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their sin, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his sight; (1) not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, (2) but only for the perfect obedience and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them, (3) and received by faith alone. (4)
Q. 71. How is justification an act of God's free grace?
A. Although Christ by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them
(1) 2 Cor. v. 19, 21. To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them.-For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Rom. iii. 22, 24, 25. Even the righteousness of God, which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe, &c.
(2) Eph. i. 6, 7.-Wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved: in whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace. Rom. iii. 28. Therefore we conclude, that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
(3) Rom. iii. 24, 25. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood. Rom. v. 17, 18, 19.-Much more they which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. -So by the obedience of one shall many be made rightRom. iv. 6, 7, 8. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, &c.
(4) Rom. v. 1. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God. Acts x. 43. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. Gal. :* 16. Phil. iii. 9. Rom. iii. 25, 26.
that are justified: (1) yet inasmuch as God accepteth the satisfaction from a surety, which he might have demanded of them; and did provide this surety, his only Son, (2) imputing his righteousness to them, (3) and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith, (4) which also is his gift, (5) their justification is to them of free grace. (6)
(1) Matt. xx. 28. Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom (or price of redemption) for many. 1 Tim. ii. 6. 1 Pet. i. 18, 19. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. Rom. v. 8, 9, 10. While we were yet sinners, Christ died for us, &c.
(2) Dan. ix. 24, 26. Isa. liii. 6, 10, 11, 12.—And the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.-Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied.Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poared out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many. Heb. vii. 22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament. Rom. viii. 32. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
(3) 2 Cor. v. 21.-That we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Rom. iv. 11. 1 Cor. i. 30.
(4) Rom. iii. 24, 25.-Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood. Acts xvi. 31. (5) Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye saved, through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.
(6) Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through
Q. 72. What is justifying faith? A. Justifying faith is a saving grace, (1) wrought in the heart of a sinner, by the Spirit (2) and word of God; (3) whereby he, being convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his lost condition, (4) not only assenteth to the truth of the promise of the gospel, (5) but receiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness therein held forth, for pardon of sin, (6) and for the accepting and accounting of his person righteous in the sight of God for salvation. (7)
his blood, the forgiveness of sins according to the riches of his grace.
(1) Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
(2) 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same spirit of faith. Eph. i. 17, 18, 19. That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him, &c.
(3) Rom. x. 14, 17.-So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Rom. i. 16.
(4) John xvi. 8, 9. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: of sin, because they believe not on me. Acts xvi. 30.-Sirs, what must I do to be saved? Acts ii. 37. Eph. ii. 1. Acts iv. 12. Rom. vii. 9.
(5) Eph. i. 13. In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation.
(6) Acts x. 43. To him give all the prophets witness, that, through his name, whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. Acts xvi. 31. John i. 12.
(7) Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness
Q. 73. How doth faith justify a sinner in the sight of God?
A. Faith justifies a sinner in the sight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it; (1) nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for justification; (2) but only as it is an instrument, by which he receiveth and applieth Christ and his righteousness. (3)
Q. 74. What is adoption?
A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God, (4) in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, (5) whereby all those that are justified are received
which is of God by faith. Acts xv. 11. But we believe that, through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, we shall be saved, even as they.
(1) Gal. iii. 11. But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. Rom. iii. 28. Therefore we conclude, that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
(2) Rom. iv. 5. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Compared with Rom. x. 10.
(3) John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God. Phil. iii. 9.
(4) 1 John iii. 1. Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God!
(5) Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. Gal. iv. 4, 5. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons
into the number of his children, (1) have his name put upon them, (2) the Spirit of his Son given to them, (3) are under his fatherly care and dispensations, (4) admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glory. (5)
Q. 75. What is sanctification?
A. Sanctification is a work of God's grace, whereby they, whom God hath, before the foundation of the world, chosen to be holy, are, in time, through the powerful operation of his Spirit, (6) applying the death and resur
(1) John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God.
(2) Rev. iii. 12.—And I will write upon him my new name. 2 Cor. vi. 18.
(3) Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
(4) Ps. citi. 13. Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him. Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence; and his children shall have a place of refuge. Matt. vi. 32.For your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
(5) Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together Heb. vi. 12.
(6) Eph. i. 4. According as he hath chosen us in him, before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you: but ye are washed. but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath