Imatges de pàgina

7thly. That paint prepared with the gluten becomes quickly dry, has not any pernicious odour, and may be washed.

8thly. That a very tenacious and solid lute may be formed with gluten and lime.

Experiments on the Tanning Principle, and Reflections on the Art of Tanning. By M. MerAT GUILLOT..We do not perceive any thing very remarkable in this paper.

These numbers contain some other articles, which, not being original, we do not particularize.

There has been published, and imported by M. de Boffe, a Table générale raisonnée des matieres contenues dans les 30 premiers volumes des Annales de Chimie ; suivie d'une table alphabetique des auteurs qui y sont cités. 8vo. pp. 430.

Art. XVI. Tableaux de Famille, &c. i. e. Family Pictures, or the

Journal of Charles Engleman. Translated from the German of AUGUSTUS DE LA FONTAINE, by the Author of Caroline of Litch. field (Madame de Crousaz). 12mo. 2 Vols. Paris. 1801. Im. ported by de Boffe, London. n the preface to this work, Madame Crousaz gives an animated

and ingenious description of that difficult though humble province of literature,-translation; and she thus replies to a friend, who compliments her on her peculiar excellence in this line:

• Yet I know nothing so ungrateful and thankless as the task of the translator. If the version be good, it is the author alone to whom the reader feels himself obliged ; if the work be bad, the translator alone is accused: if the version be liberal, it is said to want grace and elegance ; if it be diffuse, it is deficient in strength and spirit. The difficulty of exactly catching the genius of one language which is not familiar to me, and which differs so materially from my own, of preserving inviolate the strength of the one and the purity of the other; and the obligation to alter nothing, to rigidly impart an idea in which I do not accord, or to copy an incident which is displeasing, when conscious that it might be improved : all these circumstances induce me to think that it is easier to compose than to translate.'

Madame de Crousaz pursues this subject even to the region of Parnassus, and she recounts to her friend the following jeu d'esprit, which was prefixed to one of her former publications :

"Vain is the effort to engrave
Colours that a Reubens gave,

Breathing tints and glowing hues;
Like the lyre, at second hand,
Stript of all its proud command,
Torn from Genius and the Muse.
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So labour'd versions oft efface
All the poct's fleeting grace,

Which a single touch inspir'd;
Like the rose that winds have tost,
Fading when the stem is lost,

Which is beauteous form required.' We have before observed *, respecting the writings of M. DE LA FONTAINE, that one of his qualities is to rise in the reader's estimation by gradual and progressive advances; and this is surely preferable to the art of sinking, in which so many are equal proscients. The first chapter of the volume before us is intitled, by the journalist, My Commission of Biography,' and contains a whimsical relation of the circumstances whence he derived the commission, with the manner of his being invested with it. It is a painting of the Shandean school, and not a bad copy of the mock solemnity of Sterne's affected pathos :

« This infant (added my father, pointing to me,) shall inherit this Bible after my death; and promise me, my Charles, that you will fill all these blank leaves with the actions and occurrences of your life, be they good or bad: promise me, my child.-My father rose from his seat, his eye was animated, his voice had something of peculiar solemnity,-my uncle rose also, and laid down his pipegamy mother clasped her hands. This scene, and the solemn silence which accompanied it, impressed my mind with awe; I advanced - I gave my hand to my father-- he took off his cap-my uncle held out his hand—and my mother embraced me with tears in her eyes--while, to my father's benediction, which accompanied the Bible, every one said -Amen."

From the hour of this pathetic ceremony, the young Charles (then twelve years old) determined on being his own biographer; the charms of authorship captivated his youthful imagination, and the first thing which he wished to see was. a printing press. Instead of playing at marbles, like other boys of his age, he was continually ruminating on the task which his father had enjoined to be performed in the Bible ; he prepared for it with the same speculation which many authors exercise when they set out on travels, for the purpose of making a book; and he availed himself of every little incident in his own family. Apprehensive, however, that a journal barren of misfortunes would be insipid, he earnestly wished that his life might be in some degree chequered with sorrow, in order to afford just such a number of unhappy adventures, that a spring of tears might not be wanting to water the dry ground of his narrative.

* See M. R. Vol. xxiv. N. S. p. 565, 8cc.

a love.

À love-story soon presents itself; and the journal improves {as Charles very rightly conjectured it would) with the melan. choly history of the beautiful Susette ; , who is dismissed from her father's protection for a fault perhaps unpardonable, but certainly not so unnatural as the conduct of her parent who, in consequence of her frailty, abandons for ever his only child. We must not, however, give too much attention (para tial as we are to beauty) to this picture. Le Vaut-rien is another equally interesting; the mournful incidents of his life, it seems, were derived from his parents conceiving an aversion to him because he was born with red hair ; and Le Vaut-rien (the good for nothing) owed this disgraceful name, with ten thousand calamities, to the fatal influence of these ruddy locks.

The character of the artful Julia is the best sketch of the painter ; in which the triumph of vice over virtue, and of virtue over vice, with the struggles between ambition and love, are touches of an animated and ingenious pencil. In the picture of the school, we are amused by the master's whimsical method of classing his scholars according to the impression which his ideas receive from their infantine physiognomy; and we smile at the conceit of aquiline noses being characteristics of distinguished birth, seldom to be found among the vulgar.

In taking leave of this journalist, we must acknowlege that we have been much amused with many parts of his narrative : but we cannot close our remaks without a hint of congratulation to our fair countrywomen, that they have not German despots for parents. If the national character of the German father be accurately portrayed in the features of Le grand Bailli, and in those of my Uncle (who is a very bad copy of Uncle Toby), our English wives and daughters may bless those kind stars which were the ascendants at their birth, and commanded it to be on this side of the Northern Ocean.

ART. XVII. Mémoires Historiques, &c. i. e. Historical Memoirs of

Maria-Theresa-Louisa, Princess of Lamballe, one of the principal Victims sacrificed on the horrible Days of the 2d and 3d of Sep tember 1792. Published by Mme GUÐNARD. Sm. 8vo. 4 Vols.

Paris 1801. Imported by De Boffe, London. THE

He first and second volumes of this work portray a cha

racter which belonged to the first circles, and which tip some time enjoyed the highest favour of the tate Quren of France, during the most brilliant period of the court of ier sailles. The last two are chiefly occupied in rep-aring the wcapisome tale of the revolution; and here its gloomy aspects


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and forbidding traits are alone exhibited : it is represented as an event originating in private hatred and malice; and as carried on by fraud, usurpation, and every unworthy art, for the most detestable purpose, that of dethroning a virtuous Prince, in order to substitute in his place an odious monster. Had not d'Orléans been the most cowardly of men, (or, as Mirabeau, after his secession from bim, expressed it, lâche comme un laquais,) the supreme power would have been early lodged in his hands, and the good Monarch would sooner have been dethroned, or have fallen a victim to violence.

If, as a politician, this fair biographer of Madame de Lamballe be partial, she appears everywhere amiable ; if her sensibility be rouzed by fallen greatness, her heart sympathizes with the distresses of the poor; if the fall and captivity of the descendant of a long race of monarchs affect her, she describes with heartfelt glow the charitable acts of her heroine, and the beneficient deeds of the good Duc de Penthièvre; and if she censures the public conduct of the leaders of the revolution, she is not reluctant in doing justice to the talents of some, and to the virtues of others. She admits the great abilities of Mirabeau, and vindicates Necker and La Fayette from several calumnies ; and though she laments many of their measures, she will not pronounce on their motives, but leaves them to be judged by posterity. She regrets that Bailly was drawn into the transactions of the time, does justice to bis high scientific and literary merits, and weeps over his fate. When speaking of d'Orléans, however, language seems inadequate to the expression of her detestation : had it not been for him, she thinks, the King and the Assembly would at length have understood one another; unparalleled horrors would never have happened; streams of blood, which have polluted and hardened the age, would never have flown ; the world would have been spared a million of calamities; and France would have become a free and happy country.

The work commences with an account of the connection between the House of Savoy and the reigning family of France, and with a lively sketch of the character of the first Charles Emanuel.—The father of the unfortunate heroine of these pages, the Prince de Carignan, held at the court of Turin the same rank which the Duke of Orleans held in France. The beauty and vivacity of Mademoiselle de Carignan induced her parents to destiné her for the French court; and her Sovereign, also, hoping

* As no intimation is given to the co: trary, we suppose that the memoirs are written by Àmę. GUÉ NARD, who avows herself to be the publisher.


that by her means his daughters might be married to the younger grandsons of Louis the XV. acceded to the plan, and instructed his ambassadors to promote it.

The Duke de Penthièvre, consulting the King respecting a proper wife for his son, the Prince de Lamballe, his Majesty recommended Mlle. de Carignan; the proposal was approved, the proper steps were taken, and the match was concluded accordingly.The state of the French court, and the characters of those who made the principal figure in it at the period of the Princess de Lamballe's arrival in France, are well described.

The Princess for a short time deemed her new connection a happy one, as her husband was of a good disposition, appeared fond of her, and treated her kindly. Unfortunately, however, he had been connected with the Duc de Chartres, afterward d'Orléans, and had shared in all his excesses; and he had not been many months under the ties of wedlock, before his old habits recurred with additional force: he now became inseparable from his former profligate associate, and neglected his wife; while a disease, the consequence of his vices, arrested his career, and baffled medical skill, and this unhappy Prince, the heir of vast domains, now a prey to remorse and to excruciating pain, was forced to look to death as the only end of his sufferings. The behaviour of the Princess is described as most tender and affectionate.-The author insinuates that the Duke de Chartres, intending to marry Mademoiselle de Pen. thièvre, (which he afterward accomplished,) led her only brother into fatal excesses, with the design of succeeding, in right of his wife, to the immense possessions of her house. however, that this surmise was never made till subsequent events had developed the character of that monster. We apply this harsh name to a man whose actions seem to have obtained it from her by general consent; yet that he was not always

« Monstrum nulla virtute redemptum 'A vitüs,'' is proved by two traits recorded by the present biographer, and which the love of justice even to the worst of characters induces us to copy:

• The Prince, one day, finding his carriage interrupted by a crowd in a narrow street, inquired into the cause of the assemblage, and was thus addressed by a venerable aged person : “ An honest tradesman has given credit to several persons who have neglected to pay him, and he therefore is unable to take up a bill drawn upon him. His creditor has seized every thing, notwithstanding that his wife has been only two days delivered of her sixth child ; and the crowd only amuse themselves with gazing at the sight, without being disposed to lend the sufferer any relief." The Duke, on hearing this, leaped out of his carriage, and forced his way through the crowd till


It seems,

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