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death and resurrection of Christ, into whom we are baptized, for the mortifying of sin, and quickening of grace; (1) and by endeavouring to live by faith, (2) to have our conversation in holiness and righteousness, (3) as those that have therein given up their names to Christ, (4) and to walk in brotherly love, as being baptized by the same Spirit into one body. (5)
Q. 168. What is the Lord's supper?
A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament of the New Testament, (6) wherein by giving and
rection of the dead, &c. Rom. iv. 11, 12. 1 Pet. iii. 21.
(1) Rom. vi. 2, 3, 4.-How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein? Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death; that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
(2) Gal. iii. 26, 27. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.
(3) Rom. vi. 22. But now, being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.
(4) Acts ii. 38.-Be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ.
(5) 1 Cor. xii. 13 to 25, 26. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free;-that there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another. And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it.
(6) Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
receiving bread and wine according to the appointment of Jesus Christ, his death is showed forth; and they that worthily communicate, feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace; (1) have their union and communion with him confirmed; (2) testify and renew their thankfulness (3) and engagement to God, (4) and their mutual love and fellowship each with other, as members of the same mystical body. (5)
Q. 169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to be given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's supper?
A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of his word, in the administration of this sacrament
(1) Matt. xxvi. 26, 27.—And said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it. John vi. 55, 56.-My flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. 1 Cor. xi. 23 to 27.
(2) 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
(3) 1 Cor. xi. 25.-This cup is the New Testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
(4) 1 Cor. x. 16 to 21. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which, we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?-Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
(5) I Cor. x. 17. For we, being many, are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.
of the Lord's supper, to set apart the bread and wine from common use by the word of institution, thanksgiving, and prayer; to take and break the bread, and to give both the bread and the wine to the communicants; who are by the same appointment to take and eat the bread, and to drink the wine; in thankful remembrance that the body of Christ was broken and given, and his blood shed for them. (1)
Q. 170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's supper feed upon the body and blood of Christ therein ?
A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the Lord's supper; (2) and yet are spiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their outward senses; (3) so they that worthily communicate in the sacrament of the Lord's supper, do therein feed upon the body and blood of Christ, not after a corporal or carnal, but in a spiritual manner; yet truly and really, (4)
(1) Mark xiv. 22, 23, 24. And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said-This is my body. And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them; and they all drank of it. 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24. Matt. xxvi. 26 to 28. Eph. ii. 11, 13.
(2) Acts iii. 21. Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things.
(3) Gal. iii. 1. O foolish Galatians-before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you. Heb. xi. 1.
(4) John vi. 51 to 53. I am the living bread, which
while by faith they receive and apply unto themselves Christ crucified, and all the benefits of his death. (1)
Q. 171. How are they that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper to prepare themselves before they come unto it?
A. They that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper, are, before they come, to pre. pare themselves thereunto, by examining themselves, (2) of their being in Christ, (3) of their sins and wants; (4) of the truth and measure of their knowledge, (5) faith, (6) repentance, (7)
came down from heaven. If any man eat of this bread he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
(1) 1 Cor. x. 16. See figure (2), page 341. (2) 1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. (3) 2 Cor. xiii. 5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?
(4) 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. Compared with Ex. xii. 15.
(5) 1 Cor. xi. 29. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
(6) 2 Cor. xiii. 5. See figure (3), above.
(7) Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications; and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for his only son; and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his
love to God and the brethren, (1) charity to all men, (2) forgiving those that have done them wrong, (3) of their desires after Christ, (4) and of their new obedience; (5) and by renewing the exercise of these graces, (6) by serious me ditation, (7) and fervent prayer. (8)
Q. 172. May one who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord's supper?
first-born. 1 Cor. xi. 31. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
(1) 1 Cor. x. 17. For we, being many, are one bread, and one body; for we are all partakers of that one bread.
(2) 1 Cor. v. 8. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. 1 Cor. xi. 18, 20.
(3) Matt. v. 23, 24. Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
(4) John vii. 37.-Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink. Luke i. 53. He hath filled the hungry with good things. Isa.
(5) 1 Cor. v. 8. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven-but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
(6) Heb. x. 21, 22, 24. And having an high-priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.-And let us consider one another, to provoke unto love, and to good works. Ps. xxvi. 6.
(7) 1 Cor. xi. 24.-This do, in remembrance of me. (8) Matt. xxvi. 26.-Jesus took bread, and blessed it. 2 Chron. xxx. 18, 19.