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but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power.(1)
III. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity :(2) So will he have that day un
them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: and he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. Acts jii. 19. Times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord. 2 Thess. i. 7. And to you who are troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels.
(1) Matt. xxv. 41, 46. Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels :and these shall go away into everlasting punishment. 2 Thess. i. 9. Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power. Isa. Ixvi. 24. For their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched.
(2) III. 2 Pet. iii. 11, 14. Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness ?-Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot and blameless. 2 Cor. v. 11. Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men: but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences. 2 Thess. i. 5, 6, 7. Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that known to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly. (1) Amen.
ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer: seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; and to you who are troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels. Luke xxi. 27, 28. And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud, with power and great glory. And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.
(1) Mark xiii. 35, 36, 37. Watch ye, therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cock-crowing, or in the morning: lest, coming suddenly, he find you sleeping. And what I say unto you, I say unto all, Watch. Luke xii. 35, 36. Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning; and ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their Lord, when he will return from the wedding; that, when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately. Rev. xxii. 20. He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly; Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus. See Matt. xxiv. 36, 42, 43, 44.
RATIFIED AND ADOPTED BY THE
SYNOD OF NEW YORK AND PHILADELPHIA.
Held at Philadelphia, May the 16th, 1788, and continued by
adjournments until the 28th of the same.
Q. 1. What is the chief and highest end of man?
A. Man's chief and highest end is to glorify God, (1) and fully to enjoy him for ever. (2)
Q. 2. How doth it appear that there is a God?
A. The very light of nature in man, and the works of God, declare plainly that there is a God; (3) but his word and Spirit only, do suf
(1) Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and through him, and to him are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen. 1 Cor. x. 31. Whether therefore ye eat or drink, or whatBoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
(2) Ps. lxxiii. 24, 25, 26. Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory. Whoma have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire besides thee. My flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for
John xvii. 22 and 24. The glory which thou gavest me I have given them.-Father, I will that they also whom thou hast given me be with me where I am ; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me.
(3) Rom. i. 19, 20. Because that which may be known of God, is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation
ficiently and effectually reveal him unto men for their salvation. (1)
Q. 3. What is the word of God?
A. The holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the word of God, (2) the only rule of faith and obedience. (3)
of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. See also Ps. xix. 1, 2, 3.
(1) 2 Tim. iii. 15, 16, 17. And that from a child thou hast known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. I Cor. ii. 10.
(2) 2 Tim. iii. 16. All scripture is given by inspiration of God. 2 Pet. i. 19, 20, 21. We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts; knowing this first, that no prophecy of the Scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
(3) Isa. viii. 20. To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. Luke xvi. 29, 31. They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.--If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded though one rose from the dead. Gal. i. 8, 9. But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel into you than that ye have received, let him be accursed. See also 2 Tim. ii. 15, 16 17
Q. 4. How doth it appear that the Scriptures are the word of God?
A. The Scriptures manifest themselves to be the word of God, by their majesty (1) and purity; (2) by the consent of all the parts, (3) and the scope of the whole, which is to give all glory to God; (4) by their light and power to convince and convert sinners, to comfort and build up believers unto salvation. (5) But the
(1) Isa. lxvi. 1. Thus saith the Lord, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool : where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest ? See also Amos ix. 2, 3, 4. Ps. lxxvii.
(2) Ps. xii. 6. The words of the Lord are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times, Ps. cxix. 140. Thy word is very pure,
(3) Acts x. 43. To him gave all the prophets witness, that through his name, whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. Acts xxvi. 22. Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come.
(4) Rom. iii. 19, 27. Now we know, that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law; that every
may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.-Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law ? of works ? Nay; but by the law of faith.
(5) Acts xviii. 28. For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publicly, showing by the Scriptures, that Jesus was Christ. Heb. iv. 12. For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. James i. 18. Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth. Ps. xix. 7, 8, 9. The law of the Lord is perfect, converting