more adequate with a fufficient degeee of courtesy, may means for profecuting offenders ; and that be read with pleasure, as it communicates their annual ftipend Thould, as much as information on an interesting and import- possible, be proportioned to their labor ant subject. To the Reply is annexed and loss of time. It will be learned with a remarkably fine specimen of English pleasure that a third edition is published, cloth.

in three octavo volumes of Serjeant WL. A fecond volume is published of SON'S “ Reports, &c." MONTHLY MAG, LXI.

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