Imatges de pàgina

Here none can starve ! the sons of Genius least,
Their death deplored, their life a public feast.
See Porson, swelled, with pension and beef-steak,
To giant bulk-a Polypheme of Greek !
See PALEY, raised to dignity so high,
Beyond 'twere madness in the man to try!
Parr, VINCENT, Knox, in learning each a god,
Long since created ushers of the Tod !
Sce ÖUSELEY knighted, WAKEFIELD fixt in place,
PRIESTLEY established mid a foreign races
And MAURICE in the grave Museum's tower
Safe lodged at last, beyond the bailiff's power!
See Cowper's column, fair, illustrious shade !
While Britain lives, whose laurels ne'er shall fade,
Most sweet, most plaintive of the tuneful train,

Severe, yet good-thoa witty, never vain,
in From whose pure page ev'n Wolcot might survey

True humour needs no scandal to be gay,
See CowPER's colusin, of majestic size,
His country's gift, in form funereal risé !
Proying how.dear, while man shall people earth,
To us the memory of departed worth,

• Here none can starve !-- Behold, in rich reward,
A justice Pyr, and PyBus made a lord!
Behold monk Lewis 'mid the senate sit,
Singing his ballads to DUNDAs and Puit,
- And, peerless patriot! teaching them how best
To raise the devil, when severely prést !

Here none can starve ! In spite of heaven and earth,
We conjure plenty in the midst of dearth,
Till the five loaves, the multitude that fed,
No more appear a miracle of brcad.
See Rumford rearing, when his dogs have dined,
From the bare bones rich soup for human kind!
See PORTEUS preaching, as preferred to these,

Potatoe-parings, and the rhind of cheese!
- While WILBER FORCE, as erst the Muse has told,

Proves their vast power to make man call and bold !' We pass over much desultory irony of a similar nature, to notice the author's attack on the Vaccine Inoculation, in which his satirical powers are entirely mis-directed :

• Ye spotless babes, whose lips have never prest
Aught but the nectar of a mother's breast,
Now Aushed with health, yet doorn'd by loathsome ails
To lose, perchance, 'the bloom that still prevails,
Here be ye brought, and JENNER shall prepare,
From the foul dug, the pest to keep you fair
Plant the vile antidute beneath your skin,
And pox without defy by pox withia!"

We must condemn this levity, in speaking of a discovery so highly important to the lives and happiness of mankind, as that of Dr. Jenner is likely to prove. No friend of virtue and humanity will smile on so idle an attempt at discrediting exertions which must be venerated by every true philosopher.

Dr. Darwin's erotic and sentimental' theories of vegetable crimes and passions, which next incur censure, are fair game; and here we can join in the laugh:

• O shame to Britain ! that, while countless laws

Bind British dames from Rippancy and flaws,
No státute yet exists, with wholesome powers,

To guard the chastity of Britisk flowers ! In the third Canto, the Poem assumes a higher strain. Es ulting in the suppression of Jacobinism, (which the author, with no common licence, and incurring the risk of misapprehension, has curtailed to Jacobism,) the causes of the French Revolution are brought under consideration, and the Bishop of Rochester is singled out as an object of reprehension, both in Verse and Prose, on account of his invectives against Voltaire and the other Encyclopedists. Through the wide range of this controversy we shall not pursue the author, because we have had occasion already to express our opinion, in reviewing the multitude of publications to which it has given birth. The late Premier, and the Alarmists, are throughout treated with unsparing sarcasm.

It must be confessed that an attempt to support an ironical attack through three Cantos, without any other relief than that which is offered by long annotations, is likely to become very faint; and it certainly would have required a poetical genius much superior to that of the present writer, to prevent the ennui of the reader. Far from perceiving any indications of the Millenium of Critics, in this piece, we felt' ourselves in Pur- ! gatory more than once while we perused it. The construction of the verses is, in several instances, very negligent: for example;

• Fly, or may Mitford, with the zeal of Scott,

Assign you posts, perchance you'd rather #ot!" • Then swarm'd affiliate clubs ; sedition then

Was first arrang'd and organis’d by meri.' By whom could sedition have been organized among men but by men? Even Dr. Darwin has not yet accused flowers of this misdemeanor.

Convulsed his quivering limbs with demon-quake,

And o'er his eye-balls poured the fieri lake.' The phrases here printed in italics are so very sublime as to be quite unintelligible.


Another line,

Behold supprest the Conventicle drum,' cannot be easily read as poetry, and it would make very indif, ferent prose.- Nevertheless, this production bears evident marks of knowlege on the part of the author, and is, on the whole, a respectable piece of modern versification : but it certainly does not possess sufficient poetical fire to atone for the general severity and sarcastic turn of the work. If those only were to “ censure freely who have written well,” we should have better satires, and fewer pamphlets.

Art. III. The Method of Educating the Deaf and Dumb, confirmed

by long Experience : By the Abbé de l’Epée. Translated from the French and Latin. Crown 8vo. Pp. 260. 78. 6d. Boards. Cadell jun. and Davies. 1801. A N interesting detail of the labours of this justly celebrated

character, in the cause of the most helpless and unprotected class of human Beings, is here offered to the English readers in a respectable translation from a new edition of a work published by the Abbé in 1776 ; and an elaborate Preface by the translator contains a sketch of the history of this curious art, which has restored to the rights and pleasures of Society, many whom antient knowlege would have deemed be, yond the reach of instruction.

One of the first teachers of the deaf and dumb, we are here told, was Bonet, a priest, Secretary to the Constable of Castile. He undertook the tuition of his younger brother, who had lost the sense of hearing at two years of age, and he published an account of his system in 1620, at Madrid. ---Amman, a Swiss physician, was the next systematic writer on this subject. He printed at Amsterdam a treatise in Latin, about 1692, intitled Surdus loquens.-Wallis, a few years afterward, published his Method of instructing Persons who were Deaf and Dumb, in this country; and he was followed by Holder, Dalgarno, and Bulwer.

• In recent times this art hath been exercised in Pariş by father Vanin and Mr. Perreire ; in Leipsick by Mr. Heinich ; in London by Mr. Baker *; and in Edinburgh by Mr Braidwood.

. By a contingency, such as destines multitudes to particular studies or avocations, the Abbé de l'Epée engaged in it. Vanin had under his tuition two young ladies, who were twin sisters, both having the misfortune of Deafness and Dumbness. Death soon de prived them of his lessons; and as an instructor to supply his place was sought for in vain, the Abbé de l'Epée undertook to continue their education. The contemplation of their condition excited his * Author of the celebrated creatises on the Microscope.



tenderness ;' and his tenderness inflamed his philanthropy towards all in the same afflicting circumstances. His mind thus turned to the subject, was, by degrees, wholly absorbed in it; till, at last, incited by religion and humanity, he dedicated himself entirely to their tuition. He instituted a seminary in which he received as many of the Deaf and Dumb as he could superintend, and he formed preceptors to teach those in distant parts. The number of his scholars grew to upwards of sixty; and, as the fame of his operations extended, pero sons from Germany, from Switzerland, from Spain, and from Holland, came to Paris to be initiated in the method he practised, and transfer it to their several countries.'

The philanthropic exertions of this excellert man, in bebalf of his unfortunate pupils, are particularly detailed. The greatest part of his income was appropriated to their support, and he refused pecuniary assistance in every shape ; of which the following anecdote is too remarkable an instance to be omitted :

Mons. de Bouilly* relates that the Russian ambassador at Paris made the Abbé a visit in the year 1780, and offered him a present in money proportioned to the customary, magnificence of the empressa This the Abbé declined to accept, saying, he never received gold from any one; but that since his labours had obtained him the esteem of the empress, he begged she would send a Deaf and Dumb person to hiin to be educated, which he should deem a more flattering mark of her distinction.'

The translator, who modestly conceals his name, then informs us that he had a share in establishing an institution for this purpose, in the neighbourhood of London:

• An Asylum for the Support and Education of the Deaf and Dumb children of the Poor, was instituted in 1792, in the Grange Road, Bermondsey, under the patronage of the Marquis of Buckingham, a nobleman, whose encouragement of literature and the fine arts hath justly entitled him to the reputation of taste and knowledge, as this office has done to the superior character of philanthropy. Of this asylum, Mr. Thornton, Member for Southwark, is the treasurer ; the Rev. Mr. Mason, of Bermondsey, the secretary; and Mr. Watson, formerly the assistant to Mr. Braidwood, the zealous and industrious teacher.'

These introductory pages are followed by the author's preface; in which his labours and discoveries are mentioned with the diffidence and simplicity ever attendant on real genius.

We shall now' proceed to give some report of ihe method of instructing the deaf and dumb: but in this account we must not be diffuse, because we have already noticed the elements of

• See an account of M. de Bouilly's Drama on this subject, in our last Review, Catalogue.


the art, in reviewing a paper by M.Sicard, (the worthy successor of the Abbé de l'Epée) in the Memoirs of the French National Institute *. -We extract the commencement of the process of Instruction, as comprehending the leading principles of the scheme :

• It is not by the mere pronunciation of words, in any language, that we are taught their signification : the words door, window, &c. in our own, might have been repeated to us hundreds of times, in vain: we should never have attached an idea to them, had not the objects designated by these names been shewn to us' at the same time. A sign of the hand or of the eye has been the sole mean by which we learned to unite the idea of these objects with the sounds that struck our ear. Whenever we heard these sounds, the same ideas arose in our minds, because we recollected the signs made to us when they were pronounced.

Exactly similar must be our measures with the Deaf and Dumb. Their tuition commences with teaching them a manual alphabet, such as boys at school make use of to hold conversation at one end of a form with their companions at the other. The various figures of these letters strike forcibly the eyes of Deaf and Dumb persons, who no more confound them, than we confound the various sounds that strike our ears.

. We next write' (I say we, because in the operations with my Deaf and Dumb pupils, I frequently have assistance) in large characters with a white crayon, upon a black table, these two words, the door, and we shew them the door. They immediately apply their manual alphabet five or six times to each of the letters composing the word door (they spell it with their fingers) and impress on their me. mory the number of letters and arrangement of them; this done, they efface the word, and taking the crayon themselves, write it down in characters, no matte; whether well or ill formed; afterwards they will write it, as often as you shew them the same object.

..It will be the same with respect to every thing else pointed out to them, the name being previously written down ; which being first pu the table, in large characters, may afterwards be inscribed in characters of ordinary size, upon different cards; and these being given to them, they amuse themselves in examining one another's profici. sncy, and ridicule those that blunder. Experience has manifested that a Deaf and Dumb person possessing any mental powers will acquire by this method upwards of eighty words in less than three days.

Take some cards having suitable inscriptions, and deliver them pne by one to your pupil, he will carry his hand successively to şvery part of his body conformably to the name on the card delivered to him. Mix and shuffle the cards, as you please ; he will make no mistake ; or

chuse to write down any of these names on the fable, you will see him, in like manner, distinguish with his finger See App. to M. Rev. vol. xxxi. N. S. p. 456.

if you

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