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at a réunion given by the French ambassador. Dazzling with jewels, and looking her very loveliest, Theresa was seated beside the lady who accompanied her, when her eye suddenly rested on Adalbert. A dense crowd was between them, but the platform on which he was standing enabled him to see over their heads; and he was evidently gazing on her. With a faint cry, she had half started from her seatfortunately she was unobserved; and again sinking back in her chair, she endeavoured to collect her scattered spirits from their first confusion of surprise and delight. Her astonishment had yet to be increased. The baron appeared on the scene, greeted the stranger most cordially, and, arm-in-arm, they descended among the throng. At intervals she caught sight of his splendid uniform; it came nearer and nearer; at last they emerged from a very ocean of velvet and plumes, and her father addressed her :

"Theresa, my love! I am most anxious to present to you the nephew of my oldest friend, Prince Ernest von Hermanstadt."

Adalbert, or Ernest, bowed most admiringly, it is true, but without the slightest token of recognition. Faint, breathless, Theresa sought in vain to speak.

"You look pale, my child," said her father; "the heat is too much for you. Do, Ernest, try to make your way with her to the window, and I will get a glass of water."

Theresa felt her arm drawn lightly through the arm to which she had so often clung, and the prince with some difficulty conveyed her to the window. There they stood alone for some minutes, before the baron could rejoin them; yet not by word or sign did her companion imply a previous knowledge. His manner was most gentle, most attentive; but it was that of a perfect stranger.

Theresa drank the glass of water, and, by a strong effort, recalled her presence of mind. She looked in Prince Ernest's face -it was no mistake; every feature of that noble and striking countenance was too deeply treasured for forgetfulness. Her father, by continually addressing her, shewed how anxious he was for her to join in the conversation. At last she trusted her voice with a few brief words: the prince listened to them eagerly, but, it was evident, only with present admiration.

They remained together the rest of the evening, and the Prince von Hermanstadt handed her to the baron's carriage.

"What do you think of my young favourite?" asked her father, as they entered their abode. "But I hate unnecessary mysteries, so shall tell you at once, that in Prince Ernest you see your destined

husband: you have been betrothed from your birth. This, however, is no time to talk over family matters, for you look fatigued to death."

The next day, and the next, saw Ernest a constant visitor; and Theresa in vain sought to hide from herself the truth, that she felt a keen pleasure in observing how much more suitable her new self was to her former lover. Then they had nothing, now they had so much, in common with each other; they read together, they talked together; and Hermanstadt was delighted with the melancholy and thoughtful style of her conversation.

The summer was now advancing, and Haitzinger proposed visiting the castle. Thither the whole party adjourned; the two elder barons-for Ernest's uncle had now joined them- leaving the young people almost entirely to themselves. Here Theresa could not but perceive that Ernest grew daily depressed; sometimes he would leave her abruptly, and she would afterwards learn that for hours he had been wandering alone.

One evening, while walking in the old picture-gallery, Theresa turned to the window to admire the luxuriant growth of a parasitic plant, whose drooping white flowers hung in numberless fragrant clusters. Ernest approached to her side, and they leant from the casement-both mute with the same emotion, though from different causes. Suddenly he broke silence, and Theresa again listened to the avowal of his love. But now the voice was low and broken, and he spoke mournfully and hopelessly; for in the same hour in which he owned his passion for the countess, he also acknowledged to her his marriage with the peasant.

Ernest had, in truth, been spoiled by circumstances; his conquests had been too easy, and he had mistaken vanity and interest for love. But a deep and true feeling elevates and purifies the heart into which it enters. His passion for Theresa brought back his nature; and he now bitterly deplored the misery he must have caused the young and forsaken creature, whose happiness he had destroyed by such thoughtless cruelty. "The sacrifice I now make may well be held an atonement."

He turned to leave the gallery as he spoke, but Theresa's voice arrested his steps.

"I have long known your history, Prince Ernest-long looked for this confession. Your wife is now in the castle; I will prepare her for an interview-from her you must seek your pardon."

She was gone before Von Hermanstadt recovered his breath. It would be vain to say what were his thoughts during the

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THE TOWER OF LONDON. BY W. H. AINSWORTH, ESQ. PART VIII.

[To borrow the snow-ball simile, the interest of this striking romance increases as the narrative glides onward. The chapters in the present Part detail a conspiracy, a secret visit, a prison escape, and an awful burning, relieved by the humour of the giants, and some feats in the Lions' Tower, which throw into the shade the Carter and Van Amburgh of our days. As usual, the Number is unsparingly illustrated with the antiquities of the Tower, as in the annexed view of

The Menagerie.]

It was then as now, (for the modern erection, which is still standing, though wholly unused, followed the arrangement of the ancient structure, and, indeed, retains some of the old stone arches,) a wide semi-circular fabric, in which were contrived, at distances of a few feet apart, a number of arched cages, divided into

two or more compartments, and secured by strong iron bars.

A high embattled wall of the same form as the inner structure, faced, on the west, a small moat, now filled up, which flowed round these outworks from the base of the Middle Tower to a fortification, now also removed, called, from its situation, the Lions' Gate, where it joined the larger moat.

Opposite the dens stood a wide semicircular gallery, defended by a low stone parapet, and approached by a flight of steps from the back. It was appropriated exclusively to the royal use.

The idea of maintaining a menagerie within the Tower, as an appendage to their state, was, in all probability, derived by our monarchs, as has been previously intimated, from the circumstance of the Emperor Frederick having presented Henry III. with three leopards, in allusion to his coat-of-arms, which animals were afterwards carefully kept within the fortress. Two orders from this sovereign to the sheriffs of London, in reference to a white bear, which formed part of his live stock, are preserved; the first, dated 1253, directing that fourpence a day (a considerable sum for the period) be allowed for its sustenance; and the second, issued in the following year, commanding" that for the keeper of our white bear, lately sent us from Norway, and which is in our Tower of London, ye cause to be had one muzzle and one iron chain, to hold that bear without the water; and one long and strong cord to hold the same bear when fishing in the river of Thames." Other mandates, relating to an elephant, appear in the same reign, in one of which it is directed, "that ye cause, without delay, to be built at our Tower of London one house of forty feet long, and twenty feet deep, for our elephant; providing that it be so made and so strong, that, when need be, it may be fit and necessary for other uses. And the cost shall be computed at the Exchequer." A fourth order appoints, that the animal and his keeper shall be found with such necessaries "as they shall reasonably require." The royal menagerie was greatly increased, by Edward III., who added to it, amongst other animals, a lion and lioness, a leopard, and two wild cats; and in the reign of Henry VI. the following provisions was made for the keeper: "We, of our special grace, have granted to our beloved servant, Robert Mansfield, esquire, marshall of our hall, the office of keeper of the lions, with a certain place which hath been appointed anciently within our said Tower for them; to have and to occupy the same, by himself, or by his sufficient deputy, for the term of his life, with

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this it will appear that no slight importance was attached to the office, which was continued until recent times, when the removal of the menagerie rendered it wholly unnecessary.

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THE MENAGERIE.

Combat with a Lion and Tiger, before Queen Mary; the combatant being Hairun.]

His homage rendered, the bearward proceeded to unfasten the door of the central cage, in which a lion of the largest size was confined; and, uttering a tremendous roar that shook the whole building, the kingly brute leaped forth. As soon as he had reached the ground, he glared furiously at his keeper, and seemed to meditate a spring. But the latter, who had never removed his eye from him, struck him a severe blow on the nose with his pole, and he instantly turned tail, like a beaten hound, and fled howling to the further extremity of the area. Quickly pursuing him, Hairun seized him by the mane, and, in spite of his resistance, compelled him to arise, and, bestriding him, rode him backwards and forwards for some time; until the lion, wearying of the performance, suddenly dislodged his rider, and sprang back to his

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den. This courageous action elicited great applause from the beholders, and the Queen loudly expressed her approbation. It was followed by other feats equally daring, in which the bearward proved that he had attained as complete a mastery over the savage tribe as any lion-tamer of modern times. Possessed of prodigious personal strength, he was able to cope with any animal, while his knowledge of the habits of the beast rendered him perfectly fearless as to the result. He unloosed a couple of leopards, goaded them to the utmost pitch of fury, and then defended himself from their combined attack. A tiger proved a more serious opponent. Springing against him, he threw the bearward to the ground, and, for a moment, it appeared as if his destruction was inevitable. But the brute's advantage was only momentary. In this unfavourable position, Hairun seized him by the throat, and, nearly strangling him with his gripe, pulled him down, and they rolled over each other. During the struggle, Hairun dealt his antagonist a few blows with his fist, which deprived him of his

wind, and, glad to retreat, he left the bearward master of the field. Hairun immediately arose, and bowed to the Queen, and, excepting a few scratches in the arms, and a gash in the cheek, from which the blood trickled down his beard, appeared none the worse for the contest. So little, indeed, did he care for it, that, without tarrying to recover breath, he opened another cage, and brought out a large hyæna, over whom he obtained an easy conquest.

[A terrific encounter ensues between Gog and Xit, and the imperial bear, having escaped from which, Xit is arrested for treason. The burning of Underhill follows, the site of the atrocity being thus described:]

Tower Green.

The place appointed as the scene of his last earthly suffering was a square patch of

ground, marked by a border of white flint stones, then, and even now, totally destitute of herbage, in front of St. Peter's Chapel, on the Green, where the scaffold for those executed within the Tower was ordinarily erected, and where Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were beheaded. On

Spirit of Discovery.

NEW ZEALAND.

PAPERS have been printed, by order of the House of Commons, containing the Reports of Captain Hobson, R.N., of his proceedings on arriving at New Zealand. The most interesting portion of these papers, however, is a letter addressed by the Lieutenant-Governor to Sir George Gipps, from the Bay of Islands, describing the proceedings at a meeting which he had called, of the native chiefs of the confederation, and of the high

this spot a strong stake was driven deeply into the ground, and at a little distance from it was piled a large stack of fagots. An iron ring was fixed to the centre of the stake, and to the ring was attached a broad iron girdle, destined to encircle the body of the victim.

SOUTH VIEW OF ST. PETER'S CHAPEL, ON THE GREEN.

[The subjects of the plates are the Burning; the Bear Encounter in the Menagerie ; and Courtenay's Escape; all of which are very effective. Indeed, as regards text and illustrations, this work has been vigorously conducted from its commencement, and enjoys correspondent success.]

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chiefs who had not signed the declaration of independence, for the purpose of explaining to them the command which he had received from Her Majesty, and of laying before them the copy of a treaty which he had to propose for their consideration. A vast number of chiefs, with a multitude of followers, crowded in from every quarter, and assembled under spacious tents decorated with flags. His Excellency proceeded to the tent, supported by his officers, Mr. Busby, the late resident, the members of the Church Missionary Society, the French bishop, the officers of the Government, and all the principal

European inhabitants in procession, and took his seat on a raised platform. In the centre of the area, within the tents, the chiefs seated themselves upon the ground, leaving a space around them for the Europeans. His Excellency opened the business by explaining, in the fullest manner, the object of his mission, and the reasons that had induced Her Majesty to appoint him. He then read the treaty, and dwelt on each article, offering a few remarks explanatory of such passages as they might be supposed not to understand. Mr. H. Williams, of the Church Missionary Society, interpreted and repeated in the native tongue, sentence by sentence, all that his Excellency addressed to them. When his Excellency had finished, he invited the chiefs to ask explanations on any point they did not comprehend; twenty or thirty chiefs, in consequence, addressed the meeting, five or six of whom spoke with so much violence and effect that his Excellency was apprehensive that they had fairly turned the tables on him; but at this crisis the Hokianga chiefs, "under Neni and Patawoni, made their appearance," and nothing, says Captain Hobson, "could have been more seasonable." His Excellency insinuates that underhand influence had been at work, and two chiefs, whom he names as being followers of the Catholic bishop, were the principal opposers. One of these orators, "Revewah," said, "Send the men away: do not sign the paper: if you do, you will be reduced to the condition of slaves, and be obliged to break stones for the roads. Your lands will be taken from you, and your dignity, as chiefs, destroyed." In this dilemma, and when things appeared to be looking very black for his Excellency, at the first pause "Neni" came forward and eclipsed all rivals. He spoke with so much "natural eloquence" as surprised all the Europeans, and turned aside the temporary feeling that had been created by the arguments of the other orators. No wonder, then, that Captain Hobson should speak favourably of his talents. He was to him a friend in need, and seems to have done his part of the business effectually. He pointed out to the New Zealanders how impossible it was for them to govern themselves, and concluded his harangue by strenuously advising the chiefs to place confidence in the promises of the British. He was followed by two other favourable chiefs, and, after an adjournment of one day, it having been announced that the chiefs had become impatient to sign the treaty that they might return to their homes, his Excellency gratified their wishes; and having accordingly proceeded to the tents, the treaty was signed in due

form by forty-six head chiefs, in presence of at least 500 of inferior degree; which, being held to be a full and clear recognition of the sovereign rights of Her Majesty over the northern parts of the island, was announced on the 7th of February last, by a salute of twenty-one guns from Her Majesty's ship Herald. By the first article of the treaty, the chiefs of the confederation of the united tribes of New Zealand, and the separate and independent chiefs, expressly cede the powers and rights of sovereignity to Her Majesty over their respective territories; and by the second, Her Majesty confirms and guarantees them in the possessions of their lands and estates, forests, fisheries, and other properties, so long as they wish to retain the same; but they yield, at the same time, to Her Majesty the exclusive right of preemption over such lands as they may be disposed to alienate; and the third grants to the natives of New Zealand all the rights and privileges of British subjects. The acceptance by the chiefs is as follows: -"We, the chiefs of the confederation of the united tribes of New Zealand, being assembled in congress, at Waitangi, and we, the separate and independent chiefs of New Zealand, claiming authority over the tribes and territories which are specified after our respective names, having been made fully to understand the provisions of the foregoing treaty, accept and enter into the same in the full spirit and meaning thereof. In witness whereof we have attached our signatures, or marks, at the places and dates respectively specified. Done at Waitangi this 6th day of February, in the year of our Lord, 1840.”

New Books.

ITALY AND THE ITALIANS. BY FREDERIC VON RAUMER.

[A GERMAN is not the man to travel from "Dan to Bathsheba," and say " all is barren." His characteristic mental energy, zeal, and patience, his comprehensive views of the various phases of the social system, his painstaking investigation of antiquities, his accurate appreciation of art, his aptitude for the studies of literature, and his industry and success in inquiring into the phenomena of natureare all qualities which pre-eminently fit the German for travelling, and remind one of Johnson's neat amplification of the Spanish proverb:-" He, who would bring home the wealth of the Indies, must carry the wealth of the Indies with him ;"-" so it is in travelling; a man must carry knowledge with him, if he would bring home knowledge." The English have

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