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A. God by his providence permitted some or the angels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation, (1) limiting and ordering that, and all their sins, to his own glory;(2) and established the rest in holiness and happiness ; (3) employing them all, (4) at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice. (5)
Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?
A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was, the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth, (6) putting the creatures under his dominion,(7) and ordaining marriage for his help; (8)
(1) Jude 6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains, under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. 2 Pet. ii. 4. John viii. 44.
(2) Job i. 12. And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thy hand. Luke x. 17. Matt. viii. 31.
(3) 1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels. Mark viii. 38. Heb. xii. 22.
(4) Ps. civ. 4. Who maketh his angels spirits ; his ministers a flaming fire.
(5) Heb. i. 14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation? 2 Kings xix. 35.
(6) Gen. ii. 8, 15, 16. (7) Gen. i. 28.
(8) Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God said, it is not good that man should be alone; I will make him an help neet for him.
affording him communion with himself,(1) instituting the Sabbath, (2) entering into a cove nant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience, (3) of which the tree of life was a pledge; (4) and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death. (5)
Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him?
A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, transgressed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit, and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created. (6)
Gen. i. 27, 28. (2) Gen. ii. 3. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it; because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
(3) Rom. v. 14. Adam—who is the figure of him that was to come. Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not of faith: but, the man that doeth them shall live in them. Rom. x. 5. Gal. iii. 10. 1 Cor. xv. 22, 47. Hos. vi. 7.
(4) Gen. ii. 9. And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food : the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
(5) Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
(6) Gen. iii. 6, 7, 8, 13. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.-And they knew that they were naked.-And Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God
Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first transgression?
A. The covenant being made with Adam, as a public person, not for himself only, but for his posterity; all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation, (1) sinned in him and fell with him in that first transgression. (2)
Q. 23. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.(3)
Q. 24. What is sin?
A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature. (4)
Q. 25. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
amongst the trees of the garden. And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. 2 Cor. xi. 3. Eccl. vii. 29.
(1) Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of one blood all nations of men.
(2) Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Compared with Rom. v. 12 to 20 verse, and with 1 Cor. xv. 21, 22.
(3) Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one nian sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. Gal. ii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
(4) Rom. iii. 23. All have sinned and come shori of the glory of God. 1 John iii. 4. Sin is the transgres. sion of the law Gal. iii. 10–12.
A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consisteth in the guilt of Adari's first sin, (1) the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually ;(2) which is commonly called original sin, and from which do proceed all actual transgressions. (3)
Q. 26. How is original sin conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity ?
(1) Rom. v. 12, 19. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin ; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.-By one man's disobedience many were made sinners. 1 Cor. xv. 22.
(2) Rom. v.6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. iii. 10 to 20. As it is written, there is none righteous, no, not one: there is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one, &c. Eph. ii. 1, 2, 3. And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins, &c Rom. viii. 7, 8. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh, cannot please God. Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evi! continually.
(3) James i. 14, 15. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed. Then, when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Matt. xv. 19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adn? teries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies
A. Original sin is conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity by natural generation, so as all that proceed from them in that way, are conceived and born in sin. (1)
Q. 27. What misery did the full bring upon mankind?
A. The fall brought upon mankind the loss of communion with God, (2) his displeasure and curse; so as we are by nature children of wrath, (3) bond-slaves to Satan, (4) and justly liable to all punishments in this world and that which is to come. (5)
(1) Ps. li. 5. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. Job xiv. 4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean ? not one. Job xv. 14. What is man, that he should be clean ? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous ? John iii. 6. That which is born of the flesh, is flesh.
(2) Gen. iii. 8, 24. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden.-So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden, cherubims, and a flaming sword, which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
(3) Eph. ii. 2, 3. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience : among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
(4) 2 Tim. ii. 26. And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will. Luke xi. 21, 22. Heb. ii. 14.
(5) Rom. vi. 23. The wages of sin is death. Rom. v. 14. Gen ii. 17.