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Q. 181. Why are we to pray in the name of Christ?
A. The sinfulness of man, and his distance from God by reason thereof, being so great, as that he can have no access into his presence without a mediator, (1) and there being none in heaven or earth appointed to, or fit for, that glorious work but Christ alone, (2) we are to pray in no other name but his only. (3)
Q. 182. How doth the Spirit help us to pray?
A. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helpeth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and what, and how prayer is to be made; and by working and quickening in our hearts, (although
(1) John xiv. 6. Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, and the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father but by me. Eph. iii. 12. In whom we have boldness and access with confidence by the faith of him.
(2) Heb. vii. 25, 26, 27. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. For such an high-priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; who needeth not daily, as those highpriests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus. John vi. 27.
(3) Col. iii. 17. And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him. Heb. xiii. 15. By him, therefore, let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to his name.
not in all persons, nor at all times in the same measure) those apprehensions, affections, and graces, which are requisite for the right performance of that duty. (1)
Q. 183. For whom are we to pray?
A. We are to pray for the whole church of Christ upon earth, (2) for magistrates, (3) and ministers, (4) for ourselves, (5) our brethren,.(6) yea, our enemies, (7) and for all sorts of men living, (8) or that shall live hereafter; (9) but
(1) Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought; but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. Ps. lxxx. 18.-Quicken us, and we will call upon thy name. Ps. x. 17. Zech. xii. 10.
(2) Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching there to with all perseverance, and supplication for all saints. Ps. xxviii. 9. Save thy people, and bless thine inheritance: feed them also, and lift them up for ever.
(3) 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2. I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men; for kings, and for all that are in authority.
(4) 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may have free course, and be glorified, even as it is with you. Col. iv. 3.
(5) Gen. xxxii. 11. Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau : I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, and the mother with the children.
(6) James v. 16.-Pray one for another, that ye may be healed. 2 Thess. i. 11.
(7) Matt. v. 44.-Pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you.
8) 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2. See figure (3), above.
9) John xvii. 20. Neither pray I for these alone; but
not for the dead, (1) nor for those that are known to have sinned the sin unto death. (2)
Q. 184. For what things are we to pray? A. We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of God, (3) the welfare of the church, (4) our own (5) or others' good; (6) but not for any thing that is unlawful. (7) Q. 185. How are we to pray?
A. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God, (8) and deep sense
for them also which shall believe on me through their word. 2 Sam. vii. 29.
(1) 2 Sam. xii. 23. But now he is dead, wherefore 'should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.
(2) 1 John v. 16.-There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray for it.
(3) Matt. vi. 9.-Our Father which art in heaven; hallowed be thy name.
(4) Ps. li. 18. Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem. Ps. cxxii. 6. Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.
(5) Matt. vii. 11. If ye, then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?
(6) Ps. cxxv. 4. Do good, O Lord, unto those that be good, and to them that are upright in their hearts. 1 Thess. v. 23, and 2 Thess. iii. 16.
(7) 1 John v. 14. And this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us. James iv. 3. Ye ask and receive not, because ye ask amiss.
(8) Ps. xxxiii. 8. Let all the earth fear the Lord: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him Ps. xcv. 6. O come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord our Maker.
of our own unworthiness, (1) necessities, (2) an sins; (3) with penitent, (4) thankful, (5) and enlarged hearts; (6) with understanding, (7) faith, (8) sincerity, (9) fervency, (10) love, (11)
(1) Gen. xviii. 27. And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes. Ps. cxliv. 3.
(2) Ps. lxxxvi. 1. Bow down thine ear, O Lord, hear me: for I am poor and needy. Luke xv. 17, 18, 19.
(3) Ps. cxxx. 3. If thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? Luke xviii. 13. And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner.
(4) Ps. li. 17. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. Zech. xii. 10, &c.
(5) Phil. iv. 6.—In every thing by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God. I Thess. v. 18.
(6) Ps. lxxxi. 10.-Open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it. Eph. iii. 20, 21. Now, unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us, unto him be glory in the church, &c.
(7) 1 Cor. xiv. 15. What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also.
(8) Heb. x. 22. Let us draw near-in full assurance of faith, &c. James i. 6. But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering.
(9) Heb. x. 22. Let us draw near with a true heart. Ps. cxlv. 18. The Lord is nigh unto all them that call upon him,-in truth. Ps. xvii. 1. John iv. 24.
(10) James v. 16.-The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.
(11) 1 Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore that men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting Matt. v. 23, 24.
and perseverance, (1) waiting upon him (2) with humble submission to his will. (3)
Q. 186. What rule hath God given for our direction in the duty of prayer?
A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in the duty of prayer; (4) but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which our Saviour Christ taught his disciples, commonly called, The Lord's Prayer. (5)
Q. 187. How is the Lord's prayer to be used?
A. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern according to which we are to make other prayers; but may be also used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer. (6) Q. 188. Of how many parts doth the Lord's prayer consist?
(1) Eph. vi. 18. supplication in the all perseverance.
(2) Mic. vii. 7. Therefore I will look unto the Lord; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will
(3) Matt. xxvi. 39. And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt.
Praying always with all prayer and
(4) 2 Tim. iii. 16, 17. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine,-that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. 1 John v. 14.
(5) Matt. vi. 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. Luke xi. 2, & 4. (6) Matt. vi. 9. After this manner, pray ye II 2.-When ye pray, say, Ou Father, &c.