Imatges de pÓgina

“ ced.” So that what was given to Israel after the flesh, as a security of their deliverance from Babylon, may well be applied to the redemption from fin and satan thereby typified. Jer. l. 34. " Their Redeemer is strong, the LORD of hosts “ is his name, he shall thoroughly plead their us cause.” The New Testament throws still a clearer light on this interesting fubject. Rom. y.. 10. “ For if, when we were enemies, we were " reconciled to God by the death of his Son: so much more being reconciled we shall be saved 6 by his life.” Heb. i. 2, 3. “ God hath in 65 these last days spoken unto' us by his Son, es whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by 66 whom also he made the worlds.

Who being " the brightness of his glory, and the express “ image of his person, and upholding all things " by the word of his power, when he had by "s himself purged our sins, sat down on the right" hand of the Majesty on high.” Heb. iv. 14, 16. " Seeing then, that we have a great High os Priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus 65 the Son of God, Let us therefore come boldly “ unto the throne of grace, &c.” Heb. vii. 28. " For the law maketh men high priests which " have infirmity ; but the word of the oath, " which was since the law, maketh the Son, 66 who is consecrated for evermore." Heb. ix. 14.

66 How much more shall the blood of « Christ, who, through the eternal fpirit, offered 66 himself without spot unto God, purge your 66 conscience from dead works.” i John i. 7. " And the blood of Jesus his Son cleanseth us 66 from all sin.” We are taught, Ephef. iv. 13. that the members of Christ's mystical body,

come in the unity of the faith, and of the know

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ledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, to
w the measure of the stature of the fulness of
“ Chrift." This knowledge of Jesus as Son of
God, and nothing less than this, lays the foun-
dation for a trust in him absolutely unlimited.
Without it we must have apprehensions infinitely
unsuitable, of the love and condescenfion of the
Son in coming to save us, of the love of the Fa-
ther in sending his Son, and of the affurance he
has given by bestowing this chief and unspeak-
able gift, that with him he will freely give us all
things. See John iii. 16. 1 John iv. 9, 10. Rev.
i. 5. 6. Rom. viii. 32. At the same time, the
neceffity of thedding blood so infinitely precious
for man's redemption, gives us the highest pos-
fible proof of the infinite evil of fin, of the spot-
less purity and tremendous justice of God, and
thus of the need we have to pass the time of our
sojourning here in fear. See 1 Pet. i. 17-19.

$ 8. Faith is described, Ifa. liii. 1. as a believing the gospel report; and of that report we have a comprehensive abstract, 1 John iv. 14. “We « have seen and do teftify, that the Father fent 66 the Son to be the Saviour of the world." This nearly co-incides with the former description. The Father's sending the Son is much the same with his anointing him ; and the Son's being Saviour of the world, is the same with his executing the offices to which he was anointed for their salvation. Let us however consider the precise immediate meaning of the Father sending the Son to be the Saviour of the world. The words OIV and we are used in the New Testament and in the Septuagint, not only for deliverance out of evil, but for preservation from it by continual protection. See Psal. xxxvi. 7. Gen.

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xix. 19, 22. 1 Sam. xix. 12. Matth. xxiv. 22. John xi. 12. Acts xxvii. 20, 21. Matth. viii. 25. And this perhaps is the sense of the word, i Tim. iv. 14. where God is termed the Savi. our, i. e. Preserver of all men, especially of them that believe. The name Ew7nf, was often given by the Greeks to Princes, to fignify that they had been blessings and benefactors to their subjects. And the Lxx. use it instead of the word ro', which imports not only the removal of evil, but the restoring of happiness, so that it shall not be lost any more.

See Deut. xxxiji. 29. Ifa. xly. 17. The name Joshuah was given by divine direction, not to the deliverer of Israel out of Egypt, but to him who put them in possesfion of the land of Canaan. Saving, Luke xviii. 42. means recovering sight. And, Acts iv. 9. ocowçul is rendered in our English version made whole. It is natural therefore to understand falvation in the largest sense, in passages which prophecy of the Messias as a Saviour, e.g. Gen. xlix. 18. Isa. xii. 2. lii. 9, 10. Jer. xxiij. 5,6. And, in fact, the salvation purchased and applied by Christ includes, (1.) Deliverance from the guilt and punishment of sin, and restoration to the favour of God. See 1 Theff. i. 10. Ephef. i. 7. The Greeks termed a sentence of absolution own, and faving is opposed to condemning, John iii. 17. Mark xvi. 16. (2.) Deliverance even in this life from the power and dominion of sin, and a begun conformity to God's image, Matth. i. 21. Tit. ii. 14. (3.) A deliverance at last from all the remains of fin and sorrow, and the poffeffion of fulness of joy and pleasures for evermore, 1 John v. 10, 11. Hence faith is described, Heb. xi. as a lively realizing persuasion of the glories of an unseen world, leading nien from de fire of that better country and respect to the recompence of reward, to renounce the pleasures of fin, and to suffer affliction with the people of God. And they who have the spirit of faith are represented, 2 Cor. iv. 13, 18. as looking at the things which are unseen and eternal. It must not be forgot, that the gospel-testimony exhibits Christ as sent by the Father, and faith respects him as the Father's ordinance for man's salvation. See John y. 24. vi. 29. xii. 44. xvi. 27. xvii. 8. Rom. jii. 23 25. His resurrection from the dead, was not only an attestation of his divine mislion, but a declaration that he had done and suffered all that was necessary for man's falvation. And, therefore, saving faith is described, Rom. x. 9. as a believing in the heart, that God raised the Lord Jesus from the dead. And Peter addresses the Christians to whom he wrote, 1 ep. i. 21. as by Christ believing in God that raised him up from the dead and gave him glory, that their faith and hope might be in God.


$ 9. Saving faith is represented as a believing on Christ's name, John i. 12. jji. 18. Acts x. 43. 1 John v. 13. What is termed, Matth. xii. 21. trusting in Christ's name is termed, Isa. xlii. 4. waiting for his law. By both expressions we are to understand, the law that was to go forth out of Zion, Ifa. ii. 3. even the law of faith, Rom. iii. 27. or, in plainer words, the doctrine of the gospel, by which Christ manifests himself

This is Christ's name, which Paul was to bear before the Gentiles, and for the sake of which he was to suffer great things, Acts ix. 15, 16. And we are told, Acts viii. 12. that the Samaritans believed Philip, preaching the things concerning the name of Jefus Christ. The name


to men.

of Christ chiefly denotes, (1.) The doctrine of justification through his name or merits, 1 John ii. 12. “ I write unto you, little children, be66 cause

your fins are forgiven you for his name's “ sake.” Jer. xxiii. 6. “ This is the name, « whereby he shall be called, Jehovah our righ“ teousness." i. e. He shall be acknowledged as the self-existent God, and as having wrought out that righteousness, through which alone any of mankind are justified. The confesling these truths is made a necessary mark of the true church. Jer. xxxiij. 16." This is the name wherewith < fhe fall be called, Jehovah our righteour« ness.” From a conviction of this we are to pray in Christ's name, John xiv. 13. XV. 16. xvi. 23. i. e. to plead upon his obedience and fuffer, ings for every needful blessing. Agreeably to the prophecy, Joel ii. 32. “ Whosoever shall call

on the name of the LORD shall be delivered ;" where calling on the name of the LORD means the same thing as making mention of his righteousness, even of his only, Pfal. lxxi. 16. (2.) The name of Christ may intend also, the doctrine of the glory to which he is advanced as. Mediator, in order to apply the purchased redemption. God the Father has given him a name above every name, Phil. ii. io. sequence of his obedience and sufferings, as a minister of the true sanctuary, he intercedes for us, as a Prophet teaches, and as a King rules us. Through this name we are saved, Acts iv. 12. i. e. by the power with which the Mediator is vested, the disorders are rectified, and the diseases cured, which fin had introduced into our natures. Through this name believers shall have life, John xx. 31. and in this name men fall


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