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Q. 49. How did Christ humble himself in his death?

A. Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judus, (1) for. saken by his disciples, (2) scorned and rejected by the world, (3) condemned by Pilate, and tormented by his persecutors; (4) having also conflicted with the terrors of death and the powers of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God's wrath, (5) he laid down his life an offering for sin, (6) enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the cross. (7)

Q. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation after his death?

A. Christ's hunniliation after his death con

(1) Matt. xxvii. 4.

(2) Matt. xxvi. 56. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.

(3) Isa. liii. 3. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; and we hid as it were our faces from him: he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

(4) Matt. xxvii. 26. And when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified. John xix. 34. Luke xxii. 63, 64.

(5) Luke xxii. 44. And being in an agony, he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. Matt. xxvii. 46. And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a loud voice, -Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani ?-My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me ? Rom. viii. 32.

(6) Isa. liii. 10. Thou shalt make his soul an offering

(7) Phil. ii. 8. And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Heb. xii. 2. Gal. iii. 13.

or sin.

sisted in his being buried, (1) and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third day, (2) which hath been otherwise expressed in these words, He descended into hell.

Q. 51. What was the estate of Christ's exaltation?

A. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection, (3) ascension, (4) sitting at the right hand of the Father, (5) and his coming again to judge the world. (6)

Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection?

A. Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in that, not having seen corruption in death, (of which it was not possible for him to be held) (7) and having the very same body in which he

(1) 1 Cor. xv. 3, 4.

Matt. xii. 40. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Ps. xvi. 10, compared with Acts ii. 24, 25, 26. Rom. vi. 9.

(3) 1 Cor. xv. 4. And that he rose again the third day, according to the Scriptures.

(4) Mark xvi. 19. So then, after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven.

(5) Eph. i. 20. And set him at his own right hand. (6) Acts i. 11. This same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. Acts xvii. 31.

(7) Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death : because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. Ps. xvi. 10. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell: neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption

suffered, with the essential properties there. of, (1) (but without mortality and other common infirmities belonging to this life) really united to his soul, (2) he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power;(3) whereby he declared himself to be the Son of God, (4) to have satisfied divine justice, (5) to have vanquished death, and him that had the power of it, (6) and to be Lord of quick and dead. (7) All which he did as a public person, (8) the head of his church, (9) for their jus

(1) Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.

(2) Rev. i. 18. I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore; Amen: and have the keys of hell and of death.

(3) John X. 18. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.

(4) Rom. i. 4. And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.

(5) Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that condemneth ? it is Christ that died, yea, rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God.

(6) Heb. ii. 14.—That through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.

(7) Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.

(8) i Cor. xv. 21, 22. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

(9) Eph. i. 22, 23.-And gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all. Col. i. 18.

tification, (1) quickening in grace, (2) support against enemies, (3) and to assure them of their resurrection from the dead at the last day. (4)

Q. 53. How was Christ exalted in his ascension?

A. Christ was exalted in his ascension, in that having, after his resurrection, often appeared unto, and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God, (5) and giving them commission to preach the gospel to all nations;(6) forty days after his resurrection, he, in our nature, and as our head,(7) triumphing over enemies, (8) visibly went up into the highest

(1) Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.

(2) Eph. ii. 5, 6. Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ. Col. ü. 12.

(3) 1 Cor. xv. 25, 26. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

(4) 1 Cor. xv. 20. But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first-fruits of them that slept.

(5) Acts i. 2, 3. Until the day on which he was Laken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen : to whom also he showed himself alive after his passion, by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.

(6) Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. Go ye therefore and teach all nations. Mark xvi. 15.

(7) Heb. vi. 20. Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high-priest for ever.

See also figure (5), above.

(8) Eph. iv. 8. Wherefore he saith, When be

heavens, there to receive gifts for men, (1) to raise up our affections thither, (2) and to prepare a place for us, (3) where himself is, and shall continue till his second coming at the end of the world. (4)

Q. 54. How is Christ exalted in his sitting at the right hand of God?

A. Christ is exalted in his sitting at the right hand of God, in that as God-man he is advanced to the highest favour with God the Father, (5) with all fulness of joy, (6) glory, (7) and power over all things in heaven and earth;(8) and doth gather and defend his

ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

(1) Acts i. 9.–While they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. Ps. lxviii. 18. Thou hast ascended on high :-thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.

(2) Col. iii. 1, 2. If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God, &c.

(3) John xiv. 2.-I go to prepare a place for you.

(4) Acts iii. 21. Whom the heaven must receive, until the times of restitution of all things.

(5) Phil. ii. 9. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every

name.

(6) Acts ii. 28.-Thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance. Compared with Ps. xvi. 11.

(7) John xvii. 5. And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self, with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

(8) Eph. i. 22. And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church. 1 Pet. iii. 22.

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