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reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature, is sometimes, in Scripture, attributed to the person denominated by the other nature. (1)
VIII. To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption, he doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same ;(2) making intercession for them, (3) and revealing unto them, in and by the word, the mysteries of salvation; (4) effectually persuading them by his Spirit to believe and obey; and govern
(1) Acts xx. 28.-Feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. John iii. 13. And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man, which is in heaven. 1 John iii. 16. Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us.
(2) VIII. John vi. 37, 39. All that the Father giveth me, shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will in no wise cast out.-And this is the Father's will, which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. John x. 16. And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice.
(3) 1 John ii. 1. If any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. Rom. viii. 34.—It is Christ that died, yea, rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
(4) John xv. 15.—For all things that I have heard of my Father, I have made known unto you. Eph. i. 9. According to his good pleasure, which he hath purposed in himself. John xvii. 6. I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.
ing their hearts by his word and Spirit; (1) overcoming all their enemies by his almighty power and wisdom, in such manner and ways as are most consonant to his wonderful and unsearchable dispensation. (2)
OF FREE WILL.
GOD hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that it is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined to good or evil. (3)
(1) 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak. Rom. viii. 9, 14. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now, if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. -For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. See also Rom. xv. 18, 19, and John xvii. 17.
(2) Ps. cx. 1. The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool 1 Cor. xv. 25, 26. For he must reign till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. Mal. iv. 2, 3. But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet, in the day that I shall do this, saith the Lord of nosts. Col. ii. 15. And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
(3) I. James i. 14. But every man is tempted, when
II. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which is good and well-pleasing to God; (1) but yet mutably, so that he might fall from it. (2)
III. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, nath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation (3) so as a natural man being altogether averse from that good, (4) and dead in
he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Deut. xxx. 19. I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live. See John v. 40.
(1) II. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. Gen. i. 26. And God said, let us make man in our image, after our likeness.
(2) Gen. ii. 16, 17. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.
(3) III. Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. John xv. 5. For without me ye can do nothing.
(4) Rom. iii. 10, 12. As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one :-They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
sin, (1) is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself there unto. (2)
IV. When God converts a sinner, and trans lates him into the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, (3) and by his grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good; (4) yet so as that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly, nor only, will that which
(1) Eph. ii. 1, 5. And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;-even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ; (by grace ye are saved.) Col. ii. 13. And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses.
(2) John vi. 44, 65. No man can come to me, except the Father, which hath sent me, draw him:-And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. 1 Cor. ii. 14. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. See also Eph. ii. 2, 3, 4, 5, and Tit. iii. 3, 4, 5.
(3) IV. Col. i. 13. Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the king. dom of his dear Son. John viii. 34, 36. Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.-If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
(4) Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Rom. vi. 18, 22. Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.-But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.
is good, but doth also will that which is evil. (1)
V. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to good alone, in the state of glory only. (2)
OF EFFECTUAL CALLING.
ALL those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, he is pleased, in his appointed and accepted time, effectually to call,(3)
(1) Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. Rom. vii. 15. For that which I do, I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I.
(2) V. Eph. iv. 13. Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ. Jude 24. Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory, with exceeding joy.
(3) I. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called; and whom he called, them he also justified; and whom he justified, them he also glorified. Rom. xi. 7. What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. Eph. i. 10. That in the dispensation of the fulness of times, he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him.