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Q. 193. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
A. In the fourth petition, (which is, Give us this day our daily bread) (1) acknowledging that in Adam, and by our own sin, we have forfeited our right to all the outward blessings of this life, and deserve to be wholly deprived of them by God, and to have them cursed to us in the use of them; (2) and that neither they of themselves are able to sustain us, (3) nor we to merit, (4) or by our own industry to procure them, (5) but prone to desire, (6) get, (7) and use them unlawfully: (8) we pray for ourselves and others, that both they and we, waiting upon the providence of God from day to day
(1) Matt. vi. 11.
(2) Gen. iii. 17. And unto Adam he said,-Cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life. Lam. iii. 22. It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not. Deut. xxviii. 15, to the end.
(3) Deut. viii. 3. And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna,-that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the Lord, doth man live.
(4) Gen. xxxii. 10. I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast showed unto thy servant.
(5) Deut. viii. 18. But thou shalt remember the Lord thy God; for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth. Prov. x. 22.
(6) Luke xii. 15.--Take heed, and beware of covet. ousness. Jer. vi. 13.
(7) Hos. xii. 7. He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand he loveth to oppress.
(8) James iv. 3. Ye ask, and receive not, because yo ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts.
in the use of lawful means, may of his free gift, and as to his Fatherly wisdom shall seem best, enjoy a competent portion of them, (1) and have the same continued and blessed unto us in our holy and comfortable use of them, (2) and contentment in them; (3) and be kept from all things that are contrary to our temporal support and comfort. (4)
Q. 194. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A. In the fifth petition, (which is, Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors) (5) acknowledging that we and all others are guilty
(1) Gen. xxviii. 20, 21. And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, then shall the Lord be my God. James iv. 13, 15. Go to now, ye that say, To-day, or to-morrow, we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain ;-for that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that. Ps. xc. 17. And let the beauty of the Lord our God be upon us; and establish thou the work of our hands upon us; yea, the work of our hands establish thou it. Ps. cxliv
12 to 15.
(2) 1 Tim. iv. 4, 5.-Every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanks giving; for it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer. Prov. x. 22.
(3) 1 Tim. vi. 6, 8.-Godliness with contentment is great gain. And having food and raiment, let us be therewith content.
(4) Prov. xxx. 8, 9. Remove far from me vanity and lies-feed me with food convenient for me: lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.
(5) Matt. vi. 12.
both of original and actual sin, and thereby become debtors to the justice of God, and that neither we nor any other creature can make the least satisfaction for that debt: (1) we pray for ourselves and others, that God of his free grace would, through the obedience and satisfaction of Christ apprehended and applied by faith, acquit us both from the guilt and punishment of sin, (2) accept us in his Beloved, (3) continue his favour and grace to us, (4) pardon our daily failings, (5) and fill us with peace and
(1) Matt. xviii. 24. And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him which owed him ten thousand talents. Rom. v. 19.-By one man's disobedience many were made sinners. Rom. iii. 9 to 19. We have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;-that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Ps. cxxx. 3. If thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? Micah vi. 6, 7.
(2) Rom. v. 19.-By the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Rom. iii. 24, 25. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus; whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood; to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God. Acts xiii. 39.
(3) Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the Beloved. (4) 2 Pet. i. 2. Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord.
(5) Hos. xiv. 2. Take with you words, and turn to the Lord: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously. Ps. cxliii. 2.-Enter not into judgment with thy servant; for in thy sight shall ro man living be justified. Ps. cxxx. 3
in it, (1) subdue the flesh, (2) and restrain Satan, (3) order all things, (4) bestow and bless all means of grace, (5) and quicken us to watchfulness in the use of them; that we and all his people may by his providence be kept from being tempted to sin; (6) or, if tempted, that by his Spirit we may be powerfully supported and enabled to stand in the hour of temptation; (7) or, when fallen, raised again and recovered out of it, (8) and have a sancti
(1) John xvii. 15. I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil. Rom. viii. 28.
(2) Ps. li. 10. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Ps. cxix. 133.-Let not any iniquity have dominion over me.
(3) Heb. ii. 18. For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted. 1 Cor. x. 13.—God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able. 2 Cor. xii. 8.
(4) Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
(5) Heb. xiii. 20, 21. Now the God of peace,-make you perfect in every good work, to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ. Eph. iv. 11, 12.
(6) Matt. xxvi. 41. Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation. Ps. xix. 13. Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me.
(7) 1 Cor. x. 13.—God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. Eph. iii. 14, 15, 16.
(8) Ps. li. 12. Restore unto me the joy of thy salva tion; and uphold me with thy free Spirit.
fied use and improvement thereof; (1) that our sanctification and salvation may be perfected, (e) Satan trodden under our feet, (3) and we fully freed from sin, temptation, and all evil for ever. (4)
Q. 196. What doth the conclusion of the Lord's prayer teach us?
A. The conclusion of the Lord's prayer, (which is, For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.) (5) teacheth us to enforce our petitions with arguments, (6) which are to be taken, not from any
(1) 1 Pet. v. 10. But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered awhile, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you. 1 Pet. i. 6, 7. Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations; that the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise, and honour, and glory, at the appearing of Jesus Christ.
(2) 1 Thess. iii. 13. To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.
(3) Rom. xvi. 20. And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly.
(4) 1 Thess. v. 23. And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly: and I pray God your whole spirit, and soul, and body, be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
(5) Matt. vi. 13.
(6) Job xxiii. 3, 4. O that I knew where I might find him! that I might come even to his seat! I would order my cause before him, and fill my mouth with arguments. Jer. xiv. 20, 21.