Imatges de pàgina

execute the offices of prophet, (1) priest, (2) and king of his church, in the estate both of his humiliation and exaltation. (3)

Q. 43. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?

A. Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in his revealing to the church in all ages, (4) by his Spirit and word, (5) in divers ways of administration, (6) the whole will of God, (7) in lasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you. tur him hath God the Father sealed. Matt. xxviii. 19, 20.

(1) Acts iii. 22. For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you, of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things, whatsoever he shall say unto you. Luke iv. 18, 21.

(2) Heb. v.5, 6. So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high-priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedec. Heb. iv. 14, 15. (3) Isa. ix. 6,7. The government shall be upon

his shoulder.–Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end. Ps. ii. 6.

(4) John i. 18. No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.

(5). 1 Pet. i. 10, 12. Of which salvation the prophets have inquired, and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you.—Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us, they did minister the things which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you, with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven.

(6) Heb. i. 1, 2. God, who at sundry times, and in divers manners, spake in time past unto the fathers, by the prophets, hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son.

(7) John xv. 15. But I have called you friends; for

all things concerning their edification and sal vation. (1)

Q. 44. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?

A. Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offering himself a sacrifice without spot to God, (2) to be a reconciliation for the sins of his people; (3) and in making continual intercession for them. (4)

Q. 45. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?

A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in calling out of the world a people to himself; (5)

all things that I have heard of my Father, I have made known unto you.

(1) Eph. iv. 11, 12, 13. And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ. John xx. 31.

(2) Heb. ix. 14, 28. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience-So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many.

(3) Heb. ii. 17. That he might be a merciful and faithful high-priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

(4) Heb. vii. 25. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

(5) Isa. Iv. 5. Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not; and nations that knew not thee, shall run unto thee, because of the Lord thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee. Gen. xlix. 10.

and giving them officers, (1) laws, (2) and censures, by which he visibly governs them; (3) in bestowing saving grace upon his elect, (4) rewarding their obedience, (5) and correcting them for their sins, (6) preserving and supporting them under all their temptations and sufferings, (7) restraining and overcoming all their enemies, (8) and powerfully ordering all things

save us.

(1) 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath set some in the church; first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues. Eph. iv. 11, 12.

(2) Isa. xxxiii. 22. For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; and he will

(3) Matt. xviii. 17, 18. And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church : but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican. Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. 1 Cor. v. 4, 5. 1 Tim. v. 20. Tit. iii. 10.

(4) Acts v. 31. Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. Ps. Ixviii. 18

(5) Rev. xxii. 12. And behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. Matt. xxv. 34, 35, 36. Rom. ii. 7

(6) Rev. iii. 19. As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten. Heb. xii. 6, 7.

(7) Isa. Ixiii. 9. In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he ware them, and carried them all the days of oid.

(8) 1 Cor. xv. 25. For he must reign till he hath put all enemies under his feet. Ps. cx. throughout.

for his own glory, (1) and their good ;(2) and also in taking vengeance on the rest, who know not God, and obey not the gospel. (3)

Q. 46. What was the estate of Christ's humiliation ?

A. The estate of Christ's humiliation was that low condition, wherein he, for our sakes, emptying himself of his glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conception and birth, life, death, and after his death until his resurrection. (4)

Q. 47. How did Christ humble himself in his conception and birth ?

A. Christ humbled himself in his conception

(1) Rom. xiv. 11. As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. Phil. ii. 11. And that every tongue should con fess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

(2) Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

(3) 2 Thess. i. 8. In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. Ps. ii. 9. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

(4) Phil. ii. 6, 7, 8. Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; but made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men; and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the

2 Cor. viii. 9. For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich. Luke i 31. Acts ii. 24.


and oirth, in that, being from all eternity the Son of God in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased in the fulness of time to become the son of man, made of a woman of low estate, and to be born of her, with divers circumstances of more than ordinary abasement. (1)

Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?

A. Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law, (2) which he perfectly fulfilled, (3) and by conflicting with the indignities of the world, (4) temptations of Satan,(5) and infirmities in his flesh; whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition. (6)

(1) John i. 14, 18. The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us. - The only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father. Luke ii. 7. And she brought forth her first-born son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger.

(2) Gal. iv. 4. God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.

(3) Matt. v. 17. Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets : I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. Rom. v. 19.

(4) Ps. xxii. 6. But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. Isa. liii. 2, 3. Heb. xii. 2, 3.

(5) Matt. iv. 1 to 12. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil, &c. Luke iv. 1 to 14.

(6) Heb. ii. 17, 18. Wherefore in all things it be. hooved him to be made like unto his brethren.

-For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted. Heb. iv. 15. Isa. lii.

13, 14.

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