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land, drawn up from the communications of versal Character :-IIT. An Easy and che ministers of the different parishes, as a Practical Contrivance for preventing Boats book of reference. This account of the from Sinking:--and IV. A Scheme for faci. different parishes of Scotland, " witbout litating the Progress of Science, cxemplified e fingle one being omitted,is highly va-' in the Osteological Part of Anatomy luable, and it is made peculiarly so by the Henry MACKENZIE, Efq. has pregeneral Index at the end. The worthy fixed to the first volume of Price-Elsays Baronet we understand, in order to ren and Transactions of the Highland Society der the contents of this work more ge- of Scotland “ An Account of the Inftia nerally useful, instead of resting after his tution and Principal Proceedings of the labors, has actually begun an Analysis Society ; from which account, and from of these accounts, in which he designs 10 the general contents of the present volume, give the result of this minute inquiry in- it appears that the object of this liberal to the state of North Britain.

instirution is to promote the fertility of the Mr. BROWELL has given us “. An soil in Scotland by enclosures, and the Account of the Navies of foreign Powers, adoption of an improved system of culuparticularly those of France, Span, and varion, to introduce manufactures and enBatavia; now at War with Great Britain : courage arts. In the list of members including a List of Frigates, Corvettes, which is subjoined we see numerous and Sloops : also, the Navies of Rullia, illustrious names, and the communications Sweden, Denmark, and Naples, with a in this first volume abundantly prove that Comparative State of the Line of Battle the society is rich in men of talents and Ships in the last War, and the present knowledge. State of the British Navy.The greater The 17th volume has appeared of the part of this pamphlet is occupied by the Transactions of the Society instituted at French Navy, and the author Rates that London for the encouragement of Arts, his principal design is to expose an artifice Manufactures and Commerce, &c. many praćtised by the French, who frequently of the premiums offered in the present change the names of their ships, in order, volume by this munificent association are as he says, to deceive the world, and new, and many are increased in value. make their navy appear more formidable We cannot avoid noticing Mr. EDMUND than it really is.

CARTWRIGHT's “ Memorial" read to The first volume is published of “ An the abovementioned Society, and his Account of the Operations carried on for “ Speech” :o them, which are published accomplishing a Trigonometrical Survey together with an Appendix containing of England and Wales, from the Com- Letters from the late Sir William Jones, mencement of the Year 1784, to the End Dr. Thurlow late Bishop of Durham, of the Year 1796.". These Memoirs and other distinguished characters. were originally published in the Phi- Mr. C. a gentleman of great talents and losophical Transactions, from which high eminence in the literary world, had work, with a view to more general cire offered himself a candidate as Secretary culation, they are now extracted and re to the Society; feeling however, in his vised by Captain WILLIAM MUDGE, own bosom a conviction that another can. F.R. s. and Mr. ISAAC DALBY.. The didate, his rival, possessed qualifications present volume, the plates of which are for the office and an intereft among the twenty-two in number, and well exe- members superior to his own-a conviecuted; contains a measurement of the tion, the juftness of which, may without base on Hounslow Heath, in 1784 ; Tri any disparagement to that rival, be fairly gonometrical Operations in 1787, 1788; questioned he resigned lis pretenfions, Trigonometrical Survey, 1791, 1794 ; and Mr. CHARLES Taylor from LanTrigonometrical Survey, 1795, 1.796., cashire, than whom a more proper person THOMAS NORTHMORE, Esq. has given could not possibly have been nominated, to the public, a “ Quadruplet” of very was in consequence elected. This meingenious inventions, consisting, I. Of a morial of Mr. Cartwright does great he Description of a Nocturnal or Diurnal nor to his liberality and candor as well as Telegraph :-II. A Proposal for an Uni

to his genius and understanding.

HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECT OF AMERICAN LITERATURE.

siderable effect is incompatible with ordinary pursuits and business of the she avocations of a man whole bread de- world.' Literature, in Thort, is a most

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jealous mistress, who will not be satisfied these school and colleges have had their with any partial and divided honors: effect, and there can be no doubt, buc 10 woo her with success, she must be our that, however defective in many particuonly goddess: we must retire with her lats, they are daily contributing to diffufc into the fhade of solitude, and all our a spirit of literary and scientific pursuit. morning and our evening hours be dedi We have hitherto devoted the pages of cated to her fervice. It is well krown, our Appendix to a Retrospect of Euro. thar on this account, Science never flou- pean Literature, but it will not be unacribes in any fociety till it has reached a ceptable, we presume, if we communicate fort of maturity; that is to fay, till the to our readers whatever information we division of its labor and the abundance of may from half-year to half-year be j's produce have exonerated a large por: enabled to collect relative to the progress tion of its members from the neceflity of of Letters in America. manual employment, and left them lei

HISTORY. ture for contemplation and study.

A work, which on the score of much America, as an established and inde- excellence has a claim to notice, is “ A pendent fociety, is yet young; and if we Complete History of Connecticut, Civil consider the various and iinportant objects and Ecclefiaftical, from the Emigration of which, since the union of the States, have its firft Planters from England, in 1630, demanded the vigilance and attention of to 1713, by BENJAMIN TRUMBULL, the Government, and taxed the un- D. D.” As a complete hiftory of Amewearied activity of the people, we fhall rica is only to be collected from the local not be furprised that authors there are history of its several States, contributions few, and original publications not gene- like the present towards fuch a general rally of very high excellence and estic history are particularly valuable. The mation. During the last few years of author has divided his work into chapGeneral Washington's Presidency, that ters, the two first of which contain degrcat man turned his thoughts towards tails of the discoveries, settlements, fitua. the improvement of his countrymen in tion, &c. of Connecticut. He then gives arts and science; we remember to have a cursory but interesting account of the scad an Address delivered by him at Aborigines of the country, together with Philadelphia fo long ago as in the year its animal and vegetable productions. (1794, wherein, after stating to the Senate Many tubsequent chapters are employed the fourishing ftate of the finances, he in enumerating the purchases of the first recommends a part of the unappropriated settlers, their several wars with the lafurplus of the public revenue to be em dians, their progress in the organization ployed in the establishment of schools and of a regular government, and their various colleges *. Many fchools and colleges improvements from 1630 to 1665, the are erected, but of some it is said that period of union between Connecticut and they are very insufficiently endowed, and New Haven. From this time is given of others, that the teachers are incompe. the civil and political history of the State tent to the task of ruition ; still, however, to the year 1713, with which the volume

closes; the ecclefiaftical history of ConThe Congratulatory Address above al. necticut and New Haven, both antecedent luded ta. was delivered to the Senate and and subsequent to the union, very proHouse of Representatives, Decernher 6, 1794, perly occupying diftinct chapters of the on the suppression of a serious fedition, and we

work. Dri Trumbull in the preface to well runember a humane and exculpatory re

the publication informs his countrymen mark which was made on the occasion : the Prefident attributed the rebellion not so much

ther he is now engaged in compiling a to difaf ction on the part of the insurgents

“ History of the United States” on a very against ihe Conftitution but to their ignorance extensive plan, and we may allow them of its principles, he therefore recommends, to anticipate from the present specimen, in order to prevent the recurrence of insurrec much impartiality, much minuteness of tion, that the Senate should " provide by Law, investigation, and much fidelity in the as soon as conveniently may be, for the eíta exhibition of facts: blishment of schools throughout the State, in

Miss HANNAH ADAMS has published such a manner Ibat ibe poor may be taugh:

" A Summary History of New England, gratis.The President of America had no season to dread the diffusion of knowiedye from the First Sertlement at Plymouth, ta among the lower classes of society : the mea.

the Acceptance of the Federal Constitus fures of his adminiftration would stand the tion.” This work is professedly a mere feverek seruting, and he rather coasted than summary, a compilation from other av, foruuk liom the honosable or deat,

thors and from fugitive political publica

Dr.

sions, the contents of which might many gin of the inhabitants of America; some of them be loft but for. fo respectable à have supposed that the East and Weft repository as the present. The author Continents once joined, and numerous of the prefent work, in not arrogating to have been the conjectures as to the point of herself the honors of an original historian, junction : others have, with more probahas exonerated herself from a large share bility, supposed that accident or the restof responsibility, and at the same time has less fpirit of enterprise in some Tartar earned considerable merit by the judicious families might tempt them to migrate to use which she has made of the labor of the nearest island, and proceed from one others, in expanding or abridging their to another till they reached the coast of accounts as occasion demanded, and in America. Dr. Barton, a very eminent mingling with them the sagacious and naturalist, has it seems for several years liberal reflections which her own strong devoted his attention to the present subunderstanding fuggefted.

ject: his opinion is, that Gmilitude of “ The History of Pennsylvania in language 'forms the best ground for de North America, from the Original Insti- ciding on the affinity of nations. tution and Settlement of that Province, &c. Robertson (who in his history of Amea in 1681, till after the year 1742 ; with an rica has incorporated a short disquisition Introduction respecting the Life of Wil- on the probable origin of its population) liam Penn, and the Society of Quakers, justly we think observes, that the resemwith the Rise of the Neighboring Colo- blance of manners, or of religious rites, nies, &c. &c. &c. by Robert Proud.” between two tribes is very insufficient to Mr. Proud is one of those valuable authorize a conclusion that they were hiftoriaus, from whom future writers will originally connected or derived from the draw their materials, and who will al- fame stock. 6. The character and occuways be consulted for the accuracy of his pations of the hunter in America,” says narratives, and the fidelity of his facts. he, “ must be little different from those His work has no claim to merit for ele- of an Afiatic, who depends for subsistence gant language, lucid arangement, or phi- on the chace. A tribe of savages on the losophical reflection : these, on the con- banks of the Danube must nearly resemble trary, are defiderata much to be regretted; one upon the plains washed by the Mislifits excellence consists in the minuteness fippi. Instead then of presuming on this and abundance of its facts, which are labo- fimilarity, that there is any affinity berioully drawn from original records and tween them, we thould only conclude, memorials, scattered through many a pub- that the disposition and manners of men lic office and many a private library. are formed by their fituation, and arise Whether from a diffidence in his abilities, from the state of society in which they or a real preference to the mode of com- live." Dr. Barton, though he seems to pilation here pursued we know not, but pay rather more attention than Dr. R. Mr. Proud, instead of relating facts in to these circumstances, yet as was before his own words and referring to the docu- observed, considers fimilitude of language ments whence he drew them, has generally as the best criterion of affinity: he has contented himself with giving as he found therefore with great labor and perfethem, scraps of Charters, Laws, and verance collected words from the Indian Treaties in their original tiresome and and Tartarian languages, and formed a circuitous phraseology. Mr. Proud is catalogue of the dialects. The result of himself one of the people called Quakers ; his arduous research is an opinion, that and that he should bow with deep venera- all the natives of America except the tion to the founder of Pennsylvania, or Esquimaux are nearly akin to the natives display an occasional bias to the religion of Siberia : this point he is folicitous to which he adopts, and which has prevailed prove, and he thinks it is established by in so prosperous a stare, ought to excite the fimilitude of their vocabularies. Dr. neither our animadversion nor surprise. B. we understand is preparing for the

Dr. BENJAMIN Smith Barton has press some further illustrations of the published a work which if it cannot with ancient state of America, which, from the propriety be admitted into the class of present specimen of his acuteness and history, we know not where to arrange: ability, will be expected with impatience. in a linall octavo volume he has given us The last article which we have to menfome “ New Views of the Origin of the tion under the head of history, is a very Tribes and Natives of America.” Varie interesting “ Description of the Sectlement ous have been and still are the opinions of the Gencsee Country in the State of entertained by philosophers as to the ori. New York, in a series of Letters from a Gentleman to his Friend." The author the Genesee country, muft be highly grateof this description is Mr. Charles Wil- ful to the feelings of every man who has LIAMSON, a gentleman of high respectabi- a spark of philanthropy in his bofum : and licy, whose residence in the country which we are indebted to Mr. Williamson for dihe describes has given him an opportunity 'verting our thoughts from the complicated of being acquainted with every circum. horrors and barbarities of war, tofa ftanse relative to its settlement and fitu. pleasing a subject of contemplation. ation. An attempt was made in 1789 by

BIOGRAPHY. Mr. Phelps, to obtain a settlement in the Dr. JEREMY BELKNAP was a divine 'Gencsec country; but little was effected of considerable eminence and respectability till the year 1998, when an English gen- on the other side of the Atlantic; he wrote cleman having become the purchaser of the a history of New Hainpshire, and after tract, vifited it in person, and projected a wards, indulging his taste for ancient replan of, fettlement which has been pro- search, published a volume of “ American fecuted with vigor and success from that Biography, or a Historical Account of time to the pretent. The town of Bath, thole Persons who have been distinguished we are informed, comprehending a diftri& in America, as Adventurers, Divibes, of eight miles, contained in the year 1796 Warriors, Authors, and other remarkable 800 inhabitants, iwo schools, one grift. Characters, comprehending a recital of the mill, and two faw-mills. A printing-of- Events connected with their Lives and fice was established in the town, and a Actions." A fecond volume has lately news-paper, entitled the “ Batb Gazette," made its appearance ; the author had juk publiched weekly, which in fix months prepared it for the press when his labore was taken by a thousand fubfcribers; ano- were terminated by death. The firft rother paper is also published in the Gene- lume of this work opens with a prelimisee, entitled the “ Ontario Gazette.The nary differtation on the “circumnavigation fame year a floop of forty tons was launch- of Africa by the ancients, and its probabit ed on the Genefee lake. The climate of consequence, the population of some part the Genesee country is represented as re- of America.” This dissertation is followed markably genial and the soil peculiarly pro- by a chronological detail of adventures and ļific ; " those parching heats that on the discoveries made by the European natives south side of the Alleghany mountains in America, before the establifhment of the secm to dry up every particle of nourish Council of Plymouth in 1630. The body ment from the plants, are never known,” of the work contains the biographical says Mr. Williamson, " in this country : sketch of thirty-one different perfonages, in almost every instance, a hot day is fuc- fome of whom do not seem entitled to have ceeded by a plentiful shower, which pre- been placed on the lift from any peculiar serves throughout the summer a constant publicity or eminence in their characters; verdure, and affords to us the finest pas- till, however, the parrative of their lives tures and meadows on the continent.” has given birth to the relation of some The face of the country, is not, it seems, hiftorical events which makes the article as has been erroneously represented, Aat at once amusing and inftructive. and level, full of swamps and stagnant “ Memoirs of Major General HEATH, water, but on the contrary it abounds with containing Anecdoces, Details of Skirgentle swellings of the land, running mot mishes, and other Military Events, dur. frequently from north to fouth, the inter- ing the American War, written by bimmediate fpaces affording meadow-land, and felt." Major General Heath underlands generally a small stream of water. From the use of a fword better than he does the the ignorance of the first sertlers, it was use of a pen : he may be a very good of supposed that this fort of land was barren, ficer, but his pretenfions are very humble and consequently but of liale value: ne- as an author.' Notwithstanding the ou. celity, however, drove fome of them to merous opportunities which a perfon who the cultivation of it, and a good crop dir. sustained so high a rank during almost the appointed their fears, and in “ numberless whole of the American war enjoyed of re. instances they have continued to reap plen- lacing many curious and interesting anec. tiful crops every year for several years dores to which he must have been an eyepast." This kind of land, lays the author, witness, Major Gen. Heath has given us a which fix years ago would not have fold mere diary of events from month to montti, for a quarter of a dollar an acre, is now from day to day, without judgment and seckoned cheap al ten dollars per acre. without discrimination. The work more.

The very rapid progrels towards plenty over betrays many marks of egotism. and improvement, which is oblervable in Mr, ABIEL HOLMES, A. M. has pub.

lished " The Life of Ezra Stiles, D. D. far from being deftitute of instruction and L L. D. President of Yale College, &c. good sense. &c.". President Stiles, a man so diftin- Dr. DWIGHT har exhibited “The Na. guithed for his moral and intellectual ac- ture and Danger of Infidel Philosophy, quirements, has here found a biographer in Two Difcourses, addressed to the in every respect qualified for the task of Candidates for the Baccalaureste in Yale recording his character. Mr. Holmes was College.” In these discourses the Dr. af• clotely connected with the subject of his pears to be most fincerely interested in the biography, and had the additional advan- temporal and eternal welfare of those to tage of poffefling the whole of his manu- whom he addresses them, and of course scripts : many materials are thus furnished they must have been received with gratifor a more faithful delineation of his cha- rude and attention. Mr. J. M. MASON -racter than could have been collected by has addressed fome “ Letters on Frequent any other means; and the work is altó. Communion” to the Members of the gether valuable as exhibiting an interesting Associate - Reformed Church of North picture of piety and benevolence, of in- America. It seems to have been the duftry, learning, and docility.

custom in moft of those churches, with DIVINITY.

which the respectable author of this work Mr. NATHAN STRONG, pastor of the has been connected, not to adminifter the North Preibyterian church in Hartford, Lord's Supper more than once, or at most has published a volume of “ Sermons on twice in the year; and the administration various Subjects, Doctrinal, Experimen- is usually preceded by a fast, and followtal, and Practical.” They are not remark. ed by a thanksgiving day. The object able for originality of thought or purity of of Mr. Mason, in these sensible letters, is di&tion : they contain forne Arong reason- to recommend a frequency of the Coming however in defence of the author's pe- munion, and that the holy ceremony culiar religious teners, and breathe a spirit should not be encumbered with the appenof piety and goodness.

dages of a thanksgiving and a fast-day: The Sermons of Dr. SAMUEL STAN. " The Importance of Family Religion," HOPE SMITH, President of the College of has been illustrated in a plain and fenfible New Jersey,” are professedly decorated “ Sermon, by ALEX. PROUDFIT, A.M. with all the Aowers of oratory which the Pastor of the Associate Reformed Congres reverend writer could colleết : the colors gation in Salem, State of New York." of some are beautiful and delicate, of others A few other fingle Sermons have been faring and obtrufive ; the effect of the publifhed; one by Dr. THATCHER, dewhole is a sort of gaudiness which it is livered at the First Church of Boston, presumed will not generally please. The April 6th, 1798, at the interment of the author has taken for his model in these Reverend Dr. Clarke, who was seized compositions the French preachers who on the preceding Sunday with an apoplecflourished at the clofe of the last and be- tic fit, as he was preaching to his Congreginning of the present century; it would gation. Two have also appeared, one by be Hattery however, to say, that he equals Mr. THORNTON KIRKLAND, and one thein in the pathos and fervor of his style : by Dr. Linn, on the National Fast (May there is something meretricious in the orna- gth, 1798,) appointed by the Prefident of ments of the American preacher which in the United States. Dr. LIVINGSTON jures their effect, and his animation seems and Dr. M‘KNIGHT, each published the as often to be the effect of study as to how “ Sermon” which he delivered to the New fpontaneously from the heart. It ought to York Missionary Society. To these are be noticed, however, that these discourses added a Charge given to the first Milare intended as a sort of experiment : those fionary, Dr. Rodgers ; the Instructions moral and religious truths which are of to Missionaries, and the Report of the Dimost importance to mankind, have by re- rectors. This is altogether a most intepetition become so familiar to our ears, resting publication: we know that the that it was thought necessary, in order to society who are now engaged in attemptfecure attention, to give them the grace of ing to propagate the gospel among Indian povelty, “and to add the decent and lawful savages, have neither for their object the embellishment of art to the fimplicity of spirit of conquest nor of gain; they are acthe Gospel." The subjects which Dr. tuated by the most humane and disinteSmith bas chosen are generally of high rested motives, and the instruction which import, and though he does not often at- they give to the Missionaries evincas tempt profound reasoning, his matter is much fagacity, caution, and philanthropy.

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