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strings, Tutsan, Plantane, Walnut Tree leaves, the tops of young Beets, Isop, Violet leaves, Sage of Vertue, fine Roman Wormwood, of each of them a handful, Camomile, and red Roses, of each two handfuls, tweiyty quick Swallows, and beat them together in a mortar, and put to them a quart of Neats foot oyl, or May butter, and grind them all well together, &c. &c. &c. This Oyd is exceeding soveraign for any
broken bones, bones out of joynt, or any pain or grief either in the bones or sinews."
This work is dedicated to “ The Right Honourable and most Excellent Lady Frances, Countes, Dowager of Exeter."
Among many other curious remedies are the following: "To preserve your body from the infection of the Plague," a drink is proposed, made of old ale, Mithridate, &c. of which, " every morning fasting, take 5 spoonfuls, and after bite and chaw in your moth the dried root of Angelica, ur smell on a nosegay made of the tasselld end of a ship-rope, and they will surely preserve you from infection.'
- To take away deafness, take a gray Eel with a white belly, and put her into a sweet earthen pot, quick, and stop the pot very close with an carthen cover; or some such hard substance; then dig a deep hole in a horse-dunghil, and set it therein, and cover it with the dung, and so let it remain for a fortnight, and then take it out,
and clear out the oyl which will come of it, and drop it into the imperfect ear, or both, if both be imperfect.”
If you would not be drunk, take the powder of Betony and Coleworts mixt together, and eat it every morning fasting, as much as will lye upon a sixpence, and it will preserve a mau from drunkenness."
“ For the Flux take Stags pizzel dryed and grated, and give it in a drink,” &c.
The qualifications of a Cook are thus described : “ First, she must be cleanly, both in body and garments; she must have a quick eye, a curious nose, a perfect taste, and ready ear; (she must not be butter-fingred, sweet toothed, nor faint hearted) for the first will let every thing fall; the second will consume what it should encrease; and the last will lose tiine witis too much niceness."
“ If you will roast any venison, after you have washed it, and cleansed all the blood from it, you shall stick it with cloves all.over on the outside, and if it be lean, you shull lard it, either with mutton lard, or pork lard, but mutton is the best : then spit it, and rost it by a soaking fire, then take vinegar, bread crums, and some of the gravy which comes from the venison, and boyl them well in a dish; then season it with sugar, cinnamon, ginger and salt, and serve the venison forth upon the sawce when it is rosted enough.”
Besides the above, the following books on Husbandry, &c. are in Sion College library.
1. “ Maison RUSTIQUE; or, the Country Farme. Compyled in the French Tongue, by Charles Stevens and John Liebault, Doctors of Physicke, and translated into English, by Richard Surflet, Practitioner in Physicke. Now newly reviewed, corrected, and augmented, with divers large Additions, out of the Works of Serres his Agriculture, Vinet his Maison Champestre, French. Aleyteris in Spanish, Grilli in Italian; and other Authors. And the Husbandrie of France, Italie, and Spaine, reconciled and made to agree with ours here in England. By Gervase Markham. London. Printed by Adam Islip, for John Bill. 1616.” Folio.
2. “ THE WHOLE ART OF HUSBANDRY, contained in Four Bookes, by Captaine Gervase Markham. London, 1631. 4o.” Black letter.
3. “The ENGLISH HUSBANDMAN, drawne into two Bookes, and each Booke into two parts, Newlie reviewed, corrected, and inlarged, by the first Author, G. M. London. Printed for Wil. liam Sheares, and are to be sold at his Shops in Britaines Bursse, and neere Yorke-house, 1635." 40.
· 4. " MARKHAM'S MASTER-PIECE REVIVED: containing all Knowledge belonging to the Smith, Farrier, or Horse-leach, touching the curing all Diseases in Horses, &c. With the Country:
man's man's Care for his other Cattle, &c. and The Compleat Jockey. London. 1683.
1683. 4. 5.“ CAVELARICE, or the English Horseman; contayning all the Arte of Horse-manship, as much as is necessary for any man to vnderstand, whether he be Horse-breeder, horse-ryder, 'horse-hunter, korse-runner, horse - ambler, horse-farrier, horse-keeper, Coachman, Smith, or Sadler. Together with the discouery of the subtill trade or mistery of · horse-coursers, & an explanatio of the excellency of a horses vnderstāding, or how to teach them to doe trickes like Bankes his Curtall : and that horses may be made to drawe drie-foot like a Hound, Secrets before vopublished, & now carefully set down for the profit of this whole Nation; by Geruase Markham." No date. 4°. but the title of the Second booke has, "London. Printed for Edward White, and are to be solde at his shop, neare the little north doore of Saint Paules Church, at the signe of the Gun. 1607.”
6. “ THE GOVERNMENT OF CATTLE AND Horses, &c. by Leonard Mascal. London. 1620." 40 . Black letter.
7. “ A NEW ORCILARD AND GARDEN, by Wm. Lawson. 4° London. 1648."
8: " A TREATISE OF FRUIT-TREES, by Ra. Husen. Oxford. 1657.” 4o. Above half this volume is employed in shewing the spiritual uses of an Orchard or Garden of Fruit Trees.
It has Dr. John Owen's Imprimatur, dated Aug. 2, 1656. After giving 100 observations, he concludes. “ I have many more in my nursery; but most are yet in the seede, or bud, which when they are growen up and enlarged (as these) into a body and branches, I shall (if the Lord please) communicate them also.”
I fear I may have tired the reader's patience, and will therefore say no more, than that at the end of Weston's Tracts on Agriculture and Gardening, 2d edition. 8°. 1773, is a Catalogue of all the English Writers on that subject and it's connections.