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Tuesday, November 20, 1798. His Majesty, being feated on the Throne, adorned with His Crown and Regal Ornaments, and attended by his officers of State (the Lords being in their robes), commanded the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod to let the Commons know, “ It is His Ma. “ jesty's pleasure they attend him immediately, in this House."
Who being come with their Speaker,
My Lords, and Gentlemen, The events which have taken place in the course of the present year, and the signal success which, by the blessing of Providence, has altended my arms, have been productive of the happiest consequences, and have essentially promoted the prosperity and glory of our country, VOL. VII,
The unexampled series of our naval triumphs has received fresh Splendor from the memorable and decisive action in which a detachment of my fleet, under the command of Rear Admiral Lord Nelson, attacked and almost totally destroyed a superior force of the enemy, strengthened by every advantage of situation : by this great and brilliant victory, an enterprize of which the injustice, perfidy, and extravagance, had fixed the attention of the world, and which was peculiarly directed against some of the most valuable interests of the British empire, has, in the first instance, been turned to the confusion of its authors; and the blow thus given to the power and influence of France has afforded an epening which, if improved by suitable exertions on the part of other powers, may lead to the general deliverance of Europe.
The wisdom and magnanimity so eminently displayed at this conjuncture by the Emperor of Russia, and the decision and vigor of the Ottoman Porte, have shewn that those powers are impreffed with a jus sense of the present crisis; and their example, joined to the disposition manifested almost universaliy in the different countries struggling under the yoke of France, must be a powerful encouragement to other States to adopt that rigorous line of conduct, which experience has proved to be alone consistent with security or honor.
The extent of our preparations at home, and the demonfirations of zeal and spirit among all ranks of my subjects, have deterred the enemy froin attempting to execute their vain threat of invading the coasts of this kingdom.
In Ireland the rebellion which they had infiigated has been curbed and repreffid; the troops which they landed for its support have been compelled to surrender; and the armaments since destined for the same purpose have, by the vigilance and activity of my Squadrons, been captured or dispersed. The views and principles of those who, in concert with our inveterate enemy, have long planned the subversion of our Conftitution, have been fully deteéted and exposed, and their treasons made manifest to the world. Those whom they had mised or seduced must now be awakened to their duty; and a jus sense of the miseries and berrors which these traitorous designs have produced, must impress the minds of all my faithful subječts the neceffity of continuing to repel with firmness every attack on the laws and established government of their country.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons, Under the unavoidable pressure of protracted war, it is a great satisfaction to me to offerve, that the produce of the public revenue has proved fully adequate to the increase of our permanent expenditure ; that the national credit has been maintained and improved; and that the commerce and industry of my subjects have continued to increase and flourish in a degree hitherto unknown.
The situation ist which we are placed, unhappily renders the continuance of heavy expences indispensable for the public safety. But the state of our resources, and the good sense und public spirit which prevail through every part of my kingdom, will, I trust, enable you to provide the necessary supplies wiihout effential inconvenience to my people, and with as little addition as possible to the permanent burdens of the State. The progress made torvards such a system by the measures 'adopted in the last session, and the aid given to public credit by the plan for the redemption of the land tax, have been attended with the most beneficial effects, which you will, I am persuaded, omit no opportunity to confirm and improve.
My Lords, and Gentlemen, I rely with confidence on the continuance of your exertions to enable me ultimately to conduct the great conteft in which we are engaged to a Jafe and honourable conclufion.
We have surmounted many and great difficulties. Our persevere ance in a just cause has been rewarded with distinguished success; and our present situation, compared with that of other countries, sufficiently prove how much, in a period of general danger and calamity, the security and happiness of the British nation have depended ( under the blefing of Providence) on its own confiancy, its energy, and its virtue.
His Majesty and the House of Commons then retired ; and after the speech had been read by the Lord Chancellor on the woolfack, and the Clerk at the table,
Lord CLIFTON (Earl of Darnley in Ireland) rose, and fpoke as follows:-My Lords, the difficulty of doing justice to the cxtraordinary and brilliant circumstances of the present moment, added to the conviction that I have no claim to that indulgence which you have always shewn to those who, on former occasions of a fimilar nature, have spoken in this place for the first time, would almost induce me to repent of the task I had imposed on myself in the moment of its execution; and I should rise with peculiar diffidence and embarrassment if I was not well assured that every word that can be uttered, however weak and inadequate,-every sentiment that can be expreffed, however deficient in energy and