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48. off his ear. And Jesus answered cil sought for witness against
and said unto them, “ Are (P) ye Jesus to put him to death; and
come out, as against a thief, found none. For many bare false 56.
" with swords and with staves to witness against him, but their wit49.
66 take me? I was daily with you ness agreed not together. And 57. “ in the temple teaching, and ye
there arose certain, and bare false “ took me not: but the Scrip- witness against him, saying, “ We 58, 50.
tures must be fulfilled.” And “ heard him say, “I(5) will dethey (9) all forsook him, and fled. stroy this temple that is made 51. And there followed him a certain “ with hands, and within three young man, having a linen cloth
“ days I will build another made cast about his naked body; and - without hands.” But neither 59. 52. the young men laid hold on him:
so did their witness agree toge. and he (r) left the linen cloth, ther. And the high priest stood 60. 53. and fled from them naked. And
in the midst, and asked Jesus, they led Jesus away to the high saying, “ Answerest thou nopriest: and with him were as- thing? what is it which these
sembled all the chief priests and “ witness against thee?” But he 61, 54. the elders and the scribes. And held his peace, and answered
Peter followed him afar off, even nothing. Again(t) the high priest
and he sat with the servants, and 66 Art thou the Christ, the Son 55. warmed himself at the fire. And of the Blessed ?" And Jesus 62.
the chief priests and all the coun- said, “I am: and ye shall see
assume the appearance, &c. of a temporal they were probably overpowered by surprince, and his courage might have been
prize, from not expecting that this could raised by what he had seen at the trans- ever happen to the true Messiah, and figuration, and by what he had seen of surprize may, for a time at least, drive the temper of the multitude at our Saviour's triumphant entry into Jerusalem. (r) “Left,” &c. This may be men- v. 52. See Maltby, 137:
:- Jort. Rem. 212. tioned to shew how great their fear 0.47. () According to Matt. xxvi. 52. and was; the young man chose rather to John xviii. II. our Saviour checked
lose the only garment he had than be Peter, “ Put up again thy sword into detained. “his place ; for all they that take the (s)“ I will destroy," &c. See ante 95, 0.58. “sword shall perish with the sword. note on Matt. xxvii. 40. “ The cup which my Father hath given (1) “Again,” &c. According to the v.61 “ me, shall I not drink it ?" And ac- parallel place, Matt. xxvi. 63. the high cording to Luke xxii. 51. he immediately priest, upon putting this question, adtouched the man's ear, and healed him. dressed our Saviour with this solemn
(9) 0.50. “ All forsook him." This is an
adjuration, “ I adjure thee by the living other instance of the candour of the “God, that thou tell us whether thou Evangelists in mentioning their own “ be the Christ the Son of God." And weaknesses. It might be inconsistent it is supposed, that upon a question so with their ideas of the Messiah, that he put, no Jew could refuse to answer. should be seized as a malefactor, and they Dr. Hammond says, it obliged the permight be afraid of being called to ac- son adjured to speak and answer truly, as count for the injury to the high priest's much as if he had taken an oath. And servant. It may indeed be thought re- this accounts for our Saviour's answering markable, after the evidence his miracles a question when so put, though till that afforded, that any circumstances should time he had held his peace, and answered have induced them to desert him ; but
“ the Son of man sitting (u) on And he denied it again. And a “ the right hand of power, and little after, they that stood by said
“ coming in the clouds of hea- again to Peter, “ Surely thou 63. “ ven.” Then the high priest art one of them : for thou art
rent his clothes, and saith, “ What a Galilean, and thy speech “ need we any further witnesses? “ agreeth thereto.” But he be.
ye have heard the (x) blas- gan to curse and to swear, say. “ phemy: what think ye?" And ing, “ I know not this man of
they all condemned him to be “ whom ye speak.” And the 65. guilty of death. And some be- second time the cock crew. And
gan to spit on him, and to cover Peter called to mind the word his face, and to buffet him, and that Jesus said unto him, “Beto say unto him, “ Prophesy :" "fore the cock crow twice thou and the servants did strike him " shalt deny me thrice.” And
with the palms of their hands. when he thought thereon, he 65. And as Peter was beneath in the
when she saw Peter warming him-
Tuesday before Easter.
For the Epistle. Isaiah l. 5. (y) denied, saying, “I know not,
The Lord God hath (z) opened “ neither understand I what thou mine ear, and I was not rebel.
sayest.” And he went out in- lious, neither turned away back.
to the porch; and the cock crew. I (a) gave my back to the smiters, 6. 69. And a maid saw him again, and and my cheeks to them that
began to say to them that stood plucked off the hair : I hid not by, “ This is one of them." my face from shame and spitting.
(u) “ Sitting
Sitting on the right hand of “ Power, and coming in the clouds of “ heaven." Perhaps not literally, but figuratively ; with as decisive proofs of his being the Son of God, as if they saw him so sit and come. Our Saviour probably alluded to his coming at the “great “ day of the Lord," the time of vengeance on his opponents, when Jerusalem was destroyed, and immense numbers perished elsewhere. See note on Matt. xxiv. 30. ante 70. and on Luke xxi. 25.
(x) “ Blasphemy." See post, note on John xix. 7. Bp. Porteus's very able Lecture on the parallel chapter, Matt. xxvi. Lecture 21. is well worth consulting:
(3) A prophetic account of the indignities that should be offered to the Mes. siah, of his patience and success, and of the confusion of his enemies.
(z) “ Opened mine ear," i. e. taken
me to be his servant; and I have dedicated myself to his service. When a bondman preferred perpetual servitude with his master to being made free, the master was to bore his ear through with an awl, and then the bondman was to serve him for ever. See Exod. xxi. 6. Deut. xv. 17. And it is to this practice the prophet here alludes.
So Psalm xl. 8. "Sacrifice and meat-offering thou “ wouldest not, but mine ears hast thou
opened," or pierced ; that is, thou hast taken me to be thy servant for ever. Or, “opening the ear" might mean, thou hast made me obedient, hast made me to hear thy commands.
(a) “ I gave," &c. The treatment , our Saviour received comes fully up to the prophecy. See Matt. xxvii. 26.30, 31. They scourged him, spit upon him, smote him upon the head, mocked him, &c. And see Mark xv. 15. 19.
7. For the Lord God will (6) help the chief priests held a consulta
me; therefore shall I not be con. tion with the elders and scribes
and that I shall not be ashamed. He delivered him (g) to Pilate. And 2. 8. is near that justifieth me; who Pilate asked him, “ Art thou
will contend with me? Let us “ the King of the Jews ?” And
versary ? let him come near to “ Thou (6) sayest it.” And the 3. 9. me. Behold, the Lord God will chief priests accused him of many help me; who is he that shall
things; but he answered nothing. condemn me? lo, they all shall And Pilate asked him again, say: 4.
wax old as a garment; the moth ing, “ Answerest thou nothing ? 10. shall eat them up.
Who is “ behold how many things they among you that feareth the Lord, “ witness against thee.” that (d) obeyeth the voice of his Jesus yet answered nothing ; so servant, that walketh in dark- that Pilate marvelled. Now at 6. ness, and hath no light ? let him that feast he released unto them
trust in the name of the Lord, one prisoner, whomsoever they 11. and stay upon his God. Behold, desired. And there was one, 7.
all ye that (e) kindle a fire, that named Barabbas, which lay bound
had ever done unto them. But 9.
Pilate answered them, saying,
(6) For “ will help me,” the reading should be,“ was," or “ is my helper."
And for “ shall be"-" was,” or “ am." 0.7.
(c) “ Like a Aint," so that nothing will dismay me, cast me down, change my countenance or purpose. The same expression occurs, Ezek. iii. 8, 9. “ Be“ hold I have made thy face strong “ against their faces, and thy forehead “ strong against their foreheads. As an “ adamant, harder than flint, have I made
thy forehead : fear them not, neither
“ be dismayed at their looks.”
should be, “ let him obey ;” and for
rely upon human devices and worldly
“ Delivered him to Pilate." The o.l.
(b) “ Thou sayest it,” i. e. 'I am. v.2. When the high priest adjured our Savi. our to say, whether he were the Christ, the Son of God, St. Matthew states his answer to have been, “ Thou hast said." St. Mark states it, “ I am.” And Luke xxii. 70. when the chief priest and elders asked our Saviour if he were the Son of God, and he answered, “Ye
say that I am," they treated his answer as an assertion that he was.
he knew that the chief priests had him. And when they had mocked 20. 11. delivered him for envy.) But him, they took off the purple
the chief priests moved the peo- from him, and put his own clothes
ple, that he should rather release on him, and led him out to crucify 12. Barabbas unto them. And Pilate him. And they compel one Si- 21.
answered and said again unto mon a Cyrenian, who passed by, them, “ What will ye then that coming out of the country, the “ I shall do unto him whom ye father of Alexander and Rufus,
« call the King of the Jews ?” to bear his cross. And they 22. 13. And they cried out again, “ Cru- | bring him unto the place Golgo14. cify him.” Then Pilate said tha, which is, being interpreted,
unto them, “Why, what evil hath “ The place of a scull.” And 23. “ he done?” And they cried out they gave him to drink (k) wine the more exceedingly, Crucify | mingled with myrrh : but he rehim.” And so Pilate, willing
ceived it not. And when they 24 to content the people, released had crucified him, they (1) parted Barabhas unto them, and delivered his garments, casting lots upon
Jesus, when he had (i) scourged them, what every man should 16. him, to be crucified. And the take. And it was the third hour; 25.
soldiers led him away into the and they crucified him. And the 26. hall called Pretorium; and they | superscription of his accusation
call together the whole band. was written over, « THE KING 17. And they clothed him with pur- “ OF THE JEWS." And with 27. ple, and platted a
crown of him they crucify two thieves; the thorns, and put it about his head; one on his right hand, and the 18. and began to salute him, “ Hail, other on his left. And the Scrip- 28. 19. “ King of the Jews !” And they ture(m) was fulfilled, which saith,
smote him on the head with " And he was numbered with the reed, and did spit upon him, and, transgressors.” And they that 29. bowing their knees, worshipped passed by railed on him, wagging
(i) “ Scourged.” See ante 104.-
(k) “ Wine,” &c. According to
(m) “ The Scripture,'' viz. Isaiah lið.
Who hath believed our report,” &c. ; that he should for some time have but few followers, “ growing up as a tender “ plant, and as a root out of a dry “ ground;" that he should have no earthly grandeur, &c. to recommend him, “no form or comeliness, no beauty
" that we should desire him ;" but that he should be “ despised and rejected of
men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted “ with grief :” that it should be " for
our sakes, however, that he should be 6 smitten;" that it was for “ our trans“ gressions that he should be wounded, “ and that by his stripes we should be “ healed; that he should make his grave “ with the wicked, and yet be with the “ rich in his death; that he should never“ theless see his seed; that the pleasure “ of the Lord should prosper in his “ hand; and that by his knowledge he “ should justify many,” &c. &c. The prevalence of Christianity since his cruci. fixion has indeed given him seed without number, has prospered the Lord's pleasure in his hand, and has brought many to justification.
their heads, and saying, “ Ah, that stood by, when they heard “ thou that (n) destroyest the || it, said, “ Behold, he calleth
“ temple, and buildest it in three - Elias.” And one ran and filled 36. 30. “ days, save thyself, and come a spunge full of (9) vinegar, and 31. “ down from the cross.” Like- put it on a reed, and gave him to
wise also the chief priests, mock- drink, saying, “ Let alone ; let ing, said among themselves with " us see whether Elias will come
the scribes, “ He saved others; c to take him down." 32. " himself he cannot save.
Let Jesus cried with a loud voice, “ Christ the King of Israel de- and gave up the ghost. “ scend now from the cross, that the (r) veil of the temple was
we may see and believe.” And rent in twain from the top to the they that (0) were crucified with bottom. And when the centu- 39. 33. him reviled him. And when the rion, which stood over against
sixth hour was come, there was him, saw that he so cried out,
darkness over the whole land un- and gave up the ghost, he said, 34. til the ninth hour. And at the “ Truly (s) this man was the Son
ninth hour Jesus cried with a 66 of God.”
“ Eloi, Eloi,
Wednesday before Easter.
The Epistle. Hebrews ix. 16. (*) 35. “ saken me?” And some of them Where a (u) testament is, there
(n) “ That destroyest,” &c. See note
(0) “ They that were crucified with
See note on
on Matt. xxvii. 48. v.38.
(1) “ Veil.” See note on Matt. xxvii. 51. (ante 96.)
(c) “ Truly,” &c. See ante 97. note on Matt. xxvii. 54.
(1) A continuation of the contrast between the atonement by Christ, and that under the Mosaic dispensation. See
is here rendered “ testament,” is in this,
Not the Father, for he has never undergone death ; not Moses in the first, for that was in force during his life, and the only death there was of bulls and of goats ; not Jesus Christ in the second, for he was the Mediator only. The translation of this and the next two verses should perhaps be, “ where there is a covenant,
(i. e. a covenant of expiation, as this is,
or a covenant between God and man,) " there must also of necessity be the « death of that which is to be the expiation : “ for it is on account of the sacrifices, " the deaths, that the covenant is of “ force : for it is of no force so long as “ that which is to be the expiation is « alive : wherefore, it was not without “ blood that even the first covenant was “ established.” It was probably familiar with the Jews to accompany with some sacrifice whatever they considered a covenant with God: and from Abel's time, the sacrifice of animals was considered acceptable to God. One of the senses of dozlu Ingar is, “ to appease, to satisfy;" and diaInxn may therefore mean an atonement, a satisfaction, or as I have expressed it, “a covenant of expiation." What is translated in the Bible, s after