Imatges de pÓgina
PDF
EPUB

THE NEW PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.

are

[ocr errors]

MESSRS. CHAPMAN'S FOR ROPE-MAKING. The method invented hy Messrs. Char

On tht fixteenth day of July last a patent man differs from both the preceding in was granied to William Chapman and having, by an ealy and fimple contrivance, Edward W. Chapman of Newcastle upon the fibres of the hemp are laid in the yarn in Tyne, for their invention of a method or such a manner as the yarns themselves ar methods of making cords and ropes and laid in the strands of the rope manufactured cordage, both twined and untwined, from on the new principle. the spinning of the yarn inclusive to the Their machinery confifts only of a spinfioithing of the rope or cordage.

dle, divided into two parts, the upper conThis invention appears, by the specifi- taining apparatus to draw forward the cation, to include material improvements in hemp from the spinner with twist sufficient the spinning of rope-yarn, and in the ma to combine the fibres; which enables them nufa&turing of cordage. Rope-yarns are to employ women, children, and invalids, at present fpun by men, at an expence of and also to appropriate the rope-ground from half a crown to five fhillings per day, solely to the purpose of laying ropes. according to the situation of the place, whe The part we have described is only an ther in the out-ports or on the river Thames. improvement on the methods of spinning, Or it is wholly ipun by machinery. granted to Mr. William Chapman on the

In the practice of the first method eighth day of November 1798. rope- walks are necessary, and the fi. The reinaining parts of their invention bres of the hemp are drawn into the yarn consist chiefly in the giving from a Itationof different lengths proportionate in a given ary power internal motion to a loco-modegree to their polition in the outside or tive machine, viz. to the roper's Nedge, inside of the yarn; accordingly, when this on which the strands and the rope itself yarn is ftrained and its diameter collapses, are twitted, by which contrivance they are the infide fibres of hemp bear the greatest enabled to apply a water. wheel or steamfrain, and thus they break progressively engine to the whole process of making from the inside.

10pes of all kinds whatever. In the spinning by a mill the fibres are all brought forward in a position parallel MR. HUDDART'S FOR ROPE-MAKING. to each other, previously to their receiving For an improved method of registering their twift. They are consequently all of or forming the strands in the machinery one length; and, when twisted, the out for manufacturing of cordage, granted fate fibres are most shortened by forming to Mr. Joseph Huddart of Illington, on the the same number of spirals round a greater twentieth of August 1799. axis than the interior, and thus they must Mr. Huddait has already obtained a confequently break the first, on the same patent for registering or forining the principle that the outside yarns of ftrands strands of cordage in order to obtain an of ropes manufa&ured in the old method equal strain upon the yarns. This he efbreak before the interior yarns; and con fected by an application of the following íequently with less strain than ropes of the means :improved principle, where the strands (ar Firji, by keeping the yarns separate immediate component parts of the rope) from each other, and drawing them trom have been formed in such a manner as that bobbins, which revolve, lo keep up tie all the yarns shall bear equally at the time (wift whillt the strand is forming of the rope's breaking.

Secondly, by pasting them through a Nevertheless yarns spun by a mill have register, which divides them by circular been found stronger than common yarns, snells of holes; the number in each fell on account of the great evenness with being agreeable to the distance from the which they are spun; the manual labour centre of the strand, and the angle which in manufaâuring is much less than in the the yarns make with a line parallel to it, common method : but on the other hand and which gives ihem a proper position to there is the expence of machinery, and the enter. greater walte of hemp in preparing it for Tiirdly, a cylindrical tube which comteng drawn out in the progresfive stages prelies the stran!, and maintains a cylinat its advance to the ipindle.

drical figure to its surface, MONTHLY MAG. No, 55.

1

Fourtbly,

[ocr errors]

Fourthly, a gauge to determine the angle magnifying power for reading of the divi. which the yarns in the outside shell make fons, and easily directed to its proper fowith a line parallel to the centre of the cus to suit the eye of the observer. ftrand when registering; and, according

The whole of the above apparatus (exto the angle made by the yarns in this cept the lens which is fixed before the index shell, the length of all the yarns in the at the distance of half an inch or thereftrand will be determined.

abouts according to its focal distance) is Fifthly, by hardening up the strand, and framed together and properly fitted on the thereby increasing the angle in the out. side eye tube of the telescope, which being mell, which compensates for the stretching biought to its proper focus in the usual of the yarns and the compression of the way for viewing objects, is then fitred for ftrand,

observation for measuring the angle subThe patent which Mr. H. took out in tended by any object for finding its distance August relates to the invention of a ma. by a single oblervation, if its height or chine that may be worked by men or any size be known, or by two obfervations and other power, and by means of which the the intermediate distance, when neither registering may be commodioully and ef. diltance, size, nor height are known but festually carried on.

both required, in manner following. If the Without plates it will be impossible for angle subtended by any object be lought in us to describe the peculiar contrivance. the table of distances placed on the ovihde Those of our readers who are interefted, tube of every telescope, and its correspondwill in course consult the specification it. ing.tabular number be multiplied by the felt at the proper office.

known lize or height of the object in any measure, the distance of the object will be

found in the fame meafire. If the height MR. RAND'S TELESCOPE.

be required from the known diftance the Mr. Cater Rand for his improved Mili- tabular number corresponding to the angle tary and Naval Telescope to ascertain Di as before divided by the distance, will give tances and the Size or Extension of Ob- the height or lize, and chis by one obierjects at Sight, by means of a new Micro- vation. If the distance and size or height of metrical adjustment.

an object, or both, be required when neither This telescope is made refracting, achro. is known, the intermediate distance paced matic or reflecting, and the micrometer las or measured between two ftations, multifour parallel hairs or wites fitted to filver, plied into the larger angle fubtended by the brass, copper, or other well contrived con- object, and that product divided by the verging and diverging plates, two of which difference of the angles taken at each paparallel hairs or wires have a permanent tion or place of oblervation, will give the and fixed value, and the other two are va. distance from the furtheft itation or place of lued in proportion to their degree of di. observation; from which if the interne. vergency, measured in parts of a great diate distance be taken, it will leave the dia circle, and are put into motion, governed ftance from the nearest place of observation and regulated by a proper mechanical to the object. Dividing the tabular nunmovement which at one and the same time ber as before by either distance corre. acts upon the diverging or converging pa- fponding with the fubtending angle, will rallel bairs or wires, and gives a vertical give the size or height of the object.motion to a (cale by the side of a ftationary Hence, at one ttation or place of observas verniers or nonius index, whose respective tion, the distance of an object may be divisions are calculated to measure the ini found if the angle subtended by that cha mites of a degree of a great circles the ver. ject be truly taken, and the size or height rier or nonius at the same time performing be known, and the height or fize if the diits proper office, subdivides the minutes tance be known. Hence also, from two of the moving scale into tenths, equal in ftations, or from two places of obfervavalue to 6" or feconds of a great circle read tion, and the known intermediate diftance, off from the bottom towards the top of the both the distance and height or fize of an index scale, placed to the right of the mic object may be fourd when neither of their crometer fcale, inmediately opposite to

is known. which is placed a Imall lens of suicient

MONTHLY

MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE PROGRESS OF THE

FINE ARTS.

[ocr errors]

HE Meffrs. Boydells have published ceived, and gives great interest to the com

the Portrait of Sir John Borlate War- potition. The clouds are crouded with ren, with Representations of his Two Naval celestial inhabitants, who, with songs and Vi&ories. Price of the Three sl. 118.6d. choral svmphonies, circle his throne rejoic

The Portrait, designed by Mark Oats, ing. We must again repeat that in the Capta:n of Marines, is said to be a very engraving there is no fault ; it is exceedtrong reiconblalice.

ingly rich and harmonious; a grand breadth The Woman taken in Adultery, and of unbroken light displays a striking whole, Tribute Money, by Facius, after Duart, and renders it to attractive that it cannot are almoft finished; and the print of Tbé be passed without notice. It is published Ceremony of Swearing in the Lord Mayor by Schiavonetti. Gi Guildhall, after the picture by Millar, will be ready for delivery in the course of The Apotheofis of Louis XVI. Hamilton, R. A. two or three months. :

pinxit. Bartolozzi, R. A. fculpi. Price

11. uis. 6d. In colours, 31. 35. Of the firit and taste with which Mackia's numerous publications have been This is precisely

in the same point of confiructed, it is not easy to speak in time as the print by Pelegrini, but in many highcı terms than they deserve. In some respects inferior. The female figure becafes they have not only been creditable to hind the king's chair, whether intended for the publisher, but an honour to the coun. Pallas or Minervá, has certainly no proper

business in that situation : it gives the The Sixth Number of his Poets, Price idea of Minerva, who, among angels, does zl. 35, is just published: the four prints not seem in her proper place. Though are from the following artists : Conftantia the design cannot be much praised, there ty Rigaud; Hamilton's adinirable picture is a certain sweetness in whatever Barto. from Gray's Elegy; and Scenes from two Lozzi puts his hand to, which will lift cid Ballads by Bunbury. They are all even common place into some consequence. fagraved by Bartolozzi, and poffess the A whole length portrait of Suwarrow, usual merii of the first engraver in theworld. painted by Singleton from a drawing ad

Rigaud's Constantia is elegant and claf- vivum by Lieutenant Biskeranini of the Scal. Ham Iton's picture from 'Gray's Waldeck dragoons. Engraved by H. GilElegy we have ever considered to be, if lebank, 24 by 18, Price il. is, mez. 13 his firji in merit, unquestionably equal zotinto. Of this very remarkable charącto any thing he ever painted. He has ter this is said to be a striking likeness.. enteral fully into the spirit of the poet, The Return off Camperdown ; Whitand given to his picture that sober sombre comb pinx, Hillyer sculpt : is a very fine hee which is so highly characteristic of the print in the chalk manner. Subject. The scenery is addrefie.I to the Going out for Milk, and Returning with mun!, and calculated to impress it with the Milk; painted by F.'Wheatley: engraved faire sentiments that would occur on read. by C. Turner : mezzotinto; are a pair of ing the poem. Bunbury's two defigns from very pretty prints. In these little simple cd ballads alt marked with that fimple pa- fubjets Wheatley is fingularly happy. thus which the fabjeet requires.

The painter Bury, at Rome, withes to

fell his two large Cartons of Rubens, at Toe Hapoy Re-union. D Pelerina, V. A. pinzit

100 ducats each, to extricate' himself fron L. Secisumai, V. A. sculpt.

} Il. 11s. 61. fome pecuniary embarrassments ; he is also

defirous of disposing of several original This is the apotheosis of the Capets, and deligns, and numerous copies of generally sa point of engraving is a very fine print, admired paintings. tu in some relpects the original from Prince Aldobrandini has sold his Christ which it is co, vied is faulty. The figure by Leonardo da Vinci, along with his of the Qu en is extremely inelegant. of whole gallery, to Mr. Day and Mr. Fa. the figure of Louis the painter appears to gan, two English painters feitled at Rome, live made as much as he could, but the for 5000 scudi. Mr. Fagan has also purad is so heavy that it could not have been chaled from Prince Alieri two beautiful armat-1 even by the pencil of Vandyke. pictures by Claude de Loraine. The Dauphin, brought to his parents by Among the works of art which hav a Guardian Spirit, is molt happily con

been carried from Turin to Paris, is the

fardous

I 2

famous Table of Iris, a monument of that of Montfaucon, it attracted so much
bronze, so called from being believed to re. attention, and acquired such consequence,
present many of the ceremonies performed that several English travellers who saw it
in honour of Isis. It was originally diso withd to purchase it, and at almost any
covered at Rome by labourers employed price : it is even aflerted that offers were
in digging in the gardens of the house of more than once made of an equal weight in
Cafarelli. The learned Cardinal Bembo gold. The time when it was made has
purchased it, and on his death bequeathed not yet been ascertained.
it to the Duchess of Mantua, in whose The Madona of Loretto (Our Lady of
posesion it remained until Mantua was Loretto) has changed the Cala fanta for a
taken by the Germans ; when the soldiers place upon a table in the cabinet of antiques
who seized it as their booty, endeavoured at Paris, and is described by a traveller, who
to tear from it the filver threads of which lately saw her in her new relidence, as a very
the figures are composed; but fiuding that shapeless figure, with fingers preposterously
impracticable, they resolved to tell the long, black with smoak, and mutilated and
table by the pound to the Piedmontese, and damaged in several parts.
by them it was purchased, and afterwards The famous statue of Pallas, which was
presented to the Duke of Savoy. For very dug up in the vicinity of Veletri in Italy,
many years it was thrown by neglected in has allo been transported to Paris. By
a corner of the hall in the ducal palace at those travellers who have seen it (and
Turin, and considered as a common piece many of them are men of judgment and
of furniture, until it was happily teen by, tate) it is described as equal to the beau-
the learned Montfaucon, who, inspecting tiful' Apollo of the Vatican ; it is uncom-
it with the eye of genius and taste, disco. monly well preserved, having lost only two
vered its beauties; and, by describing them, fingers ; the head is exquisitely beautiful,
gave it such value to the proprietor, that and the general air in the very first stile of
he caused it to be removed to a more re. grandeur and elegance. It is 14 Roman
spectable Situation in the palace, where, palms high.
with the fanction of so great a name as

THEATRICAL RETROSPECT FOR JANUARY 1800.

1

A

NEW Play, of five als, entitled entertainment of this mixed character, it

Joanna of Montfaucon, was per- would have been some compensation to formed at Covent-garden Theatre on the have occupied curiosity with a little no17th of this month. It is a piece altered velty in its detached parts, and amused the hy Mr. Cumberland from an unpublished feeling with the delights of imagination. Drama of Kotzebue ; and, in the Pro- But this play, 'when it is a tragedy, reJogue, it is atated to be, with the exception minds us of other tragedies ; when a panof the plot, the entire work of the English tomime, of other pantomimes; and so on writer. We do not know how much, or through all its members : vor are the orihow little, is meant to be included in that ginals always remote; for in the main cisterm of the Flot. But if no more of this cumstances, those of the pageantry, it is a Play is Ktzebue's than the mere out-line fickly representative of a play performing of the Fable, the German writer has not at the same time, in the very same hour, at much to answer for. When the whole the other theatre. production is to be reviewed as some fpe With defects that pervade this piece cies of dia natic composition, criticism almost wholly, there is one (cene in it of such justly disclaims it, as being a thing on exquisite beauty, that we readily express which its rules cannot properly be exer our unfeigned forrow for the task of touchciled. We may give an account of a mon- ing upon its faults. This is the last scene fter, compounded of various forms; but to of the third act. Here we find most faith. apply the rules of dramatic writing to it fully executed one of the noble offices of would be as absurd as gravely to criticise dramatic art; here we see the conflict of the impertinence of a man who, profefling generous and powerful passions, in a chato make a garden for his einployer, should racter of a degree of elevation highly in. cover his ground with baby-houfes filled terrefting. The character of Philip of with many sorts of children's toys. When Belmont, to which we allude, is at once che writer of this play gave the public an chately and forcibly drawn; and it would

be

its part.

be an unpardonable neglect, not to say its The story is fingle, and conducted with features were as finely represented by Mr. fimplicity ; the passions, sentiments, and H. Johnttone.

characters are accurately ferched, and in The mulic of this piece evinces a deli. due harmony with each other, but a soul cite caite, and great knowledge of his art is wanting to this outward form ; all things in the composer. This gentleinan's name belonging to it are flight tracings from is Butby; the composer of the admired greater works, The second and third oratorio of Prophecy.

acts are the best; and had the remaining A new Musical Afterpiece, called The acts been as superior to those as they ought Ring, or Love Me for Myself, was per- to have been, the play might have been formed on the day of this month, at pronounced a pleasing production. But Drury Lane Theatre. It is an alteration the two last acts are feeble beyond the from a piece called The Pavillion, which imbecility of those that precede. The did not succeed. The faults of the origi- language of this play is its greatest menal were insipidity in the dialogue, and rit. It is every where beautiful, and freheaviness in the music; and, though a quently poetic in a very high degree. good deal is done to counteract these de There was little for the performers to feets, it is Aill a poor performance in both do, that deserves notice. The part of

Mrs. Siddons was the most significant; at A New Tragedy, intitled Adelaide, the times, it communicated calm delight; and production of Mr. Pye, the poet-lau- that was the highest gratification any part Teat, was performed at Drury Lane Thea- of the play could afford. tre, on the 25th of this month. The cene The prologue commenced with a very Les at the Court of Henry II. of England, beautiful address to the Tragic Muse. It in his Norman dominions; and the chief was, however, fucceeded by as complete personages are—The King ; his two sons, an instance of the bathos as perhaps was Richard (Cæur de Lion) avid John (after. ever exhibited. From a pišure of the wards king of England); Adelaide, sister fublime powers and touching effects of of Philip King of France; Clifford, natural the Tragic Muse, the poet descended to the fon of Henry; and a Legate from the Court atchievements of Sir Sidney Smith in Alia. of Rome. The principal topics are- The Epilogue at least attempted to be Richard's vehement passion for Adelaide, sprightly: to whom he is betrothed; his rage at the The play was received with general ap. fupposed design of his father to marry that plaule. We perceived no opposition till princess, and his belief of her treachery, towards the conclufion; and that was little. which jealousy and rage are excited by the We believe the piece owed much of its practices of John; the final interruption success to some very pointed satire on the of the intended nuptials of Richard and infolence, oppression, and rapacity of the Adelaide, by the Legate; the taking of the Church of Rome in former ages. The yeyl by Adelaide; Richard's succeistul re- finit pallage of that kind brought down vult against his father; and the king's three or four successive plaudiis. We confequent grief and death.

think thote perfons are utterly mistaken, This play is written on the true prin- wiso imagine this nation has of late acciples of the art, as far as those rules go, quired a love for the Ronan Catholic reshich may justly be called mechanical. ligion.

(This Article will be regularly continued.

LIST OF DISEASES IN LONDON,

Account of Diseases in an Eastern District of London, from the 20th of December to the

20th of Januarv. ACUTE DISEASES.

No. of Cases. No. of Cafes Hæmoptoe TYPHUS mitior

6 Pleurodyne Pneumonic Inflammation

4 Phthilis Puimonalis Catarth

Hydrothorax Peripneumonia notha

7 Gastrodynia Acute Rheumatism

4 Dyspeptia CHRONIC DISEASES.

Ai orexia Cough with Dyspnaa

Diarrhea Cougla

Dysentery

10

[ocr errors]

20
16

En

« AnteriorContinua »