Imatges de pàgina

Q. 28. What are the punishments of sin in this world?

A. The punishments of sin in this world, are either in ward, as blindness of mind, (1) a reprobate sense, (2) strong delusions, (3) hardness of heart, (4) horror of conscience, (5) and vile affections :(6) or outward, as the curse of God upon the creatures for our sakes, (7) and all other evils that befall us in our bodies, names, estates, relations, and employments; (8) together with death itself. (9)

(1) Eph. iv. 18. Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.

(2) Rom. i. 28. Even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient.

(3) 2 Thess. ii. 11. And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie.

(4) Rom. ii. 5. But after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.

(5) Isa. xxxiii. 14. The sinners in Zion are afraid ; fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites. us shall dwell with the devouring fire? Who amongst us shall dwell with everlasting burnings? Gen. iv. 13, 14. Matt. xxvii. 4. Heb. x. 27.

(6) Rom. i. 26. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections.

(7) Gen. iii. 17. Because thou hast nearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it. cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life.

(8) Deut. xxviii. 15, to the end. If thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God-all these curses shall come upon thee :-Cursed shalt thou be in the city, &c.

(9) Rom. vi. 21, 23. What fruit had ye then in those

Who among

Q. 29. What are the punishments of sin in the world to come?

A. The punishments of sin in the world to come are, everlasting separation from the comfortable presence of God and most grievous torments in soul and body, without intermission, in hell fire for ever. (1)

Q. 30. Doth God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?

A. God doth not leave all men to perish in the estate of sin and misery, (2) into which they fell by the breach of the first covenant, commonly called the covenant of works; (3) but of his mere love and mercy delivereth his elect out of it, and bringeth them into an estate of salvation by the second covenant, commonly called the covenant of grace. (4) things whereof ye are now ashamed ? for the end of those things is death.--The wages of sin is death.

(1) 2 Thess. i. 9. Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power. Mark ix. 43, 44. To go into hell, where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. Luke xvi. 24, 26. Send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.-Between us and you there is a great gulf fixed : so that they which would


from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence. Matt. xxv. 41, 46. Rev. xiv. 11. John iii. 36.

(2) 1 Thess. v. 9. For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ.

(3) Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

(4) Tit. iii. 4, 5, 6, 7. But after that the kindness

Q. 31. With whom was the covenant of

grace made?

A. The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seed. (1)

Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant?

A. The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, in that he freely provideth and offereth to sinners a mediator, (2) and life

and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; which he shed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour: that being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. Tit. i. 2. In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began. Gal. iii. 21. Rom. iii. 20, 21, 22.

(1) Gal. iii. 16. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many: but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. Isa. lix. 21. As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the Lord; my Spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever. Zech. vi. 13. Luke xxii. 29. 2 Sam. xxiii. 5. Rom. v. 15, to the end.

(2) Gen. iii. 15. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed: it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. Isa. xlii. 6. I the Lord have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gen

tiles. John vi. 27. Labour not for the meat which o perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto ever

and salvation by him;(1) and requiring faith as the condition to interest them in him, (2) promiseth and giveth his Holy Spirit to all his elect, (3) to work in them that faith, (4) with all other saving graces;(5) and to enable them unto all holy obedience, (6) as the evidence of the truth of their faith,(7) and thankfulness to God(8)

lasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. 1 Tim. ii. 5.

(1) 1 John v. 11, 12. And this is the record, That God hath given to us eternal life; and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son, hath life.

(2) John iii. 16. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life. John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name. Chap. iii. 36.

(3) Prov. i. 23. Behold, I will pour out my Spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you. Isa. lix. 21. Zech. xii. 10.

(4) 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak.

(5) Gal. v. 22, 23. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, .neekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

(6) Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.

(0) James ii. 18, 22. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: show me thy faith without thy works, and I will show thee my faith by my works. -Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?

(8) 2 Cor. v. 14, 15. For the love of Christ constrainAth us, &c.

and as the way which he hath appointed them to salvation. (1)

Q. 33. Was the covenant of grace always administered after one and the same man


A. The covenant of grace was not always administered after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the New. (2)

Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace ad ministered under the Old Testament?

A. The covenant of grace was administered under the Old Testament, by promises, (3) prophecies, (4) sacrifices, (5) circumcision, (6) the passover, (7) and other types and ordinances; which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah, (8)

(1) Eph. ii. 10. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. Tit. ii. 14, and üi. 8.

(2) 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament: not of the letter, but of the spirit. Heb. i. 1, 2, chap. viji. 7, 8, &c.

(3) Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers. Acts iii. 20.

(4) Acts iii. 20, 24.
(5) Heb. x. 1.
(6) Rom. iv. 11.
(7) 1 Cor. v. 7. Ex. xii. 14, 17, 24.

(8) Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and con fessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. Heb. viii. ix. and x. chapters

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