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either, they are to be humbled, (1) and to attend upon it afterward with more care and diligence. (2)
Q. 176. Wherein do the sacraments of bap tism and the Lord's supper agree?
A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree, in that the author of both is God; (3) the spiritual part of both is Christ and his benefits; (4) both are seals of the same covenant, (5) are to be dispensed by ministers
(1) Hos. xiv. 2. Take with you words, and turn to the Lord; say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously; so will we render the calves of our lips. Hosea vi. 1, 2.
(2) 2 Cor. vii. 11. For, behold, this self-same thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, what vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, what revenge! In all things ye have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter. 1 Chron. xv. 12 to 14.
(3) Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
(4) Rom. vi. 3, 4. Know ye not,,that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing, which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
(5) Col. ii. 11, 12. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands. in putting
of the gospel and by none other; (1) and to be continued in the church of Christ until his second coming. (2)
Q. 177. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ?
A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ, in that baptism is to be administered but once, with water, to be a sign and seal of our regeneration and ingrafting into Christ, (3) and that even to infants; (4) whereas
off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; buried with him in baptism wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. Compared with Rom. iv. 11. Matt. xxvi. 27, 28. And he took the cup and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; for this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
(1) Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. Heb. v. 4.
(2) Matt. xxviii. 20. Teaching them [all nations] to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. 1 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come.
(3) Matt. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the holy Ghost, and with fire. Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. Titus iii. 5.
(4) Acts ii. 38, 39.-Repent, and be baptized every
the Lord's supper is to be administered often, in the elements of bread and wine, to represent and exhibit Christ as spiritual nourishment to the soul, (1) and to confirm our continuance and growth in him, (2) and that only to such as are of years and ability to examine themselves. (3)
Q. 178. What is prayer?
A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God, (4) in the name of Christ, (5) by the help of his Spirit; (6) with confession of our
one of you. For the promise is unto you and to your children. 1 Cor. vii. 14.-The unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; 'but now are they holy.-See figure (4), page 338.
(1) 1 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come. Col. ii. 19.-Not holding the head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God.
(2) 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? Eph. iv. 15, 16.
(3) 1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
(4) Ps. lxii. 8. Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him; God is a refuge
(5) John xvi. 23, 24.—Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you. Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name; ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full.
(6) Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities; for we know not what we should pray for as we ought; but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
sins, (1) and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies. (2)
Q. 179. Are we to pray unto God only? A. God only being able to search the heart, (3) hear the request, (4) pardon the sins, (5) and fulfil the desires of all; (6) and only to be believed in, (7) and worshipped with religious worship: (8) prayer, which is a
(1) Dan. ix. 4. And I prayed unto the Lord my God, and made my confession. Ps. xxxii. 5, 6.—I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the Lord; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah. For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee, in a time when thou mayest be found.
(2) Phil. iv. 6.-In every thing by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God.
(3) 1 Kings viii. 39.-Thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men. Acts i. 24. And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, show whether of these two thou hast chosen. Rom. viii. 27.
(4) Ps. lxv. 2. O thou that hearest prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come.
(5) Mic. vii. 18. Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage?
(6) Ps. cxlv. 16, 19. Thou openest thine hand, and satisfiest the desire of every living thing. He will fulfi} the desire of them that fear him.
(7) 2 Sam. xxii. 32. For who is God, save the Lord ? and who is a rock save our God? John xiv. 1. Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God.
(8) Matt. iv. 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt wor ship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou
special part thereof, (1) is to be made by all to him alone, (2) and to none other. (3)
Q. 180. What is it to pray in the name of Christ?
A. To pray in the name of Christ, is, in obedience to his command, and in confidence on his promises, to ask mercy for his sake: (4) not by bare mentioning of his name; (5) but by drawing our encouragement to pray, and our boldness, strength, and hope of acceptance in prayer, from Christ and his mediation. (6)
(1) 1 Cor. i. 2. Unto the church of God, which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours.
(2) Isa. xlii. 8. I am the Lord; that is my name: and my glory will not give to another, neither my praise to graven images. Luke iv. 8. Ps. l. 15. (3) Jer. iii. 23. Truly in vain is salvation hoped for from the hills, and from the multitude of mountains: truly in the Lord our God is the salvation of Israel. Jer. xiv. 22. Rom. x. 14.
(4) John xiv. 13, 14. And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it. Dan. ix. 17.
(5) Luke vi. 46. And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say? Matt. vii. 21.
(6) Heb. iv. 14, 15, 16. Seeing then that we have a great high-priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. For we have not an high-priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. 1 John v. 13, 14, 15.