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by the fire, and earnestly looked against him. And as soon as it 66.
upon him, and said, “ This man was day, the elders of the people 57. “ was also with him." And he and the chief priests and the
denied him, saying, 6 Woman, scribes came together, and led 58. “ I know him not." And after
him into their council, saying, a little while another saw him, " Art thou the Christ? tell us. and said, 6 Thou art also of And he said unto them, “If I 6 them.”
And Peter said, “ tell you, ye will not believe : 59. “
« Man, I am not." And about cs and if I also (8) ask you, ye 68.
" with him ; for he is a Gali- “ of the power of God.” Then 70. 60. “ lean." And Peter said, “ Man, said they all, “ Art thou then the
« I know not what thou sayest. - Son of God?” And he said
And immediately, while he yet unto them, “ Ye (h) say that I
Lord turned, and looked upon “ need we any further witness ?
“ cock crow, thou shalt deny me 62. 6 thrice.” And Peter went out, 63. and wept bitterly. And the men
Thursday before Easter. that held Jesus mocked him, and 64. smote (f) him. And when they
The Epistle. i Cor. xi. 17. (i) had blindfolded him, they struck
In this that I declare unto you
I him on the face, and asked him, praise you not, that ye come to
saying, “ Prophesy, who is it that gether not for the better, but for 65. “'smote thee?” And many other the worse. For first of all, when 18.
things blasphemously spake they ye come together in the Church,
9. 63. (B)“ Smote him," &c. This fulfilled
the prophecy, Isaiah 1. 6. See ante 104.
(g) “ Ask," i. e. perhaps, question, interrogate you, by asking if particular signs do not belong to the Messiah, and if they have not been fulfilled in me.
(b) “ Ye say,” &c. that is, “ I am." See note on Mark xv. 2. ante 105.
(i) This portion of Scripture was intended to correct the conduct of the Corinthians in the celebration of the Lord's Supper, by pointing out to them the object of the institution, the inconsistency of their conduct with that object, and the visitations of God upon them for such conduc. The abuses among them seem to have been these ; that though they met together in one place, they did not communicate together, and eat and
drink in common as oire body or company, but separated themselves into parties, and each party kept its own food to itself, and eat it at their own time, without allowing the others to partake of it, or waiting till the whole assembly was ready ; that they eat and drank as at a common meal, and some times to excess, without treating it, as it ought to be treated, as a memorial of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, in thankful and reverent remembrance of his sufferings, and to shew forth his death till he should come again. And St. Paul inti.' mates to them, that for these abuses many of the converts were visited with sickness, and even with death, and that the rest would continue to be so visited, unless they rectified their conduct.
I hear that there be (k) divisions said, " Take, eat; this is my among you; and I partly believe “ body, which is broken for
you: For there (1) must be also " this do in remembrance of me." heresies among you, that they After the same manner also he
which are approved may be made took the cup, when he had supped, 20. manifest among you. When ye saying, “This cup is the new tes
come together therefore into one " tament(s) in my blood : this do
place, this (m) is not to eat the ye, as oft as ye drink it, in re21. Lord's supper.
For in eating,
“ membrance of me.” For as every one taketh before (n) other often as ye eat this bread, and his own supper : and one is hun- drink this cup, ye do shew the
gry(), and another is(p) drunken. Lord's death till he come. Where22. What! have ye not houses to eat fore, whosoever shall eat this
and to drink in? or despise ye the bread, and drink this cup of the Church of God, and shame them Lord, (t) unworthily, shall (u) be that (9) have not? What shall I guilty of the body and blood of
say to you? shall I praise you in the Lord. But let a man exa. 1 23. this? I praise you not.
mine (x) himself, and (y) so let have (r) received of the Lord that him eat of that bread, and drink which also I delivered unto you, of that cup. For he that eateth 2 That the Lord Jesus, the same and drinketh unworthily, eateth
night in which he was betrayed, and drinketh (z) dainnation to 24. took bread : and when he had himself, not (a) discerning the
given thanks, he brake it, and Lord's body. For this cause many 3
“ Divisions” He had noticed, in chap. iii. verse 4. that they classed them. selves under several leaders, one saying, “ I am of Paul, and another of Apollos. And it is perhaps to such divisions that he here alludes.
(?) “Must be." Not necessarily, but the dispositions of men will so incline them. The same form of speech as occurs, Matt. xviii. 7. “ It must needs 66 be that offences come.”
(m) “ This is not,” &c. i.e. this cannot be so called ; it is not sufficient that you all eat, &c. in the same place.
(n)“ Before other.” Not waiting for them See verse 33
(0) “ Is hungry," i.e. takes a full meal, eats as much as is necessary to satisfy the calls of a craving appetite.
() “ Is drunken," i.e. drinks to
communications to him were not from man, but from God. See Gal. i. 1.
(s)“ Testament,” rather “covenant." o. See ante 107. note on Heb. is. 16.
(t) “ Unworthily," i, e. probably, in v. the irreverent manner here complained of.
(u) “ Shall be guilty of,” i. e. (per- v. haps) shall incur guilt from eating, rather than derive benefit: according to verse 17. shall be the worse for having come toge. ther, not the better ; or it may be, shall be as those who crucified our Saviour. In Heb. vi 6. apostates are said to “crucify “ to themselves the Son of God afresh.'
(*) “ Examine himself,” i. e. probably, look to his conduct, consider the importance and solemnity of the institution.
(1) “ So," i. e, probably, with pro- v. per notions of its importance.
(z) “ Damnation," i.e. condemnation, punishment; such judgments as those mentioned in the next verse, being made weak and sickly:
(a) “ Not discerning,” &c. i.e. not treating it with the reverence to which an institution so ordained by Christ is entitled.
(9) “ Them that have not,” i. e. the poorer converts; those who have nothing of their own to contribute, to bring to
So that it is entitled to the fullest atten.
are weak and sickly among you, man were a Galilean. And as 7. 31. and many sleep. For if we would soon as he knew that he belonged
judge (6) ourselves, we should unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent 32. not be(c) judged. But when(d) | him to Herod, who himself also
we are judged, we are chastened was at Jerusalem at that time. of the Lord, that we should not And when Herod saw Jesus, he 8.
be condemned with the world. was exceeding glad: for he was 33. Wherefore, my brethren, when desirous to see him of a long sea
ye come together to eat, tarry one son, because he had heard many 34. for another.
And if any man things of him: and he hoped to hunger, let him eat at home; that have seen some miracle done by ye come not together unto con- him. Then he questioned with 9. demnation. And the rest will I him in many words; but he anset in order when I come.
swered him nothing.
And the 10.
chief priests and scribes stood and The Gospel. Luke xxiii. I.
vehemently accused him. And 11. The whole multitude of (e) them
Herod with his men of war set arose, and led him unto Pilate. him at nought, and mocked him, 2. And they began to accuse him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous saying, " We found this fellow robe, and sent him again to Pi
perverting the nation, and for- late. And the same day Pilate 12. “ bidding to give tribute to Cesar, and Herod were made friends to
saying that he himself is Christ gether : for before they were at 3. “ a King." And Pilate asked enmity between themselves. And 13.
him, saying, “ Art thou the King Pilate, when he had called toge" of the Jews ?” And he an. ther the chief priests and the rulers
swered him, and said, “ () Thou and the people, said unto them, 4.
Then said Pilate “ Ye have brought this man unto 14. to the chief priests and to the me as one that perverteth the
people, “ I find no (8) fault in “ people; and, behold, I, having 5. “ this man." And they were
“ examined him before you, have the more fierce, saying, “ He
found no fault in this man, “ stirreth up the people, teach- “ touching those things whereof
ing throughout all Jewry, be- ye accuse him : No, nor yet 15. ginning from Galilee to this “ Herod : for I sent you to him:
” When Pilate heard “ and, lo, nothing worthy of of Galilee, he asked whether the “ death is done unto him. I will 16.
6. “ place.
31.. () “ Judge ourselves," i. e. examine, (e) “ Of them," i.e. of the Jewish v. I. look to our own conduct.
council. See Luke xxii. 66.ante 113. 31. (c) “ Be judged,” i. e. bring down (f) “ Thou sayest it,” i. e. “ I am.” v. 3.
judgments upon ourselves, such as sick- See note on Mark xv. 2. ante 105. ness, &c.
(3) “No fault.” Though our Saviour 2. (d) “ When," &c. i. e. these judg. || had just told Pilate that he was king of
ments upon us, of sickness, &c. are the Jews, yet according to John xviii. 36. chastenings from the Lord, for our he had before told him “his kingdom was good, to keep us from the heavier con- “ not of this world :" and the claiming a demnation which will fall upon unbe- spiritual kingdom could give no real ground lievers.
of offence to the Roman government.
" therefore chastise him, and re- || that (i) for sedition and murder 17. “ lease him.” (For of necessity was cast into prison, whom they
he must release onė unto them at had desired; but he delivered Je 18. the feast.) And they cried out sus to their will. And as they
all at once, saying, “ Away with led him away, they laid hold upon
" this man, and release unto us one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming 19. “ Barabbas:" (who for a certain out of the country, and on him
sedition made in the city, and for they laid the cross, that he might
murder, was cast into prison.) bear it after Jesus. And there 20. Pilate therefore, willing to release followed him a great company of 21. Jesus, spake again to them. But people, and of women, which also
they cried, saying, “ Crucify him, bewailed and lamented him. Bu 22. “ crucify him. " And he said Jesus turning unto them, said
unto them the third time, “Why, “ Daughters of Jerusalem, weet 66 what evil hath he done? I not for me, but weep for your o have found no cause of death “ selves, and for your children
« in him: I will therefore chas- “ For, behold, (k) the days are 23 “ tise him, and let him go.” And “ coming, in the which they shal
they were (b) instant with loud say, Blessed are the (1) barren voices, requiring that he might“ and the wombs that never bare be crucified. And the voices of " and the paps which never gave
them and of the chief priests pre- “ suck. Then shall they begir 24. vailed. And Pilate gave sentence " to say to the mountains, “Fal
that it should be as they required. on (m) us;" and to the hills, 25. And he released unto them him
66 6 Cover us.' For if (n) they
• Instant,” &c. According to John xix. 12. they told Pilate, “ If “ thou let this man go, thou art not « Cæsar's friend : whosoever maketh “ himself a king is not Cæsar's friend.” And Pilate might be afraid that some complaint might be made against him at
Rome, if he discharged him. V. 25.
(i) "Him that for sedition," &c. i.e.
(k) “ The days," &c. The time of the destruction of Jerusalem. See note on Rom. xiii. 11. ante 25. and on Luke xxi.
25. ante 29. 0. 29
(1) “ The barren,” &c. Because they would have none to take care of or to be anxious for but themselves : no incum. brances to prevent their fight. Our Saviour, in his famous prophecy as to these times, Matt. xxiv. 19. says, “ Woe unto “ them that are with child, and to them “ that give suck in those days ;" perhaps considering the impediment these circum
stances would occasion to a rapid fight. 9. 30.
(m) “ Fall on us,” &c. This was a common expression to denote times of
unusual distress. It occurs, Hos. I. & “ They shall say to the mountains, Cover
us, and to the hills, Fall on us." And Rev. vi. 15 to 17. “ The kings of the “ earth, and the great men,” &c. &c. “ hid themselves in the dens and in the “ rocks of the mountains, and said to the
mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and “ hide us from the face of him that
sitteth on the throne, and from the 6 wrath of the Lamb, for the great day “ of his wrath is come; and who shall " be able to stand ?
(n) “ If,” &c. This was perhaps : proverbial expression ; and the meaning may be, if an innocent person is so treated what shall be the condition of the sinful! “Green trees,” and “ dry trees,” were phrases among the Jews, to denote good and bad men ; and it was a proverby “ Two dry trees will burn a green one, i.e. two bad men will corrupt a good
And Ez. xx. 47. God threatens to “ devour every green and dry tree, i. e. to cut off the righteous and the wicked.
“ do these things in a green tree, him, saying, “ Dost not thou
“ what shall be done in the dry?” “ fear God, seeing thou art in 32.
And there were also two others, “ the same condemnation ? And 41.
malefactors, led with him to be we indeed justly; for we re33. put to death. And when they were
cc ceive the due reward of our come to the place which is called 66 deeds : but this man hath done Calvary, there they crucified him, “ nothing amiss.” And he said 42. and the malefactors; one on the unto Jesus, " Lord, remember
right hand, and the other on the me when thou comest into thy 34. left. Then said Jesus, " Father,
And Jesus said 43. forgive them; for they know unto him, “ Verily I say unto « not what they do.” And they “ thee, To-day shalt thou be with
parted (0) his raiment, and cast “ me in paradise.” And it was 44. 35. lots. And the people stood be- about the sixth hour, and there
holding. And the rulers also was darkness over all the earth
himself, if he be Christ, the of the temple was rent in the 36. “ chosen of God.” And the sol. midst. And when Jesus had 46.
diers also mocked him, coming cried (r) with a loud voice, he
to him, and offering him (2) vine- said, “ Father, into (s) thy hands 37. gar, and saying, “ If thou be the " I commend my spirit;" and
"King of the Jews, save thyself.” having said thus, he gave up the 38. And a superscription also was ghost. Now when the centurion 47.
written over him, in letters of saw what was done, he glorified
Certainly (t) this THIS IS THE KING OF THE was a righteous man. And 48. 39. JEWS. And one of the male. all the people that came together
factors which were hanged railed to that sight, beholding the things
Christ, save thyself and us.” breasts, and returned. And all 49. 40. But the other answering, rebuked his acquaintance, and the (u) wo
(0) “ Parted his raiment,” &c. And so fulfilled the prophecy in Ps. xxii. 18. “ They parted my garments among them, " and upon my vesture did they cast
“ lots." See Matt. xxvii. 35. ante 95. *.36. () Offering him vinegar.” See
note on Matt. xxvii. 48. ante 96.
(9) “ The veil.” There were two veils, or high walls, one separating the sanctuary, where the priests offered in. cense, from that where the people assembled, and one dividing the holy of holies, which was considered a type of heaven, from the sanctuary : it was the latter that was rent: and the rending perhaps implied, that from thenceforth heaven, the true holy of holies, was open to all mankind. See note on Matt.xxvii. 51. ante 95.
(r) “ Cried." Perhaps uttering the v. 46. beginning of the 22d Psalm : “My God,
my God, why hast thou forsaken me,” as stated by Saint Matthew and Saint Mark.
“ Into thy hands,” &c. This is v. 46. from Ps. xxxi. 16. “ Into thy hands I “ commend my spirit ; for thou hast “ redeemed me, O Lord, thou God of 6 truth."
(c) “ Certainly,” &c. See ante 97. v. 47. note on Matt. xxvii. 54. (u) “ The women.'
. Among whom v.49. was Mary Magdalen, and Mary the wife of Cleophas, and mother of James the less. Mark xv. 40. James the less is the supposed author of the Epistle of Sain James.