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by whom they then had full remission of sin and eternal salvation. (1)
Q. 35. How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament?
A. Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the same cove. nant of grace was, and still is to be, administered in the preaching of the word, (2) and the administration of the sacraments of baptism,(3) and the Lord's supper; (4) in which grace and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence and efficacy to all nations. (5)
Q. 36. Who is the Mediator of the covenant of grace?
A. The only Mediator of the covenant of grace is the Lord Jesus Christ, (6) who being the eternal Son of God, of one substance and equal with the Father, (7) in the fulness of
(1) Gal. iii. 7, 8, 9, 14.
Mark xvi. 15. And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.
(3) Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
(4) 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25, 26. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, &c. This do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come. [Till he come to judgment: for he had come in the Spirit long before this time.] See also the gospels.
(5) 2 Cor. iii. 6.
(6) 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and one Mejiator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.
(7) John i. 1. In the beginning was the Word, and
time became man, (1) and so was, and continues to be, God and man, in two entire distinct natures, and one person for ever. (2)
Q. 37. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul, (3) being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, of her substance, and born of her, (4) yet without sin. (5)
the Word was with God, and the Word was God. John X. 30. I and my Father are one. Phil. ii. 6. Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God.
(1) Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman.
(2) Luke i. 35. That holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. Rom. ix. 5. Whose are the fathers, and of whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ came ; who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. Col. ii. 9. For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.
(3) John i. 14. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us. Matt. xxvi. 38. My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death.
(4) Luke i. 31, 35, 42. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.- The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God.-Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. Gal. iv. 4. God sent forth his Son, made of a
(5) Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
Q. 38. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinito wrath of God, and the power of death ; (1) give worth and efficacy to his sufferings, obedience, and intercession; (2) and to satisfy God's justice, (3) procure his favour, (4) purchase a peculiar people, (5) give his Spirit to them, (6) conquer all their eneHeb. vii. 26. For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, and separate from sinners.
(1) Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death : because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. Rom. i. 4. Declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
(2) Acts xx. 28. To feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? Heb. vii. 25, 26, 27, 28. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them, &c.
(3) Rom. iii. 24, 25, 26. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus. whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his rigliteousness, for the remission of sins.--That he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
(4) Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved.
(5) Tit. ii. 14. Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto hinself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
(6) John xv 26. But when the Comforter is come,
mies, (1) and bring them to everlasting sal vation. (2)
Q. 39. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be man?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be man, that he might advance our nature, (3) perform obedience to the law, (4) suffer and make intercession for us in our nature, (5) have a fellow-teeling of our infirmities; (6) that we might receive the adoption of sons, (7) and
whom I will send unto you from the Father. John xvi. 7; xiv. 26.
(1) Luke i. 69, 71, 74. And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us that we should be saved from our enemies, &c.
(2) Heb. v. 9. He became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him. Chap. ix. 11, 12, 13, 14, 15.
(3) Heb. ii. 16. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham.
(4) Gal. iv. 4. God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. Rom. v. 19. By the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
(5) Heb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death. Heb. vii. 24, 25. But this man, because he continueth ever, hath ar unchangeable priesthood. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.
(6) Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmie ties; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
(7) Gal. iv. 5. To redeem them that were under the law, zliat we might receive the adoption of sons.
have comfort and access with boldness unto the throne of grace. (1)
Q. 40. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God and man in one person?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator who was to reconcile God and man, should himself be both God and man, and this in one person ; that the proper works of each nature might be accepted of God for us, (2) and relied on by us, as the works of the whole person. (3)
Q. 41. Why was our Mediator called Jesus?
A. Our Mediator was called Jesus, because he saveth his people from their sins. (4)
Q. 42. Why was our Mediator called Christ?
A. Our Mediator was called Christ, because he was anointed with the Holy Ghost above measure; (5) and so set apart, and fully furnished with all authority and ability, (6) to
(1) Heb. iv. 16. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
(2) Matt. i. 23. Behold, a virgin shall-bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, wbich, being interpreted, is, God with us. Matt. iii. 17. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
(3) 1 Pet. ii. 6. Behold, I lay in Sion a chief cornerstone, elect, precious : and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.
(4) Matt. i. 21. And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS; for he shall save his people from their sins.
(5) John iii. 34. God giveth not the Spirit by mea. sure unto him. Ps. xlv. 7. God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
(6) John vi. 27. Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto ever