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by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, "This man 57." was also with him." And he
denied him, saying, "Woman, 58. I know him not." And after a little while another saw him, and said, "Thou art also of "them. "" And Peter said, "Man, I am not." And about the space of one hour after, another confidently affirmed, saying, "Of a truth this fellow also was "with him; for he is a Gali60. "lean." And Peter said, “Man,
"I know not what thou sayest." And immediately, while he yet 61. spake, the cock crew. And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, "Before the "cock crow, thou shalt deny me 62." thrice." And Peter went out, 63. and wept bitterly. And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and 64. smote (f) him. And when they
had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, "Prophesy, who is it that 65. " smote thee?" And many other things blasphemously spake they
v. 63. (ƒ)" Smote him," &c. This fulfilled the prophecy, Isaiah 1. 6. See ante 104. v. 68. (g) Ask," i. e. perhaps, question, interrogate you, by asking if particular signs do not belong to the Messiah, and if they have not been fulfilled in me.
(b) "Ye say," &c. that is, "I am." See note on Mark xv. 2. ante 105.
(i) This portion of Scripture was intended to correct the conduct of the Corinthians in the celebration of the Lord's Supper, by pointing out to them the object of the institution, the inconsistency of their conduct with that object, and the visitations of God upon them for such condu&. The abuses among them seem to have been these; that though they met together in one place, they did not communicate together, and eat and
drink in common as one body or company, but separated themselves into parties, and each party kept its own food to itself, and eat it at their own time, without allowing the others to partake of it, or waiting till the whole assembly was ready; that they eat and drank as at a common meal, and sometimes to excess, without treating it, as it ought to be treated, as a memorial of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, in thankful and reverent remembrance of his sufferings, and to shew forth his death till he should come again. And St. Paul inti-` mates to them, that for these abuses many of the converts were visited with sickness, and even with death, and that the rest would continue to be so visited, unless they rectified their conduct.
I hear that there be (k) divisions among you; and I partly believe 19. it.
For there (1) must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made zo. manifest among you. When ye
come together therefore into one place, this (m) is not to eat the 21. Lord's supper. For in eating,
every one taketh before (n) other his own supper: and one is hungry(o), and another is(p) drunken. 22. What! have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the Church of God, and shame them that (9) have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in 23. this? I praise you not. For I have (r) received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, 24. took bread: and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and
"Divisions" (k) He had noticed, in chap. iii. verse 4. that they classed themselves under several leaders, one saying, "I am of Paul, and another of Apollos." And it is perhaps to such divisions that he here alludes.
(1) Must be." Not necessarily, but the dispositions of men will so incline them. The same form of speech as occurs, Matt. xviii. 7. "It must needs "be that offences come."
(m) "This is not," &c. i. e. this cannot be so called; it is not sufficient that you all eat, &c. in the same place.
(n) "Before other." Not waiting for them See verse 33.
()" Is hungry," i. e. takes a full meal, eats as much as is necessary to satisfy the calls of a craving appetite.
(p) "Is drunken," i. e. drinks to
body, which is broken for you: "this do in remembrance of me." After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, "This cup is the new testament(s) in my blood: this do
ye, as oft as ye drink it, in re"membrance of me." For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, ()unworthily, shall (u) be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man exa- 4 mine (x) himself, and (y) so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth 2 and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh (z) dainnation to himself, not (a) discerning the Lord's body. For this cause many 3
communications to him were not from man, but from God. See Gal. i. 1.
(s) "Testament," rather "covenant." . See ante 107. note on Heb. ix. 16.
(t)" Unworthily," i. e. probably, in v. the irreverent manner here complained of.
(u)" Shall be guilty of," i. e. (per- v. haps) shall incur guilt from eating, rather than derive benefit: according to verse 17. shall be the worse for having come toge. ther, not the better; or it may be, shall be as those who crucified our Saviour. In Heb. vi 6. apostates are said to "crucify "to themselves the Son of God afresh."
(x) Examine himself," i. e. probably, look to his conduct, consider the importance and solemnity of the institu
()" So," i. e. probably, with proper notions of its importance.
(2) "Damnation," i. e. condemnation, punishment; such judgments as those mentioned in the next verse, being made weak and sickly.
(a)" Not discerning," &c. i.e. not treating it with the reverence to which an institution so ordained by Christ is entitled.
are weak and sickly among you, 31. and many sleep. For if we would judge (b) ourselves, we should 32. not be (c) judged. But when (d) we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. 33. Wherefore, my brethren, when
ye come together to eat, tarry one 34. for another. And if any man. hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.
The Gospel. Luke xxiii. 1. THE whole multitude of (e) them arose, and led him unto Pilate. 2. And they began to accuse him, saying, "We found this fellow "perverting the nation, and for"bidding to give tribute to Cesar,
saying that he himself is Christ a King." And Pilate asked him. saying, “Art thou the King of the Jews?" And he answered him, and said, “(ƒ) Thou 4. sayest it." Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, "I find no (g) fault in "this man." And they were the more fierce, saying, " He "stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this 6. " place.' 99 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the
(b) "Judge ourselves," i. e. examine, look to our own conduct.
(c) "Be judged," i. e. bring down judgments upon ourselves, such as sick
(d) "When," &c. i. e. these judg⚫ ments upon us, of sickness, &c. are chastenings from the Lord, for our good, to keep us from the heavier condemnation which will fall upon unbelievers.
And as 7.
man were a Galilean. soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time. And when Herod saw Jesus, he 8. was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. Then he questioned with 9. him in many words; but he answered him nothing. And the 10. chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. And 11. Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. And the same day Pilate 12. and Herod were made friends together for before they were at enmity between themselves. And 13. Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, said unto them, "Ye have brought this man unto 14. "me as one that perverteth the "people; and, behold, I, having "examined him before you, have "found no fault in this man, "touching those things whereof
ye accuse him: No, nor yet 15. "Herod: for I sent you to him: "and, lo, nothing worthy of "death is done unto him. I will 16.
(e) "Of them," i. e. of the Jewish v. 1. council. See Luke xxii. 66.ante 113. (f) "Thou sayest it,' " i. e. "I am." See note on Mark xv. 2. ante 105. (g) "No fault." Though our Saviour v. 4. had just told Pilate that he was king of the Jews, yet according to John xviii. 36. he had before told him “his kingdom was "not of this world:" and the claiming a spiritual kingdom could give no real ground. of offence to the Roman government.
"therefore chastise him, and re17. "lease him." (For of necessity
he must release one unto them at 18. the feast.) And they cried out all at once, saying, "Away with "this man, and release unto us "Barabbas:" (who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.) 20. Pilate therefore, willing to release 21. Jesus, spake again to them. But
they cried, saying, "Crucify him, 22. "crucify him. And he said unto them the third time, "Why, "what evil hath he done? I "have found no cause of death " in him: I will therefore chas"tise him, and let him go." And they were (b) instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests pre24. vailed. And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. 25. And he released unto them him
(b) Instant," &c. According to John xix. 12. they told Pilate," If "thou let this man go, thou art not "Cæsar's friend: whosoever maketh "himself a king is not Cæsar's friend." And Pilate might be afraid that some complaint might be made against him at Rome, if he discharged him.
(i)" Him that for sedition," &c. i. e. Barabbas.
(k) "The days," &c. The time of the destruction of Jerusalem. See note on Rom. xiii. II. ante 25. and on Luke xxi. 25. ante 29.
"The barren," &c. Because they (1) would have none to take care of or to be anxious for but themselves: no incumbrances to prevent their flight. Our Saviour, in his famous prophecy as to these times, Matt. xxiv. 19. says, "Woe unto "them that are with child, and to them "that give suck in those days;" perhaps considering the impediment these circumstances would occasion to a rapid flight.
(m) "Fall on us," &c. This was a common expression to denote times of
that (i) for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Je sus to their will. And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. Bu Jesus turning unto them, said "Daughters of Jerusalem, weep "not for me, but weep for your "selves, and for your children "For, behold, (k) the days are "coming, in the which they shal
say, Blessed are the (1) barren "and the wombs that never bare "and the paps which never gave "suck. Then shall they begi "to say to the mountains, "Fal
on (m) us;" and to the hills ""Cover us." For if (n) they
unusual distress. It occurs, Hos. x. 8.
They shall say to the mountains, Cover us, and to the hills, Fall on us." And Rev. vi. 15 to 17. "The kings of the "earth, and the great men," &c. &c. "hid themselves in the dens and in the "rocks of the mountains, and said to the "mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and "hide us from the face of him that "sitteth on the throne, and from the "wrath of the Lamb, for the day great "of his wrath is come; and who shall "be able to stand?"
(n) "If," &c. This was perhaps proverbial expression; and the meaning may be, if an innocent person is so treated, what shall be the condition of the sinful? "Green trees," and "dry trees," were phrases among the Jews, to denote good and bad men; and it was a proverby "Two dry trees will burn a green one, i. e. two bad men will corrupt a good one. And Ez. xx. 47. God threatens to" devour every green and dry tree, i.e. to cut off the righteous and the
"do these things in a green tree, "what shall be done in the dry?" And there were also two others, malefactors, led with him to be 33. put to death. And when they were come to the place which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors; one on the right hand, and the other on the 34. left.
Then said Jesus, "Father, "forgive them; for they know "not what they do." And they parted (a) his raiment, and cast 35. lots. And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, "He saved others; let him save "himself, if he be Christ, the "chosen of God." And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him (p) vine. 37. gar, and saying, "If thou be the
"King of the Jews, save thyself." 38. And a superscription also was written over him, in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE 39. JEWS. And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, "If thou be "Christ, save thyself and us." 40. But the other answering, rebuked
(0) "Parted his raiment," &c. And so fulfilled the prophecy in Ps. xxii. 18. "They parted my garments among them, " and upon my vesture did they cast "lots." See Matt. xxvii. 35. ante 95. (p)" Offering him vinegar." See note on Matt. xxvii. 48. ante 96.
(9) "The veil." There were two veils, or high walls, one separating the sanctuary, where the priests offered incense, from that where the people assembled, and one dividing the holy of holies, which was considered a type of heaven, from the sanctuary: it was the latter that was rent: and the rending perhaps implied, that from thenceforth heaven, the true holy of holies, was open to all mankind. See note on Matt.xxvii. 51. ante 95.
nothing amiss." And he said 42. unto Jesus, Lord, remember "me when thou comest into thy "kingdom." And Jesus said 43. unto him, Verily I say unto "thee, To-day shalt thou be with
me in paradise." And it was 44. about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. And the 45. sun was darkened, and the (9) veil of the temple was rent in the midst. And when Jesus had 46. cried (r) with a loud voice, he said, "Father, into (s) thy hands "I commend my spirit;" and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. Now when the centurion 47. saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, "Certainly (t) this
was a righteous man." And 48. all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned. And all 49. his acquaintance, and the (u) wo