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Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1831. bv

CakeY AND LEA, In the Clerk's office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.


LisÆUS. (See Linné.)

arrangement of plants, or tne sexuai sysLr11, Charles, but more generally des- tem of botany, relative to which he wrote 'gnatoo by his Latinized name, Linnæus, memoir, which was shown to Rudbeck, che inc: i celebrated naturalist of his age, the botanical professor, who was so struck was a : ative of Sweder. He was the son with its ingenuity, that he received the of a cergyman, and was born May 13, author into his house, as tutor to his sons, old se'l2, 1707, at Röshult, in the province and made him his assistant in the office of of Srialand. His father was fond of gar- delivering lectures. Forty years before, deninę,, and his little domain was stocked Rudbeck had made a journey to Lapland, with plants not commonly cultivated—a which excited the curiosity of the learned. circunstance to which the prevailing taste A new journey was now concluded upon, of the son may be fairly attributed. He and, in 1732, Linné was sent, by the acadwas sent to the grainmar-school, and af- emy of sciences at Upsal, to make a tour terwards to the gymnasium of Wexio, to through Lapland, from which he returned be educated for the ministry ; but, as he towards the close of the year. Fifty disliked the studies of the school, and pre- Swedish dollars were thought sufficient ferred to collect plants and catch butter. by Linné to defray his expenses, and with fies, he remained behind his fellow-pupils this small sum he made a journey of more in Latin and Greek, and the teachers de- than 3500 miles, uvaccompanied. In clared to his father that he was only fit 1733, he visited the mining district around for a mechanic. The father sent him to a Fahlun, and gave lectures on mineralogy, shoemaker; but the physician Rothmann, having formed a system of that science, having discovered talents in the boy, in- afterwards published in his Systema Natuduced his parents to let him study. As re. While he was thus adding to his repubotany afforded him no prospect of a tation at Upsal, he became involved in a suppori, Linné was obliged to study medi- violent quarrel with the medical professor, cine. In 1727, he entered at the univer. Nicholas Rosen, who seems to have acted sity of Lund in Scania, whence he re- with a great deal of illiberality, and found moved, the following year, to Upsal. means to prevent Linné from continuing During his early residence there, the nar- his private lectures. He therefore engaged rowness of his father's circumstances ex- in a scientific tour through the province posed hi:n to great difficulties, from which of Dalecarlia, and remained for some he was relieved by the patronage of Cel- time at Fahlun, lecturing and practissius, the theological professor, an eminent ing medicine with cousiderable naturalist, who had become acquainted cess. He again went to Lapland on a with hiin in the botanical garden at Upsal, mineralogical tour, with seven young inen; and through whose recommendation he and, in 1735, published a complete Flora obtained some private pupils. He also of this country—a classical work. In the formed a friendship with Artedi, a med- same year, he went to the university of ical student like himself, devoted to the Harderwyck, in Holland, and took the decultivation of natural history. He now, in gree of M. D. He then visited Leyden, bis 24th year, conceived the idea of a new where the first sketch of his Systema Natu.





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