Imatges de pàgina
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rection of Christ unto them, (1) renewed in their whole man after the image of God; (2) having the seeds of repentance unto life, and all other saving graces, put into their hearts, (3) and those graces so stirred up, increased, and strengthened, (4) as that they more and more die unto sin, and rise unto newness of life. (5)

from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sancification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth.

(1) Rom. vi. 4, 5, Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death; that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection, &c. Phil. iii. 10.

(2) Eph. iv. 23, 24. And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.

(3) Acts xi. 18. When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. 1 John jii. 9. Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.

(4) Jude 20. But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost. Eph. iii. 16, 17, 18. That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man; that Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints, &c. Col. i. 10, 11. That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God; strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience and long-suffering with joyfulness.

(5) Rom. vi. 4, 6, 14.-Even so we also should walk un newness of life.-Knowing this, that our old man is

Q. 76. What is repentance unto life? A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace, (1) wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit (2) and word of God, (3) whereby out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger, (4) but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins, (5) and upon the apprehension of God's mercy in

crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.-For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

(1) 2 Tim. ii. 25.-If God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth.

(2) Zech. xii. 10. I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication; and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him.

(3) Acts xi. 18, 20, 21.-And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus. And the hand of the Lord was with them: and a great number believed, and turned unto the Lord. Ps. xix. 7—14. Acts ii. 37.

(4) Ezek. xviii. 30, 32.-Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin. Turn-and live ye. Luke xv. 17, 18. How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough, and to spare, and I perish with hunger: &c. Hos. ii. 6, 7.

(5) Ezek. xxxvi. 31. Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings, that were not good, and shall loathe yourselves in your own sight, for your iniquities, and for your abominations. Ezek. xvi. 61, 63. Then thou shalt remember thy ways, and be ashamed.— That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame. Isa. xxx. 22.

Christ, to such as are penitent, (1) he so grieves for, (2) and hates his sins, (3) as that he turns from them all to God, (4) purposing and endeavouring constantly to walk with him in all the ways of new obedience. (5)

Q. 77. Wherein do justification and sanctification differ?

(1) Ps. cxxx. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. If thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared, &c. Joel ii. 12, 13.-Rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. Zech. xii. 10.

(2) Jer. xxxi. 18, 19. I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus: Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the Lord my God. Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

(3) 2 Cor. vii. 11. For behold this selfsame thing that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, what vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, what revenge!

(4) Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God. Ezek. xiv. 6.-Repent, and turn yourselves from your idols; and turn away your faces from all your abominations. 1 Kings viii. 47, 48.-If they shall bethink themselves-and so return unto thee with all their heart, and with all their soul. 1 Sam. vii. 3.

(5) Ps. cxix. 59, 128. I thought on my ways, and turned my feet unto thy testimonies. Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and 1 nate every false way. Luke i. 6.

A. Although sanctification be inseparably joined with justification, (1) yet they differ, in that, God in justification, imputeth the righteousness of Christ; (2) in sanctification, his Spirit infuseth grace, and enableth to the exercise thereof; (3) in the former, sin is pardoned; (4) in the other, it is subdued; (5) the one doth equally free all believers from the revenging wrath of God, and that perfectly in this life, that they never fall into condemnation; (6)

(1) 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.

(2) Rom. iv. 6, 8. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works.-Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. 2 Cor. v. 21. Rom. iii. 24.

(3) Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.

(4) Rom. iii. 24, 25. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus; whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins.

(5) Rom. vi. 6, 14. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.-For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

(6) Rom. viii. 1, 33, 34. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus.-Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth. Who is he that condemneth?

the other is neither equal in all, (1) nor in this life perfect in any, (2) but growing up to perfection. (3)

Q. 78. Whence ariseth the imperfection of sanctification in believers?

A. The imperfection of sanctification in believers ariseth from the remnants of sin abiding in every part of them, and the perpetual lustings of the flesh against the Spirit; whereby they are often foiled with temptations, and fall into many sins, (4) are hindered in all their

(1) Heb. v. 12, 13, 14. For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. For every one that useth milk, is unskilful in the word of righteousness; for he is a babe. But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil. 1 John ii. 12, 13, 14.

(2) 1 John i. 8, 10. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.

(3) 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. Phil. iii. 12, 13, 14.-Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, I press toward the mark, for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.

(4) Rom. vii. 18, 23. For I know that in me, (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good, find not. But I see another law in my members war

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